brucella cultures typed by the who brucellosis centre at the commonwealth serum laboratories, melbourne.results of the typing of brucella cultures received at the who brucellosis centre, csl, melbourne, from 1968-1976 are presented. the distribution of the biotypes of cultures recovered throughout australia is shown on a host and state basis and atypical cultures are discussed. cultures identified from australia were br. abortus, biotypes 1, 2 and 4 and strain 19; br. suis, biotype 1 and br. ovis. br. melitensis biotypes 1, 2 and 3 were recorded only as exotic human infections from the mediterrane ...1978105700
nutritional myopathy in goats.a nutritional myopathy in unweaned fibre goats aged 2 to 4 mths is described in 3 flocks from the tablelands of new south wales. clinically affected animals were illthrifty and in circulatory failure prior to being found dead. at necropsy, there was pronounced ascites, pulmonary congestion and marked mottling of the liver. chalky white streaks and patches were obvious in the myocardium, particularly in the right ventricular wall. skeletal muscles varied from grossly normal to generally pale. his ...19892619649
isolation and typing of a strain of chlamydia psittaci from angora goats. 19883190599
salmonellosis in transported feral outbreak of acute diarrhoea and deaths was investigated in a group of 1,016 feral goats of varying ages, on a 400 hectare gippsland pine plantation. the goats had recently been captured in north western new south wales and transported by truck to melbourne, victoria, a journey of 20 to 25 hours, and maintained in holding yards for up to 10 days. they were then transported for a further 3 hours, and released in the gippsland plantation. within 1 to 2 weeks of release many goats developed acute ...19817342946
ovulatory activity, hormonal induction of ovulation and fertility of young cashmere and angora female goats in a temperate environment.reproductive parameters of young cashmere and angora goats born between 1988 and 1990 and grazed on temperate pastures in southern australia were examined with a view to reducing the age of first breeding. females born in august or october of 1989 and 1990 were examined each month by laparoscopy to determine natural ovulatory activity when 6-19-months old. cashmeres commenced ovulating as young as 7 months of age or as light as 12 kg. almost all cashmeres were ovulating by 8-10 months of age at ...19947624515
differentiation of australian isolates of mycobacterium paratuberculosis using pulsed-field gel examine strain variation amongst australian isolates of mycobacterium paratuberculosis.19979469224
molecular epidemiology of mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis: is900 restriction fragment length polymorphism and is1311 polymorphism analyses of isolates from animals and a human in australia.the distribution and prevalence of strains of mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis were determined among sheep, cattle, and other species with johne's disease in australia. a total of 328 isolates were evaluated from numerous farms in new south wales, victoria, tasmania, and south australia, australia. restriction fragment length polymorphism (rflp) analysis of genomic dna using bsteii and an is900 probe and is1311 polymorphism analysis using pcr and restriction endonuclease analysis (pcr ...200010970365
specificity of absorbed elisa and agar gel immuno-diffusion tests for paratuberculosis in goats with observations about use of these tests in infected determine the specificity of serological tests that are currently used in veterinary diagnostic laboratories in australia for detection of mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis infection in goats.200315084016
isolation of caprine herpesvirus 1 from a major outbreak of infectious pustular vulvovaginitis in goats.we describe an outbreak of infectious pustular vulvovaginitis caused by caprine herpesvirus 1 (cphv1) in a group of approximately 200, 8 month old virgin does that were imported to victoria from new zealand. cphv1 was isolated in cell cultures from vaginal swabs from three of three affected does but not from two bucks that had been with the does. the identity of the virus as a herpesvirus was confirmed by negative stain electron microscopy. restriction endonuclease dna fingerprint analysis showe ...200818363987
human and animal isolates of pseudallescheria boydii and scedosporium species, from melbourne, australia, 1977-1995.from 1977 to 1995, 25 of the fungal cultures referred to the microbiological diagnostic unit public health laboratory at the university of melbourne, victoria, australia were identified as scedosporium apiospermum, pseudallescheria boydii, or scedosporium prolificans. these cultures had been isolated from 22 patients at metropolitan hospitals and three animals at veterinary institutes. eight of the human isolates were identified as p. boydii, 11 as s. apiospermum and three as s. prolificans. iso ...201020492531
anthelmintic efficacy of five tropical native australian plants against haemonchus contortus and trichostrongylus colubriformis in experimentally infected goats (capra hircus).the study of the anthelmintic properties of plants rich in plant secondary metabolites can provide ecologically sound methods for the treatment of parasites on grazing animals. the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the anthelmintic effect of five tropical native australian plant species rich in plant secondary metabolites on adult haemonchus contortus and trichostrongylus colubriformis in experimentally infected goats. thirty young, nematode-free goats were infected with 2500 h. conto ...201222265804
