gastrointestinal nematodes of wild sheep (ovis orientalis) from iran.a total of 250 wild sheep (ovis orientalis) from different national parks and protected regions of iran were examined for gastrointestinal nematodes at necropsy. twenty five species of nematodes were found. marshallagia marshalli, ostertagia spp; nematodirus spp; and skrjabinema ovis were the most prevalent. although all the species found are recorded from wild sheep for the first time in iran, 88% were reported previously from domestic sheep. new host and distribution records for nematodirus da ...1979480517
oestrid myiasis in european mouflon from spain.from february 1992 to march 1997, 245 european mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon) from sierras de cazorla, segura y las villas natural park (southern spain) were surveyed for oestrid larvae in order to estimate prevalence and mean intensity of parasitism by oestrus ovis. over 46 percent of the animals surveyed were infected, with a mean intensity of 9.6 larvae/host parasitized. no significant differences in prevalence rates between host sexes were observed, but older mouflons were infected with m ...199910073350
immunoglobulin g class identification from wild ungulates by cross-reactivity with antisera to domestic species of spanish ungulates were tested for the presence of homologous immunoglobulin g (igg) with a gel-diffusion test using bovine, ovine, caprine and porcine igg antisera. homologous ovine and caprine igg were detected in sera from chamois (rupicapra pyrenaica), spanish ibex (capra pyrenaica hispanica), mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon), red deer (cervus elaphus), fallow deer (dama dama) and roe deer (capreolus capreolus). homologous porcine igg was detected in wild boar (sus scrofa) s ...200011014063
tick-borne bacteria in mouflons and their ectoparasites in cyprus.the cypriot mouflon (ovis orientalis ophion), a once almost extirpated species of wild sheep, is under strict surveillance because it can be threatened by likely transmission of pathogenic bacteria, such as anaplasma spp., rickettsia spp., and coxiella burnetii, primarily from domestic ungulates. we collected 77 blood samples from cypriot mouflons and 663 of their ectoparasites (rhipicephalus turanicus, rhipicephalus sanguineus, rhipicephalus bursa, hyalomma anatolicum excavatum, hyalomma margin ...201121441182
the role of wild ruminants as reservoirs of besnoitia besnoiti infection in cattle.bovine besnoitiosis, a parasitic disease caused by besnoitia besnoiti, has been reported mainly in beef cattle raised under extensive pastoral systems and is considered to be re-emerging in western europe. horizontal transmission probably occurs either by means of blood sucking arthropods or as a consequence of direct contact between infected and non-infected cattle. however, the role that wild ruminants (e.g., red deer (cervus elaphus) and roe deer (capreolus capreolus)) may play in the parasit ...201627198769
genotype and phenotype of echinococcus granulosus derived from wild sheep (ovis orientalis) in iran.the aim of the present study is to determine the characteristics of genotype and phenotype of echinococcus granulosus derived from wild sheep and to compare them with the strains of e. granulosus sensu stricto (sheep-dog) and e. granulosus camel strain (camel-dog) in iran. in khojir national park, near tehran, iran, a fertile hydatid cyst was recently found in the liver of a dead wild sheep (ovis orientalis). the number of protoscolices (n=6,000) proved enough for an experimental infection in a ...201626951979
surveillance of border disease in wild ungulates and an outbreak in pyrenean chamois (rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica) in andorra.the principality of andorra is surrounded by areas in which pyrenean chamois (rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica) populations were severely affected by infection with border disease virus (bdv) which caused disease outbreaks between 2001 and 2009. nevertheless, the andorran chamois populations were not affected during this period. in light of the severe impact of bdv on several of the neighboring pyrenean chamois populations, we monitored local andorran populations in an effort to detect pestivirus a ...201223060503
cross-sectional study of schmallenberg virus seroprevalence in wild ruminants in poland at the end of the vector season of view of recurrent schmallenberg virus (sbv) infections all over europe between 2011 and 2013, a lively scientific debate over the importance of the sylvatic transmission cycle of the virus has emerged. the study presents results of serosurvey which included wild ruminants representing species of red deer (cervus elaphus), roe deer (capreolus capreolus), european bison (bison bonasus), fallow deer (dama dama), mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon) hunted or immobilized at 34 different locations of ...201425528665
