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long-term conservation of muellerius capillaris (nematoda, protostrongylidae) first-stage larvae: cryopreservation versus storage at -20 degrees c. 19921495926
survival of sheep and goat first stage protostrongylid larvae in experimental conditions: influence of humidity and temperature.the survival of first-stage larvae of a laboratory strain of muellerius capillaris and of a natural multispecific infection (neostrongylus linearis, cystocaulus nigrescens, protostrongylus rufescens) was studied for 10 to 12 day periods. the survival was estimated either on larvae in faeces or kept in tap water. temperature (-18 degrees c to 37 degrees c) and desiccation were the ecological factors investigated. m. capillaris was the most tolerant to these factors but showed better survival at 4 ...19911940250
[principal helminths of small ruminants in ituri (upper zaire)].from august 1986 to november 1987, about 180 slaughtered sheep and goats were examined at bunia (haut-zaïre) in order to establish the main helminth parasites. seventeen and fifteen species were identified in sheep and goats respectively. the occurrence of stilesia hepatica, oesophagostomum multifoliatum and muellerius capillaris as well as the absence of echinococcus granulosus constituted the original features of this check-list in the area. parasitism the most frequently encountered both in s ...19902369171
muellerius capillaris in north-east zaire: prevalence in sheep and goats and determination of intermediate hosts.muellerius capillaris was the only species of nematode recovered from the lungs of young and adult sheep and goats of north-east zaire. the prevalences were of 19% (sheep) and 32% (goats). the slug atoxon pallens contained larvae in natural conditions and represents a potential intermediate host. the land snails achatinidae (achatina stuhlmanni and limicolaria spp.) could not be experimentally infected with m. capillaris larvae.19892600412
experimental infection of sheep and goats with muellerius capillaris (protostrongylidae, nematoda). 19883188728
absence of pre-natal or milk-borne infection of kids with the lungworm muellerius capillaris. 19883220651
the efficacy of fenbendazole and albendazole against the lungworm muellerius capillaris in goats.in five trials it was found that the daily administration of fenbendazole in the food for 1 or 2 weeks at dosages of 1.25, 2.5 or 5 mg kg-1 live weight was highly effective against muellerius capillaris infection in goats. treated animals had significantly lower numbers of larvae in the faeces for up to 223 days after treatment. there was no obvious difference between the different dose levels. daily treatment for 2 weeks seemed to be slightly more effective than treatment for 1 week. treatment ...19863564333
[relation between muellerius capillaris infestation of molluscan intermediary hosts and of goats in touraine].32 dairy-goat farms of touraine were investigated for muellerius capillaris infection. faecal and molluscs samples were collected in spring and autumn. the factors of risk for goat were the abundance of helix aspersa in spring and of deroceras reticulatum in autumn. the infestivity of pasture was related to the infection of goat in spring but not in autumn. the faecal larval output in goats depended on the breed of goat at both periods; environmental factors were also of importance.19863566083
spontaneous pasteurella pneumonia in adult laboratory goats complicated by superinfection with corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and muellerius capillaris.three cases of pasteurella pneumonia in laboratory goats were diagnosed during a 21 month period. two goats died acutely and a third was euthanized after four weeks of unsuccessful therapy. pasteurella multocida was isolated from the lung lesions of all three goats. corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and muellerius capillaris also were present in the lungs of the third goat. pasteurella infections were associated with fibrino-hemorrhagic-necrotizing pleuritis and pneumonia, while lungs superinfe ...19854046553
[effectiveness of oxfendazole against muellerius capillaris (nematoda: protostrongylidae) in goats].the effectiveness of oxfendazole against the lungworm muellerius capillaris was studied on a dairy-goat farm. the goats were treated with a single dose of 5 or 10 mg. per kg/bodyweight or with a dose of 5 mg per kg given three times at 48-hours-intervals. within a week after treatment, the mean larval counts in the faeces were reduced by 95.7, 89.9 and 99.6 per cent respectively compared with the untreated goats. within twelve weeks after treatment, this proportion was markedly reduced in the an ...19836658756
[infestation of goats by muellerius capillaris in pastures. role of the infesting larvae released after the death of the intermediate slug host]. 19827168534
