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spotted fever group rickettsiae in ticks of migratory birds in romania.birds are important hosts and dispersers of parasitic arthropods and vector-borne zoonotic pathogens. particularly migratory species may carry these parasites over long distances in short time periods. migratory hotspots present ideal conditions to get a snapshot of parasite and pathogen diversity of birds migrating between continents. the aim of this study was to investigate the presence and diversity of rickettsia spp. in ticks collected from birds at a migratory hot-spot in the danube delta, ...201627207258
bacteria associated with amblyomma cajennense tick eggs.ticks represent a large group of pathogen vectors that blood feed on a diversity of hosts. in the americas, the ixodidae ticks amblyomma cajennense are responsible for severe impact on livestock and public health. in the present work, we present the isolation and molecular identification of a group of culturable bacteria associated with a. cajennense eggs from females sampled in distinct geographical sites in southeastern brazil. additional comparative analysis of the culturable bacteria from an ...201526537602
spatial disaggregation of tick occurrence and ecology at a local scale as a preliminary step for spatial surveillance of tick-borne diseases: general framework and health implications in belgium.the incidence of tick-borne diseases is increasing in europe. sub national information on tick distribution, ecology and vector status is often lacking. however, precise location of infection risk can lead to better targeted prevention measures, surveillance and control.201323800283
molecular detection of anaplasma spp. and ehrlichia spp. in ruminants from twelve provinces of china.anaplasma spp. and ehrlichia spp. are tick-transmitted bacteria that are of significant economic importance as they can infect large and small ruminants and also people. there is little information on anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis in ruminants in china. 16s rrna fret-qpcrs were used to screen convenience whole blood samples from 2,240 domestic ruminants in 12 provinces of china for anaplasma spp. and ehrlichia spp. positive samples were further analyzed with a standard pcr for the glta. anaplasm ...201628096822
molecular detection and characterization of zoonotic and veterinary pathogens in ticks from northeastern china.tick-borne diseases are considered as emerging infectious diseases in humans and animals in china. in this study, ixodes persulcatus (n = 1699), haemaphysalis concinna (n = 412), haemaphysalis longicornis (n = 390), dermacentor nuttalli (n = 253), and dermacentor silvarum (n = 204) ticks were collected by flagging from northeastern china, and detected for infection with anaplasma, ehrlichia, babesia, and hepatozoon spp. by using nested polymerase chain reaction assays and sequencing analysis. an ...201627965644
characterization of rickettsiae in ticks in northeastern china.tick-borne rickettsioses are considered important emerging zoonoses worldwide, but their etiological agents, rickettsiae, remain poorly characterized in northeastern china, where many human cases have been reported during the past several years. here, we determined the characteristics of rickettsia spp. infections in ticks in this area.201627623998
rural residents in china are at increased risk of exposure to tick-borne pathogens anaplasma phagocytophilum and ehrlichia chaffeensis.as emerging tick born rickettsial diseases caused by a. phagocytophilum and e. chaffeensis, anaplasmosis and ehrlichiosis have become a serious threat to human and animal health throughout the world. in particular, in china, an unusual transmission of nosocomial cases of human granulocytic anaplasmosis occurred in anhui province in 2006 and more recent coinfection case of a. phagocytophilum and e. chaffeensis was documented in shandong province. although the seroprevalence of human granulocytic ...201424877080
update on tick-borne rickettsioses around the world: a geographic approach.tick-borne rickettsioses are caused by obligate intracellular bacteria belonging to the spotted fever group of the genus rickettsia. these zoonoses are among the oldest known vector-borne diseases. however, in the past 25 years, the scope and importance of the recognized tick-associated rickettsial pathogens have increased dramatically, making this complex of diseases an ideal paradigm for the understanding of emerging and reemerging infections. several species of tick-borne rickettsiae that wer ...024092850
