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parasites of domestic and wild animals in south africa. xxviii. helminth and arthropod parasites of angora goats and kids in valley bushveld.two adult angora goats were slaughtered each month for 24 consecutive months on a farm in valley bushveld in the eastern cape province. on the same farm 2 angora goat kids were slaughtered each month for 2 consecutive years from the time they were 1 week old until they reached 12 months of age. all these goats were processed for the recovery of helminth and arthropod parasites. fourteen nematode species, 2 nematode genera and 1 cestode species were recovered. worm burdens were generally low in t ...19911780125
some avian and mammalian hosts of amblyomma hebraeum and amblyomma marmoreum (acari: ixodidae).large numbers of birds, wild mammals and domestic stock from a variety of localities within the republic of south africa were examined for infestation with the ixodid ticks amblyomma hebraeum and amblyomma marmoreum. every warthog (phacochoerus aethiopicus), burchell's zebra (equus burchelli), impala (aepyceros melampus) and kudu (tragelaphus strepsiceros) from the kruger national park in the north-eastern transvaal lowveld was infested with a. hebraeum. in the eastern cape province every helmet ...19873329327
goats as alternative hosts of cattle ticks.the objective of this study was to compare the presence on goats and cattle of adult ticks that usually infest cattle. to this end ticks collected from sets of five goats were compared with those collected from sets of five cattle at 72 communal dip-tanks in the eastern region of the eastern cape province. amblyomma hebraeum was present on goats at 25 and on cattle at 39 dip-tanks, and a total of 61 goats and 138 cattle were infested. adult rhipicephalus (boophilus) microplus was present on goat ...200717708147
species composition and geographic distribution of ticks infesting cattle, goats and dogs in a temperate and in a subtropical region of south-east africa.the species and distribution of ticks infesting cattle, goats and dogs in the eastern region of the eastern cape province, south africa and maputo province, mozambique were determined from collections made from these animals at 72 localities in the former region and 30 in the latter. eleven ixodid and one argasid species were recovered in the eastern cape province and 15 ixodid species in maputo province. the most common ticks infesting cattle and goats in both provinces were amblyomma hebraeum, ...200921105593
ixodid ticks of angora and boer goats, grysbok, common duikers, kudus and scrub hares in valley bushveld in the eastern cape province, south africa.at monthly intervals from february 1983 to january 1984 two angora goats, two boer goats, one grysbok, raphicerus melanotis, one common duiker, sylvicapra grimmia, one greater kudu, tragelaphus strepsiceros, and four scrub hares, lepus saxatilis, were killed on a farm in valley bushveld in the eastern cape province, south africa and examined for ticks. seven ixodid tick species were collected, of which rhipicephalus glabroscutatum followed by amblyomma hebraeum and rhipicephalus oculatus were th ...200312967172
the distribution of pasteurella haemolytica serotypes among cattle, sheep, and goats in south africa and their association with diseases.over an 8-year period (september 1986 to march 1994), a total of 497 organ specimens from sheep and goats and 96 from cattle, were received for their isolation of pasteurella haemolytica. they were collected in seven geographical areas in south africa (as it existed before the april 1994 elections). these areas include the eastern cape, transvaal (new name: gauteng), nambia, orange free state (new name: free state), natal (new name: kwazulu-natal), western cape and the northern cape. this invest ...19958668319
foot abscess in goats in relation to the seasonal abundance of adult amblyomma hebraeum and adult rhipicephalus glabroscutatum (acari: ixodidae).the seasonal prevalence of foot abscess affecting angora and boer goats in valley bushveld in the eastern cape province of south africa was significantly related to the seasonal abundance of adult amblyomma hebraeum and adult rhipicephalus glabroscutatum. angora goats harboured more ticks than boer goats and also had a greater number of abscessed feet. larger numbers of ticks and abscesses were recorded on hind feet than on fore feet. there was no significant correlation between rainfall and the ...19873508202
village livestock population and sampling strategies in communal areas in the eastern cape province, south africa.there is an urgent need for a livestock census in communal areas of the eastern cape province, south africa. this study focuses on the description of the cattle, sheep, and goat populations with emphasis on the livestock distributions and population characteristics in a pilot study in two wards in communal farm land. in one of the wards, sample homogeneity was found in the cattle and goat populations. in contrast, in the second ward sheep and goat populations were found heterogeneous, and only c ...201021082246