transmission and treatment of muellerius capillaris in goats. 19817284954
variability in susceptibility to anthelmintics of the lungworm muellerius capillaris first-stage larvae. relationship to dairy-goat farms and previous exposure to febantel treatment.seven dairy-goat farms, located in central, western france, were studied in order to assess the variability in susceptibility of the lungworm muellerius capillaris first-stage larvae (l1) to 3 different anthelmintics in relation to farm origin, by means of motility tests. the motility tests were performed by mixing larval suspensions with pyrantel (pyr), thiabendazole (tbz) or ivermectin (ive) solutions (3 concentrations x 3 incubation durations). the same anthelmintic tests were repeated 7 and ...19947889035
farm history and breeding management influences on the intensity and specific diversity of nematode infection of dairy goats.sixteen dairy-goat farms were investigated in the centre-west of france for nematode infection. the intensity of infection was assessed by means of faecal egg counts and nematode counts at necropsy for digestive-tract nematodes and faecal larval counts for muellerius capillaris. the specific diversity and prevalence were estimated by worm counts of 28 necropsied culled goats. the history and breeding management were recorded by means of a questionnaire. specific diversity was estimated on two cu ...19947975117
[esophageal closure and the efficacy of febantel against muellerius capillaris in goats]. 19958590430
coccidial and helminth infections in goats kept indoors in the netherlands.an investigation was carried out on coccidial and helminth infections in goats kept indoors on five farms in the netherlands. the goats were individually sampled. coccidial oocysts were identified and nematode eggs counted. larval cultures were made and infective larvae identified to the generic or species level. the goats were divided into three groups according to their age: kids, those weaned but not served, and older goats. oocysts were found in 26 out of 27 kids (96.3%), in 52 out of 55 wea ...19968720569
a quantitative approach to nematode lungworm burdens in goats.nematode lungworm burdens are difficult to evaluate of necropsy. the recovery of protostrongylid worms was achieved by three different post-mortem quantification techniques. perfusion of the lungs under watertap pressure was successful in washing out protostrongylus rufescens and cystocaulus ocreatus but not muellerius capillaris and neostrongylus. incubation of the lungs by pepsin and hydrochloric acid solution prior to perfusion helped to recover trapped muellerius and neostrongylus. worm nodu ...19969008739
bronchoalveolar cellular responses of goats following infections with muellerius capillaris (protostrongylidae, nematoda).the development of muellerius capillaris in the lung of goats was associated with marked tissue damage and pronounced a cellular reaction. using broncho-alveolar lavage, the time course of the cellular responses was studied following primary and secondary infection. during the primary infection, there was a biphasic increase in total broncho-alveolar leucocytes (an average of 294.0 +/- 137.0 cells microl[-1]) and in the absolute number of macrophages (182.0 +/- 82.0 cells ul[-1]), lymphocytes (6 ...19979343341
protostrongylid nematode infection of chamois (rupicapra rupicapra) at the bauges massif (french alps).from 1979 to 1985, protostrongylid infections (small lungworms) of chamois were studied at the bauges hunting reserve, in the western alps. fifty-two chamois were necropsied on 24 sites and lung nematodes identified to species. from june to november 1985, a more detailed study was undertaken on four sites where chamois were the only ruminants. first-stage larvae excreted in feces and infection of snails intermediate hosts were monitored. the protostrongylid species were, arranged in decreasing o ...19989746285
[helminth species of goats in germany].the helminth fauna of the gastrointestinal tract of 25 and the respiratory organs and the livers of 6 german goats was qualitatively and quantitatively examined. one trematode species (dicrocoelium dendriticum), 2 species of cestodes (moniezia expansa and metacestodes of taenia hydatigena) and 28 species of nematodes (24 in the gastrointestinal tract and 4 in the lungs) were recorded. two goats were infested with oestrus ovis larvae. the most prevalent species were ostertagia circumcincta and ch ...19989880938
impact of the nematophagous fungus duddingtonia flagrans on muellerius capillaris larvae in goat faeces.the small lungworm muellerius capillaris is very prevalent in goats and causes production losses. its control is particularly difficult. the nematophagous fungus duddingtonia flagrans has been shown to be effective in trapping a large range of gastro-intestinal nematode larvae but its trapping activity against small lungworm remains to be assessed. the purpose of this work was firstly, to evaluate the ability of first-stage larvae of m. capillaris (l1) to induce trap formation in in vitro condit ...200515936150
