detection of echinococcus multilocularis in foxes in the netherlands.echinococcus multilocularis was demonstrated in 5 out of 272 foxes in the netherlands close to the border with germany and belgium. besides microscopic examination of mucosal scrapings, two different pcr assays were used based on the detection of e. multilocularis dna in colon content. two distinct areas in the netherlands were positive for e. multilocularis. two positive foxes were found in the northern province of groningen and three positive foxes were found in the southern province of limbur ...199910223349
[echinococcus multilocularis: the prevalence of the fox tapeworm with possible serious consequences for humans].the prevalence of the fox tapeworm in foxes (final host) and muskrats (one of the intermediate hosts) in the netherlands and europe has been discussed. the tapeworm was found in 9.4% of the investigated foxes from the province of groningen and in 0.2% of the muskrats from the same region. also in the province of limburg positive foxes were found, but no positive muskrats. possible ways of infection for humans are described together with methods for prevention. it is concluded that at this moment ...200212056263
the musk rat (ondatra zibethicus) as intermediate host of cestodes in the investigation on the presence of larval cestodes in musk rats (ondatra zibethicus) was carried out in two regions of the netherlands (east groningen and south limburg) where in a earlier study foxes with echinococcus multilocularis were found. a total of 1726 musk rats were dissected (1200 in groningen, 526 in limburg). larval stages of taenia taeniaeformis were most frequently found (total 44.8%: groningen 42%, limburg 51.3%), followed by t. martis (total 6.1%: groningen 0.7%, limburg 18.6%) ...200314597276
significant increase of echinococcus multilocularis prevalence in foxes, but no increased predicted risk for humans.the emergence of the zoonotic tapeworm echinococcus multilocularis, causative agent of alveolar echinococcosis (ae), poses a public health risk. a previously designed risk map model predicted a spread of e. multilocularis and increasing numbers of alveolar echinococcosis patients in the province of limburg, the netherlands. this study was designed to determine trends in the prevalence and worm burden of e. multilocularis in foxes in a popular recreational area in the southern part of limburg to ...201425458562
mapping the increasing risk of human alveolar echinococcosis in limburg, the netherlands.summarythe parasite echinococcus multilocularis was first detected in the netherlands in 1996 and repeated studies have shown that the parasite subsequently spread in the local population of foxes in the province of limburg. it was not possible to quantify the human risk of alveolar echinococcosis because no relationship between the amount of parasite eggs in the environment and the probability of infection in humans was known. here, we used the spread of the parasite in the netherlands as a pre ...201121733269
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