visceral leishmaniasis: a seroepidemiological study of 289 children from endemic foci in azad jammu and kashmir by indirect fluorescent antibody technique.between january '85 and august '87, 22 cases of vl were seen at national institute of health, islamabad. three (14.6%) came from the previously known endemic region of gilgit, 15 (68.1%) from different localities in azad jammu and kashmir (aj&k), and 4 (17.3%) from neighbouring foci in nwfp and punjab. mean age of the patients was 4.2 years, (range, 10 months to 57 years) median 2.5 years and mode 2 years. high levels of leishmania antibodies were detected by indirect immunofluorescent antibody ...19892511344
leishmania infantum in the himalayas.visceral leishmaniasis (vl) was first reported in pakistan over 30 years ago from the remote north-eastern himalayan region. sporadic cases are now widely reported from the northern areas, part of north-west frontier province (nwfp) and punjab province, together with azad jammu and kashmir (ajk). two hundred and thirty-nine cases, mostly young children, have been reported in the last decade; 52% were under 2 years old, and 86% were aged less than 5 years; the male:female ratio was 3:1. in a cros ...19957747300
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