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small mammals as hosts of immature ixodid ticks.two hundred and twenty-five small mammals belonging to 16 species were examined for ticks in free state, mpumalanga and limpopo provinces, south africa, and 18 ixodid tick species, of which two could only be identified to genus level, were recovered. scrub hares, lepus saxatilis, and cape hares, lepus capensis, harboured the largest number of tick species. in free state province namaqua rock mice, aethomys namaquensis, and four-striped grass mice, rhabdomys pumilio, were good hosts of the immatu ...200516300195
diversity, seasonality and sites of attachment of adult ixodid ticks on dogs in the central region of the free state province, south africa.several surveys of ticks infesting dogs belonging to owners in resource-limited and more affluent communities have been conducted in south africa, but no such investigation has been carried out in the free state province of this country. the present study was initiated to meet this shortcoming. ticks were collected from dogs at six localities in, and to the east of the city of bloemfontein in the central region of the province. three of these localities could be classed as resource-limited and t ...200112026063
seasonal abundance of adult ixodid ticks infesting cattle belonging to resource-limited farmers in the north-eastern free state province of south africa.a study was undertaken to determine the seasonal abundance of the ticks infesting cattle owned by resource-limited farmers in the north-eastern free state province of south africa. infestations of boophilus decoloratus koch, 1844, rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi neumann, 1897, rhipicephalus follis donitz, 1910, rhipicephalus gertrudae feldman-muhsam, 1960 and rhipicephalus warburtoni walker & horak, 2000, were monitored on cattle of mixed breeds at monthly intervals from may 1998 to april 1999. hi ...200212092776
a sero-epidemiological survey of blood parasites in cattle in the north-eastern free state, south africa.a survey to determine the incidence of parasites in cattle (n = 386) was conducted in the north eastern free state between august 1999 and july 2000. giemsa-stained blood smears were negative for blood parasites. a total of 94% of the cattle were sero-positive for babesia bigemina by indirect fluorescent antibody test while 87% were sero-positive for anaplasma by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. the observation of negative blood smears but high incidence of positive serological results for ana ...200415185577
ticks and tick-borne pathogens from wildlife in the free state province, south africa.eight ixodid tick species, associated with 59 free-ranging mammals belonging to 10 species, were collected at five different localities in the free state province, south africa. four of the study areas were nature reserves (willem pretorius, sandveld, tussen-die-riviere, and soetdoring), and one site was a private farm located in senekal district. the collection was performed from march 2006 until june 2006. ticks (n=569) and tissues from animals (n=52) were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction ...200919395753
the seasonal activity of adult ixodid ticks on angora goats in the south western orange free state.adult ixodid ticks were collected at 2-weekly intervals for a period of 23 consecutive months from 15 to 20 angora goats on a farm in the south western orange free state. a total of 6 ixodid tick species were recovered. rhipicephalus punctatus was the most abundant and prevalent tick. it was present from spring to late summer. ixodes rubicundus was the next most abundant tick and was present mainly from march or april to july with peak numbers present in april or may. the onset of this tick's ac ...19911770478
the seasonal abundance of adult ixodid ticks on merino sheep in the south-western orange free state.with the exception of october, when no collections were made, adult ticks were collected at weekly intervals from february 1986 to january 1987 from 20 randomly selected sheep out of a flock of 60. ixodes rubicundus was the most abundant tick and was present from april to september with a peak during may. hyalomma marginatum rufipes was the next most numerous tick. it was recovered throughout the year with peak burdens being recorded from november to april. small numbers of a rhipicephalus sp. ( ...19883210216
parasites of domestic and wild animals in south africa. xxix. ixodid ticks on hares in the cape province and on hares and red rock rabbits in the orange free state.one hundred and seventeen scrub hares, lepus saxatilis, were examined for ixodid ticks in various regions of the cape province. they were infested with 18 tick species and the seasonal abundances of the immature stages of amblyomma hebraeum, amblyomma marmoreum, hyalomma marginatum rufipes, rhipicephalus appendiculatus and rhipicephalus glabroscutatum and all stages of rhipicephalus oculatus and the adults of a rhipicephalus sp. (near r. oculatus) were determined. seventy-two scrub hares on 3 fa ...19911780126
