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hiv, bcg and tb in children: a case control study in lusaka, zambia.even before the onset of the hiv epidemic, studies reported large variations in the protective effect of bcg against tb. the current hiv/aids epidemic has increased the incidence of tuberculosis in many countries in sub-saharan africa. thus, local estimates of the effectiveness of bcg are needed which take prevalence of hiv into account for planning strategies for vaccination and tb control programmes. a case control study was conducted in lusaka, zambia. the study included 116 tb cases and 154 ...19938411315
bacteremia due to mycobacterium tuberculosis or m. bovis, bacille calmette-guérin (bcg) among hiv- positive children and adults in zambia.among adults with advanced hiv infection in developing countries, bacteremia due to mycobacterium tuberculosis (mtb) is common and bacteremia due to m. bovis (bacille calmette-guérin; bcg) is rare. comparable data are not available for children with hiv.200111192868
tuberculosis in kafue lechwe (kobus leche kafuensis) and in a bushbuck (tragelaphus scriptus) on a game ranch in central province, zambia.mycobacteriosis was diagnosed for the first time outside a national park in free-ranging wild animals on a game ranch in zambia. a kafue lechwe (kobus leche kafuensis) was found dead with tuberculous lesions on a ranch near lusaka. acid-fast bacilli were found in the affected organs. mycobacteria were isolated from these tissues. a bushbuck (tragelaphus scriptus) was found dead on the same ranch with multiple superficial abscesses in the neck region, extensive granulomatous lesions in the lung, ...19989850514
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