ecology of the tick-borne phlebovirus causing severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome in an endemic area of china.severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (sfts) is caused by sfts virus (sftsv), a tick-borne phlebovirus in family bunyaviridae. studies have found that humans, domestic and wildlife animals can be infected by sftsv. however, the viral ecology, circulation, and transmission remain largely unknown.201627035712
hard ticks (acari, ixodidae) of croatia.the present paper is based on original and literature data. in croatia the first studies on the occurrence of ixodid species were made about 80 years ago. the number of tick species recorded in croatia considerably increased during the 1950s, 60s, 70s and 80s of the past century. a total of 21 species of hard tick belonging to 5 genera have been recorded in croatia. ixodes is the best represented genus, with seven species recorded. haemaphysalis is represented by six species, followed by rhipice ...201223372407
isolation of the rickettsial agent genetically similar to candidatus rickettsia kotlanii, from haemaphysalis megaspinosa in japan.two rickettsial isolates, hm-1 and hm-2, were isolated from haemaphysalis megaspinosa collected in japan in 2006 and 2011, respectively. the isolates were analyzed by dna sequences of the outer membrane protein a gene, the outer membrane protein b gene, the citrate synthase gene, the genus rickettsia-specific outer membrane protein 17-kda gene, the 16s ribosome rna gene, and the ps120 protein gene ("gened"). hm-1 was identified as rickettsia tamurae. hm-2 matched most closely with 'candidatus ri ...025229707
anaplasma phagocytophilum--a widespread multi-host pathogen with highly adaptive strategies.the bacterium anaplasma phagocytophilum has for decades been known to cause the disease tick-borne fever (tbf) in domestic ruminants in ixodes ricinus-infested areas in northern europe. in recent years, the bacterium has been found associated with ixodes-tick species more or less worldwide on the northern hemisphere. a. phagocytophilum has a broad host range and may cause severe disease in several mammalian species, including humans. however, the clinical symptoms vary from subclinical to fatal ...201323885337
mediterranean spotted fever in southeastern romania.although cases of mediterranean spotted fever (msf) have been reported for decades in southeastern romania, there are few published data. we retrospectively studied 339 patients, diagnosed with msf at the national institute of infectious diseases "prof. dr. matei bals" between 2000 and 2011, in order to raise awareness about msf in certain regions of romania. according to the raoult diagnostic criteria 171 (50.4%) had a score >25 points. mean age was 52.5 years. one hundred and fifty-five (90.6% ...201324024190
maldi-tof ms as an innovative tool for detection of plasmodium parasites in anopheles mosquitoes.malaria is still a major public health issue worldwide, and one of the best approaches to fight the disease remains vector control. the current methods for mosquito identification include morphological methods that are generally time-consuming and require expertise, and molecular methods that require laboratory facilities with relatively expensive running costs. matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (maldi-tof ms) technology, routinely used for bacterial id ...201728049524
first molecular evidence of hepatozoon canis infection in red foxes and golden jackals from hungary.recently, hepatozoon canis infection has been detected among shepherd, hunting and stray dogs in the southern part of hungary, which is considered to be free of rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato and close to the border with croatia. the aim of this study was to acquire information on the possibility that red foxes and/or golden jackals could play a role in the appearance and spread of h. canis in hungary.201424985073
bird ticks in hungary reflect western, southern, eastern flyway connections and two genetic lineages of ixodes frontalis and haemaphysalis concinna.birds play an important role in short- and long-distance transportation of ticks and tick-borne pathogens. the aim of the present study was to provide comprehensive information on the species and genetic diversity of ixodid ticks transported by migratory and non-migratory bird species in central europe, and to evaluate relevant data in a geographical, as well as in an ecological context.201626912331
