TitleAbstractYear(sorted ascending)
ferric enterobactin binding and utilization by neisseria gonorrhoeae.feta, formerly designated frpb, an iron-regulated, 76-kda neisserial outer membrane protein, shows sequence homology to the tonb-dependent family of receptors that transport iron into gram-negative bacteria. although feta is commonly expressed by most neisserial strains and is a potential vaccine candidate for both neisseria gonorrhoeae and neisseria meningitidis, its function in cell physiology was previously undefined. we now report that feta functions as an enterobactin receptor. n. gonorrhoe ...199910217784
flagellin gene polymorphism analysis of campylobacter compared with antigen serotyping.flagellin gene sequence polymorphisms were used to discriminate amongst 53 strains of campylobacter jejuni and c. coli. the campylobacter strains were made up of forty-three strains of campylobacter jejuni and 10 strains of campylobacter coli. the results were analysed in relation to penner serotyping. twenty dna pcr-rflp patterns (genotypes) were identified by analysis of dde i fragment length polymorphisms in flagellin gene (fla a and fla b) polymerase chain reaction (pcr) products. flagellin ...199910627993
evaluation of the effect of temperature and nutrients on the survival of campylobacter spp. in water microcosms.batch microcosms containing various water types (de-ionized and river water with or without sediment), incubated at a range of temperatures (5-37 degrees c), were used to facilitate a comparative evaluation of the significance of such variables and their interactions upon the collective and individual survival of four species of thermophilic campylobacter. all variables significantly influenced (p < = 0.031) population decay rates. minimal decay for the group was identified at low temperatures ( ...199910389249
identification of a glycoprotein produced by enterotoxigenic escherichia coli.enterotoxigenic escherichia coli (etec) strain h10407 is capable of invading epithelial cell lines derived from the human ileocecum and colon in vitro. two separate chromosomally encoded invasion loci (tia and tib) have been cloned from this strain. these loci direct nonadherent and noninvasive laboratory strains of e. coli to adhere to and invade cultured human intestinal epithelial cells. the tib locus directs the synthesis of tiba, a 104-kda outer membrane protein that is directly correlated ...199910417177
direct analysis and identification of helicobacter and campylobacter species by maldi-tof mass spectrometry.campylobacter jejuni, campylobacter fetus, and campylobacter coli were compared with helicobacter pylori and helicobacter mustelae by direct analysis of individual cultured colonies in 50% methanol-water with a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (maldi-tof ms). h. pylori and campylobacter species from blood agar culture produced unique, complex spectra with over 25 different ions in mass/charge (m/z) range from 2,000 to 62,000. a biomarker for h. pylori ...199910464475
campylobacter jejuni 81-176 associates with microtubules and dynein during invasion of human intestinal cells.campylobacter jejuni uptake into cultured int407 cells was analyzed kinetically over a wide range of starting multiplicities of infection (moi; from 0.02 to 20,000 bacteria/epithelial cell). the efficiency of internalization was the highest at moi of 0.02 and decreased steadily at higher mois, presumably due to reported c. jejuni autoagglutination at higher densities. total internalized campylobacter cfu increased gradually from an moi of 0.02 to a peak at an moi of 200 (reaching an average of t ...199910417189
rapid detection, by pcr and reverse hybridization, of mutations in the helicobacter pylori 23s rrna gene, associated with macrolide resistance.a pcr-based reverse hybridization system (research prototype kit inno-lipa for h. pylori resistance) was developed and evaluated for simultaneous detection of 23s ribosomal dna point mutations, associated with macrolide resistance in helicobacter pylori. fifty-seven h. pylori strains (51 natural, 6 laboratory-derived artificial, 52 resistant, and 5 susceptible strains) were tested by pcr-lipa (detecting mutations a2115-->g, g2141-->a, a2142-->g, a2142-->c, a2143-->g, a2143-->c, and a2143-->t), d ...199910390244
motility of helicobacter pylori is coordinately regulated by the transcriptional activator flgr, an ntrc homolog.sigma54 is the subunit of bacterial rna polymerase that transcribes from promoters with enhancer elements bound by enhancer-binding proteins. by computer searches of helicobacter pylori genomic sequences, chromosomal gene disruption, and rna analyses, we have identified sigma54-recognized promoters that regulate transcription of flagellar basal body and hook genes, as well as the enhancer-binding protein flgr (flagellum regulator), a transactivating protein of the ntrc family. we demonstrate tha ...19999882675
inducing enterotoxigenic properties in campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli by serial intraperitoneal passage in mice. 199910029919
mutational analysis of the vaca promoter provides insight into gene transcription in helicobacter pylori.analysis of 12 helicobacter pylori promoters indicates the existence of a consensus -10 hexamer (tataat) but little conservation of -35 sequences. in this study, mutations in either the h. pylori vaca -10 region or the -35 region resulted in decreased vaca transcription and suggested that an extended -10 motif is utilized. thus, despite the lack of a -35 consensus sequence for h. pylori promoters, the -35 region plays a functional role in vaca transcription.199910094707
incidence of salmonella, campylobacter jejuni, campylobacter coli, and listeria monocytogenes in poultry carcasses and different types of poultry products for sale on the belgian retail market.from january 1997 to may 1998, 772 samples of poultry carcasses and poultry products for sale on the retail market in belgium were analyzed for the presence of salmonella spp., salmonella enteritidis, campylobacter jejuni, c. coli, and listeria monocytogenes per 100 cm2 or 25 g. poultry samples were contaminated with salmonella (36.5%), c. jejuni and c. coli (28.5%), and l. monocytogenes (38.2%). in about 12.3% of the poultry samples, the l. monocytogenes contamination level exceeded 1 cfu per g ...199910419264
cytolethal distending toxin genes in campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli isolates: detection and analysis by pcr.campylobacter jejuni produces a toxin called cytolethal distending toxin (cdt). knowledge of the prevalence and homogeneity of campylobacter sp. cdt genes is incomplete. in this work, we identified four pcr primer pairs that collectively amplified cdt genes in all of the c. jejuni and campylobacter coli strains tested. restriction analyses of the cdt pcr products showed clear differences between the cdt genes of these two species, yet there were few heterogeneities noted between members of the s ...199910203548
identification of virulence genes of helicobacter pylori by random insertion mutagenesis.the complete genome of the gram-negative bacterial pathogen helicobacter pylori, an important etiological agent of gastroduodenal disease in humans, has recently been published. this sequence revealed that the putative products of roughly one-third of the open reading frames (orfs) have no significant homology to any known proteins. to be able to analyze the functions of all orfs, we constructed an integration plasmid for h. pylori and used it to generate a random mutant library in this organism ...199910225906
