isolation and transmission of cowdria ruminantium (causal agent of heartwater disease) in blue nile province, sudan.heartwater was diagnosed in sheep at the umm banein livestock research station, blue nile province, sudan. cowdria ruminantium was isolated from sheep by subinoculation of blood into a goat. adult amblyomma lepidum ticks fed as nymphs on this goat transmitted heartwater to a friesian (bos taurus) calf. brain stabilates from this calf, either snap-frozen into liquid nitrogen or frozen slowly in a deepfreezer at -70 degrees c, with dmso as cryoprotectant, were infective to cattle when inoculated s ...19846740919
current situation of peste des petits ruminants (ppr) in the sudan.the current situation of ppr in sudan was investigated. a total of 61 tissue samples were collected from various ppr suspected outbreaks in sheep in sudan during 2008. collected tissue samples were tested for ppr antigen using icelisa, ppr antigen was detected in 26 out of 61 samples (42.6%). highest antigen detection rate was in specimens collected from western sudan. a total of 1198 serum samples were collected from sheep (n = 500), camels (n = 392), and goats (n = 306) from different areas in ...201019548103
ticks (acari:ixodidae) of the blue and white nile ecosystems in the sudan with particular reference to the rhipicephalus sanguineus group.twenty-four adult ixodid tick species, infesting livestock and some wildlife hosts along the blue and white nile in the sudan, were identified. three species, boophilus geigyi, rhipicephalus camicasi and r. bergeoni, were recorded for the first time from the sudan. tick numbers on indigenous breeds of cattle (bos indicus) were relatively low, ranging between 17.1 and 40.5 per animal. young cattle grazing with the herd carried significantly fewer ticks than older animals. with the exception of b. ...19873331134
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