epidemiology of foot-and-mouth disease in landhi dairy colony, pakistan, the world largest buffalo colony.foot-and-mouth disease (fmd) is endemic in pakistan and causes huge economic losses. this work focus on the landhi dairy colony (ldc), located in the suburbs of karachi. ldc is the largest buffalo colony in the world, with more than 300,000 animals (around 95% buffaloes and 5% cattle, as well as an unknown number of sheep and goats). each month from april 2006 to april 2007 we collected mouth-swabs from apparently healthy buffaloes and cattle, applying a convenient sampling based on a two-stage ...200818445264
peste des petits ruminants virus (pprv) infection; its association with species, seasonal variations and geography.the present investigation included a detailed description of the factors directly associated with pprv infection in pakistan. a total of 1,056 suspected serum samples were analyzed for the presence of antibodies to pprv with no history of vaccination against ppr. the samples were collected from sixty two (62) suspected outbreaks from twenty five (25) major regions of the country. samples were collected from the animals suffering from diarrhea and showing severe respiratory signs. competitive enz ...200919130284
the epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants in pakistan and possible control policies.peste des petits ruminants made its first clinical appearance in pakistan during an epidemic in punjab province in 1991, but its level of activity in subsequent years was never systematically recorded. in 2003, 2004 and 2005 teams trained in participatory disease surveillance methods visited a large number of villages throughout pakistan to record the prevalence and impact of key livestock diseases. peste des petits ruminants has emerged from their study as a common and economically damaging dis ...200819284054
evidence of peste des petits ruminants virus (pprv) infection in sindh ibex (capra aegagrus blythi) in pakistan as confirmed by detection of antigen and outbreak resulting in mortality in sindh ibex (capra aegagrus blythi) was investigated. there was a history of about 36 deaths (both young and adult) during the period of 1 month. disease appeared in a generalized form, affecting the respiratory and digestive systems. major lesions were respiratory distress, pustules on and in the mouth, ocular-nasal discharges, and severe diarrhea. the most significant lesion was the oculonasal discharges and diarrhea. deaths were mainly due to blindness, an ...201121221782
screening of peste des petits ruminants virus in a population of district khairpur, pakistan.goats are the pakistan's fastest growing ruminants, and pakistan is the third largest goat producer in the world after india and china. goat meat preference is the main reason for its increased demand. in the country, there are 25 goat breeds and two wild relatives such as mark and goats. at present, pakistan has 53.8 million goats, according to the 2006 gop report, and their population growth rate was more than 3% per year (37, 23, 22, and 18% of the goat population in punjab, sindh, balochista ...201728973722
zoophilic feeding behaviour of phlebotomine sand flies in the endemic areas of cutaneous leishmaniasis of sindh province, pakistan.leishmania (leishmania) major has been identified as the major causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in sindh province of southern pakistan. to make a rational approach for understanding the pathogen transmission cycles, the sand fly species and their natural blood meals in the endemic areas were examined. total dna was individually extracted from sand flies collected in four villages in sindh province. pcr-rflp (restriction fragment length polymorphism) and sequence analysis of the 18s rib ...201222246369
mitochondrial dna diversity of pakistani goats.pakistan contains numerous domestic goat breeds, but until now there has been no comprehensive study on genetic diversity or a phylogenetic analysis of pakistani goats. in this study, we analysed the complete mitochondrial dna d-loop and the cytochrome b gene of 13 pakistani domestic goat breeds (capra hircus) and one wild goat, the sindh ibex (capra aegagrus blythi). the phylogenetic analyses and sequence divergence (sd) established four distinct mt-lineages termed as a, b and c (previously rep ...200314687071
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