changing etiology of nosocomial bacteremia and fungemia and other hospital-acquired infections.serial surveys on the etiology of nosocomial bacteremia have been conducted over a period of years at boston city hospital (boston) and grady memorial hospital (atlanta). a comparison of the information from these surveys with that from single-period surveys at 10 other hospitals in the united states illustrates changes in the etiology of nosocomial bloodstream infection over the past five decades. prominent trends include an increased frequency of episodes of polymicrobial bacteremia, an increa ...19853901203
mediastinitis after cardiovascular surgery.postoperative mediastinitis complicated 21 (3.4%) of 616 median sternotomy procedures at beth israel hospital (boston, mass.) between 1975 and 1979. these cases were analyzed by means of a case control study to identify host and operative risk factors and to characterize the clinical features of mediastinitis. eighteen patients with mediastinitis (86%) had serious underlying noncardiac diseases, as compared with 14 (33%) of 42 noninfected controls (p = .001). reoperation was positively associate ...19836635427
endemic nosocomial transmission of staphylococcus epidermidis bacteremia isolates in a neonatal intensive care unit over 10 assess long-term nosocomial transmission, trends in antibiotic resistance, and expression of potential virulence factors, 86 randomly selected staphylococcus epidermidis bloodstream isolates obtained from 80 patients in a neonatal intensive care unit (nicu) over a 10-year period were studied. pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (pfge) analysis of smai-digested whole chromosomal dna revealed distinctive banding patterns that persisted in the nicu over long periods. pattern a included 22 isolates ...19948158023
endophthalmitis after keratoprosthesis: incidence, bacterial causes, and risk determine the rate of endophthalmitis in a group of patients with keratoprostheses and to analyze possible risk factors.200111296013
comparison of the duration of antimicrobial activity of 2 different antimicrobial central venous catheters.we compared the duration of antimicrobial effectiveness of 2 different antimicrobial catheters. the baseline activity of minocycline-rifampin catheters was greater than that of silver-platinum-carbon catheters against staphylococcus aureus, staphylococcus epidermidis, and enterococcus faecalis. the antimicrobial activity of the minocycline-rifampin catheters against these pathogens persisted for up to 12 days, while that of the silver-platinum-carbon catheters was depleted by day 10 (p < .05).201020100086
intravitreal injections at the massachusetts eye and ear infirmary: analysis of treatment indications and postinjection endophthalmitis report the incidence rate of acute postoperative endophthalmitis secondary to therapeutic intravitreal injections.201323390167
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