study on small ruminant lungworms in northeastern ethiopia.a cross-sectional study of lungworm infection was carried out with the aim of determining the prevalence of lungworm infection of small ruminants and identifying the species of the respiratory helminthes circulating in six districts of northeastern ethiopia: debresina, legambo, habru, kalu, chaffa-dawi and artumana-fersejelle. faecal and postmortem examination were conducted from 1162 and 104 animals, respectively. an overall infection rate of 53.6% and 66.3% was found by faecal and postmortem e ...200616919877
treatment of goats infected with the lungworm muellerius capillaris.goats naturally infected with muellerius capillaris were treated with ivermectin subcutaneously once or twice at the rate of 200 or 300 mug/kg body wt or with fenbendazole per os twice at 15 mug/kg body wt. goats ceased passing larvae 11 to 20 days after treatment, and except for one doe, larvae reappeared in feces 34 to 59 days after treatment. in sections of lung of ivermectin-treated goats, adult muellerius had swollen body walls and disrupted intestinal tracts. granulomas, some mineralized, ...198617422680
muellerius capillaris: resumption of shedding larva in feces following anthelmintic treatment and prevalence in housed goats. 198817423048
field efficacy of eprinomectin against a natural muellerius capillaris infection in dairy goats.the field efficacy of eprinomectin against a natural infection with muellerius capillaris was evaluated in adult dairy goats. a total of 13 animals were included in a crossover treatment study. animals were treated with eprinomectin (0.5 mg/kg) in the spring and again in the autumn of 2006, and monitored by enumeration of the lungworm larvae per gram of faeces (lpg). the reduction in lpg on days 7, 21 and 42 after treatment was used to evaluate the anthelmintic efficacy. both in the spring and i ...200717475406
protostrongylid infection in meat sheep from northwestern spain: prevalence and risk factors.2093 faecal samples from 74 commercial meat ovine flocks were collected and examined by the baermann-wetzel method for protostrongylid infection. the risk of being infected by lungworms was evaluated with a data mining classification tree (chaid), and the intensity of infection with a general linear model (glm). 242 out of 2093 faecal samples examined were positive for protostrongylid infection (11.6%; 95% ci 10.2-12.9). only two species were found, muellerius capillaris (97.9%) and neostrongylu ...201121269772
lungworm (nematoda: protostrongylidae) infection in wild and domestic ruminants from maƂopolska region of poland.the conducted study has focused on domestic, as well as wild ruminant species. the post mortem examination was carried out on 68 animals, including three wild species: roe deer (capreolus capreolus) (25 indyviduals), red deer (cervus elaphus) (6), fallow deer (dama dama) (5) and two domestic: sheep (ovis aries) (14) and cattle (bos taurus) (18). some of the species have also been investigated in the field by the coproscopical analyses. the faecal samples from roe deer (27), fallow deer (20), red ...201627262959
comparative survival of first-stage larvae of small lungworms muellerius capillaris and neostrongylus linearis of goats in alfalfa and ryegrass plots.faeces from a goat infected with m capillaris and from another infected with n linearis were used to assess survival of first-stage larvae under natural conditions in northwest france in mid-autumn, at the high-risk period. the faeces were deposited on 3 plots covered respectively with ryegrass, short cut alfalfa and high alfalfa. the desiccation of faeces and survival of larvae were tested at 1, 7, 14 and 21-d intervals. survival of m capillaris was much higher than that of n linearis in all pl ...19938343811
individual fluctuations in efficacy of febantel against muellerius capillaris in goats.one hundred and eighty-seven dairy goats originating from 7 farms in western france were treated individually with febantel (probenzimidazole drug) at a dose rate of 5 mg/kg in spring 1991. individual faecal samples were collected on d 0, 7 and 21 post-treatment and processed for counting first stage larvae of muellerius capillaris (lpg: larvae per gram of faeces). eggs of digestive tract strongyles were also counted on d 0 and 7 (epg: eggs per gram of faeces). blood samples were taken on d 0 to ...19957735302
efficacy of netobimin against muellerius capillaris and resistant strain of digestive tract strongyles in dairy goats.the efficacy of netobimin against digestive tract strongyles and the small lungworm muellerius capillaris was tested in a dairy goat herd. the drenches were given orally at the rate of 20 mg/kg of body weight once, 10 mg/kg on 2 successive days, or 7.5 mg/kg on 3 successive days. fecal egg counts and larval counts were done 8 days before and on the day of drenching; further counts were performed on postdrenching days 8 and 18. two goats were necropsied, 1 on postdrenching day 5 and 1 on day 10 i ...19911928914