serological survey of coxiella burnetii at the wildlife-livestock interface in the eastern pyrenees, spain.coxiella burnetii is a zoonotic bacterium that infects a wide range of animal species and causes the disease q fever. both wild and domestic ruminants may be relevant in the epidemiology of c. burnetii infection. in order to investigate the significance of the ruminant host community in the alpine and subalpine ecosystems of the eastern pyrenees, northeastern spain, in the epidemiology of q fever, a serological survey was performed on samples from 599 wild and 353 sympatric domestic ruminants.201627121001
genetic variants of anaplasma phagocytophilum in wild caprine and cervid ungulates from the alps in tyrol, austria.the occurrence of genetic variants of anaplasma phagocytophilum was studied in wild ungulates from the northern and central eastern alps in tyrol, austria. for this purpose, spleen samples collected from 53 game animals during the hunting season 2008/2009 (16 roe deer [capreolus capreolus], 10 red deer [cervus elaphus], 16 alpine chamois [rupicapra r. rupicapra], 7 alpine ibex [capra i. ibex], and 4 european mouflons [ovis orientalis musimon]) were analyzed. thirty-five animals originated from t ...201121323423
selection on mhc-linked microsatellite loci in sheep populations.microsatellites within the major histocompatibility complex (mhc) region have received increasing attention as proxy measures of the level of polymorphism at the mhc genes themselves. we assessed the diversity of microsatellite loci within or in close proximity of the mhc genes in several breeds of domestic sheep (ovis aries) and the wild mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon). this was compared to variation at other microsatellite loci scattered throughout the sheep genome. significantly higher numb ...200717519962
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia outbreak in captive wild ungulates at al wabra wildlife preservation, state of qatar.contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (ccpp) caused by mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae is a highly contagious and serious respiratory disease of domestic goats, characterized by coughing, severe respiratory distress, and high mortality rates. the lesions at necropsy are mainly a fibrinous pleuropneumonia with increased straw-colored pleural fluid. an outbreak of ccpp in wild goat (capra aegagrus), nubian ibex (capra ibex nubiana), laristan mouflon (ovis orientalis laristanica), and ger ...200717469281
five ovine mitochondrial lineages identified from sheep breeds of the near east.archaeozoological evidence indicates that sheep were first domesticated in the fertile crescent. to search for dna sequence diversity arising from previously undetected domestication events, this survey examined nine breeds of sheep from modern-day turkey and israel. a total of 2027 bp of mitochondrial dna (mtdna) sequence from 197 sheep revealed a total of 85 haplotypes and a high level of genetic diversity. six individuals carried three haplotypes, which clustered separately from the known ovi ...200717194773
horn growth related to testosterone secretion in two wild mediterranean ruminant species: the spanish ibex (capra pyrenaica hispanica) and european mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon).seasonal variations in the horn development and testicular activity of the spanish ibex (capra pyrenaica hispanica) (n=6) and european mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon) (n=5) were monitored to determine the role of increasing testosterone concentration on the arrest of horn growth during the rutting season. marked seasonal variations in the rate of horn growth (p<0.01) and testicular activity (p<0.001) were seen in both species, although the magnitude and timing of these changes were different ( ...200717123755
interspecific transfer of ivm ivf-derived red sheep (ovis orientalis gmelini ) embryos to domestic sheep (ovis aries ).two embryo production methodologies were investigated to generate red sheep embryos for use in an interspecific embryo transfer program. in experiment 1, 4 multiparous female red sheep (ovis orientalis gmelini ) were implanted with cidr type g devices for 11 d. forty-eight hours prior to cidr removal, a total of 22.5 mg bid of fsh-p was administered over a 3-d period. laparoscopic embryo collection was performed 5 d post breeding, and embryos were transferred to domestic recipient ewes (ovis ari ...199516727766
