brucella cultures typed by the who brucellosis centre at the commonwealth serum laboratories, melbourne.results of the typing of brucella cultures received at the who brucellosis centre, csl, melbourne, from 1968-1976 are presented. the distribution of the biotypes of cultures recovered throughout australia is shown on a host and state basis and atypical cultures are discussed. cultures identified from australia were br. abortus, biotypes 1, 2 and 4 and strain 19; br. suis, biotype 1 and br. ovis. br. melitensis biotypes 1, 2 and 3 were recorded only as exotic human infections from the mediterrane ...1978105700
levels of trace elements in the liver and diet of free-living koalas, phascolarctos cinereus (goldfuss).the mean liver concentrations of copper, manganese, zinc and cobalt were 0.25, 0.20, 2.97 mmol/kg and 2.81 mumol/kg respectively in free-living koalas in victoria, australia. the mean plasma copper concentration was 9.2 mmol/liter which was somewhat below the level in other hindgut fermenters. the mean concentrations of copper, manganese and zinc in their diet (eucalyptus spp.) were 0.08, 4.46 and 0.27 mmol/kg respectively. analysis of the data established a significant correlation between the a ...19846492324
a serological survey of dogs, cats and horses in south-eastern australia for leptospiral antibodies. 19938257320
antimicrobial resistance in salmonella and escherichia coli isolated from horses. 19979196824
vets gain significant backing in victorian court decision. 199910078361
suspected blue canary grass (phalaris coerulescens) poisoning of horses. 199910494401
outbreak of equine herpesvirus type 1 myeloencephalitis: new insights from virus identification by pcr and the application of an ehv-1-specific antibody detection elisa.five of 10 pregnant, lactating mares, each with a foal at foot, developed neurological disease. three of them became recumbent, developed complications and were euthanased; of the two that survived, one aborted an equine herpesvirus type 1 (ehv-1)-positive fetus 68 days after the first signs were observed in the index case and the other gave birth to a healthy foal on day 283 but remained ataxic and incontinent. the diagnosis of ehv-1 myeloencephalitis was supported by postmortem findings, pcr i ...200314582730
risk factors for thoroughbred racehorse fatality in jump starts in victoria, australia (1989-2004).the risk of fatality is greater in jump than in flat racing in victoria, australia. this is the first study to identify risk factors specific to jump starts in victoria.200717910267
risk factors for thoroughbred racehorse fatality in flat starts in victoria, australia (1989-2004).research into risk factors specific for fatality in flat racing should be focused at a regional level as the risk factors may differ among countries and even regions within countries.200717910268
reproductive efficiency of thoroughbred and standardbred horses in north-east evaluate the reproductive efficiency of horse farms in north-east victoria and identify aspects of management to be targeted for improving reproductive efficiency.201020529022
surveillance and prevention in a non-affected state: victoria.the equine influenza outbreak detected in august 2007 in new south wales and queensland did not enter victoria, which was, however, considered at risk because of its sizable border with new south wales. accordingly, victoria implemented a response plan to prevent disease entry and enable early detection of any disease. horse movement restrictions, surveillance strategies and public awareness formed a large part of this response.201121711300
human and animal isolates of pseudallescheria boydii and scedosporium species, from melbourne, australia, 1977-1995.from 1977 to 1995, 25 of the fungal cultures referred to the microbiological diagnostic unit public health laboratory at the university of melbourne, victoria, australia were identified as scedosporium apiospermum, pseudallescheria boydii, or scedosporium prolificans. these cultures had been isolated from 22 patients at metropolitan hospitals and three animals at veterinary institutes. eight of the human isolates were identified as p. boydii, 11 as s. apiospermum and three as s. prolificans. iso ...201020492531
mycobacterium ulcerans infections in two horses in south-eastern australia.two horses were diagnosed as having mycobacterium ulcerans infections. the first was a 21-year-old quarterhorse-cross mare living in mallacoota (a coastal town near the border of new south wales and victoria, australia) that presented with lichenification, hair-loss and oedema on a fetlock, which subsequently ulcerated, as well as a non-healing ulcer on the wither. the second horse was a 32 year-old standardbred gelding from nicholson, near bairnsdale, victoria, that had an ulcerated lesion on i ...201020402694
disease suspected to be caused by ross river virus infection of horses.ross river virus (rrv) was believed to be the cause of acute illness in four horses around the bellarine peninsula in south-west victoria, australia. the horses presented with clinical signs including petechial haemorrhages, lymphadenopathy, distal limb swelling and reluctance to move. fibrinogen was also elevated in three of the four horses. whilst no virus was isolated, serological testing revealed elevated rrv igm titres in all horses indicating acute infection. the outbreak occurred at a tim ...200818782422
the public health impact of injury during sport and active recreation.injuries can be an adverse outcome of participation in sport and recreational activities. the aim of this study was to determine the public health impact of injury during sports and active recreation injury in a select population in australia. a random household telephone survey was conducted quarterly over a 12-month period in a well-defined geographic region, the latrobe valley, australia. information was collected on participation in sport and active recreation and associated injuries over th ...200616616615
ophthalmic examination findings of thoroughbred racehorses in record the prevalence and document the types of eye disease in population of thoroughbred racehorses in victoria, australia.200616497233
