campylobacter jejuni enteritis in children.campylobacter jejuni has been recently recognized as a frequent cause of diarrheal disease in infants and children. to assess its importance as an enteric pathogen in this area, in our pediatric laboratory, campylobacter jejuni was isolated by selective culture from 35 out of 623 (5.6%) patients with a history of acute diarrhea between march 1981 to december 1981. the peak incidence was in the summer (from may to august), age ranged from 10 days to 8 years, with the high incidence in the very yo ...19846532655
occurrence of plasmids and tetracycline resistance among campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli isolated from whole market chickens and clinical samples.twenty whole market chickens, purchased from 10 different stores in the taipei metropolitan area, were examined for the presence of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli. the microorganisms were recovered from 95% of the chickens. a survey of different sites on--breast, thigh and tail--showed that contamination was equally common on all these sites. one hundred and sixty-seven chicken isolates and the 41 clinical isolates of campylobacter jejuni were examined for the occurrence of plasmid ...19947703010
antimicrobial susceptibilities of campylobacter jejuni and coli by using e-test in report the in vitro antibiotic susceptibility of campylobacter species, we determined the mics of 6 antibiotics by e-test for 93 human clinical strains and 35 chicken strains. the 6 antimicrobial agents tested were gentamicin, erythromycin, clindamycin, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, and nalidixic acid. isolates from humans were significantly more susceptible than chicken strains to erythromycin, clindamycin and ciprofloxacin. nearly all of the human and chicken strains were susceptible to gent ...19989670357
incidence and clinical manifestations of campylobacter enteritis in central taiwan.campylobacter species are recognized as a major cause of acute gastroenteritis in humans throughout the world and are increasingly associated with the development of guillain-barré syndrome. the age distribution of persons and the seasonal patterns of campylobacter infection are different in many developed and developing countries. the present study reports the investigation of the clinical and epidemiologic features of campylobacter infections in central taiwan.19989684510
isolation and identification of enteropathogenic campylobacter spp. from chicken samples in taipei.a total of 95 chicken samples that consisted of 34 whole chickens, 32 organs (gizzards and livers), and 29 chicken parts (drumsticks, wings, and breasts), collected from traditional retail markets (no chilling facilities) and supermarkets in taipei, were examined for the occurrence of enteropathogenic campylobacters. three selective media, peterz's charcoal cefoperazone deoxycholate agar, campy-cefex agar, and charcoal-based selective medium, were evaluated for their efficacy to isolate campylob ...200010716556
the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibilities of salmonella and campylobacter in ducks in taiwan.cloacal swabs were sampled from 100 duck farms in taiwan between march 2000 and january 2001 for isolation and standard cultivation of salmonella spp. and thermophilic campylobacter spp. salmonella spp. were isolated from 4.6% (91/2000) of ducks from 20% (20/100) of duck farms. ten serotypes of salmonella enterica were identified: s. potsdam (31.9% of isolates), s. dusseldorf (18.7%), s. indiana (14.3%), s. typhimurium (7.7%), s. hadar (5.5%), s. newport (4.4%), s. derby (4.4%), s. montevideo (2 ...200515699587
one-year (2003) nationwide pork carcass microbiological baseline data survey in taiwan.from january through december 2003, swab samples from 1,650 pork carcasses were collected from 39 slaughter plants in taiwan. these samples were analyzed for the prevalence of indicator microorganisms and specific pathogens. viable aerobic bacteria, total coliforms, and escherichia coli were recovered from 100, 95.3, and 87.5% of these carcasses, respectively. of those carcasses that harbored bacteria, the mean aerobic plate, total coliform, and escherichia coli counts were 4.0, 0.6, and 0.1 log ...200515771166
amplified fragment length polymorphism, serotyping, and quinolone resistance of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli strains from chicken-related samples and humans in taiwan.the high-resolution genotyping method of amplified fragment length polymorphism (aflp) analysis was used to study the genetic relationships between campylobacter jejuni isolates from chicken-related samples (n = 32) and humans (n = 27) as well as between campylobacter coli isolates from chicken-related samples (n = 27) and humans (n = 5). these isolates were collected between 1994 and 2003 in taiwan. all c. jejuni and c. coli isolates showed highly heterogeneous fingerprints. c. jejuni isolates ...200616629019
pcr-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (rflp) analysis of campylobacter jejuni isolates from humans, chickens and dogs in northern taiwan.two hundred and twenty strains of campylobacter jejuni (70 human, 51 canine and 99 chicken strains) were isolated from september 2003 to september 2004 in northern taiwan. these strains were subtyped by pcr-rflp analysis of the flagellin (flaa) gene. on the basis of restrictive digest, six types were identified with afai, seven types with mboi and five types with haeiii. with the combination of these three enzymes, 47 distinct pcr-rflp patterns were observed-25 each from human and chicken isolat ...200616953081
salmonellae and campylobacters in household and stray dogs in northern taiwan.rectal swabs were collected from 437 household and 491 stray dogs in northern taiwan from may 2003 to june 2005 to investigate the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibilities of salmonellae and campylobacters. the results revealed that 2.1% of household dogs and 6.3% of stray dogs were positive for salmonellae, with salmonella duesseldorf being the most dominant serotype in both. additionally, 2.7% of the household dogs and 23.8% of the stray dogs were positive for campylobacters. campylobacte ...200717285243
pediatric campylobacteriosis in northern taiwan from 2003 to 2005.there has been a marked increase in the incidence of, and concern regarding, human campylobacter jejuni and c. coli infections worldwide during the last decade. as the highest infectious disease control apparatus in taiwan, we aimed to describe the character of campylobacter isolates from infected children, as well as basic information about the patients, from december 2003 to february 2005.200818973701
campylobacter jejuni peritonitis and bacteremia in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.gram-negative pathogen-induced continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis- (capd) related peritonitis is increasing, especially that caused by enteric pathogens. we describe a 54-year-old taiwanese man with a case of campylobacter jejuni-mediated capd-related peritonitis and bacteremia. positive campylobacter jejuni dialysate and blood cultures confirmed the diagnosis of capd-mediated systemic infection. we initially administered intraperitoneal ceftazidime, amikacin and oral azithromycin, but th ...200919203559
the emerging importance of norovirus as the etiology of pediatric gastroenteritis in taipei.rotavirus is a major causative agent of pediatric gastroenteritis throughout the world. however, other viruses such as norovirus also play an important role, but have seldom been studied in taipei, taiwan. the aim of this study was to survey the prevalence and clinical manifestations of different types of viral gastroenteritis in taipei, focusing especially on the disease burden of norovirus.201020457426
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