are mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis and epstein-barr virus triggers of multiple sclerosis in sardinia?sardinia acts as an ideal setting for multiple sclerosis (ms) studies because its prevalence of ms is one of the highest worldwide. several pathogens have been investigated amongst 119 sardinian ms patients and 117 healthy controls to determine whether they might have a role in triggering ms in genetically predisposed individuals. mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (map) and epstein barr virus dna were detected in 27.5% and 17.3%, respectively, of the ms patients. moreover an extremely ...201222261119
gastrointestinal symptoms and helicobacter pylori infection in school-age children residing in porto torres, sardinia, italy.helicobacter pylori infection is typically acquired in childhood, and following the acute event, it is thought that most infections remain asymptomatic. h. pylori has been suggested to protect against diarrhea in childhood.201222967120
changing prevalence of helicobacter pylori infection and peptic ulcer among dyspeptic sardinian patients.over the past 50 years, the prevalence of helicobacter pylori infection has fallen as standards of living improved. the changes in the prevalence of infection and its manifestations (peptic ulcer disease and gastric mucosal lesions) were investigated in a large cohort of sardinians undergoing upper endoscopy for dyspepsia. a retrospective observational study was conducted involving patients undergoing endoscopy for dyspepsia from 1995 to 2013. h. pylori status was assessed by histology plus the ...201525739590
risk factors associated with helicobacter pylori infection among children in a defined geographic area.factors influencing the pattern of helicobacter pylori infection among children living in adjacent urban and rural areas of northern sardinia, italy, were compared. the seroprevalence of h. pylori infection was 22% (625 of 2810 children) in the study population and was significantly higher among children in rural areas (37%) than in urban areas (13%) (odds ratio [or], 3.8; 95% confidence interval [ci], 3.2-4.7; p<.005). this difference was consistent within each age group. in rural areas, childr ...200212115088
seroprevalence of helicobacter pylori in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus in sardinia.a few studies have reported an increased prevalence of helicobacterpylori (hp) infection in diabetic subjects, which may be one of the causes of gastrointestinal symptoms and chronic atrophic gastritis frequently seen in diabetes of long duration. we determined the prevalence of hp infection in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (t1dm) in the area of sassari (northern sardinia, italy), which is characterized by an ethnically homogenous population at high risk of t1dm. hp igg ...200212059097
[helicobacter pylori infection in northern sardinia: its diagnostic aspects and molecular characterization]. 199910596432
risk factors for erosive and non-erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease and barrett's esophagus in nothern sardinia.gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd) and esophageal adenocarcinoma have been increasing. we studied the relationship of conventional risk factors and helicobacter pylori infection in patients with erosive and non-erosive gerd and barrett's esophagus.201627381266
are gastric hyperplastic polyps an additional manifestation in celiac disease?: results from a retrospective study.gastric polyps are frequently reported in patients undergoing upper endoscopic procedures. in this retrospective study, the association between hyperplastic polyps and celiac disease in northern sardinia was estimated.age, gender, body mass index, and medications taken in the 2 preceding months, including proton-pump inhibitors (ppis), h2 receptor blockers (anti-h2), helicobacter pylori status, endoscopic findings, and histology from charts of patients undergoing esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy wer ...201728151870
role of helicobacter pylori infection in body height of adult dyspeptic patients.the prevalence of h. pylori infection is high in underdeveloped countries and is associated with growth retardation. in the first half of the 20th century, sardinia was an underdeveloped region; however, more recent development resulted in a decline in h. pylori infection. because body height is correlated with health and nutritional status in childhood, the association among h. pylori infection and height was explored.201627098759
inclusion of lactobacillus reuteri in the treatment of helicobacter pylori in sardinian patients: a case report series.clinical studies have shown that bismuth-containing quadruple therapy given twice a day for 10 to 14 days is effective and safe in the treatment of helicobacter pylori infection in sardinia. however, bismuth is no longer available in italy. to report the effectiveness and tolerability of pantoprazole 20 mg, tetracycline 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg given b.i.d. (with the midday and evening meals) for 10 days supplemented with lactobacillus reuteri (dsm 17938) 10(8)  cfu/tablet once a day for ...201627082621
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