prevalence of antibodies to bovine respiratory syncytial virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus, bovine herpesvirus-1, and bovine parainfluenza-3 virus in sheep and goats in quebec.serum samples were collected from 1,075 clinically normal sheep and goats from 77 flocks in 7 agricultural regions of quebec from june to august 1982. sheep and goats were tested for antibodies to bovine respiratory syncytial virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus, and bovine herpes-virus-1 by the indirect fluorescent antibody technique and for parainfluenza-3 virus by the hemagglutination inhibition test. the prevalence of antibodies in animals to respiratory syncytial virus was 31%; to bovine vira ...19846089626
bovine respiratory syncytial virus in quebec: antibody prevalence and disease outbreak.the prevalence of antibody to bovine respiratory syncytial virus in quebec and the role of the virus in a respiratory disease outbreak was investigated. the indirect immunofluorescent, neutralization and haemagglutination inhibition techniques were used to carry out this study. of the 1,444 adult animals examined 519 (35.9%) had antibody to bovine respiratory syncytial virus. these positive reactors were found in each agricultural region of quebec. the highest (53.0%) and the lowest (21.8%) prev ...19807000320
a natural outbreak of bovine respiratory disease caused by bovine respiratory syncytial outbreak of respiratory disease occurred in a herd of 34 calves and 5 cows in a barn. the disease which affected 24 calves and 1 cow, was characterized by coughing, fever, anorexia, nasal discharge and pulmonary rales. two calves died 5 days after the disease outbreak and were necropsied. bronchitis, bronchiolitis and alveolitis were among the lesions observed in these calves. bovine respiratory syncytial virus was detected, in lung sections of the dead calves and also in nasal washings of so ...19827105764
a seroepidemiological study of the importance in cow-calf pairs of respiratory and enteric viruses in beef operations from northwestern quebec.serum antibody analyses for bovine herpesvirus type 1 (bhv-1), bovine viral diarrhea virus (bvdv), bovine respiratory syncytial virus (brsv), bovine coronavirus (bcv), and bovine rotavirus (brv) were performed on 527 randomly selected cows, before calving, and on 407 three-week-old calves. in cows and calves, bcv and brv were the most seroprevalent viruses (80% to 100% according to virus and vaccination status). bovine respiratory syncytial virus was the least seroprevalent in the cows, independ ...19957704839
the need for validation of statistical methods for estimating respiratory virus-attributable hospitalization.public policy regarding influenza has been based largely on the burden of hospitalization estimated through ecologic studies applying increasingly sophisticated statistical methods to administrative databases. none are known to have been validated by observational studies. the authors illustrated how 6 commonly applied statistical methods estimate virus-attributable hospitalization of children 6-23 months of age and compared the estimates with results obtained from a prospective study using viro ...200919679751
seasonal variations in clostridium difficile infections are associated with influenza and respiratory syncytial virus activity independently of antibiotic prescriptions: a time series analysis in quebec, canada.seasonal variations in clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (cdad), with a higher incidence occurring during winter months, have been reported. although winter epidemics of respiratory viruses may be temporally associated with an increase in cdad morbidity, we hypothesized that this association is mainly due to increased antibiotic use for respiratory infections. the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the two most frequent respiratory viruses (influenza virus and respirat ...201122106208
predictors of hospitalization for lower respiratory tract infection in children aged <2 years in the province of quebec, canada.young age, adverse environmental conditions and infectious agents are established risk factors of lower respiratory tract infection (lrti), whereas pneumococcal conjugate vaccines may be protective. to explore their relative role as predictors of hospitalizations under the continental climate prevailing in the province of quebec, canada, an ecological study was performed. records with a main diagnosis of lrti in children born during 2007-2010 and observed up to their second-year anniversary were ...201626381086
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