survival times of campylobacter coli in sterilized buffalo milk.the survival level of five campylobacter coli strains isolated from bovine faeces was studied in sterilized buffalo milk kept at 4 degrees c under aerobic conditions. all strains died between 21 and 30 h of storage.199910216458
metabolism and genetics of helicobacter pylori: the genome era.the publication of the complete sequence of helicobacter pylori 26695 in 1997 and more recently that of strain j99 has provided new insight into the biology of this organism. in this review, we attempt to analyze and interpret the information provided by sequence annotations and to compare these data with those provided by experimental analyses. after a brief description of the general features of the genomes of the two sequenced strains, the principal metabolic pathways are analyzed. in particu ...199910477311
hp0333, a member of the dpra family, is involved in natural transformation in helicobacter pylori.helicobacter pylori is naturally competent for dna transformation, but the mechanism by which transformation occurs is not known. for haemophilus influenzae, dpra is required for transformation by chromosomal but not plasmid dna, and the complete genomic sequence of h. pylori 26695 revealed a dpra homolog (hp0333). examination of genetic databases indicates that dpra homologs are present in a wide variety of bacterial species. to examine whether hp0333 has a function similar to dpra of h. influe ...199910482496
the c-terminal domain of the bordetella pertussis autotransporter brka forms a pore in lipid bilayer membranes.brka is a 103-kda outer membrane protein of bordetella pertussis that mediates resistance to antibody-dependent killing by complement. it is proteolytically processed into a 73-kda n-terminal domain and a 30-kda c-terminal domain as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. brka is also a member of the autotransporter family of proteins. translocation of the n-terminal domain of the protein across the outer membrane is hypothesized to occur through a pore formed by ...199910482528
rapid identification of thermotolerant campylobacter jejuni, campylobacter coli, campylobacter lari, and campylobacter upsaliensis from various geographic locations by a gtpase-based pcr-reverse hybridization assay.recently, a gene from campylobacter jejuni encoding a putative gtpase was identified. based on two semiconserved gtp-binding sites encoded within this gene, pcr primers were selected that allow amplification of a 153-bp fragment from c. jejuni, c. coli, c. lari, and c. upsaliensis. sequence analysis of these pcr products revealed consistent interspecies variation, which allowed the definition of species-specific probes for each of the four thermotolerant campylobacter species. multiple probes we ...199910325325
differentiation of helicobacter pylori isolates based on lectin binding of cell extracts in an agglutination assay.plant and animal lectins with various carbohydrate specificities were used to type 35 irish clinical isolates of helicobacter pylori and the type strain nctc 11637 in a microtiter plate assay. initially, a panel of eight lectins with the indicated primary specificities were used: anguilla anguilla (aaa), lotus tetragonolobus (lotus a), and ulex europaeus i (uea i), specific for alpha-l-fucose; solanum tuberosum (sta) and triticum vulgaris (wga), specific for beta-n-acetylglucosamine; glycine max ...199910325361
septic shock due to helicobacter fennelliae in a non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected heterosexual patient.helicobacter fennelliae (formerly campylobacter fennelliae) has been reported to cause bacteremia in homosexual men with or without human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infection. we report here a 48-year-old, non-hiv-infected, heterosexual man with diabetes mellitus and cirrhosis of the liver who developed bacteremia and septic shock due to h. fennelliae. the patient was treated successfully initially with intravenous ampicillin-sulbactam and ceftazidime, followed by ampicillin-sulbactam only. th ...199910325388
specific pcr identification and differentiation of the thermophilic campylobacters, campylobacter jejuni, c. coli, c. lari, and c. upsaliensis.a sensitive pcr assay that detects the thermophilic campylobacters c. jejuni, c. coli, c. lari, and c. upsaliensis is reported. furthermore, by digestion of the pcr products with two restriction enzymes, species differentiation was demonstrated. thus, the present method has the potential to be used for both detection and identification of thermophilic campylobacter species.199910488210
the absence of cecal colonization of chicks by a mutant of campylobacter jejuni not expressing bacterial fibronectin-binding protein.campylobacter jejuni is a common cause of human gastrointestinal illness throughout the world. infections with c. jejuni and campylobacter coli are frequently acquired by eating undercooked chicken. the ability of c. jejuni to become established in the gastrointestinal tract of chickens is believed to involve binding of the bacterium to the gastrointestinal surface. a 37-kd outer membrane protein, termed cadf, has been described that facilitates the binding of campylobacter to fibronectin. this ...199910494431
campylobacter coli strains with enlarged flagellin genes isolated from river water.a group of campylobacters isolated from river water were found to possess unusually large flagellin genes. both phenotype and serology were consistent with identification as campylobacter coli. phylogenetic analysis of small (16s, rrs) and large subunit (23s, rrl) rrna genes of a representative strain, nctc 13006, demonstrated high levels of relatedness with c. jejuni and c. coli (99.1 and 98.3% similarity for 16s; 99.3 and 99.4% similarity for 23s). large flagellin proteins were demonstrated by ...199910376486
viability and dna maintenance in nonculturable spiral campylobacter jejuni cells after long-term exposure to low temperatures.survival of campylobacter jejuni at 4 and 20 degrees c was investigated by using cellular integrity, respiratory activity, two-dimensional (2d) protein profile, and intact dna content as indicators of potential viability of nonculturable cells. intact dna content after 116 days, along with cellular integrity and respiring cells, was detected for up to 7 months at 4 degrees c by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. most changes in 2d protein profiles involved up- or down-regulation.199910508106
in-vitro activity of moxifloxacin against fluoroquinolone-resistant strains of aerobic gram-negative bacilli and enterococcus faecalis.mics of the new fluoroquinolone, moxifloxacin, and those of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and sparfloxacin for 19 genetically characterized fluoroquinolone-resistant strains were determined by the agar dilution method. the mics of moxifloxacin for escherichia isolates with one mutation in gyra (corresponding to ser83-->leu or asp87-->gly substitution) were 0.25-0.5 mg/l, while those of ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin and sparfloxacin were 0.06-0.25, 1 and 0.12-0.5 mg/l, respectively. these values were four- ...199910382871
