geographical and seasonal distribution of the bluetongue virus vector, culicoides imicola, in central italy.following the first incursion of bluetongue virus (btv) into italy, the geographical and seasonal distribution of the biting midge culicoides imicola kieffer (diptera: ceratopogonidae), the main vector of btv and african horse sickness virus, was investigated in two regions of central italy (lazio and tuscany). surveillance of culicoides was carried out between july 2001 and december 2002 using light traps: 1917 collections were made in 381 trap sites, well distributed across both regions. durin ...200314651652
cystic echinococcosis in italy from the 1950s to italy the epidemiological pattern of cistic echinococcosis (ce) is incomplete and the information for most regions is out of date, contradictory, and almost exclusively limited to the intermediate hosts. the disease is found most frequently in particular social and economic conditions: widespread use of extensive or semi-extensive sheep farming, illegal slaughtering, and high numbers of sheepdogs and other types of dogs. the highest incidence in sheep is found in sardinia (70.6-92.8%), sicily ...200416044697
new findings on anaplasmosis caused by infection with anaplasma phagocytophilum.ixodes ricinus (i. ricinus) is one of the vectors of anaplasma phagocytophilum (a. phagocytophilum) in europe, in which rates of infection range from 1.9% to 34%. in 1998, human granulocytic ehrlichiosis-like (hge-like) ehrlichia dna was detected in italy, by pcr technique in one i. ricinus nymph out of 55 ticks that were examined. in 1996, 6.3% of 310 human sera in high-risk subjects from italy were found positive for antibodies to ehrlichia phagocytophila (e. phagocytophila). in the same year, ...200617135539
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