seroepidemiological and molecular evidence for the presence of two h3n8 equine influenza viruses in china in may 1993, a severe epidemic of respiratory disease began in horses in inner mongolia and spread throughout horses in china. the disease affected mules and donkeys as well as horses but did not spread to other species, including humans. the severity of the disease raised the question of whether the outbreak might have been caused by the new avian-like influenza viruses detected in horses in china in 1989 or by current variants ofa/equine/miami/1/63 (h3n8) (equine-2) or by a reassortant between ...19957636481
evaluation of the genetic diversity and population structure of chinese indigenous horse breeds using 27 microsatellite markers.we determined the genetic diversity and evolutionary relationships among 26 chinese indigenous horse breeds and two introduced horse breeds by genotyping these animals for 27 microsatellite loci. the 26 chinese horse breeds come from 12 different provinces. two introduced horse breeds were the mongolia b horse from mongolia and the thoroughbred horse from the uk. a total of 330 alleles were detected, and the expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.719 (elenchuns) to 0.780 (dali). the mean number o ...201120477800
multiple maternal origins of native modern and ancient horse populations in obtain more knowledge of the origin and genetic diversity of domestic horses in china, this study provides a comprehensive analysis of mitochondrial dna (mtdna) d-loop sequence diversity from nine horse breeds in china in conjunction with ancient dna data and evidence from archaeological and historical records. a 247-bp mitochondrial d-loop sequence from 182 modern samples revealed a total of 70 haplotypes with a high level of genetic diversity. seven major mtdna haplogroups (a-g) and 16 clus ...200919744143
rhodococcus equi in the soil environment of horses in inner mongolia, china.little is known about the distribution of rhodococcus equi in the soil environment of native horses in china. one hundred and eight soil samples were collected from native-horse farms in the hulun beier grasslands of eastern mongolia, the xilin goler grasslands of southern mongolia, and tongliao city in inner mongolia, china. the isolation rates of r. equi from soil samples from the hulun beier and xilin goler grasslands ranged from 25.9% to 30.0%. in contrast, isolation rates from soil samples ...200616891789
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