identification of the enteropathogens campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli based on the cadf virulence gene and its product.campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli are common causes of gastroenteritis in humans. infection with c. jejuni or c. coli is commonly acquired by eating undercooked chicken. the goal of this study was to develop specific detection assays for c. jejuni and c. coli isolates based on the cadf virulence gene and its product. the cadf gene from c. jejuni and c. coli encodes a 37-kda outer membrane protein that promotes the binding of these pathogens to intestinal epithelial cells. a fragment of ...19999986804
differentiation of campylobacter coli and c. jejuni by length and dna sequence of the 16s-23s rrna internal spacer region.the internal spacer region (isr) between the 16s and 23s rrna genes of campylobacter was investigated by pcr fragment length typing and dna sequencing of clinical and chicken wild-type isolates. pcr fragment length typing showed one fragment of 859 nt in length for the 12 strains of campylobacter coli investigated. thirty-six of the campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni strains possessed one fragment, which varied in size between 727 and 802 nt. three strains showed two fragments between 501 and 92 ...199910206715
detection of cytolethal distending toxin activity and cdt genes in campylobacter spp. isolated from chicken carcasses.this study was designed to determine whether isolates from chicken carcasses, the primary source of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli in human infections, commonly carry the cdt genes and also whether active cytolethal distending toxin (cdt) is produced by these isolates. campylobacter spp. were isolated from all 91 fresh chicken carcasses purchased from local supermarkets. campylobacter spp. were identified on the basis of both biochemical and pcr tests. of the 105 isolates, 70 (67%) ...199910103243
detection of small numbers of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli cells in environmental water, sewage, and food samples by a seminested pcr assay.a rapid and sensitive assay was developed for detection of small numbers of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli cells in environmental water, sewage, and food samples. water and sewage samples were filtered, and the filters were enriched overnight in a nonselective medium. the enrichment cultures were prepared for pcr by a rapid and simple procedure consisting of centrifugation, proteinase k treatment, and boiling. a seminested pcr based on specific amplification of the intergenic sequen ...199910103261
comparison of flagellin genes from clinical and environmental pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates.pseudomonas aeruginosa, an important opportunistic pathogen, was isolated from environmental samples and compared to clinically derived strains. while p. aeruginosa was isolated readily from an experimental mushroom-growing unit, it was found only rarely in other environmental samples. a flagellin gene pcr-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the isolates revealed that environmental and clinical p. aeruginosa strains are not readily distinguishable. the variation in the central r ...199910049879
serotypes and typability of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli isolated from poultry products.campylobacter infection is one of the most common bacterial enteric pathogens. campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli infections are mostly food- and waterborne and especially poultry is often assumed to be an important source. the heat-stable serotyping system (the 'penner' scheme) was used to study the serotype distribution of c. jejuni and c. coli isolated from different food products of poultry origin sampled from retail outlets in denmark. a total of 156 isolates were serotyped, 85% of ...199910100900
prevalence of campylobacter, arcobacter, helicobacter, and sutterella spp. in human fecal samples as estimated by a reevaluation of isolation methods for campylobacters.the aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of campylobacteria including campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni (c. jejuni) and campylobacter coli in human clinical samples and in samples from healthy individuals and to reevaluate the efficacies of conventional selective methods for isolation of campylobacter spp. two charcoal-based selective media, modified charcoal cefoperazone deoxycholate agar (mccda) and cefoperazone-amphotericin-teicoplanin (cat) agar, were compared with skirrow' ...200010618103
detection and differentiation of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli in broiler chicken samples using a pcr/dna probe membrane based colorimetric detection assay.campylobacter enteritis in humans has been linked to consumption of poultry meat. surveys show that 30-100% of poultry harbour campylobacter as normal flora of the digestive tract which indicates a need to identify prevalent organism types in flocks and trace their epidemiology. in this study we describe a campylobacter genus specific polymerase chain reaction (pcr) assay, amplifying the 16 s-23 s rrna intergenic spacer region with an internal campylobacter genus specific dna probe and species s ...200010725058
molecular characterization of campylobacter jejuni from patients with guillain-barré and miller fisher syndromes.campylobacter jejuni has been identified as the predominant cause of antecedent infection in guillain-barré syndrome (gbs) and miller fisher syndrome (mfs). the risk of developing gbs or mfs may be higher after infection with specific c. jejuni types. to investigate the putative clonality, 18 gbs- or mfs-related c. jejuni strains from the netherlands and belgium and 17 control strains were analyzed by serotyping (penner and lior), restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of pcr products ...200010834992
[campylobacter coli-related meningitis in an adult male]. 200010846879
roles of fe superoxide dismutase and catalase in resistance of campylobacter coli to freeze-thaw stress.we demonstrated that oxidative stress plays a role in freeze-thaw-induced killing of campylobacter coli following analysis of mutants deficient in key antioxidant functions. superoxide anions, but not h(2)o(2), were formed during the freeze-thaw process. however, a failure to detoxify superoxide anions may lead to spontaneous disproportionation of the radicals to h(2)o(2).200010877815
role of catalase in campylobacter jejuni intracellular survival.the ability of campylobacter jejuni to penetrate normally nonphagocytic host cells is believed to be a key virulence determinant. recently, kinetics of c. jejuni intracellular survival have been described and indicate that the bacterium can persist and multiply within epithelial cells and macrophages in vitro. studies conducted by pesci et al. indicate that superoxide dismutase contributes to intraepithelial cell survival, as isogenic sod mutants are 12-fold more sensitive to intracellular killi ...200011035743