the first german map of georeferenced ixodid tick locations.georeferenced locations of ixodid ticks are required to depict the observed distribution of species. further, they are used as input data for species distribution models also known as niche models. the latter were applied to describe current and future (projected) tick distributions. beside model assumptions and selected climate parameters, the number of georeferenced tick locations available as a digital dataset is of fundamental importance for the reliability of such models. for germany, howev ...201425301245
experimental transmission of babesia microti by rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides.human babesiosis is considered an emerging threat in china. dozens of human infections with babesia microti have been reported recently, especially in southern china. however, the transmission vectors of this parasite in these areas are not well understood. rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides, which is one of the dominant tick species in southern china, is a major vector of bovine babesiosis in china. however, whether this tick has the potential to transmit b. microti has not been tested. the present ...201627112141
evaluation of different nested pcrs for detection of anaplasma phagocytophilum in ruminants and ticks.anaplasma phagocytophilum is a causative agent of granulocytic anaplasmosis in mammals, which has a broad geographical distribution and a high degree of clinical diversity. currently, numerous pcr assays have been developed and used for the detection of a. phagocytophilum in various specimens. however, their performance varies. the aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of five nested pcr assays by detection of 363 ruminant and tick samples, and to select the most appropriate methods ...201626911835
sensitivity to permethrin in a dermacentor reticulatus population from eastern poland in laboratory study.the action of chemical compounds on the palaearctic tick d. reticulatus (fabricius) (acari: amblyomminae) has been poorly investigated so far. therefore, the effects of application of permethrin on engorged d. reticulatus females have been assessed, and the survival rate for the different developmental stages of the tick species in its non-parasitic phase of the life cycle was determined upon application of the pyrethroid.201424405550
arsenophonus nasoniae and rickettsiae infection of ixodes ricinus due to parasitic wasp ixodiphagus hookeri.arsenophonus nasoniae, a male-killing endosymbiont of chalcid wasps, was recently detected in several hard tick species. following the hypothesis that its presence in ticks may not be linked to the direct occurrence of bacteria in tick's organs, we identified a. nasoniae in wasps emerging from parasitised nymphs. we confirmed that 28.1% of ixodiphagus hookeri wasps parasitizing ixodes ricinus ticks were infected by a. nasoniae. moreover, in examined i. ricinus nymphs, a. nasoniae was detected on ...201626901622
anaplasma phagocytophilum prevalence in ticks and rodents in an urban and natural habitat in south-western slovakia.ixodes ricinus is the principal vector of anaplasma phagocytophilum, the ethiological agent of granulocytic anaplasmosis in europe. anaplasmosis is an emerging zoonotic disease with a natural enzootic cycle. the reservoir competence of rodents is unclear. monitoring of a. phagocytophilum prevalence in i. ricinus and rodents in various habitat types of slovakia may contribute to the knowledge about the epidemiology of anaplasmosis in central europe.201525980768
scabies mites alter the skin microbiome and promote growth of opportunistic pathogens in a porcine model.the resident skin microbiota plays an important role in restricting pathogenic bacteria, thereby protecting the host. scabies mites (sarcoptes scabiei) are thought to promote bacterial infections by breaching the skin barrier and excreting molecules that inhibit host innate immune responses. epidemiological studies in humans confirm increased incidence of impetigo, generally caused by staphylococcus aureus and streptococcus pyogenes, secondary to the epidermal infestation with the parasitic mite ...201424875186
birds as potential reservoirs of tick-borne pathogens: first evidence of bacteraemia with rickettsia helvetica.birds have long been known as carriers of ticks, but data from the literature are lacking on their role as a reservoir in the epidemiology of certain tick-borne disease-causing agents. therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of three emerging, zoonotic tick-borne pathogens in blood samples and ticks of birds and to assess the impact of feeding location preference and migration distance of bird species on their tick infestation.201424679245
candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis and anaplasma phagocytophilum in urban hedgehogs. 024565170
babesia spp. in ticks and wildlife in different habitat types of slovakia.babesiosis is an emerging and potentially zoonotic disease caused by tick-borne piroplasmids of the babesia genus. new genetic variants of piroplasmids with unknown associations to vectors and hosts are recognized. data on the occurrence of babesia spp. in ticks and wildlife widen the knowledge on the geographical distribution and circulation of piroplasmids in natural foci. questing and rodent-attached ticks, rodents, and birds were screened for the presence of babesia-specific dna using molecu ...201627207099
candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis in ticks and rodents from urban and natural habitats of south-western slovakia.candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis (cnm) is an emerging tick-borne pathogen causing severe disease in immunocompromised patients. in europe, ixodes ricinus is the primary vector and rodents act as reservoir hosts. new data on the prevalence of cnm in ticks and rodents contribute to the knowledge on the distribution of endemic areas and circulation of the bacterium in natural foci.201626728197
abundance and seasonal activity of haemaphysalis concinna (acari: ixodidae) at the border between china and russia in northern inner mongolia, china.haemaphysalis concinna, a three-host tick vector of several pathogens, poses a high risk to the health of humans and livestock. however, knowledge of the seasonal activities, relative density and other ecological characteristics of this tick is quite limited and fragmentary. this knowledge gap represents a bottleneck in our understanding of the health risks associated with tick-borne pathogens.201626728523
candidatus neoehrlichia sp. in an austrian fox is distinct from candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis, but closer related to candidatus neoehrlichia lotoris.candidatus neoehrlichia came under the focus of recent research in terms of human and pet relevance. candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis seems to be relatively abundant in animals and humans from central european countries, whereas candidatus neoehrlichia lotoris was found solely in raccoons from the usa.201526471191
diversity of haemaphysalis-associated piroplasms of ruminants in central-eastern europe, hungary.increasing numbers of genetic variants are being recognized among piroplasms, but the precise taxonomical status, the tick vector and the geographical range of several species or genotypes are still unknown. bovine piroplasmosis was reported to re-emerge in north-east hungary. because theileria-infection was newly diagnosed in one cattle herd in the same region of the country, the aim of this study was to molecularly identify the relevant agent, to find its local vector tick species, and to exam ...201526652614
human babesiosis, an emerging tick-borne disease in the people's republic of china.babesiosis is a typical zoonotic, emerging disease caused by a tick-borne intraerythrocytic protozoan of babesia spp. that also can be transmitted by blood transfusion. babesiosis imposes an increasing public-health threat. we reviewed and mapped epidemiological studies on babesia in vectors and/or rodents in the people's republic of china (p.r. china) and found that b. microti was the predominant species detected in the investigated regions such as heilongjiang, zhejiang, fujian provinces and t ...201425403908
anaplasma phagocytophilum infection in domestic animals in ten provinces/cities of china.a nationwide epidemiologic investigation of domestic animal infections has been conducted in nine provinces and one city during 2007-2010. serum samples from a total of 707 goats, 433 cattle, and 219 dogs were collected for detecting anaplasma phagocytophilum igg antibody by immunofluorescence assays and the average seroprevalences were 10.05% for dogs, 3.82% for goats, and 0.69% for cattle, respectively. a total of 472 goats, 201 cattle, 102 dog blood clots, and 1,580 ticks were collected for p ...022764312
[genetic variability of anaplasmataceae bacteria determined in haemaphysalis spp. and dermacentor sp. ticks in the territory of the russian far east].totally 484 haemaphysalis japonica, 359 haemaphysalis concinna and 221 dermacentor silvarumn collected in amur region and khabarovsk territory of the russian far east were examined on the presence of anaplasmataceae bacteria using nested pcr. all positive samples were characterized by analysis of the 16s rrna gene and/or groesl operone nucleotide sequences. forty nine h. japonica and three h. concinna were shown to contain dna of two new ehrlichia genetic variants. these genetic variants on the ...201324003508