ethnoveterinary uses of medicinal plants: a survey of plants used in the ethnoveterinary control of gastro-intestinal parasites of goats in the eastern cape province, south africa.conventional drugs have become expensive and therefore unaffordable to resource-limited farmers, causing farmers to seek low cost alternatives, such as use of medicinal plants. in this study, a survey was conducted in order to document information on medicinal plants used by farmers in the control of internal parasites in goats in the eastern cape province. structured questionnaires and general conversation were used to collect the information from farmers and herbalists. the survey revealed 28 ...201020645744
estimation of goat production potential and efficiency in the resource-poor communal areas of the eastern cape province of south africa.it is often inappropriately assumed that the contributions of goats to household economies are similar across flock sizes. a monthly questionnaire was administered to 19, 21, and 13 farmers in matatiele and qawukeni and mankone. entries and exits to and from each flock were assessed. most (p < 0.05) kids were born in august (4.92 +/- 0.362 and 2.03 +/- 0.329 for large and small flocks, respectively). total entries were higher (p < 0.05) in august, september, and october than in the other months. ...201020358402
a preliminary report on the use of famacha for haemonchosis in goats in the eastern cape province of south africa during the late autumn/early winter period.from may to july 2005 a study was conducted on the prevalence and effects of haemonchosis in goats farmed on communal grazing belonging to resource-poor farmers at two study sites, namely mlungisi (26 degrees 53'e, 31 degrees 53's) and ezibeleni (26 degrees 58'e, 31 degrees 53's), situated within the chris hani district municipality in eastern cape province of south africa. the usefulness of the famacha system for identifying goats needing treatment was confirmed. it allowed stock owners to iden ...200717941601
ixodid ticks on dogs in the eastern region of the eastern cape province, south africa.the objective of this study was to determine the species composition and geographic distribution of ixodid ticks infesting domestic dogs in the eastern region of the eastern cape province. seventy-two communal cattle dip-tanks within this region were randomly selected as survey localities and their geographic coordinates recorded. in addition to ticks that were collected from five cattle and five goats at each of the dip-tanks, ticks were also collected from five dogs whenever possible. no dogs ...200617283731
parasites of domestic and wild animals in south africa. xlvi. oestrid fly larvae of sheep, goats, springbok and black wildebeest in the eastern cape province.merino sheep in thornveld, dorper sheep and angora goats in inland valley bushveld, angora goats and boer goats in valley bushveld on the coastal plateau, and springbok, antidorcas marsupialis, and black wildebeest, connochaetes gnou, in karroid mountainveld, all in the eastern cape province, were examined for the larvae of nasal bot flies. the sheep and goats were infested with the larvae of oestrus ovis, and dorper sheep and boer goats harboured more larvae than angora goats on the same farms. ...200516562735
chlamydial abortion in goats in the umzimkulu district of eastern cape. 200111513260
parasites of domestic and wild animals in south africa. xxxix. helminth and arthropod parasites of angora goats in the southern karoo.parasites were collected from 160 angora goats and kids on the jansenville experimental farm, eastern cape province. six nematodes were identified to species level and three to generic level. nematodirus spathiger was the most numerous of the economically important nematodes recovered. it was always present, and fourth stage larvae were collected from untreated goats from august to march, while animals used as tracers also picked up most infection from august to march. kids born on the farm duri ...200111403427
the ixodid tick burdens of various large ruminant species in south african nature reserves.the ixodid tick burdens of eland (taurotragus oryx), greater kudu (tragelaphus strepsiceros), nyala (tragelaphus angasi), bushbuck (tragelaphus scriptus) and giraffe (giraffa camelopardalis) in the kruger national park, transvaal; of african buffalo (syncerus caffer) and nyala in the hluhluwe game reserve, natal; and of gemsbok (oryx gazella) in the mountain zebra national park, an eland in the thomas baines nature reserve and an eland and greater kudu in the andries vosloo kudu reserve, eastern ...19836646664