a novel action of the proton pump inhibitor rabeprazole and its thioether derivative against the motility of helicobacter pylori.the motility of helicobacter pylori was maximum at 37 degrees c and at ph 6. a newly developed proton pump inhibitor, rabeprazole (rpz), and its thioether derivative (rpz-th) markedly inhibited the motility of h. pylori. the concentrations of the drug necessary to inhibit 50% of the motility were 0.25, 16, 16, and >64 microgram/ml for rpz-th, rpz, lansoprazole, and omeprazole, respectively. no such inhibitory effects were observed with h(2) blockers or anti-h. pylori agents. the motilities of ca ...200011036024
helicobacter canadensis sp. nov. isolated from humans with diarrhea as an example of an emerging pathogen.we recently analyzed 11 helicobacter isolates cultured from diarrhea patients in canada. these isolates had been characterized biochemically by restriction fragment length polymorphism (rflp; alui, hhai) analysis and by fatty-acid analysis as helicobacter pullorum. however, four of the isolates differed biochemically from h. pullorum by their inability to hydrolyze indoxyl acetate and their resistance to nalidixic acid. using complete 16s rrna analysis, we determined that these four strains clus ...200010878041
serum amyloid p component bound to gram-negative bacteria prevents lipopolysaccharide-mediated classical pathway complement activation.although serum amyloid p component (sap) is known to bind many ligands, its biological function is not yet clear. recently, it was demonstrated that sap binds to lipopolysaccharide (lps). in the present study, sap was shown to bind to gram-negative bacteria expressing short types of lps or lipo-oligosaccharide (los), such as salmonella enterica serovar copenhagen re and escherichia coli j5, and also to clinical isolates of haemophilus influenzae. it was hypothesized that sap binds to the bacteri ...200010722560
slaughter pigs are commonly infected by closely related but distinct gastric ulcerative lesion-inducing association between (unculturable) gastrospirillum-like organisms (glo) and ulcerative lesions in the pars oesophagea in stomachs of swine has been claimed. in dogs glo detected by microscopy may represent several helicobacter species or subspecies. therefore we investigated which helicobacter spp. are present in stomachs of swine and their possible association with ulcerative lesions of the pars oesophagea. the presence of helicobacter spp. in the antrum and pars oesophagea in 122 stomachs o ...200010878060
identification of ciprofloxacin-resistant campylobacter jejuni by use of a fluorogenic pcr assay.fluoroquinolones are one class of antimicrobial agents commonly used to treat severe campylobacter jejuni infection. c. jejuni strains resistant to high levels of the fluoroquinolone ciprofloxacin (mic >/=16 microg/ml) have been predominantly characterized with a c-->t transition in codon 86 of gyra. the gyra gene encodes one subunit of dna gyrase, which is a primary target for fluoroquinolone antibiotics. this study establishes a rapid pcr-based taqman method for identifying ciprofloxacin-resis ...200011060054
genotyping of clinical and chicken isolates of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli.genomic dna from 58 strains of campylobacter made up of 48 campylobacter jejuni and ten campylobacter coli were digested with sma i and analysed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (pfge). the cleavage of dna by sma i gave 22 distinct hybridization patterns. the two campylobacter species were subtyped by pfge. the average genomic size for c. jejuni by sma i digestion was 1.73 mb, while that of c. coli gave 1.7 mb. results from this study indicate that pfge analysis by sma i digested genomic dna ...200011077971
molecular characterization of two-component systems of helicobacter pylori.two-component systems are frequently involved in the adaptation of bacteria to changing environmental conditions at the level of transcriptional regulation. here we report the characterization of members of the two-component systems of the gastric pathogen helicobacter pylori deduced from the genome sequence of strain 26695. we demonstrate that the response regulators hp166, hp1043, and hp1021 have essential functions, as disruption of the corresponding genes is lethal for the bacteria, irrespec ...200010735847
antibody to heat shock protein can be used for early serological monitoring of helicobacter pylori eradication treatment.infection with helicobacter pylori induces humoral immune responses against various antigens of the bacterium. heat shock proteins (hsps) are immunodominant antigens in various diseases including h. pylori infection. in the present study, we measured the anti-hsp antibody titers in 42 patients with h. pylori-infected peptic ulcers during a bacterial eradication study. the patients were treated with a proton pump inhibitor and antimicrobial agents to eradicate the organism. their sera were obtain ...200010882654
phenotypic and genotypic diversity of the flagellin gene (flic) among clostridium difficile isolates from different serogroups.phenotypic and genotypic diversity of the flagellin gene (flic) of clostridium difficile was studied in 47 isolates from various origins belonging to the serogroups a, b, c, d, f, g, h, i, k, x, and s3. electron microscopy revealed 17 nonflagellated strains and 30 flagellated strains. pcr and reverse transcription-pcr demonstrated that the flagellin gene was present in all strains and that the flic gene was expressed in both flagellated and nonflagellated strains. southern blotting showed the pr ...200010970353
comparative fingerprinting analysis of campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni strains by amplified-fragment length polymorphism genotyping.amplified-fragment length polymorphism (aflp) analysis with the endonucleases bglii and mfei was used to genotype 91 campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni strains from outbreaks and sporadic cases. aflp-generated fragments were labeled with fluorescent dye and separated by capillary electrophoresis. the software packages genescan and gelcompar ii were used to calculate aflp pattern similarities and to investigate phylogenetic relationships among the genotyped strains. the aflp method was compared w ...200010970387
the gale gene of campylobacter jejuni is involved in lipopolysaccharide synthesis and virulence.lipopolysaccharide (lps) is one of the main virulence factors of gram-negative bacteria. the lps from campylobacter spp. has endotoxic properties and has been shown to play a role in adhesion. we previously cloned a gene cluster (wla) which is involved in the synthesis of the campylobacter jejuni 81116 lps molecule. sequence alignment of the first gene in this cluster indicated similarity with gale genes. these genes encode a udp-glucose 4-epimerase, which catalyzes the interconversion of udp-ga ...200010768949
efficient isolation of campylobacteria from stools. 200010979752
antibiotic resistance trends in enteropathogenic bacteria isolated in 1985-1987 and 1995-1998 in barcelona.trends in resistance to antimicrobial agents used for therapy have been evaluated with 3,797 enteropathogenic bacteria, campylobacter, salmonella, shigella, and yersinia, between 1985-1987 and 1995-1998. the greater increase in the rate of resistance was observed in campylobacter jejuni for quinolones (from 1 to 82%) and tetracycline (from 23 to 72%) and in gastroenteric salmonellae for ampicillin (from 8 to 44%), chloramphenicol (from 1.7 to 26%), and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and nalidixic ...200010770742