urban breeding corvids as disseminators of ticks and emerging tick-borne pathogens.crows (corvidae) are common city dwellers worldwide and are increasingly important subjects of epidemiology studies. although their importance as hosts and transmitters of a number of zoonotic parasites and pathogens is well known, there are no studies on their importance as tick hosts. after mosquitoes, ticks are the most important vectors of zoonotic pathogens, especially for those causing emerging zoonotic diseases. pathogenic bacteria, especially borrelia spp., rickettsia spp., and anaplasma ...201727922802
candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis and anaplasma phagocytophilum in natural rodent and tick communities in southern hungary.the aim of this study was to investigate the natural cycle of the new human pathogenic bacteria candidatus neoehrlichia mikurensis and anaplasma phagocytophilum in southern hungary. we collected rodents with live-traps (2010-2013) and questing ticks with flagging in 2012. small mammals were euthanized, tissue samples were collected and all the ectoparasites were removed and stored in 70% alcohol. we found relatively low overall prevalence of tick infestation (8%). samples were analysed for a. ph ...201525468763
occurrence of ticks and prevalence of anaplasma phagocytophilum and borrelia burgdorferi s.l. in three types of urban biotopes: forests, parks and cemeteries.the aim of the present study was to compare different urban biotopes for the occurrence of ixodid tick species, for the population density of ixodes ricinus and for the prevalence rates of two emerging, zoonotic pathogens. altogether 2455 ticks were collected from the vegetation on 30 places (forests, parks, cemeteries) of budapest, hungary. i. ricinus and haemaphysalis concinna were collected in all three biotope types, but dermacentor reticulatus only in parks and forests, and d. marginatus on ...201425127161
species, developmental stage and infection with microbial pathogens of engorged ticks removed from dogs and questing ticks.research into tick-borne diseases implies vector sampling and the detection and identification of microbial pathogens. ticks were collected simultaneously from dogs that had been exposed to tick bites and by flagging the ground in the area in which the dogs had been exposed. in total, 200 ticks were sampled, of which 104 came from dogs and 96 were collected by flagging. these ticks were subsequently examined for dna of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, anaplasma phagocytophilum, rickettsia spp. a ...201222882652
sympatric occurrence of ixodes ricinus, dermacentor reticulatus and haemaphysalis concinna ticks and rickettsia and babesia species in slovakia.vojka nad dunajom in the south-west of the slovak republic is a locality with sympatric occurrence of 3 species of ticks. this study investigated the spatial distribution of dermacentor reticulatus, ixodes ricinus, and haemaphysalis concinna ticks in this area and determined the prevalence of babesia and rickettsia species in questing adults of these tick species considered as potential risk for humans and animals. ticks were collected by blanket dragging over the vegetation from september 2011 ...201424973275
the diversity and prevalence of hard ticks attacking human hosts in eastern siberia (russian federation) with first description of invasion of non-endemic tick species.hard ticks are the vectors of many pathogens including tick-borne encephalitis virus and the lyme disease agent borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato. in eastern siberia, ixodes persulcatus, dermacentor nuttalli, dermacentor silvarum and haemaphysalis concinna are regarded as aggressive to humans. recently, significant changes in world tick fauna have been reported and this affects the spread of tick-borne pathogens. we studied the current species diversity, population structure and prevalence of tick ...201626443685
[dynamic investigation on the co-infection status of two pathogens in ticks from tourist point in heilongjiang province].to monitor the co-infection status of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (b.b.s.l) and spotted fever group rickettsia (sfgr) in tourist areas of heilongjiang province.201222883181
