an outbreak of the desert sub-type of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis in jiashi, xinjiang uygur autonomous region, people's republic of china.few outbreaks of the desert sub-type of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (vl) have been described worldwide. in 2008, the incidence rate of vl in jiashi county, xinjiang uygur autonomous region in the western part of the people's republic of china, increased more than twenty-folds compared to the average annual incidence rate. the majority of the cases (96.6%) occurred among <2 year-old infants. for the first time in the desert area of xinjiang, the parasites were isolated from bone marrow aspira ...201020434585
species discrimination and phylogenetic inference of 17 chinese leishmania isolates based on internal transcribed spacer 1 (its1) sequences.leishmaniasis is a geographically widespread disease, caused by protozoan flagellates of the genus leishmania. this disease still remains endemic in china, especially in the west and northwest frontier regions. to date, the phylogenetic relationships among chinese leishmania isolates are still unclear, and the possible taxonomic diversity remains to be established. in this study, the its1-5.8s fragments of ten isolates collected from different foci in china were determined. to infer the phylogen ...201020617444
[kala-azar in china from 1985 to 1988. advisory committee on parasitic diseases, moph].a total of 1,069 newly discovered cases of kala-azar (a few recurrent cases included) is recorded in china during the four year period from 1985 to 1988. the kala-azar patients were found in the provinces and autonomous regions of gansu, sichuan, xinjiang, shaanxi, shanxi, inner-mongolia and shandong. comparing with the 443 cases recorded during the previous 4 years period 1981-1984, significant uprise of the disease is evident, especially in the provinces of gansu and sichuan. in southern gansu ...19892591032
[observation on the infectivity of leishmania donovani from different areas to phlebotomus alexandri from xinjiang].hamsters or cotton rats were infected with 3 stocks of l. donovani, one of which had been isolated from an infected ph. major wui in xinjiang desert area and 2 from kala azar patients in a mountain area of gansu and in a plain area of henan respectively. the purpose of the study was to compare the infectivity of the parasites from different geographic areas through artificial infection of ph. alexandri. sandflies were dissected in 4, 6, 8 and 10 days after feeding on the infected animals to obse ...19902208620
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