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q fever antibodies in dairy cattle and in humans in washington state. 196113783896
incidence of q fever in eastern washington; a serological survey. 194918141160
coxiella burnetii infection of a steller sea lion (eumetopias jubatus) found in washington state.a pregnant sea lion stranded in the state of washington was found to have placentitis caused by a unique strain of coxiella burnetii. this is the first description of coxiellosis in a sea lion and suggests that exposure to sea lions may be a risk factor for contracting q fever.201020592144
Notes from the field: Q fever outbreak associated with goat farms--Washington and Montana, 2011.On April 22, 2011, the Q fever bacterium Coxiella burnetii was detected in a goat placenta collected from a farm in Washington, where 14 of 50 (28%) pregnant does had aborted since January. A county health alert advised health-care providers to ask patients with symptoms compatible with Q fever (e.g., fever, headache, chills, and myalgia) about exposure to goats, and the owners of the farm informed purchasers of their goats that C. burnetii had been detected in their herd. On May 25, the county ...201121993345
pathogen exposure and blood chemistry in the washington, usa population of northern sea otters (enhydra lutris kenyoni).northern sea otters (enhydra lutris kenyoni) from washington state, united states were evaluated in 2011 to determine health status and pathogen exposure. antibodies to brucella spp. (10%) and influenza a virus (23%) were detected for the first time in this population in 2011. changes in clinical pathology values (serum chemistries), exposure to pathogens, and overall health of the population over the last decade were assessed by comparing 2011 data to the data collected on this population in 20 ...201324502716
first reported multistate human q fever outbreak in the united states, 2011.in april, 2011, the q fever bacterium coxiella burnetii was identified at a washington farm where an abortion storm took place among goats. soon after, q fever cases were reported among visitors to the farm from washington and montana. a cross-sectional investigation was conducted among humans and goats associated with the index farm or with 16 other farms that purchased goats from the index farm or housed goats at the index farm for breeding purposes. questionnaire data were analyzed, along wit ...201424350648
seroprevalence of coxiella burnetii in washington state domestic goat herds.a caprine herd seroprevalence of coxiella burnetii infection was determined by passive surveillance of domestic goat herds in washington state. serum samples (n=1794) from 105 herds in 31 counties were analyzed for c. burnetii antibodies using a commercially available q fever antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) test kit. the sera were submitted to the washington animal disease diagnostic laboratory for routine serologic screening over an approximate 1-year period from november, 20 ...201324107207
presence and persistence of coxiella burnetii in the environments of goat farms associated with a q fever outbreak.q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by inhalation of the bacterium coxiella burnetii. ruminant livestock are common reservoirs for c. burnetii, and bacteria present in aerosols derived from the waste of infected animals can infect humans. the significance of infection from material deposited in the environment versus transmission directly from infected animals is not known. in 2011, an outbreak of q fever cases on farms in washington and montana was associated with infected goats. a study was u ...201323315737
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