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transmission ecosystems of echinococcus multilocularis in china and central asia.from continental to regional scales, the zoonosis alveolar echinococcosis (ae) (caused by echinococcus multilocularis) forms discrete patches of endemicity within which transmission hotspots of much larger prevalence may occur. since the late 80s, a number of hotspots have been identified in continental asia, mostly in china, wherein the ecology of intermediate host communities has been described. this is the case in south gansu, at the eastern border of the tibetan plateau, in south ningxia, in ...201323734823
genetic polymorphisms of echinococcus tapeworms in china as determined by mitochondrial and nuclear dna sequences.the genetic polymorphisms of echinococcus spp. in the eastern tibetan plateau and the xinjiang uyghur autonomous region were evaluated by dna sequencing analyses of genes for mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) and nuclear elongation factor-1 alpha (ef1a). we collected 68 isolates of echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto (s.s.) from xinjiang and 113 isolates of e. granulosus s. s., 49 isolates of echinococcus multilocularis and 34 isolates of echinococcus shiquicus from the tibet ...201019800346
morphological and molecular characteristics of echinococcus multilocularis and echinococcus granulosus mixed infection in a dog from xinjiang, china.the xinjiang plateau of western china has been shown to have a high prevalence for human cystic echinococcosis (ce) caused by echinococcus granulosus, and human alveolar echinococcosis (ae) caused by echinococcus multilocularis. the domestic dog is suspected to be the primary definitive host for the transmission of both e. granulosus and e. multilocularis to humans in this locality. seventeen of 30 stray dogs from hejing county of xinjiang were found positive for e. granulosus post mortem, and o ...200616616990
epidemiology of alveolar echinococcosis with particular reference to china and europe.human alveolar echinococcosis (ae), caused by the metacestode of the fox tapeworm echinococcus multilocularis, is the most pathogenic zoonosis in temperate and arctic regions of the northern hemisphere. prospective collection of human cases in some areas and mass screenings using ultrasound imaging and confirmation with serological techniques have markedly improved our knowledge of the epidemiology of the disease in humans during the past two decades. transmission occurs when eggs of the tapewor ...200315027607
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