epidemiological aspects of lungworm infections of goats in morocco.the results of a survey of lungworm infections in goats in the middle atlas and rabat areas in morocco during 1990-1992 are reported. five species were recorded: dictyocaulus filaria, protostrongylus rufescens, cystocaulus ocreatus, muellerius capillaris and neostrongylus linearis. the parasitological profile of protostrongylid species was represented by muellerius (69-78%), protostrongylus (16-25%) and cystocaulus (5-6%) in the rabat and middle atlas areas. neostrongylus was virtually non-exist ...19968750686
gastrointestinal helminths and lungworms of french dairy goats: prevalence and geographical distribution in poitou-charentes.a study was conducted on 81 dairy-goat farms in western france. faecal samples were collected once and 31 culled goats were necropsied in order to assess their gastrointestinal and respiratory helminth species, their prevalences and the intensities of infection as well as their geographical distribution in six subregions of the surveyed area. fifteen species of helminth were recovered. the most frequent were muellerius capillaris, trichostrongylus colubriformis and teladorsagia circumcincta with ...19921494857
prevalence of muellerius capillaris in free-ranging spotted deer (cervus axis) in india and its experimental cross-transmission to goats.a survey to assess the prevalence of parasitic infections among axis deer (cervus axis) in three national parks in india revealed infections with the lungworm muellerius capillaris. clinical signs were not evident in infected animals. therefore, it is suggested that c. axis is probably a carrier of the infection. under laboratory conditions, terrestrial molluscs (macrochalamys sp.) were infected with first stage larvae of m. capillaris collected from fecal pellets of c. axis. feeding of third st ...19912023306
species composition and morphology of protostrongylids (nematoda: protostrongylidae) in ruminants from bulgaria.lungs of 52 ruminants from different regions of bulgaria, 16 from goats (capra aegagrus f. domestica l.), 15 from sheep (ovis ammon f. domestica l.), 11 from mouflons (ovis musimon l.), and 10 from chamois (rupicapra rupicapra l.), were investigated. the aim of the study was to determine the species composition of small lungworms in these hosts. the obtained results are summarized with those of previous studies, and a picture of the present status of the species composition of protostrongylids i ...201121461727
[influence of environmental factors and host on survival of first stage larvae of muellerius capillaris].the authors studied the resistance of the first stage larvae of muellerius capillaris for 75 days period. the survival of larvae was estimated on larvae in faeces and in water. the environmental factor investigated were different temperatures: -18 degrees c, 3 degrees c and 20 degrees c. m.capillaris l1 showed the most tolerance to -18 degrees c. survival of larvae in water differed from that estimated in faeces. 23,0 -100% larvae in faeces at -18 degrees c have survived 30 days, while about 50% ...200116886424
comparative evaluation of two emigration/sedimentation techniques for the recovery of dictyocaulid and protostrongylid larvae from faeces.a comparison between the performance of a flask and a funnel method in recovering dictyocaulid and protostrongylid larvae from faeces revealed the clear superiority of the former. on an average, 137% (p<0.01) more dictyocaulus viviparus, 175% (p<0.05) more muellerius capillaris and 1709% (p < 0.01) more elaphostrongylus cervi larvae were recovered from samples processed by flask rather than funnel. attempts to further improve the flask method by substituting cloth stockinette for paper tissue, t ...19999950340
efficacy of fenbendazole and cambendazole against muellerius capillaris in dairy goats.two anthelmintics, fenbendazole and cambendazole, were used in an attempt to eliminate muellerius capillaris infections in a group of 44 goats. during the course of this study (508 days), m capillaris larvae were found in at least one fecal specimen from each of 22 of the 44 goats. all 44 goats were dewormed with fenbendazole (30 mg/kg of body weight) at the onset of this study (day 18). two additional dewormings with fenbendazole at 4- to 8-week intervals were restricted to the goats that conti ...19854051297