characterization of gyra mutations associated with fluoroquinolone resistance in campylobacter coli by dna sequence analysis and mama pcr.increasing numbers of fluoroquinolone-resistant campylobacter coli isolates received at the minnesota state public health laboratory and at the centers for disease control and prevention have been a cause for concern. the gyra quinolone resistance-determining regions of several fluoroquinolone-resistant isolates were sequenced to examine the mechanism of resistance. ciprofloxacin-resistant c. coli isolates examined by dna sequencing had a thr-86 to ile (act-->att) gyra mutation, leading to resis ...200010981681
campylobacter contamination of raw meat and poultry at retail sale: identification of multiple types and comparison with isolates from human infection.campylobacter species are the major cause of acute bacterial enteritis reported in the united kingdom, nonetheless many aspects of campylobacteriosis epidemiology remain poorly understood. the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli in fresh bovine, ovine, and porcine liver and chicken portions from retail outlets and compare strain subtype distributions with those associated with cases of human campylobacteriosis occurring within the same ...200011131886
susceptibility to secondary bacterial infections in growing pigs as an early response in ochratoxicosis.mycotoxic nephropathy was induced in twelve 14 kg pigs fed a dietary component, moulded by aspergillus ochraceus and contributing ochratoxin a at 1 or 3 ppm for up to 3 weeks. concurrently, salmonellosis arose spontaneously in all six animals treated at 3 ppm and all died between days 15 and 17. two of the six pigs in the 1 ppm group died similarly but the rest, and all of six control animals, were unaffected. clinical biochemistry and histology revealed changes typical of renal ochratoxicosis i ...200010987179
characterization and expression of hmur, a tonb-dependent hemoglobin receptor of porphyromonas gingivalis.the gram-negative pathogen porphyromonas gingivalis requires hemin for growth. hemoglobin bound to haptoglobin and hemin complexed to hemopexin can be used as heme sources, indicating that p. gingivalis must have a means to remove the hemin from these host iron-binding proteins. however, the specific mechanisms utilized by p. gingivalis for the extraction of heme from heme-binding proteins and for iron transport are poorly understood. in this study we have determined that a newly identified tonb ...200011004172
antibodies, directed towards campylobacter jejuni antigens, in sera from poultry abattoir workers.occupational exposure of susceptible humans to campylobacter jejuni appears to result in resistance to disease. this is believed to be due to acquired protective immunity. to support this hypothesis the levels of c. jejuni-specific igg and igm antibodies were determined in sera from poultry abattoir workers. such individuals are persistently exposed to c. jejuni, but apparently rarely acquire campylobacteriosis. sera from 43 short-term workers (employed < or = 1 month), 78 long-term workers and ...200011012618
evaluation of a pcr primer based on the isocitrate dehydrogenase gene for detection of helicobacter pylori in order to improve detection and identification of helicobacter pylori in highly contaminated samples, we evaluated new specific primers based on the dna base sequence within the isocitrate dehydrogenase (icd) gene to amplify a 1,200-bp dna segment. the specificity of the icd primer was tested against dna derived from various bacteria, including 7 helicobacter species and a panel of 1 gram-variable, 2 gram-positive, and 16 gram-negative bacteria, as well as dna from houseflies and feces from h. ...200011015397
intercellular communication in helicobacter pylori: luxs is essential for the production of an extracellular signaling molecule.individual bacteria of numerous species can communicate and coordinate their actions via the production, release, and detection of extracellular signaling molecules. in this study, we used the vibrio harveyi luminescence bioassay to determine whether helicobacter pylori produces such a factor. cell-free conditioned media from h. pylori strains 60190 and 26695 each induced >100-fold-greater luminescence in v. harveyi than did sterile culture medium. the h. pylori signaling molecule had a molecula ...200010816463
evaluation of phenotypic and genotypic methods for subtyping campylobacter jejuni isolates from humans, poultry, and cattle.six methods for subtyping of campylobacter jejuni were compared and evaluated with a collection of 90 isolates from poultry, cattle, and sporadic human clinical cases as well as from a waterborne outbreak. the applied methods were penner heat-stable serotyping; automated ribotyping (riboprinting); random amplified polymorphic dna typing (rapd); pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (pfge); restriction fragment length polymorphisms of the flagellin gene, flaa (fla-rflp); and denaturing gradient gel el ...200011015406
evaluation of the alexon-trend prospect campylobacter microplate assay.we evaluated stool specimens known to contain or be free of campylobacter by traditional culture, using the prospect campylobacter microplate assay (alexon-trend, ramsey, minn.). this rapid enzyme immunoassay for the detection of campylobacter-specific antigens demonstrated 96% sensitivity and 99% specificity and is an acceptable alternative method of campylobacter detection.200011015419
detection and characterization of autoagglutination activity by campylobacter several gram-negative bacterial pathogens, autoagglutination (aag) activity is a marker for interaction with host cells and virulence. campylobacter jejuni strains also show aag, but this property varies considerably among strains. to examine the characteristics of c. jejuni aag, we developed a quantitative in vitro assay. for strain 81-176, which shows high aag, activity was optimal for cells grown for < or = 24 h, was independent of growth temperature, and was best measured for cells suspen ...200011035721
milkborne campylobacter infection in april 1998, an annual 2-day animal farm sale was held in hódmezóvásárhely, where 500 to 600 visitors consumed unpasteurized milk. the first signs of disease began 2 days after the end of the sale. fifty-two people from a wide age range fell ill, primarily with inflammatory enteritis. these cases included 34 with campylobacter positivity: 30 with campylobacter jejuni and 4 with campylobacter coli. environmental samples (raw milk, udder swabs, and rectal swabs from 12 cows in the suspected herd ...200011041145
detection of thermophilic campylobacter from sparrows by multiplex pcr: the role of sparrows as a source of contamination of broilers with campylobacter.the best combination of primers and the annealing temperature of multiplex pcr for campylobacter jejuni, campylobacter coli, and campylobacter lari were examined. the multiplex pcr was able to detect type strains of the three species. all results of identification of wild strains (30 strains of c. jejuni, 20 strains of c. coli, and 4 strains of c. lari) by the multiplex pcr coincided with those of the conventional biochemical identification tests, suggesting that the multiplex pcr can simultaneo ...200011193345
