Publications

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ten-year survey of british bats for the existence of rabies.in 1985, a notable increase in the number of recorded cases of rabies in european bats was observed, indicating a possible spread of the rabies virus in these bats. because of concern that the disease could be introduced into the united kingdom by bats crossing from mainland europe, a programme of screening dead bats for the presence of rabies and rabies-related viruses was initiated at the rabies research and diagnostic unit at the central veterinary laboratory. over a period of 10 years (janua ...19968950819
first isolation of a rabies-related virus from a daubenton's bat in the united kingdom.on may 30, 1996, a sick daubenton's bat (myotis daubentonii) was recovered from the cellar of a public house in newhaven, east sussex. its condition deteriorated rapidly, and it was euthanased and examined. positive results, establishing the presence of a rabies or rabies-related virus in its brain, were obtained from the fluorescent antibody test, the rabies tissue culture isolation test, and a hemi-nested reverse-transcription pcr. the complete sequence of the nucleoprotein gene was determined ...200011073000
isolation of a european bat lyssavirus type 2 from a daubenton's bat in the united kingdom.european bat lyssavirus type 2 (eblv-2) has been isolated once previously from a bat in the uk in june 1996. in september 2002, a daubenton's bat (myotis daubentonii) found in lancashire developed abnormal behaviour, including unprovoked aggression, while it was in captivity. brain samples from the bat were tested for virus of the lyssavirus genus, which includes eblv-2 (genotype 6), and classical rabies virus (genotype 1). a positive fluorescent antibody test confirmed that it was infected with ...200312696703
eblv-2 prevalence in the united kingdom as determined by surveillance testing.five cases of eblv-2 have been detected in the uk since 1996, with all wildlife cases in the daubenton's bat: one on the south coast in sussex in 1996, one in lancashire in 2002, another in 2003, one in surrey in 2004 and a human fatality in angus, scotland, in 2002. as a result of the human case, a seroprevalence study, aimed primarily at the daubenton's bat was conducted in 2003 in scotland and at some sites in england. in scotland, 198 daubenton's, 20 natterer's and 6 pipistrelles were caught ...200616878484
isolation of european bat lyssavirus type 2 from a daubenton's bat (myotis daubentonii) in shropshire. 200717873269
targeted surveillance for european bat lyssaviruses in english bats (2003-06).in 2003-06, targeted (active) surveillance for european bat lyssaviruses (eblvs) was undertaken throughout england, focusing on two species most likely to host these viruses, myotis daubentonii and eptesicus serotinus. blood was sampled for the detection of eblv-specific neutralizing antibodies and oropharyngeal swabs were taken for the detection of viral rna or infectious virus in saliva. between 2003 and 2006, 273 e. serotinus and 363 m. daubentonii blood samples were tested by the eblv-1 or e ...200919901379
first confirmation of pseudogymnoascus destructans in british bats and hibernacula.white-nose syndrome (wns) is a fatal fungal infection of bats in north america caused by pseudogymnoascus destructans. p. destructans has been confirmed in continental europe but not associated with mass mortality. its presence in great britain was unknown. opportunistic sampling of bats in gb began during the winter of 2009. any dead bats or samples from live bats with visible fungal growths were submitted to the animal health and veterinary laboratories agency for culture. active surveillance ...201525968064
two eblv-2 infected daubenton's bats detected in the north of england. 201627660356
passive surveillance of united kingdom bats for lyssaviruses (2005-2015).passive surveillance for lyssaviruses in uk bats has been ongoing since 1987 and has identified 13 cases of eblv-2 from a single species; myotis daubentonii. no other lyssavirus species has been detected. between 2005 and 2015, 10 656 bats were submitted, representing 18 species, creating a spatially and temporally uneven sample of british bat fauna. uniquely, three uk cases originate from a roost at stokesay castle in shropshire, england, where daily checks for grounded and dead bats are undert ...201728737119
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