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serological investigation of wild boars (sus scrofa) and red foxes (vulpes vulpes) as indicator animals for circulation of francisella tularensis in germany.tularemia outbreaks in humans have recently been reported in many european countries, but data on the occurrence in the animal population are scarce. in north america, seroconversion of omnivores and carnivores was used as indicator for the presence of tularemia, for the european fauna, however, data are barely available. therefore, the suitability of wild boars (sus scrofa) and red foxes (vulpes vulpes) as indicators for the circulation of f. tularensis in germany was evaluated. serum samples f ...201424359418
diversity and coexistence of tick-borne pathogens in central germany.in total, 1000 ixodes ricinus l. ticks were collected from a small recreational forest area in central germany (thuringia) and investigated for the presence of borrelia spp., babesia spp., anaplasma spp., rickettsia spp., coxiella burnetii, and francisella tularensis. overall, 43.6% of the ticks were infected with at least one pathogen. in 8.4% of ticks double infections were detected, and 1.6% harbored more than two pathogens. in this study, we present data on the coexistence of established and ...201121661327
detection of francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica in a european brown hare (lepus europaeus) in thuringia, germany.the isolation of francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica biovar ii (strain 06t0001) from a european brown hare (lepus europaeus) from thuringia, germany, is described for the first time. identification of the microorganism was carried out by phenotypic characterisation, partial sequencing of the 16s rrna gene and specific pcr using the primers tul4-435/tul4-863 and ftc1/ftc4. the epidemiology of tularemia in germany is discussed and a risk assessment for humans is made.200717482385
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