genetics of swarming motility in salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium: critical role for lipopolysaccharide.salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium can differentiate into hyperflagellated swarmer cells on agar of an appropriate consistency (0.5 to 0.8%), allowing efficient colonization of the growth surface. flagella are essential for this form of motility. in order to identify genes involved in swarming, we carried out extensive transposon mutagenesis of serovar typhimurium, screening for those that had functional flagella yet were unable to swarm. a majority of these mutants were defective in lipopo ...200011053374
characterization of a novel outer membrane hemin-binding protein of porphyromonas gingivalis.porphyromonas gingivalis is a gram-negative, anaerobic coccobacillus that has been implicated as a major etiological agent in the development of chronic periodontitis. in this paper, we report the characterization of a protein, ihtb (iron heme transport; formerly designated pga30), that is an outer membrane hemin-binding protein potentially involved in iron assimilation by p. gingivalis. ihtb was localized to the cell surface of p. gingivalis by western blot analysis of a sarkosyl-insoluble oute ...200011053391
differentiation of clinical helicobacter pullorum isolates from related helicobacter and campylobacter species.helicobacter pullorum, first detected in the liver and intestinal contents of poultry, was defined as a new species in 1994. this organism has since been isolated from humans with gastroenteritis. phenotypic as well as genotypic methods have been used to identify h. pullorum associated with cases of human disease.200010971678
campylobacter jejuni cytolethal distending toxin mediates release of interleukin-8 from intestinal epithelial cells of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli can induce release of interleukin-8 (il-8) from int407 cells. additionally, membrane fractions of c. jejuni 81-176, but not membrane fractions of c. coli strains, can also induce release of il-8. membrane preparations from 81-176 mutants defective in any of the three membrane-associated protein subunits of cytolethal distending toxin (cdt) were unable to induce il-8. the presence of the three cdt genes on a shuttle plasmid in trans restor ...200011083762
involvement of a plasmid in virulence of campylobacter jejuni 81-176.campylobacter jejuni strain 81-176 contains two, previously undescribed plasmids, each of which is approximately 35 kb in size. although one of the plasmids, termed ptet, carries a teto gene, conjugative transfer of tetracycline resistance to another strain of c. jejuni could not be demonstrated. partial sequence analysis of the second plasmid, pvir, revealed the presence of four open reading frames which encode proteins with significant sequence similarity to helicobacter pylori proteins, inclu ...200010899834
switching of flagellar motility in helicobacter pylori by reversible length variation of a short homopolymeric sequence repeat in flip, a gene encoding a basal body protein.the genome of helicobacter pylori contains numerous simple nucleotide repeats that have been proposed to have regulatory functions and to compensate for the conspicuous dearth of master regulatory pathways in this highly host-adapted bacterium. h. pylori strain 26695, whose genomic sequence was determined by the institute for genomic research (tigr), contains a repeat of nine cytidines in the flip flagellar basal body gene that splits the open reading frame in two parts. in this work, we demonst ...200010899861
sequence polymorphism, predicted secondary structures, and surface-exposed conformational epitopes of campylobacter major outer membrane protein.the major outer membrane protein (momp), a putative porin and a multifunction surface protein of campylobacter jejuni, may play an important role in the adaptation of the organism to various host environments. to begin to dissect the biological functions and antigenic features of this protein, the gene (designated cmp) encoding momp was identified and characterized from 22 strains of c. jejuni and one strain of c. coli. it was shown that the single-copy cmp locus encoded a protein with character ...200010992471
rapid and specific enzyme immunoassay on hydrophobic grid membrane filter for detection and enumeration of thermophilic campylobacter spp. from milk and chicken rinses.six commercially available anti-campylobacter antibodies were examined for their applicability in an enzyme immunoassay on hydrophobic grid membrane filters, both for the detection and enumeration of campylobacter spp. when a panel of nine campylobacter (seven campylobacter jejuni and two campylobacter coli) and eight non-campylobacter strains were used in a dot-blot format enzyme immunoassay to test the specificity of these antibodies, only one polyclonal antibody (biodesign) detected all campy ...200010772214
localized reversible frameshift mutation in the flha gene confers phase variability to flagellin gene expression in campylobacter coli.phase variation of flagellin gene expression in campylobacter coli ua585 was correlated with high-frequency, reversible insertion and deletion frameshift mutations in a short homopolymeric tract of thymine residues located in the n-terminal coding region of the flha gene. mutation-based phase variation in flha may generate functional diversity in the host and environment.200010613882
lipopolysaccharides of a campylobacter coli isolate from a patient with guillain-barré syndrome display ganglioside mimicry.campylobacter coli was isolated from a patient with severe, axonal type guillain-barré syndrome (gbs). the patient's serum was tested by elisa for glycolipid antibodies and showed a high titer of igg antibodies to asialo-gm1 (ga1) and gd3. campylobacter coli lipopolysaccharide (lps) was extracted and analyzed by elisa, immunoblot binding and blocking studies, and found to avidly bind cholera toxin and peanut agglutinin. the lps from the patient's isolate also induced anti-ga1 antibodies in a rat ...200010734265
identification of campylobacter jejuni, c. coli, c. lari, c. upsaliensis, arcobacter butzleri, and a. butzleri-like species based on the glya gene.currently, the detection and identification of campylobacter and arcobacter species remains arduous, largely due to cross-species phenotypic similarities and a relatively narrow spectrum of biochemical reactivity. we have developed a pcr-hybridization strategy, wherein degenerate primers are used to amplify glya fragments from samples, which are then subjected to species-specific oligodeoxyribonucleotide probe hybridizations, to identify and distinguish between campylobacter jejuni, c. coli, c. ...200010747131
restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis using random chromosomal gene probes for epidemiological analysis of campylobacter jejuni infections.we have evaluated the ability of a new genotyping method for campylobacter jejuni based on restriction fragment length polymorphisms using random chromosomal gene probes. dnas from c. jejuni strains digested with each of three restriction enzymes, hhai, haeiii, and hpaii, were analyzed by southern hybridization using each of two unrelated cosmid clones, p14 and p15 (respectively containing 30- and 35-kb genomic dna fragments of c. jejuni strain oh4384). the method reported provides a stable and ...200010747164
