epidemiology of echinococcosis in kazakhstan: an update.kazakhstan is highly endemic for echinococcosis. both echinococcus granulosus and e. multilocularis are widely distributed in the country. official records of human cystic echinococcosis over the past 5-10 years suggest a stable incidence of approximately 800-1000 cases per year, which is 5 cases per 100,000 per year. this followed a rapid increase in the incidence following the dissolution of the soviet union. between 2007 and 2013, 5949 cases were reported in the national surveillance data. th ...201526160276
modelling the transmission dynamics of echinococcus granulosus in sheep and cattle in kazakhstan.cystic echinococcosis, caused by echinococcus granulosus, is an emerging disease in many parts of the world and, in particular, in eastern europe and the former soviet union. this paper examines the abundance and prevalence of infection of e. granulosus in cattle and sheep in kazakhstan. observed data are fitted to a mathematical model in order to determine if the parasite population is partly regulated by intermediate host immunity and to define parameters in the model. such data would be usefu ...200312781476
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