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localized cutaneous leishmaniasis due to leishmania donovani and leishmania tropica: preliminary findings of the study of 161 new cases from a new endemic focus in himachal pradesh, india.localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (lcl) in india is due mostly to leishmania tropica. it is mainly endemic in the deserts of rajasthan. recently, himachal pradesh has been identified as a new endemic focus for the disease. in the last few years, the number of new cases has been increasing almost to epidemic proportions. this report presents the preliminary findings of clinico-epidemiologic and investigative results of 161 new localized cases of lcl seen between may 2001 and december 2003. the st ...200515964970
kala-azar at high altitude.kala-azar or visceral leishmaniasis (vl) is a disease of low altitude (approximately 500 meters mean sea level). in india, however cases have been reported from sub-himalayan region (350-960 meters msl) of kumaon region of uttaranchal. we present two patients of vl, natives of tribal district of kinnnaur (2000-3000 meters msl), himachal pradesh, who had never visited known endemic area for leishmaniasis. these are probably first indigenous cases of vl being reported from an area situated at an a ...200416295673
epidemiology of a new focus of localized cutaneous leishmaniasis in himachal pradesh.a new focus of localised cutaneous leishmaniasis has emerged along the satluj river valley in the mountainous region of north west himachal pradesh. the main endemic region extends from pooh subdivision of kinnaur district to kumarsain subdivision of shimla district with adjoining nirmand subdivision of kullu district comprising 86 villages. the climate of the affected areas varies from temperate to subtropical. a total of 285 cases were recorded from 1988 to january, 2005. the age of these pati ...200517278657
the rk39 immunochromatic dipstick testing: a study for k39 seroprevalence in dogs and human leishmaniasis patients for possible animal reservoir of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in endemic focus of satluj river valley of himachal pradesh (india).the newly recognized endemic focus of leishmaniasis in satluj river valley of himachal pradesh (india) has both localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (lcl) and visceral leishmaniasis (vl) predominantly caused by leishmania donovani. rapid rk39 immunochromatographic dipstick test detects circulating antibodies to recombinant k39 antigen of l. donovani-infantum complex and is highly specific/sensitive in diagnosing symptomatic or asymptomatic infection in humans and dogs.200919172032
the sandflies of the satluj river valley, himachal pradesh (india): some possible vectors of the parasite causing human cutaneous and visceral leishmaniases in this endemic focus.the recently recognized endemic focus of leishmaniasis in satluj river valley in himachal pradesh (india) lies in north-western himalayas (30 degrees n, 70 degrees e). this endemic focus of leishmaniasis appears peculiar where localized cutaneous leishmaniasis (lcl) co-exists with visceral leishmaniasis (vl), and leishmania donovani is predominant pathogen for lcl whereas only a few cases have been due to leishmania tropica. this study was carried out to collect sandflies, identify and delineate ...200919502693
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