a field-suitable, semisolid aerobic enrichment medium for isolation of campylobacter jejuni in small numbers.the objective of this study was to produce an economical, easy to prepare, field-suitable enrichment medium for detection of campylobacter jejuni in small numbers. a semisolid aerobic enrichment medium was developed. rates of recovery from inoculated medium, sterile swabs, and mixed cultures of c. jejuni and coliform bacteria were tested.200010747165
genotyping of campylobacter spp. 200010618195
rapid detection of campylobacter jejuni in stool specimens by an enzyme immunoassay and surveillance for campylobacter upsaliensis in the greater salt lake city area.the alexon-trend, inc. (ramsey, minn.), prospect campylobacter microplate assay was compared with culture on a campy-cva plate (remel, lenexa, kans.) and blood-free campylobacter agar with cefoperazone (20 microg/ml), amphotericin b (10 microg/ml), and teicoplanin (4 microg/ml) (cat medium; oxoid limited, hampshire, england) with 631 patient stool samples. the cat medium was used to isolate campylobacter upsaliensis. the enzyme immunoassay (eia) had a sensitivity and a specificity of 89 and 99%, ...200010921981
development of a fluorogenic 5' nuclease pcr assay for detection of the ail gene of pathogenic yersinia this report we describe the development and evaluation of a fluorogenic pcr assay for the detection of pathogenic yersinia enterocolitica. the assay targets the chromosomally encoded attachment and invasion gene, ail. three primer-probe sets (tm1, tm2, and tm3) amplifying different, yet overlapping, regions of ail were examined for their specificity and sensitivity. all three primer-probe sets were able to detect between 0.25 and 0.5 pg of purified y. enterocolitica dna. tm1 identified all 26 ...200010966386
isolation and characterization of campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni from macaroni penguins (eudyptes chrysolophus) in the subantarctic region.on bird island, south georgia, albatrosses (n = 140), penguins (n = 100), and fur seals (n = 206) were sampled for campylobacter jejuni. c. jejuni subsp. jejuni was recovered from three macaroni penguins (eudyptes chrysolophus). these isolates, the first reported for the subantarctic region, showed low genetic diversity and high similarity to northern hemisphere c. jejuni isolates, possibly suggesting recent introduction to the area.200010618265
application of the 5'-nuclease pcr assay in evaluation and development of methods for quantitative detection of campylobacter jejuni.campylobacter jejuni is recognized as a leading human food-borne pathogen. traditional diagnostic testing for c. jejuni is not reliable due to special growth requirements and the possibility that this bacterium can enter a viable but nonculturable state. nucleic acid-based tests have emerged as a useful alternative to traditional enrichment testing. in this article, we present a 5'-nuclease pcr assay for quantitative detection of c. jejuni and describe its evaluation. a probe including positions ...200010966425
quantitative immunocapture pcr assay for detection of campylobacter jejuni in foods.the rapid detection of food-borne bacterial pathogens as part of a quality control program is necessary for the maintenance of a safe food supply. in this report, we present our findings for an immunocapture pcr method for the detection of campylobacter jejuni in foods. the method permits direct detection of the pathogen without an enrichment step and can be performed in approximately 8 h. assay results are quantitative, and one cell in a milliliter sample can be detected. application of the met ...200010966437
virulent strains of helicobacter pylori demonstrate delayed phagocytosis and stimulate homotypic phagosome fusion in macrophages.helicobacter pylori colonizes the gastric epithelium of approximately 50% of the world's population and plays a causative role in the development of gastric and duodenal ulcers. h. pylori is phagocytosed by mononuclear phagocytes, but the internalized bacteria are not killed and the reasons for this host defense defect are unclear. we now show using immunofluorescence and electron microscopy that h. pylori employs an unusual mechanism to avoid phagocytic killing: delayed entry followed by homoty ...200010620610
antibiotic resistance in campylobacter strains isolated from animals, foods, and humans in spain in 1997-1998.colonization by campylobacter strains was investigated in human, broiler, and pig fecal samples from 1997-1998, as well as in foods of animal origin, and antibiotic susceptibility testing was carried out for these strains. campylobacter strains were isolated in the foods of animal origin (55 of 101 samples; 54.4%), intestinal samples from broilers (85 of 105; 81%), and pigs (40 of 45; 88.9%). a total of 641 campylobacter strains were isolated from 8,636 human fecal samples of clinical origin (7. ...200010639348
automated 5' nuclease pcr assay for identification of salmonella enterica.a simple and ready-to-go test based on a 5' nuclease (taqman) pcr technique was developed for identification of presumptive salmonella enterica isolates. the results were compared with those of conventional methods. the taqman assay was evaluated for its ability to accurately detect 210 s. enterica isolates, including 100 problematic "rough" isolates. an internal positive control was designed to use the same salmonella primers for amplification of a spiked nonrelevant template (116 bp) in the sa ...200010970396
computer-assisted analysis and epidemiological value of genotyping methods for campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter coli.for epidemiological tracing of the thermotolerant campylobacter species c. jejuni and c. coli, reliable and highly discriminatory typing techniques are necessary. in this study the genotyping techniques of flagellin typing (flaa typing), pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (pfge), automated ribotyping, and amplified fragment length polymorphism (aflp) fingerprinting were compared. the following aspects were compared: computer-assisted analysis, discriminatory power, and use for epidemiological typi ...200010790125
immobilization with metal hydroxides as a means to concentrate food-borne bacteria for detection by cultural and molecular methods.the application of nucleic acid amplification methods to the detection of food-borne pathogens could be facilitated by concentrating the organisms from the food matrix before detection. this study evaluated the utility of metal hydroxide immobilization for the concentration of bacterial cells from dairy foods prior to detection by cultural and molecular methods. using reconstituted nonfat dry milk (nfdm) as a model, two food-borne pathogens (listeria monocytogenes and salmonella enterica serovar ...200010788338
fecal shedding of campylobacter and arcobacter spp. in dairy cattle.campylobacter jejuni, campylobacter coli, and arcobacter spp. were detected in feces of healthy dairy cows by highly specific multiplex-pcr assays. for c. jejuni, at this one-time sampling, cows from 80.6% of farm operations (n = 31) and 37.7% of individual dairy cattle fecal samples (n = 2,085) were positive. farm management factors were correlated with prevalence in herds in which >25% of cows were positive for c. jejuni. statistical significance was set at a p of 0.20. using these criteria, a ...200010788372
