a serological survey for babesia in cattle in scotland. iii. the rates of acquisition and loss of antibody to babesia and their effects on observed levels of antibody for age and the incidence of antibody to babesia divergens in cattle from areas of high and low endemicity have been analysed using three simple epidemiological models to estimate the rates of gain and loss of antibody. the models adequately described the observations but did not allow for an increased recovery rate attributable to acquired immunity in older animals. the rate of loss of babesial antibody in the absence of challenge was estimated directly from data for age and the incidence ...1978736661
naturally acquired babesiosis in a reindeer (rangifer tarandus tarandus) herd in great britain.a provisional diagnosis of babesiosis was made in a reindeer herd in scotland when seven animals died during 1997 and 1998. additional clinical cases occurred, but the animals recovered after treatment. thirty-one reindeer from the herd were tested for the prevalence of exposure to babesia by the indirect fluorescent antibody test using a bovine isolate of babesia divergens that had been passaged through gerbils. infection rates were determined by giemsa-stained blood smears. in addition, molecu ...200312541061
the isolation and characterization of human and bovine strains of babesia divergens from drumnadrochit, scotland.strains of babesia divergens of human and bovine origin were isolated from the same locality in scotland. a morphometric comparison was then made between babesia divergens parasites in blood smears made from groups of 3 splenectomized calves reacting to the inoculation of these strains. the various forms taken by the parasites of each strain were seen to be divisible into 7 categories and representatives of each category were found for each strain. more amoeboid forms were found in blood smears ...19807422359
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