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evidence for an increased geographical distribution of dermacentor reticulatus in germany and detection of rickettsia sp. rpa4.two studies were performed to elucidate the current distribution of the tick dermacentor reticulatus in germany. in the first one in 2003, a total of 365 dogs from 171 sites in the states of berlin and brandenburg was screened for ticks, and the corresponding outdoor sites that the dogs usually visited were searched for host-seeking ticks by the flagging method. a total of 1155 ticks was removed from the dogs. the majority were ixodes ricinus (88.5%), followed by d. reticulatus (9.1%) and i. hex ...200616524777
serologic and molecular survey of hepatitis e virus in german deer populations.hepatitis e virus (hev) is a human pathogen that is primarily transmitted by the fecal-oral route and causes a usually self-limiting acute viral hepatitis. the virus is endemic in developing countries of africa, asia, and latin america and is responsible for sporadic cases in industrialized countries. in western europe, an increasing number of autochthonous cases have been associated with zoonotic transmissions of hev from domestic and wild animals. in germany, animal reservoirs for hev have bee ...201626528571
determinants of tick-borne encephalitis virus antibody presence in roe deer (capreolus capreolus) sera.in order to identify variables associated with the presence of the tick-borne encephalitis (tbe) virus, we conducted a serological survey of roe deer [capreolus capreolus (artiodactyla: cervidae, linnaeus 1758)] in three forest districts of southern hesse, germany. overall, 24 out of 105 (22.9%) of the sera were positive (≥1 : 10 plaque reduction neutralization test). using a logistic regression approach, we found that unexplained spatial variation, indexed roe deer density (positive correlation ...201121592155
tick burden on european roe deer (capreolus capreolus).in our study we assessed the tick burden on roe deer (capreolus capreolus l.) in relation to age, physical condition, sex, deer density and season. the main objective was to find predictive parameters for tick burden. in september 2007, may, july, and september 2008, and in may and july 2009 we collected ticks on 142 culled roe deer from nine forest departments in southern hesse, germany. to correlate tick burden and deer density we estimated deer density using line transect sampling that accoun ...201020099011
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