g-band patterns of the siberian snow sheep (ovis nivicola) and their relationship to chromosomal evolution in sheep.g-band patterns of the siberian snow sheep, ovis nivicola alleni, 2n=52, were compared with the patterns reported in 2n=54 wild asiatic mouflon and 2n=54 north american sheep and those in domestic sheep with 2n=54, 53, and 52. the three largest pairs of biarmed autosomes displayed indistinguishable, presumably homologous, g-banding patterns in all types of sheep. the banding and morphology of the fourth pair of biarmed autosomes in o.nivicola differed from those of the three translocation varian ...1977908200
molecular and serological survey of selected viruses in free-ranging wild ruminants in iran.a molecular and serological survey of selected viruses in free-ranging wild ruminants was conducted in 13 different districts in iran. samples were collected from 64 small wild ruminants belonging to four different species including 25 mouflon (ovis orientalis), 22 wild goat (capra aegagrus), nine indian gazelle (gazella bennettii) and eight goitered gazelle (gazella subgutturosa) during the national survey for wildlife diseases in iran. serum samples were evaluated using serologic antibody test ...201627997620
a stereotaxic, population-averaged t1w ovine brain atlas including cerebral morphology and tissue volumes.standard stereotaxic reference systems play a key role in human brain studies. stereotaxic coordinate systems have also been developed for experimental animals including non-human primates, dogs, and rodents. however, they are lacking for other species being relevant in experimental neuroscience including sheep. here, we present a spatial, unbiased ovine brain template with tissue probability maps (tpm) that offer a detailed stereotaxic reference frame for anatomical features and localization of ...201526089780
exclusion performance in dwarf goats (capra aegagrus hircus) and sheep (ovis orientalis aries).using a comparative approach, we investigated the ability of dwarf goats and sheep to use direct and indirect information about the location of a food reward in an object-choice task. subjects had to choose between two cups with only one covering a reward. before making a choice, subjects received information about the baited (direct information) or non-baited cup (indirect information). both goats and sheep were able to use direct information (presence of food) in the object choice task. after ...201424695781
genetic rescue of an endangered mammal by cross-species nuclear transfer using post-mortem somatic cells.since the advent of procedures for cloning animals, conservation biologists have proposed using this technology to preserve endangered mammals. here we report the successful cloning of a wild endangered animal, ovis orientalis musimon, using oocytes collected from a closely related, domesticated species, ovis aries. we injected enucleated sheep oocytes with granulosa cells collected from two female mouflons found dead in the pasture. blastocyst-stage cloned embryos transferred into sheep foster ...200111581663
grazing behaviour and dry matter intake of llamas (lama glama) and german black- head mutton sheep (ovis orientalis forma aries) under central european conditions.the aim of the present study was to assess the behaviour of llamas (lama glama) and german blackhead mutton sheep (ovis orientalis forma aries) when kept under central european grazing conditions. in total, six adult female sheep and six adult female llamas were observed by direct observation during one week, in which each group was observed for a total time of 24 h. the animals were kept on the same pasture, but the species were raised in separate plots. forage height before and after the exper ...201526591388
provision of physiological data and reference values in awake and anaesthetized female sheep aged 6-12 provide physiological data and reference values in awake and anaesthetized sheep aged 6-12 months.201728330726
first report of mycoplasma conjunctivae from wild caprinae with infectious keratoconjunctivitis in the pyrenees (ne spain).frequent outbreaks of infectious keratoconjunctivitis have been reported in wild caprinae in europe. while etiologic studies in the alps indicate that the main etiologic agent is mycoplasma conjunctivae, there are few reports from other mountain areas, such as the pyrenees, where m. conjunctivae has never been reported. in 2006 and 2007, five adult pyrenean chamois (rupicapra pyrenaica; two males and three females) and one adult male european mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon) were studied; they ...200919204357
