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[from donor to recipient: transfusion chain specificities in the french ultra-marine areas].besides specific organisational requirements, the transfusional chain in french ultra-marine areas has specificities related to the epidemiology of infectious diseases and to population characteristics. we focus on some of these sociodemographic and medical peculiarities: the challenge of autosufficiency in relation to demographic trends; epidemiologic risks associated to emergent viruses such as dengue and chikungunya, and the strategies that had been implemented to face last outbreaks; inappro ...201323587617
[the concept of emerging viral diseases: what risk for reunion island?].in reunion island, the risk of emerging infectious diseases lies mainly in several viral zoonoses: west nile fever, sindbis virus, nipah virus, wesselsbron virus, rift valley fever and japanese encephalitis. there morbidity and consequences are more or less important but they all have a non-negligible epidemic potential, so they have to be monitored. indeed, the struggle against these emerging infectious diseases requires an early detection of the cases, thus a surveillance system capable of det ...201323765703
a fatal neuroinvasive west nile virus infection in a traveler returning from madagascar: clinical, epidemiological and veterinary investigations.abstract. a 58-year-old woman living in reunion island and returning from madagascar was hospitalized for neuroinvasive encephalitis and died 1 month later. west nile virus (wnv) infection was biologically confirmed by detection of immunoglobulin m (igm) reactive with wnv antigens in both cerebrospinal fluid and serum, and weak neutralizing activity was also detected. a veterinary survey performed in her traveling area showed a seroprevalence of wnv of 28.7% (95% confidence interval [ci] = 21.1- ...201323751400
[a serological survey regarding flaviviridae infections on the island of réunion (1971-1989)].serological prevalence of flaviviridae was studied on reunion island by testing 2,507 human sera from a randomised sample. each serum was tested against 5 viruses (yellow fever, dengue type 1 and 2, west nile and wesselsbron) using haemagglutination inhibition test: 42.68% of human sera were found positive. the multivalent reactions represent practically three fourths of the positive ones. a severe dengue type 2 outbreak on the island in 1977-1978 and the possible circulation of a flavivirus may ...19948061530
[updated inventory of mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) of the island of la réunion, indian ocean].a literature analysis coupled with new entomological surveys conducted between 2009 and 2012 led to changes in the list of mosquito species present on the island of la réunion. using morphological criteria, orthopodomyia arboricollis is replaced by or. reunionensis. on the basis of morphometrical and genetic criteria, culex univittatus is replaced by cx. neavei. cx. poicilipes, which was already reported missing 40 years ago, has not been found again. anopheles arabiensis is confirmed as the onl ...201323681758
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