studies on the prevalence and laboratory transmission of fascioliasis in animals in the kashmir kashmir, 85.1% of cattle, 51.3% of sheep and 14.8% of goats were found infected with fasciola spp. the prevalence rate varied from 66.6 to 100.0%, 25.0 to 100% and nil to 66.0% in cattle, sheep and goats respectively in different months of the year. fasciola gigantica was the predominant species in all animal species but sheep harboured both f. gigantica and f. hepatica. the prevalence of f. hepatica infection in sheep happens to be the first report from india. lymnaea auricularia sensu stric ...19892920277
shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli and enteropathogenic escherichia coli in healthy goats in india: occurrence and virulence describe the occurrence and virulence gene pattern of shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli (stec) and enteropathogenic e. coli (epec) in healthy goats of jammu and kashmir, india.200616405690
isolation and characterization of dichelobacter nodosus from ovine and caprine footrot in kashmir, india.footrot is a highly contagious and economically important disease of sheep and goats, caused by dichelobacter nodosus, a slow growing anaerobic gram-negative rod. the current australian antigenic classification system, based on variation in the fimbriae, classifies d. nodosus into at least 10 serogroups (a-i and m) and 18 serotypes. this investigation was intended to determine the serological diversity of d. nodosus in this region of kashmir, india. exudates of footrot lesions were collected fro ...200717250860
gastro-intestinal nematode infections in goats relative to season, host sex and age from the kashmir valley, india.the present study aimed to investigate the seasonal epidemiological prevalence of gastro-intestinal nematodes (gins) of goats with respect to sex and age of the host in the kashmir valley from 1 february 2005 to 31 january 2007. a total of 1267 goats were examined [faecal examination: 938 (year 1: 470; year 2: 468); gastro-intestinal (git) examination: 329 (year 1: 175; year 2: 154)]. the overall prevalence of gin infection in these animals was 54.3% (year 1: 54.8%; year 2: 53.8%; p = 0.842). th ...201019627625
characterization and polymorphism of keratin associated protein 1.4 gene in goats.keratin-associated proteins (kaps) are among the main structural components of the animal fibers and form semi-rigid matrix wherein the keratin intermediate filaments (kifs) are embedded. variation in the kap genes has been reported to affect the structure of kaps and hence fiber characteristics. as no information is available on this gene in capra hircus therefore, present work was undertaken to characterize and explore the different polymorphic variants of kap1.4 gene at dna level in different ...201223266633
prevalence and biology of goat warble fly infestation by przhevalskiana silenus in jammu province, india.examination of 3,960 goats brought from six districts of jammu province and slaughtered at jammu abattoir from july 2005 to june 2006 revealed 47.22% prevalence of larval stages of warble fly (przhevalskiana silenus brauer, 1858) in goats. highest prevalence was recorded in udhampur (56.44%) and lowest in doda district (13.49%). classification of the study area into four zones based on height (meters above sea level), viz., zone i (300-325-ám asl), zone ii (325-800-ám asl), zone iii (800-1,500-á ...201121688088
economic impact of przhevalskiana silenus infestation in native goats of northern india.economic losses incurred by przhevalskiana silenus in goats of jammu province of jammu and kashmir (north india) were assessed from july 2005 to june 2006. abattoir studies revealed holes in hides for 112 days (mid-december 2005 to first week of april 2006) and trimming of carcass for 243 days (july 2005 to february 2006) during a lifecycle, leading to annual losses of rs. 7,391,432 and rs. 10,510,837, respectively. an effect on production traits (weight gain and milk) was assessed on naturally ...201121814752
carnivore-caused livestock mortality in trans-himalaya.the loss of livestock to wild predators is an important livelihood concern among trans-himalayan pastoralists. because of the remoteness and inaccessibility of the region, few studies have been carried out to quantify livestock depredation by wild predators. in the present study, we assessed the intensity of livestock depredation by snow leopard uncia uncia, tibetan wolf canis lupus chanku, and eurasian lynx lynx l. isabellina in three villages, namely gya, rumtse, and sasoma, within the propose ...200717318699
molecular epidemiology of ovine herpesvirus type 2 infection in kashmir, india.the aims of this investigation were to determine the prevalence of ovine herpesvirus type 2 (ovhv-2) (the causative agent of malignant catarrhal fever) infection in cattle, the carrier status of sheep and goats, and to define the pattern of acquisition of ovhv-2 in lambs under natural flock conditions in kashmir, india. none of the buffy coat samples from 21 lambs contained ovhv-2 dna sequences up to 28 days after birth, only one lamb had sequences of ovhv-2 dna as early as 29 days after birth, ...200617071670
parasitic bronchitis in goats and the possible use of dictyocaulus filaria vaccine for its control.parasitic bronchitis is widely prevalent in migratory flocks of small ruminants in the northwest himalayan regions of india. the prevalence data collected from 5554 goats, maintained in 31 villages in different agroclimatic regions of the himalayas, showed that the prevalence of the disease in goats varied from 18.7 to 47.6% with an overall prevalence of 21.8%. interestingly, 27.6% of goats maintained at an altitude of 2700-3900 m above mean sea level in kargil (jammu and kashmir), where the cli ...19948171828
pulmonary endocrine cells and the pulmonary circulation in various species in the himalaya.the numbers, morphology and distribution of pulmonary endocrine cells in goats, sheep, and the yak and its interbreeds were demonstrated by means of the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique using a polyclonal antiserum to neuron-specific enolase. the animals came from two different locations and altitudes, srinagar, kashmir at 1250 m and sakti in ladakh, 4500 m. the presence of immuno-reactive cells was demonstrated in all animals but was related to species and not to the altitude of residence.19902150556
survey of ticks (acarina: ixodidae) for crimean haemorrhagic fever virus activity in jammu & kashmir state, india.a survey of ixodid ticks was carried on in 1977 to determine the crimean haemorrhagic fever (chf) virus activity in jammu & kashmir state, india. in all, 412 immatures and 3258 adults belonging to 7 genera and 16 species of ticks were collected as ectoparasites of small and large mammals. these included one species each of the genera boophilus, dermacentor and nosomma, 2 species of rhipicephalus, 3 species of ixodes and 4 species each of haemaphysalis and hyalomma. haem. bispinosa was the predom ...19902111801
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