characterization and classification of leishmanial parasites from humans, wild mammals, and sand flies in the amazon region of brazil.ninety-four leishmanial isolates from the brazilian amazon region (amapá, amazonas, pará, and rondônia) were identified and classified using specific monoclonal antibodies and an indirect radioimmunoassay (serodeme analysis); eighty-two were also characterized by enzyme electrophoresis (zymodeme analysis), the results of which were subjected to a numerical phenetic analysis. six isolates from humans (3), didelphis marsupialis (1), lutzomyia olmeca nociva (1), and lu, reducta (1) showed reactivit ...19911858968
vertebrate hosts and vectors of trypanosoma rangeli in the amazon basin of brazil.a total of 46 trypanosoma rangeli stocks were isolated from naturally infected mammals and triatomine vectors. twenty-two stocks were from the common opossum (didelphis marsupialis), one from the brown "4-eyed" opossum (metachirus nudicaudatus), one from the anteater (tamandua tetradactyla), one from the coati (nasua nasua), seven from rhodnius pictipes and 14 from rhodnius robustus. two stocks were also isolated from recently fed sandflies (lutzomyia sp., shannoni group). the stocks were identi ...19836418015
chagas' disease in the amazon basin iv. host records of trypanosoma cruzi zymodemes in the states of amazonas and rondonia, brazil.of 151 trypanosoma cruzi stocks from 117 different individual hosts collected in the states of amazonas and rondonia, 147 from 113 hosts were identified as zymodeme 1 (z1). these included t. cruzi stocks from three marsupial species, two rodent species and three triatomine species although most were from the common opossum, didelphis marsupialis. one t. cruzi stock from rhodnius robustus was identified as z1 with a z3 pgm character, one from sciurus sp. as z3 and two from monodelphis brevicaudat ...19846441530
chagas' disease in the amazon basin: v. periurban palms as habitats of rhodnius robustus and rhodnius pictipes--triatomine vectors of chagas' disease.trypanosoma cruzi infected rhodnius robustus and/or rhodnius pictipes were commonly found, in large numbers, in the brazilian amazonian palms maximiliana regia ("inajá"), acrocomia sclerocarpa ("mucajá") and orbignya speciosa ("babaçu"). the common opossum, didelphis marsupialis, was the animal most frequently associated with triatomine infested palms. r. pictipes, frequently light-attracted into houses from palm trees, was the probable source of an acute case of chagas' disease in the vicinity ...19836443629
isolation of leptospira from wild forest animals in amazonian brazil.the role of wild, forest animals as reservoirs of leptospira was investigated in pará state, north brazil. 696 animals were examined by culture of kidney tissue; isolates of serovar ballum were made from the rodent proechimys sp. and the opossum didelphis marsupialis; leptospires of the serogroups hebdomadis, grippotyphosa and cynopteri were isolated from the armadillo dasypus novemcinctus, and as yet untyped leptospires were isolated from proechimys and the procyonid carnivore nasua nasua. anti ...19846710564
chagas's disease in the amazon basin: ii. the distribution of trypanosoma cruzi zymodemes 1 and 3 in pará state, north pará state, brazil, 123 trypanosoma cruzi stocks were isolated from 12 silvatic mammal species, five silvatic triatomine species and individuals with acute chagas's disease. 100 t. cruzi stocks were identified as zymodeme (z) 1, 17 as z3 and 6 as z3 with z1 asat character, but none were t. cruzi z2. z1 was predominantly isolated from arboreal mammals, especially didelphis marsupialis; z3 was mainly found in terrestrial or burrowing mammals, particularly dasypus novemcinctus and monodelphis br ...19817036428
leishmaniasis in brazil: xvi. isolation and identification of leishmania species from sandflies, wild mammals and man in north para state, with particular reference to l. braziliensis guyanensis causative agent of "pian-bois".a total of 125 wild mammals (14 different species) were examined for evidence of infection with leishmania in an area of primary forest highly endemic for "pian-bois", due to leishmania braziliensis guyanensis, in north pará state, brazil. parasites isolated were characterized biologically, and biochemically on enzymic profiles. l. b. guyanensis was isolated from the viscera of one lesser anteater (tamandua tetradactyla) and one opossum (didelphis marsupialis), and the skin of one rodent (proech ...19817324128
new records of histoplasma capsulatum from wild animals in the brazilian amazon.twenty-eight isolates of histoplasma capsulatum were obtained from eight species of forest mammals from the states of amazonas, pará and rondônia in the amazon region of brazil. primary isolates were obtained by inoculating triturated liver and spleen tissue intradermally and intraperitoneally in hamsters. mycological diagnosis in hamsters presenting lesions was confirmed by histopathology and culture on sabouraud dextrose-agar. infected hamsters developed signs of disease within two to nine mon ...19969216108
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