[isolation of anaerobic bacteria from clinical specimens and the drug susceptibility of bacteroides fragilis].in the routine bacteriological examination of 8,423 clinical specimens, 906 strains of anaerobic bacteria were isolated at national taiwan university hospital between april 1972 and april 1976. most of the strains were isolated from sites allied to the abdominal cavity and genito-urinary tract. bacteroides fragilis was the most commonly isolated pathogen. the minimal inhibitory concentrations of 10 different antimicrobial agents to 74 clinical isolates of b. fragilis were determined by an agar d ...1977578133
macrolides resistance of common bacteria isolated from determine the susceptibility to macrolides of common pathogenic bacteria isolated from taiwan, the in vitro activities of erythromycin, roxithromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, and dirithromycin were tested against 492 clinical isolates of eight different bacteria, collected from the national taiwan university hospital. the results showed high minimum inhibitory concentrations (mics) against most of the tested bacteria. the mic90s for staphylococcus aureus (both methicillin-resistant and ...19959407220
in vitro activity of meropenem against common pathogenic bacteria isolated in taiwan.the in vitro antimicrobial activity of meropenem, in comparison with nine other antimicrobial agents, against 12 different common pathogenic bacteria were evaluated to know the susceptibility of common bacteria to meropenem in taiwan. meropenem was active against most gram-positive, gram-negative, and anaerobic bacteria, including methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pyogenes, enterococcus faecalis, escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, enterobacter cloacae, pseudomonas ...19989934544
in vitro activities of tigecycline, ertapenem, isepamicin, and other antimicrobial agents against clinically isolated organisms in taiwan.this study evaluated the in vitro activities of tigecycline, ertapenem, isepamicin, and other comparators against 861 bacterial isolates recovered from patients treated in three major teaching hospitals in 2003. mics to antimicrobial agents were determined by the agar dilution method. high rates of oxacillin resistance (58%) in staphylococcus aureus (60 isolates), and vancomycin resistance (21%) and quinupristin-dalfopristin non-susceptibility (39%) in enterococcus faecium (34 isolates) were fou ...200516359192
prevalence and characterization of enterotoxigenic bacteroides fragilis and toxigenic clostridium difficile in a taipei emergency department.enterotoxigenic bacteroides fragilis (etbf) and toxin-encoding clostridium difficile (txcd) are associated with gastroenteritis. routine anaerobic blood culture for recovery of these anaerobic pathogens is not used for the detection of their toxins, especially for toxin-variant txcd. the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of the genotypes of these anaerobes in patients with acute diarrheal illnesses.201725648668
can surgical need in patients with naja atra (taiwan or chinese cobra) envenomation be predicted in the emergency department?to investigate the clinical predictors and the aetiologies for surgery in patients with naja atra (taiwan or chinese cobra) envenomation.201627516567
increasing trends in antimicrobial resistance among clinically important anaerobes and bacteroides fragilis isolates causing nosocomial infections: emerging resistance to carbapenems.this study reports data on the susceptibilities to five commonly used antianaerobic agents of five clinically frequently encountered anaerobes from 2000 to 2007 and to bacteroides fragilis isolates causing nosocomial infections from 1990 to 2006. there was a trend of decreasing susceptibilities of these anaerobes to ampicillin-sulbactam, cefmetazole, chloramphenicol, and clindamycin with time during the study period. the rates of susceptibility to clindamycin and cefmetazole for all clinical iso ...200818625771
fournier's gangrene: ten-year experience in a medical center in northern taiwan.fournier's gangrene is a life-threatening infection. the mortality is still high despite the rapid advancement of modern intensive care and surgical technique. in this study, we present our institution's recent experience with a large series of patients with fournier's gangrene.200718087630
community-acquired anaerobic bacteremia in adults: one-year experience in a medical center.a prospective observational study was conducted to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcome of community-acquired anaerobic bacteremia. from june 1 2001 through may 31 2002, 52 patients with community-acquired anaerobic bacteremia were enrolled at the emergency department in a teaching hospital. there were 19 patients (34%) with polymicrobial bacteremia and escherichia coli was the most common copathogen (n = 6). of 62 anaerobic isolates, species of the bacteroides fragilis group were t ...200516341345
high incidence of cefoxitin and clindamycin resistance among anaerobes in taiwan.susceptibilities to 16 antimicrobial agents were determined by measurement of mics for 344 isolates of anaerobic bacteria recovered from patients with significant infections. resistance rates varied among antimicrobial agents and the species tested. the beta-lactams were more active in gram-positive than in gram-negative anaerobes. resistance to meropenem was low (<1%). for beta-lactam-beta-lactamase inhibitors, piperacillin-tazobactam was most active for all species (resistance, <6%). the rates ...200212183246
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