influence of desiccation of faeces on survival and infectivity of first-stage larvae of muellerius capillaris and neostrongylus linearis.first-stage larvae of pure strains of m. capillaris and n. linearis (nematoda: protostrongylidae) from goats were used to assess the influence of rapid desiccation on survival. m. capillaris survived desiccation of faeces better than n. linearis. the latter species was particularly susceptible to duration of storage after desiccation (0 to 10 days). surviving larvae of desiccated batches of m. capillaris were less able to infect the land-snail candidula intersecta. resistance of first-stage larv ...19921452996
bronchopulmonary nematode infection of capra pyrenaica in the sierra nevada massif, spain.the present investigation examined the prevalence and abundance of bronchopulmonary nematodes in 213 randomly hunted iberian ibexes (capra pyrenaica) (87 females and 126 males) in the sierra nevada mountain range in spain between 2003 and 2006. post mortem examination revealed an overall prevalence of 72% for adult nematodes (cystocaulus ocreatus 44%, muellerius capillaris 44%, protostrongylus sp. 40%, and dictyocaulus filaria 4%). the abundances were 13.45+/-3.97, 5.18+/-2.49, 6.36+/-2.16, and ...200919596519
some pathological features of lungs from domestic and wild ruminants with single and mixed protostrongylid infections.lungs of 40 ruminants from bulgaria with natural small lungworm (nematoda: protostrongylidae) infections were investigated, including 16 goats, 15 sheep, 7 mouflons, and 2 chamois. muellerius capillaris, m. tenuispiculatus, cystocaulus ocreatus, neostrongylus linearis, and protostrongylus brevispiculum infections were predominantly associated with nodular lesions, and protostrongylus rufescens, protostrongylus hobmaieri and protostrongylus rupicaprae were associated with extensive lesions locate ...201020445790
assessment of the severity of natural infections of kids and adult goats by small lungworms (protostrongylidae, nematoda) using macroscopic lesion scores.assessment of the severity of natural infections of kids and adult goats by small lungworms using macroscopic lesion scores was carried out on 476 lungs originating from the rabat area of morocco. the prevalence of infection was 98% in kids and 100% in adult goats. the diaphragmatic lobes were the preferential site for protostrongylids. the average number of nodules (mostly muellerius capillaris) and lobular lesions (mostly protostrongylus rufescens and cystocaulus ocreatus) was 174 and 9 per pa ...19979112736
transmission of lungworms (muellerius capillaris) from domestic goats to bighorn sheep on common pasture.four domestic goats (capra hircus) that were passing first-stage dorsal-spined larvae of muellerius capillaris were copastured on a 0.82-ha pasture for 11 mo from may 2003 to april 2004 with seven rocky mountain bighorn sheep (ovis canadensis) that were not passing dorsal-spined larvae. during the 11-mo experiment, two bighorn sheep died from pneumonia caused by mannheimia (pasteurella) haemolytica biotype a, serotype 2. the remaining five bighorn sheep and the four domestic goats remained healt ...200919395736
a slaughterhouse survey of lung lesions in goats.a survey of the lungs from 4284 goats killed at a slaughterhouse in the north island of new zealand during the winter of 1990 revealed only ten cases of non-parasitic bronchopneumonia. however, 41% of the lungs had lesions consistent with infection by muellerius capillaris, 33% with dictyocaulus filaria, and 8% with both species. the prevalence of parasitic lesions increased with age. the carcasses of goats with mild to severe dictyocaulus filaria lesions were from 0.81 to 1.52 kg lighter than t ...199216031656
biological control of infective larvae of a gastro-intestinal nematode (teladorsagia circumcincta) and a small lungworm (muellerius capillaris) by duddingtonia flagrans in goat faeces.the high prevalence of benzimidazole-resistant nematodes in french grazing dairy goat flocks led to a search for nematode-control schemes based on integrated approaches with non-chemical options, like vaccination, grazing management, or biological control using nematophagous fungi. the effect of the daily feeding of goats with spores of the nematophagous fungus duddingtonia flagrans on third-stage larvae (l3) of teladorsagia circumcincta was examined in faecal cultures. in addition, the effect o ...200312489008
between goat-farm biological variability of the nematode muellerius capillaris first-stage larvea. influence of anthelmintic treatment.seven dairy-goat farms from the centerwest of france were investigated for morphology and ecology of first-stage larvae (l1) of muellerius capillaris before and after treatment of goats with febantel, a probenzimidazole anthelmintic. the lengths, survivals at 20 and -20 degrees c, and infectivity of l1 to intermediate host helix aspersa, were different between farms. the between farms differences in survivals were reduced after treatment of goats with febantel. the observed between farm differen ...19949140473
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