helicobacter mesocricetorum sp. nov., a novel helicobacter isolated from the feces of syrian hamsters.a spiral-shaped bacterium with bipolar, single, nonsheathed flagella was isolated from the feces of syrian hamsters. the bacterium grew as a thin spreading film at 37 degrees c under microaerobic conditions, did not hydrolyze urea, was positive for catalase and alkaline phosphatase, reduced nitrate to nitrite, did not hydrolyze hippurate, and was sensitive to nalidixic acid but resistant to cephalothin. sequence analysis of the 16s rrna gene and biochemical and phenotypic criteria indicate that ...200010790105
improved repetitive-element pcr fingerprinting of salmonella enterica with the use of extremely elevated annealing temperatures.modified thermal cycling conditions were explored in an effort to improve the reproducibility and resolving power of repetitive-element pcr (rep-pcr) fingerprinting. assay performance was rigorously evaluated under standard and modified cycling conditions, using as a test set 12 strains putatively representing 12 serovars of salmonella enterica. for all three fingerprint types (eric2, boxa1r, and composite fingerprints), the use of extremely elevated annealing temperatures plus an initial "touch ...200010702502
chronic atrophic gastritis in scid mice experimentally infected with campylobacter fetus.campylobacter fetus is a cause of enteritis and invasive extraintestinal disease in humans. in order to develop an animal model of c. fetus infection, outbred icr scid mice were orally challenged with a clinical isolate of c. fetus. the stomachs of scid mice were heavily colonized with c. fetus, and colonization was associated with the development of chronic atrophic gastritis. this lesion was characterized by an inflammatory infiltrate of granulocytes and macrophages that over time resulted in ...200010722608
cytolethal distending toxin sequence and activity in the enterohepatic pathogen helicobacter hepaticus.little is known about the molecular pathogenesis of hepatitis and enterocolitis caused by enterohepatic helicobacter species. sonicates of the murine pathogen helicobacter hepaticus were found to cause progressive cell distension, accumulation of filamentous actin, and g(2)/m cell cycle arrest in hela cell monolayers. the genes encoding this cytotoxic activity were cloned from h. hepaticus. three open reading frames with closest homology to cdta, cdtb, and cdtc from campylobacter jejuni were ide ...200010603386
the effect of thermal stress on campylobacter coli.enteropathogenic campylobacter jejuni, camp. coli and camp. lari are currently the most common cause of acute infectious diarrhoeal illness in the uk. many domestic animals, including pigs, act as natural reservoirs for these organisms and infection may occur through the ingestion of contaminated foodstuffs. the safety of locally produced porcine liver was assessed in relation to the heat susceptibility of campylobacter spp. present in eviscerated product.200011119166
a campylobacter coli foodborne outbreak in may 1995, the scientific institute of public health was informed of an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness in a congregational school in the brussels area. the field investigation identified 24 cases with mild to severe gastrointestinal and general symptoms of acute bacterial enterocolitis. campylobacter coli was detected in the stools of 5 patients. a retrospective cohort study suggested that a mixed salad (containing ham and feta cheese) was the probable source of infection, but the route ...200011484421
amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis of campylobacter jejuni strains isolated from chickens and from patients with gastroenteritis or guillain-barré or miller fisher syndrome.the high-resolution genotyping method of amplified fragment length polymorphism (aflp) analysis was used to study the genetic relationships between campylobacter jejuni strains infecting chickens (n = 54) and those causing gastroenteritis in humans (n = 53). in addition, c. jejuni strains associated with the development of guillain-barré syndrome (gbs) (n = 14) and miller fisher syndrome (mfs) (n = 4), two related acute paralytic syndromes in human, were included. strains were isolated between 1 ...200010966409
report a case of campylobacter coli bacteremia in a patient with gastro-enteritis. 200011484426
purification, characterization and sequence analysis of omp50,a new porin isolated from campylobacter jejuni.a novel pore-forming protein identified in campylobacter was purified by ion-exchange chromatography and named omp50 according to both its molecular mass and its outer membrane localization. we observed a pore-forming ability of omp50 after re-incorporation into artificial membranes. the protein induced cation-selective channels with major conductance values of 50-60 ps in 1 m nacl. n-terminal sequencing allowed us to identify the predicted coding sequence cj1170c from the campylobacter jejuni g ...200011104668
sialylation of lipooligosaccharide cores affects immunogenicity and serum resistance of campylobacter jejuni.three genes involved in biosynthesis of the lipooligosaccharide (los) core of campylobacter jejuni msc57360, the type strain of the hs:1 serotype, whose structure mimics gm(2) ganglioside, have been cloned and characterized. mutation of genes encoding proteins with homology to a sialyl transferase (cstii) and a putative n-acetylmannosamine synthetase (neuc1), part of the biosynthetic pathway of n-acetylneuraminic acid (neunac), have identical phenotypes. the los cores of these mutants display id ...200011083778
identification of taxonomic and epidemiological relationships among campylobacter species by numerical analysis of aflp profiles.amplified fragment length polymorphism (aflp)-based profiling was performed on 138 strains representing all named campylobacter species and subspecies. profiles of 15/16 species comprised 6 to greater than 100 fragments and were subjected to numerical analysis. the mean similarity of 48 duplicate, outbreak and/or 'identical' strain profiles exceeded 94%. species were clearly distinguished at the 17.90% similarity (s-) level in the dendrogram. subspecies of campylobacter jejuni and campylobacter ...200011094296
detection on surfaces and in caco-2 cells of campylobacter jejuni cells transformed with new gfp, yfp, and cfp marker plasmids.we have developed two sets of campylobacter shuttle vectors containing either the gfp (green fluorescent protein), yfp (yellow fluorescent protein), or cfp (cyan fluorescent protein) reporter gene. in one set, the reporter gene is fused to a consensus campylobacter promoter sequence (p(c)). the other set contains a puc18 multicloning site upstream of the reporter gene, allowing the construction of transcriptional fusions using known promoters or random genomic fragments. c. jejuni cells transfor ...200011097924
national surveillance of campylobacter in broilers at slaughter in denmark in 1998.a surveillance study for thermophilic campylobacter spp. in broiler flocks was carried out for the year 1998 in denmark. the study included examinations of 4286 broiler flocks comprising samples from 57,000 birds. overall, a flock prevalence of 46.0% was recorded. the species distribution was campylobacter jejuni 86%, campylobacter coli 11%, campylobacter lari 1%, other not further diagnosed species 2%. the prevalence was significantly higher in the period from june to october (3.2 < odds ratio ...200011195660
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