a molecular survey of cystic echinococcosis in sudan.a survey of cystic echinococcosis in livestock was conducted from may 2001 to july 2003 in central, western and southern sudan. hydatid cysts were present in 59% (466/779) of camels, 6% (299/4893) of cattle, 11% (1180/10,422) of sheep and 2% (106/5565) of goats, with little variation among different geographical areas. 532 of these cysts were examined by pcr and could be overwhelmingly (98.7%) allocated to echinococcus canadensis g6/7 (all of 215 cysts from camels, 112 of 114 cysts from cattle, ...201020138433
alighting of tabanidae and muscids on natural and simulated hosts in the sudan.alighting of horse flies (diptera: tabanidae) and non-biting muscids (diptera: muscidae) was studied at khartoum, sudan, using black cylindrical models mimicking a goat, calf and cow. flies were intercepted by attaching electrocution grids or clear adhesive film to models. alighting sites and defensive behaviour were also documented on hosts through observation. female tabanus sufis (jennicke), t. taeniola (palisot) and atylotus agrestis (wiedemann) were the main tabanids captured. muscids lande ...200919203405
infant-feeding practices in urban and rural communities of the sudan.infant-feeding and weaning practices were investigated in a multistage randomly selected sample of 1,039 sudanese mothers who represented six of the nine states of the sudan. the majority (77.9%) believed that breast milk was best for their babies, emphasizing the previously reported high breast-feeding rate in sudanese mothers. food supplementation started by 6 months in 82.5% mainly in urban middle and high classes (umc and uhc) compared to urban poor class (upc) and the rural group (rg; p < 0 ...19947855919
ticks (acari:ixodidae) of the blue and white nile ecosystems in the sudan with particular reference to the rhipicephalus sanguineus group.twenty-four adult ixodid tick species, infesting livestock and some wildlife hosts along the blue and white nile in the sudan, were identified. three species, boophilus geigyi, rhipicephalus camicasi and r. bergeoni, were recorded for the first time from the sudan. tick numbers on indigenous breeds of cattle (bos indicus) were relatively low, ranging between 17.1 and 40.5 per animal. young cattle grazing with the herd carried significantly fewer ticks than older animals. with the exception of b. ...19873331134
current situation of peste des petits ruminants (ppr) in the sudan.the current situation of ppr in sudan was investigated. a total of 61 tissue samples were collected from various ppr suspected outbreaks in sheep in sudan during 2008. collected tissue samples were tested for ppr antigen using icelisa, ppr antigen was detected in 26 out of 61 samples (42.6%). highest antigen detection rate was in specimens collected from western sudan. a total of 1198 serum samples were collected from sheep (n = 500), camels (n = 392), and goats (n = 306) from different areas in ...201019548103
first report of infectious necrotic hepatitis (black disease) among nubian goats in a flock of 425 female and male nubian goats in the khartoum province, an outbreak of a disease causing sudden death of 18 apparently healthy goats occurred (11 females and 7 males, 3-6 years old). adult fasciola gigantica were found in the livers of all goats and in seven of them cysticercus tenuicollis cysts. these organs showed necrotic and severe histopathological changes. clostridium novyi type b was isolated from necrotic areas of all livers and found to be highly pathogenic and toxigeni ...19911824134
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