prevalence of pharyngeal and laryngeal abnormalities in thoroughbreds racing in australia, and their association with performance.little information is available regarding the prevalence of abnormalities of the upper airway and their association with performance in the general population of thoroughbred racehorses.200516163940
sudden death in racing thoroughbreds in victoria, australia. 200515892239
isolation of ross river virus from mosquitoes and from horses with signs of musculo-skeletal report clinical and clinicopathological findings in horses naturally infected with ross river virus (rrv) and identify likely mosquito arbovirus vector species.200315080456
molecular epidemiology of salmonella heidelberg in an equine hospital.from 1992 to 1997, multi-drug resistant (mdr) salmonella heidelberg isolates were cultured from a number of horses hospitalised in a veterinary hospital in victoria, australia. to examine the relationships between the cases, 28 isolates from the hospital were compared by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (pfge), is200 element profiles, antimicrobial resistance patterns, plasmid profiles and phage typing. the pfge patterns following digestion with xbai and blni restriction endonucleases showed tha ...200111278126
anthrax explodes in an australian summer.anthrax occurred on 83 properties in an area of north central victoria between 26 january and 26 march in the summer of 1997. anthrax had not been recorded in the outbreak area since records were initiated in 1914, although anthrax did occur in the general area in the 1880s to 1890s. standard australian control measures were applied to the properties, including quarantine, tracing movements of animals on and off affected properties, secure disposal of carcases by burning, enhanced surveillance o ...199910475947
the structure of the community of strongyloid nematodes of domestic equids.the community structure exhibited by strongyloid nematodes from the large intestines of horses was examined using data from autopsies of 150 horses. thirty-one species of nematodes were encountered, but they were not clearly divisible into core and satellite species. multiple congeneric, consubfamilial and confamilial species were a prominent feature of the community and were more common than singleton infections. multivariate analyses provided evidence of a stable community of helminths dominat ...19968960216
species markers for equine strongyles detected in intergenic rdna by pcr-rflp.five species of equine strongyle belonging to the subfamily strongylinae (strongylus edentatus, s. equinus, s. vulgaris, oesophagodontus robustus and triodontophorus serratus) and 11 species belonging to the subfamily cyathostominae (poteriostomum imparidentatum, p. ratzii, cylicocyclus insignis, cc. leptostomus, cc. nassatus, cylicostephanus calicatus, cs. longibursatus, cs. goldi, cyathostomum catinatum, cy. labiatum and cy. pateratum) were characterized using a polymerase chain reaction-linke ...19968910892
hyperkalaemic periodic paralysis in australian quarter horses.three quarter horse stallions and 5 of their 11 tested progeny were diagnosed as affected with the inherited autosomal dominant defect hyperkalaemic periodic paralysis in victoria in 1992. the diagnoses were based on the appearance of clinical signs and associated increased plasma potassium concentrations in response to oral potassium loading. all affected horses were descendants of the american quarter horse impressive. indirect evidence indicates that at least 3 other affected quarter horse st ...19958579565
the prevalence and epidemiology of gastrointestinal parasites of horses in victoria, australia.a quantitative post mortem study of 150 horses from victoria was conducted to determine the prevalence and epidemiology of gastrointestinal parasites. a total of 42 species of metazoan parasite was found. the following species of non-cyathostome parasite were found (% prevalence): trichostrongylus axei (51%); habronema muscae (13%); h. majus (2%); draschia megastoma (5%); gastreophilus intestinalis (81%); g. nasalis (29%); parascaris equorum (5%); anoplocephala perfoliata (29%); fasciola hepatic ...19957657457
resistance to benzimidazole anthelmintics in equine strongyles. 1. frequency, geographical distribution and relationship between occurrence, animal husbandry procedures and anthelmintic usage.a survey was conducted to determine whether benzimidazole resistant populations of equine strongyles are present in new south wales and north central victoria; what is their frequency and geographical distribution; which species are involved; and whether different methods of parasite control could be related to the occurrence and frequency of anthelmintic resistant populations. resistant populations of strongyles were found over wide areas of new south wales and in north central victoria. there ...19817271605
australian stringhalt--epidemiological, clinical and neurological investigation of 78 cases of typical australian stringhalt from 52 properties in victoria was carried out from 1985 to 1987. horses were either examined in the field (n = 52), referred to the veterinary clinical centre (n = 13) or clinical details were obtained verbally (n = 13). in addition 10 cases of false or atypical stringhalt were examined. detailed soil and pasture analysis was carried out on 14 properties where australian stringhalt had occurred. information was also obtained on epide ...19892767028
review of animal mycoses in australia.this review covers the available literature on the mycoses of animals in australia since the last review published in 1967. of the cutaneous infections, dermatophytoses have been recorded in a wide range of animals: cattle, horses, goats, pigs, sheep, cats, dogs, mice, guinea-pigs, rabbits, a lion, kangaroos, a camel, koalas and wallabies. these infections were caused by several species and varieties of the genera, microsporum and trichophyton. eight agents of ringworms have been recorded in the ...19902233984
a suspected case of equine infectious anaemia in victoria. 1978753228
equine infectious anaemia in victoria. 1978753227
cattle tick (boophilus microplus) in victoria on horses from queensland. 200212180889
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