the distribution and hosts of rhipicephalus glabroscutatum.three domestic and 12 wild species of ungulate have been recorded as hosts of rhipicephalus glabroscutatum. the major site of attachment for larvae, nymphs and adults is around the hooves and on the lower legs. this tick is virtually confined to the eastern cape province, republic of south africa. classed as an obligative xerophile it inhabits non-coastal areas of low rainfall characterized by karoo and karoid vegetation.19854011156
helminth parasites of grysbok, common duikers and angora and boer goats in the valley bushveld in the eastern cape province.helminth parasites were collected from 13 grysbok, raphicerus melanotis, 12 common duikers, sylvicapra grimmia, 24 angora goats and 24 boer goats killed on a farm in valley bushveld in the eastern cape province. nematodes belonging to 9 species and a further 2 genera and cestodes belonging to 1 species and a further genus were recovered from the grysbok. of these, worms of the genus skrjabinema, trichostrongylus rugatus, trichostrongylus pietersei and nematodirus spathiger were the most prevalen ...19892812700
helminth and arthropod parasites of angora goats on irrigated kikuyu grass pastures in the eastern cape province.angora goat kids and yearlings grazing irrigated kikuyu (pennisetum clandestinum) grass pastures in the eastern cape province, became heavily infected with teladorsagia circumcincta and trichostrongylus rugatus, leading to high mortality in both age groups. peak burdens of the former were recorded during march and may, and of the latter during may and june. larger numbers of the cestode moniezia expanza, occurred in the kids than in the yearlings. despite the stress of high helminth burdens, no ...19902286996
a survey of small stock tick control practices in the eastern cape province of south africa.current small stock tick control practices and producer attitudes towards tick control in the eastern cape province of south africa are discussed. these were ascertained from returns to a questionnaire survey to which 31.2% of farmers polled, responded. in general, producers did not favour an intensive tick control policy for small stock. angora, mutton and wool farmers had a definite preference for synthetic pyrethroid acaricides, the majority treating either less than 6 times p.a. or between 1 ...19921437022
in-vitro anthelminthic activity of crude aqueous extracts of aloe ferox, leonotis leonurus and elephantorrhiza elephantina against haemonchus contortus.aloe ferox (mill), leonotis leonurus (l) r. br; and elephantorrhiza elephantina (burch.) skeels are plants frequently used by resource-limited farmers in the eastern cape province to control gastrointestinal parasites in goats. a study was conducted to validate their anthelminthic activities in-vitro on the egg and larvae of the nematode parasite haemonchus contortus. the crude aqueous extracts of leaves of a. ferox and l. leonurus; and roots of e. elephantina were used. eggs and larvae of the p ...201019693685
variation in the functions of village goats in zimbabwe and south africa.the objective of the study was to compare the functions and management systems of goats in chirumanzu district in zimbabwe and, alfred nzo and amatole districts in the eastern cape province of south africa. data were collected using participatory rural appraisal techniques and direct observations. in addition, structured questionnaires from 344 households as follows; 69 from alfred nzo district, 144 from amatole district and 132 from chirumanzu district were also used to retrieve information fro ...200919252996
two new species of ticks from southern africa whose adults parasitize the feet of ungulates: rhipicephalus lounsburyi n. sp. and rhipicephalus neumanni n. sp. (ixodoidea, ixodidae).theiler & robinson (1953) described, as rhipicephalus follis dönitz, 1910, a tick species originating from dordrecht, eastern cape province. a comparison of this tick with the syntypes of r. follis has now shown, though, that these 2 entities are different and it is therefore redescribed below as rhipicephalus lounsburyi n. sp. its adults parasitize sheep and various wild ungulates, attaching primarily on their feet. the hosts of the immature stages are still unknown. it has now been recorded fr ...19902338999
the relation of climate and topography to gastro-intestinal nematode worm egg counts of angora goats in the eastern cape.haemonchus, trichostrongylus, ostertagia and nematodirus worm populations of angora goats, based on differential egg counts, are considered in relation to climatological and topographical data. egg counts indicated that the estimated worm populations in goats that experienced wet circumstances were higher than those exposed to dry conditions. wetness was assessed by relating spring, summer, and early autumn rainfalls to ground slope. it is proposed, that tactical anthelmintic treatments of goats ...19863763170
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