transmission of borrelia burgdorferi s.l. from mammal reservoirs to the primary vector of lyme borreliosis, ixodes ricinus (acari: ixodidae), in sweden.factors regulating prevalence of borrelia burgdorferi s.l. johnson, schmid, hyde, steigerwalt & brenner in ixodes ricinus (l.) were examined during 1991-1992 at bogesund, near stockholm in south-central sweden. nine species of small and medium-sized mammals (sorex araneus l., s. minutus l., neomys fodiens pennant, clethrionomys glareolus [schreber], microtus agrestis [l.], apodemus sylvaticus [l.], a. flavicollis [melchior], lepus europaeus pallas, l. timidus l.) were found to infect feeding tic ...19947815401
tick-borne encephalitis transmission risk: its dependence on host population dynamics and climate effects.tick-borne encephalitis (tbe) is a human disease caused by a flavivirus that is spread by ticks (ixodes ricinus). in 2011 and 2012, the highest tbe incidence ever was recorded in sweden. it has been proposed that warmer spring temperatures result in higher survival of ticks and thus high incidence of tbe. here, analyses were done of time series of tbe for 1976-2011 in relation to the north atlantic oscillation (nao), mean summer temperatures, and yearly number of harvested european hare (lepus e ...201424745813
infestation of mammals by ixodes ricinus ticks (acari: ixodidae) in south-central sweden.infestation by ixodes ricinus ticks on rodents, hares and cervids was examined at bogesund, 10 km north of stockholm, in south-central sweden during 1991-1994 and on varying hares (lepus timidus) at stora karlsö and gotska sandön in the baltic sea during 1992-1993. at bogesund, there were great differences between two consecutive years in the number of i. ricinus larvae infesting bank voles (clethrionomys glareolus). the seasonal pattern of infestation by i. ricinus larvae and nymphs on bank vol ...19979423270
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