an undescribed rhipicephalus species associated with field paralysis of angora goats.paralysis of angora goat kids caused by adult ticks, which most probably belong to an undescribed species of the rhipicephalus pravus group, is described. confirmed cases of paralysis occurred in the south-western orange free state between the second half of september and the first half of november as well as during the first half of february. the mean female tick burdens (mean = 21.4) of paralysed angora kids were significantly higher than those of healthy kids (mean = 4.4). the predilection at ...19883361560
parasites of domestic and wild animals in south africa. xxv. ixodid ticks on sheep in the north-eastern orange free state and in the eastern cape province.the tick burdens of 115 merino sheep, slaughtered over a period of 15 consecutive months on a farm in the north-eastern orange free state, were determined. a total of 7 ixodid and 1 argasid tick species were recovered and the seasonal abundances of boophilus decoloratus, hyalomma marginatum rufipes, margaropus winthemi and rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi were determined. one hundred and forty-nine merino sheep were slaughtered over periods varying from 10 to 25 months on 3 farms in eastern provinc ...19911923373
ticks and tick-borne diseases of livestock belonging to resource-poor farmers in the eastern free state of south africa.the paper provides a summary of three studies conducted in the eastern free state of south africa between 1998 and 2000. in a questionnaire-based study approximately 21% of interviewed resource-poor farmers (n = 150) indicated that they experienced problems with ticks and tick-borne diseases. about 56% of farmers indicated that tick-related problems were most severe in summer, while 32% indicated that the most problems were encountered in winter. about 12% indicated that the tick problems were e ...200214570134
larval biology of rhipicephalus (boophilus) decoloratus (acarina: ixodidae) in free state province, south africa.the objective of this study was to determine certain aspects of the biology of rhipicephalus (boophilus) decoloratus larvae under laboratory and field conditions. larvae allowed 48 h to select a vertical questing substrate preferred 90 cm rods in length to those of 60 or 30 cm, while in a separate experiment migration from rods 5 cm or 25 cm in length to rods 45 cm in length continued between 48 h and 72 h after larval release. hatching of the larval progeny of engorged female ticks exposed to a ...200415732460
elephant shrews as hosts of immature ixodid ticks.two hundred and seventy-three elephant shrews, consisting of 193 elephantulus myurus, 67 elephantulus edwardii and 13 animals belonging to other species, were examined for ixodid ticks at 18 localities in south africa and namibia. the immature stages of ixodes rubicundus, rhipicentor nuttalli, rhipicephalus warburtoni and a rhipicephalus pravus-like tick were the most numerous of the 18 tick species recovered. substantial numbers of immature rhipicephalus arnoldi, rhipicephalus distinctus and rh ...200516562732
tick diversity, abundance and seasonal dynamics in a resource-poor urban environment in the free state province.the objectives of this study were to determine the diversity, seasonal dynamics and abundance of ticks infesting cattle in urban, small-scale farming communities in and around botshabelo and thaba nchu in the eastern free state province, south africa. a total of ten cattle, ear-tagged for individual identification, were investigated monthly at each of five localities. adult ticks were removed from the right hand side of each animal and placed in containers filled with 70% ethanol. they were subs ...199810192844
parasites of domestic and wild animals in south africa. xxxi. adult ixodid ticks on sheep in the cape province and in the orange free state.four to 10 dorper sheep on each of 12 farms in the cape province and 3 farms in the orange free state were examined for adult ixodid ticks at approximately 2- to 4-weekly intervals over periods varying from 4 to 18 months, commencing during january, february or april 1989. the farms in the cape province were located in the north-west, south-west and south of the province. those in the orange free state were situated in the north-east and in the south. the sheep in the cape province harboured 10 ...19921297957
parasites of cattle in the south western orange free state.a number of young friesian oxen were slaughtered (one at a time) for parasite recovery for 12 consecutive months, from april 1987 to march 1988, on a farm in the fauresmith district of the south western orange free state. a total of 5 ixodid and one argasid tick species, 2 lice species, plus one nematode species and one cestode species, were recovered. peak numbers of adult hyalomma marginatum rufipes were present from november 1987 to february 1988, while the largest numbers of hyalomma truncat ...19902269986
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