investigation of borrelia spp. in ticks (acari: ixodidae) at the border crossings between china and russia in heilongjiang province, china.to investigate the precise species of tick vector and the borrelia spirochete pathogen at the heilongjiang province international border with russia.201222575978
molecular evidence of rickettsia spp. in ixodid ticks and rodents in suburban, natural and rural habitats in slovakia.natural foci of tick-borne spotted fever group (sfg) rickettsiae of public health concern have been found in slovakia, but the role of rodents in their circulation is unclear. ticks (ixodes ricinus, ixodes trianguliceps, dermacentor marginatus, dermacentor reticulatus, haemaphysalis concinna and haemaphysalis inermis) and tissues of rodents (apodemus flavicollis, apodemus sylvaticus, myodes glareolus, microtus arvalis, microtus subterraneus and micromys minutus) were examined for the presence of ...201728340608
survey of coxiella burnetii in ticks collected from dogs in japan.for a survey of coxiella burnetii, the q fever agent, ticks infesting companion dogs were collected in aomori, tochigi, gifu and okinawa prefectures, japan. a total of 261 ticks were collected, and their species were identified morphologically. five tick species were identified: ixodes ovatus, haemaphysalis concinna, h. flava, h. longicornis and rhipicephalus sanguineus. total dna was extracted from them individually followed by real-time pcr to detect a c. burnetii-specific gene. the results of ...201323558956
cultivable internal bacterial flora of ticks isolated in hungary.from six sampling sites in north-western hungary 126 questing ticks of three species (ixodes ricinus, dermacentor reticulatus, haemaphysalis concinna) were sampled. after inactivating the external bacteria on the surface of ticks, the internal bacterial flora was cultured (two kinds of agar media at three temperatures with aerobic and anaerobic conditions were applied), and 116 strains were isolated. our results showed, that after a blood meal the bacterial contamination of ticks was much higher ...201424366635
high prevalence of hepatozoon-infection among shepherd dogs in a region considered to be free of rhipicephalus sanguineus.blood samples and ticks were collected from 100 shepherd dogs, 12 hunting dogs and 14 stray dogs in southern hungary, in order to screen them for the presence of hepatozoon spp. by pcr. out of 126 blood samples, 33 were positive (26%). significantly more shepherd dogs (31%) were infected, than hunting (8%) and stray dogs (7%). three genotypes of hepatozoon canis were identified by sequencing, differing from each other in up to six nucleotides in the amplified portion of their 18s rrna gene. in d ...201323499483
molecular detection of murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (mhv-68) in haemaphysalis concinna ticks collected in slovakia.murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (mhv-68) is a natural pathogen of murid rodents, which serve as hosts to haemaphysalis concinna ticks. the occurrence of mhv-68 was investigated in a total of 47 h. concinna adult ticks collected on the vegetation in gabčíkovo, situated in south-western slovakia (47º54´0´´n, 17º35´0´´e), from may 2013 to may 2014. dna from ticks was purified and screened by nested pcr targeting orf50 of mhv-68 and the copy number of virus genome in ticks was determined by a real-time p ...201727928925
diversity of spotted fever group rickettsia infection in hard ticks from suifenhe, chinese-russian border.in order to investigate the diversity of spotted fever group (sfg) rickettsia infection in hard ticks, ticks were harvested from the forest areas in suifenhe city, along the chinese-russian border and conventional pcr was carried out using universal sfg rickettsia primers targeting glta and ompa genes to screen for their infection with sfg rickettsia organisms. results showed that of the 215 ticks belonging to ixodes persulcatus, haemaphysalis concinna and haemaphysalis japonica warburton, 1908 ...201626976703
identification of tick-borne encephalitis virus in ticks collected in southeastern hungary.tick-borne encephalitis virus (tbev) is an arthropod-borne viral pathogen causing infections in europe and is responsible for most arbovirus central nervous system infections in hungary. assessing the tbev prevalence in ticks through detection of genomic rna is a broadly accepted approach to estimate the transmission risk from a tick bite. for this purpose, 2731 ticks were collected from the neighboring area of the town of dévaványa, located in southeastern hungary, which is considered a low-ris ...201323856473