a quantitative trait locus for faecal worm egg and blood eosinophil counts on chromosome 23 in australian goats.three microsatellite markers on goat chromosome 23 adjacent to the mhc were used to test for quantitative trait loci (qtl) affecting faecal worm egg count (wec) and leukocyte traits in ten australian angora and twelve australian cashmere half-sib families (n = 16-57 per family). data were collected from 280 angora and 347 cashmere kids over a 3- and 4-year period. a putative qtl affecting trichostrongyle wec was found in two small families at the 5% chromosome-wise threshold level. the biggest q ...201020536638
prevalence and antigenic differences observed between bovine viral diarrhea virus subgenotypes isolated from cattle in australia and feedlots in the southwestern united states.bovine viral diarrhea virus (bvdv) is divided into 2 different species within the pestivirus genus, bvdv type 1 (bvdv-1) and bvdv type 2 (bvdv-2). further phylogenetic analysis has revealed subgenotype groupings within the 2 types. thus far, 12 bvdv-1 subgenotypes (a-l) and 2 bvdv-2 subgenotypes (a and b) have been identified. the purpose of the current study was to determine the prevalence of bvdv subgenotypes in the united states and australia and to determine if there are detectable antigenic ...201020224075
cerebellar ataxia in sheep grazing pastures infested with romulea rosea (onion grass or guildford grass).there have been anecdotal reports since 1962 of 'staggers' in sheep grazing romulea rosea infested pastures, but this is the first detailed account. in september 2005, a locomotor disorder developed in 12 of 120 merino wethers that had grazed r. rosea infested pasture at albury, new south wales, over several months. affected sheep displayed signs that included limb paresis, knuckling over in the fetlocks, fine head tremor, incoordination, and an equilibrium disturbance characterised by frequent ...200818782418
goats' milk quackery. 200516398839
goat milk for infants: yes or no? 200516398833
genotypes of cryptosporidium from sydney water catchment areas.currently cryptosporidiosis represents the major public health concern of water utilities in developed nations and increasingly, new species and genotypes of cryptosporidium are being identified in which the infectivity for humans is not clear. the complicated epidemiology of cryptosporidium and the fact that the majority of species and genotypes of cryptosporidium cannot be distinguished morphologically makes the assessment of public health risk difficult if oocysts are detected in the raw wate ...200515836492
the perils of pet ownership: a new fall-injury risk describe fall-related injuries due to pets in an older population.200415588212
lack of toxicity of ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) for goats. 19969006867
prevalence, spread and control of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus in dairy goat herds in new south wales.a study of the prevalence, spread and control of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (caev) in dairy goat herds in new south wales (nsw) during 1986-1988 found that 56.8% of 1484 goats in 14 dairy herds were infected with caev. the prevalence of caev infection within most herds not implementing control measures increased during the study. at the end of the study, 59.7% of 1322 goats were infected. the prevalence of caev increased with age. differences between breeds were less apparent. within s ...19958585848
estimation of direct and indirect losses due to johnes disease in new south wales, australia. 19883232648
caprine retrovirus infection in new south wales: virus isolations, clinical and histopathological findings and prevalence of antibody.caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (caev) was isolated by explant cultures of carpal synovial membranes and lung from 7 goats in new south wales. these goats were clinically affected with the arthritic, neurologic, and pneumonic forms of caev infection either singly or in combination. caev antibody was detected by the gel immunodiffusion precipitin (gdp) test in 5 of the 7 goats. serum samples from 2,708 goats, from 115 herds, were examined for caev antibody using the gdp test. approximately o ...19863024613
the early career of a dog & goat act radiologist. 19892699231
prevalence of udder bacteria in milk samples from four dairy goat herds.the prevalence of udder bacterial infections in 4 commercial goat herds in new south wales was examined. coagulase negative staphylococci were the predominant bacteria isolated being cultured from 13.3% of the 896 halves tested. other bacteria isolated were staphylococcus aureus (less than 1% of halves), streptococci (0.6%) and coliforms (2.0%). the low prevalence of udder bacteria contributing to the contamination of the milk was attributed to the milking management practices carried out in the ...19902288539
yersinia enterocolitica in raw goat's milk.biochemical and serological data are presented for 35 isolates of yersinia enterocolitica from raw goat's milk produced in new south wales, australia. strains resembled biotype i or 2, but the majority (25 of 35) fermented rhamnose and some showed other atypical reactions.19817224624
blindness in goats following ingestion of stypandra glauca.twenty-seven of 427 angora goats of mixed age became blind within a week of consuming large amounts of stypandra glauca ("nodding blue lily"). a further 200 goats were depressed for several weeks, but most subsequently recovered. blindness was associated with optic nerve neuropathy which is postulated to have followed compression of the optic nerves within the bony optic canals as a result of severe myelin oedema. histologically, the intracanalicular portion of the optic nerve was sclerotic, whi ...19883415616
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