brucella cultures typed by the who brucellosis centre at the commonwealth serum laboratories, melbourne.results of the typing of brucella cultures received at the who brucellosis centre, csl, melbourne, from 1968-1976 are presented. the distribution of the biotypes of cultures recovered throughout australia is shown on a host and state basis and atypical cultures are discussed. cultures identified from australia were br. abortus, biotypes 1, 2 and 4 and strain 19; br. suis, biotype 1 and br. ovis. br. melitensis biotypes 1, 2 and 3 were recorded only as exotic human infections from the mediterrane ...1978105700
the geographic distribution and host range of capillaria hepatica (bancroft) (nematoda) in australia.the geographic distribution, host range and prevalence of capillaria hepatica were recorded in 4629 house mice, mus domesticus, 263 black rats, rattus rattus, and 58 norway rats, r. norvegicus. the parasite was found at five localities, all in or near large towns along the coast. the two rattus species appeared to be the primary hosts of c. hepatica in australia. published and unpublished data on helminth infections of australian native mammals from 1162 murids (26 species), 3018 marsupials (67 ...19911787037
coccidiosis in goats and aspects of epidemiology. 19883190593
human trichostrongyliasis in queensland.trichostrongylus infection, an uncommonly reported zoonosis in australia, is common in parts of the world where there is close human contact with herbivorous animals. we report 5 cases diagnosed in our laboratory since 1992. over this period the laboratory has conducted over 46,000 parasitological examinations on feces. all 5 cases were investigated for fecal parasites following detection of a blood eosinophilia. two of the 5 cases complained of mild abdominal discomfort and diarrhea. it is like ...19957567150
antibodies to bluetongue and related orbiviruses in sheep and goats in bluetongue virus-endemic areas of northern and central queensland. 19958787524
animal melioidosis in australia.melioidosis was first diagnosed in australia in sheep in 1949. while it has been considered endemic in tropical australia, there have been animal outbreaks in southwest western australia and southern queensland. infection occurs in many species, with both latency and a wide range of clinical manifestations. some species may develop melioidosis only if immunocompromised. sheep and goats are particularly susceptible, resulting in the requirement for pasteurisation of tropical commercial goat's mil ...200010674644
progress in national control and assurance programs for ovine johne's disease in australia.since the detection of ovine johne's disease in australia in 1980, 578 flocks have been diagnosed as infected, with 442 of these still infected. the disease was initially believed to be confined to the central tablelands area of nsw, but has subsequently been shown to be more widely distributed. sheep strains of m. paratuberculosis are known to infect sheep and goats in south-eastern australia. although sheep strains have recently been identified in some cattle in australia, epidemiological evid ...200011118726
preliminary report on the northern australian melioidosis environmental surveillance environmental surveillance programme was developed to determine whether water supplies could be a source of burkholderia pseudomallei as noted during previous melioidosis outbreak investigations. water supplies to communities in the three northern australian jurisdictions (western australia, northern territory and queensland) were sampled periodically during 2001 and 2002. water and soil samples were collected from communities known to have had recent culture-positive melioidosis cases and ne ...200415473143
a survey of antibody to 10 arboviruses (koongol group, mapputta group and ungrouped) isolated in queensland. 19705533929
isolation and typing of a strain of chlamydia psittaci from angora goats. 19883190599
evaluation of four serological tests for the diagnosis of caprine melioidosis.a complement fixation (cf) test, 2 indirect haemagglutination (iha-a; iha-l) tests which differed in antigen preparation and technique, and a microtitre agglutination (ma) test were compared in the serodiagnosis of melioidosis in goats. one hundred and eighteen experimental serums and 3143 field serums from goats in endemic and non-endemic areas of north queensland were used in the evaluation. culture of samples for pseudomonas pseudomallei from 112 goats provided substantiating evidence of infe ...19883190597
successful transfer of dhp-degrading bacteria from hawaiian goats to australian ruminants to overcome the toxicity of leucaena.cattle and goats in australia lack the ability to totally degrade 3-hydroxy-4(1h)-pyridone, also known as 3,4-dihydroxy pyridine (3,4 dhp), the ruminal metabolite of mimosine, a toxic aminoacid present in the leguminous shrub leucaena leucocephala. ruminants in hawaii have this capacity due to the presence of micro-organisms able to rapidly degrade the dhp. a mixed bacterial population capable of rapidly degrading dhp in vitro was isolated from a goat on the island of maui. cultures were grown a ...19863790013
nutritional myopathy in goats.a nutritional myopathy in unweaned fibre goats aged 2 to 4 mths is described in 3 flocks from the tablelands of new south wales. clinically affected animals were illthrifty and in circulatory failure prior to being found dead. at necropsy, there was pronounced ascites, pulmonary congestion and marked mottling of the liver. chalky white streaks and patches were obvious in the myocardium, particularly in the right ventricular wall. skeletal muscles varied from grossly normal to generally pale. his ...19892619649
a numerical taxonomic study of proteolytic and lipolytic psychrotrophs isolated from caprine milk.lipolytic and proteolytic psychrotrophs were isolated from raw and pasteurized goats' milk, which had been stored at 5 degrees c for 7 d. the 241 strains isolated and 20 reference strains were examined by 149 biochemical, physiological, and morphological tests. the results yielded 195 characters suitable for taxonomic analysis. computer-assisted complete linkage analysis, using the jaccard coefficient, produced 22 phenons at 75% s. the results showed that pseudomonas fluorescens was the predomin ...19892496069
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