first detection of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus in the tick species haemaphysalis concinna in shandong province, china.the aim of this study was to detect severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (sftsv) infection using polymerase chain reaction (pcr) amplification in adult haemaphysalis concinna ticks. a total of 72 adult h. concinna ticks were obtained from 35 goats, three adult h. concinna ticks (4.17 %) collected from two goats were found to be infected with sftsv via pcr assay. sequence analysis showed that the partial segment m glycoprotein gene of sftsv was about 500 bases long by polymerase chai ...201526350381
species diversity and abundance of ticks in three habitats in southern italy.a 2-year study was conducted from march 2010 to march 2012 in a forested area in southern italy to evaluate the species diversity and abundance of free-living ticks in 3 different habitats: (i) a meadow habitat within an enclosure inhabited by roe deer (capreolus capreolus); (ii) a man-made trail located in a high-altitude, forested area; and (iii) a grassland near a house inhabited by 3 people. in total, 10,795 ticks were collected. ixodes ricinus was the most abundant species (69.0%), followed ...201323403153
molecular detection of theileria sp. zs to4 in red deer (cervus elaphus) and questing haemaphysalis concinna ticks in eastern austria.theileria spp. are intracellular protozoa transmitted by ixodid ticks. t. parva and t. annulata are highly pathogenic and responsible for serious disease in domestic ruminants in tropical and subtropical countries. however, asymptomatic findings of theileria sp. in wild ungulates lead to the suggestion that wild ruminants play a role as reservoirs for these piroplasms. in a game enclosure in eastern austria (federal county of burgenland), piroplasms were detected with molecular analysis in blood ...201323896062
a preliminary investigation on ticks (acari: ixodidae) infesting birds in kızılırmak delta, turkey.ticks are mandatory blood-feeding ectoparasites of mammals, birds, reptiles, and even amphibians. turkey has a rich bird fauna and is located on the main migration route for many birds. however, information on ticks infesting birds is very limited. in the present study, we aimed to determine ticks infesting birds in kızılırmak delta, turkey. in 2014 autumn bird migration season, a total of 7,452 birds belonging to 79 species, 52 genera, 35 families, and 14 orders were examined for tick infestati ...201626487249
influence of altitude on tick-borne encephalitis infection risk in the natural foci of the altai republic, southern siberia.the altai republic is a highly endemic area as far as tick-borne encephalitis (tbe) is concerned. the aim of the research was to study the effect of altitude on the risk of tick-borne encephalitis infection in the altai republic. the paper analyzes the following data: the study of ixodid ticks collected from the vegetation in 116 sites at the 200-2383m elevation above sea level in 2012-2014, tbe virus prevalence of these vectors, tick-bite incidence rate, and tbe incidence rate of the population ...201525748512
[long-term dynamics of density and diversity of ticks (ixodidae) on the natural and disturbed territories].as result of long-years monitoring of density and diversity of ixodidae living on tomsk territory and in suburbs it has been shown that at least two species of ticks (i. persulcatus and i. pavlovskyi) inhabit there simultaneously. it has been studied that percent of i. pavlovskyi increased nearby town buildings. in the natural biotopes i. persulcatus is dominated, while i. pavlovskyi is founded rare. it has been shown, that during last 15 years (since 1996 till 2010) density of ticks increase on ...201222292267
ixodid ticks on ruminants, with on-host initiated moulting (apolysis) of ixodes, haemaphysalis and dermacentor larvae.to screen the host-dependent abundance of hard tick (acari: ixodidae) developmental stages on ruminants in south hungary, red and roe deer, as well as goats and sheep were examined in a season, when larvae and nymphs are active. altogether 2271 ticks were collected. in the relevant period the prevalence of tick-infestation was significantly higher among goats, than among sheep kept in the very same area, most likely in association with the browsing habit of the former. roe deer and goats were fo ...201222260900
babesia genotypes in haemaphysalis concinna collected from birds in hungary reflect phylogeographic connections with siberia and the far east.haemaphysalis concinna is the second most common tick species attaching to birds in hungary. recently, babesia genotypes, found in siberia and the far east, have been detected in this tick species collected from the vegetation in hungary and slovakia. the aim of this study was to molecularly investigate if these piroplasms also occur in h. concinna carried by migratory birds, which might explain their occurrence in the western palaearctic. during a 2-year period, 321 h. concinna larvae and nymph ...201728499722
severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus in humans, domesticated animals, ticks, and mosquitoes, shaanxi province, china.abstractthe first human infection with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (sftsv) was detected in shaanxi province, china, in 2013, although the virus had been reported in 13 other provinces of china since 2010. we collected and analyzed a total of 4,011 samples, including 936 human serum samples, 155 animal serum samples, 895 ticks, 1,950 mosquitoes, 30 midges, and 20 sandflies. sftsv antibodies were found in 44 human samples (4.7%) with no significant differences between males a ...201728719252
babesia, theileria, and hepatozoon species in ticks infesting animal hosts in romania.babesia spp., theileria spp., and hepatozoon spp. are tick-transmitted apicomplexan parasites that cause several important diseases in animals. to increase current knowledge about the diversity of tick-transmitted pathogens in romania, we investigated the occurrence of babesia spp., theileria spp., and hepatozoon spp. in a wide range of tick species infesting animal hosts. we collected 852 ticks from 10 different animal species from 20 counties in romania. the assessment was based on detection o ...201728676905
seasonal distribution and faunistic of ticks in the alashtar county (lorestan province), iran.ticks are non-permanent obligate parasites that have considerable medical-veterinary and zoonosis importance. in this regard a study designed to investigate the distribution and fauna of ticks in the alashtar county in iran from april and march 2014.201729187953
variability of species of babesia starcovici, 1893 in three sympatric ticks (ixodes ricinus, dermacentor reticulatus and haemaphysalis concinna) at the edge of pannonia in the czech republic and slovakia.the distribution, variability and host specificity of species of babesia starcovici, 1893 were studied in questing ticks collected on the northwestern edge of the pannonian basin in the south-easternmost part of the czech republic and in western slovakia. the area is characterised by relatively natural floodplain habitats and the sympatric occurrence of three tick species possessing wide host spectra, namely ixodes ricinus (linnaeus), dermacentor reticulatus (fabricius) and haemaphysalis concinn ...201728906256
borrelia miyamotoi infections in humans and ticks, northeastern china.we conducted an investigation of borrelia miyamotoi infections in humans and ticks in northeastern china. of 984 patients reporting recent tick bites, 14 (1.4%) were found to be infected with b. miyamotoi by pcr and genomic sequencing. the 14 patients had nonspecific febrile manifestations, including fever, headache, anorexia, asthenia, and arthralgia. rash, eschar, and regional lymphadenopathy were each observed in 1 patient. four (28.6%) patients were hospitalized because of severe disease. b. ...201829350133
relative density of host-seeking ticks in different habitat types of south-western slovakia.ixodes ricinus is a vector of microbial pathogens of medical and veterinary importance in europe. recently, increasing abundance of ticks has been observed in urban and suburban areas. the aim of this study was to investigate the tick species composition and examine correlations between local environmental variables and the relative density of host-seeking i. ricinus in two habitat types. questing ticks were collected along six 100 m(2) transects in urban/suburban locations of bratislava town, a ...201626926874
the life cycle and occurrence of haemaphysalis concinna (acari: ixodidae) under field conditions.the life cycle and occurrence of haemaphysalis concinna were investigated under field conditions from april 2012 to march 2013 in eerguna national natural reserve area situated on the china-russia border in inner mongolia, china. under natural conditions, the whole life cycle of h. concinna was allowed to complete in a natural tick habitat. with domestic rabbits supplied as hosts, the seasonal occurrence and behaviors of h. concinna were also observed in the field plot which was chosen in a natu ...201425113978
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