the key role of lamb presence in affecting flight response in sardinian mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon).observations of the flight response in mammals are commonly used to test the behavioural response to predation risk. such a response is likely to be stronger in more sensitive individuals such as females, and females with offspring in particular, as well as during such periods as the birth season. from august 2005 to july 2006 we recorded the flight distances of different mouflon group types in a natural population in sardinia. the comparison of the flight distances of the groups (n groups=375, ...200818029113
a study of the development of the auditory capsule of the chondrocranium of ovis (orientalis gmelin). 195914404266
electrophoretic patterns and immunoglobulin g levels in mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon) and roe deer (capreolus capreolus).serum protein and immunoglobulin g (igg) levels were measured from 16 healthy mouflons (ovis orientalis musimon) and from 28 roe deer (capreolus capreolus) in french and catalonian populations. electrophoretic patterns were described for each species. the only significant gender-related difference was increased beta-globulins in french roe deer males. significantly increased alpha1-globulin levels and decreased igg levels occurred in the young catalonian roe deer compared with adults from the sa ...200112785696
preservation of the wild european mouflon: the first example of genetic management using a complete program of reproductive biotechnologies.although the potential use of reproductive biotechnologies for safeguarding endangered wildlife species is undoubted, practical efforts have met with limited success to date. in those instances in which modern technologies have been adapted to rescuing rare or endangered species, procedures have been applied piecemeal, and no consistent breeding program based on reproductive biotechnologies has been undertaken. here we describe for the first time the rescue of an endangered species, the european ...200211870088
evaluation of anthelmintic activity in captive wild ruminants by fecal egg reduction tests and a larval development assay.the effectiveness of anthelmintics was evaluated in four herds of captive ruminants, wapiti (cervus elaphus), armenian red sheep (ovis orientalis), giraffe (giraffa camelopardalis), and pronghorn (antilocapra americana), by the use of fecal egg reduction tests (ferts) and a commercial larval development assay (lda) designed to evaluate susceptibility or resistance of nematodes to anthelmintics. haemonchus sp. was the predominant nematode in the red sheep, giraffe, and pronghorn herds, whereas os ...200011237142
characterization of esbl- and ampc-producing and fluoroquinolone-resistant enterobacteriaceae isolated from mouflons (ovis orientalis musimon) in austria and germany.the aim of this study was to investigate the presence of β-lactamase producing or fluoroquinolone-resistant members of the family enterobacteriaceae in european mouflons (ovis orientalis musimon). the mouflon samples originated from nasal and perineal swabs and/or organ samples in cases of a suspected infection. only one of the 32 mouflons was tested positive for the presence of enterobacteriaceae that displayed either an esbl/ampc phenotype or were resistant to ciprofloxacin. the positively tes ...201627192164
coxiella burnetii in wildlife and ticks in an endemic area.ticks are considered to be a natural reservoir of coxiella burnetii and are responsible for the spread of infection in wild animals and for the transmission to domestic animals. more than 40 tick species are naturally infected with c. burnetii. in cyprus, few studies have been carried out on the distribution and incidence of c. burnetii infection in wildlife and the threat that infected wild animals pose to humans and domestic animals remains uncertain.201425163752
banded karyotype of the konya wild sheep (ovis orientalis anatolica valenciennes, 1856) from turkey.thekaryotype, c-banding, and nucleoar organizer regions (nors) of eight specimens ofkonya wild sheepfrom turkey were examined. the complement included six large metacentric autosomes, 46 acrocentric autosomes of decreasing size, a medium-sized acrocentric x chromosome, and a small bi-armed y chromosome (the diploid chromosome number 2n=54, the number of autosomal arms nfa=58, the number of chromosome arms nf=61). g-banding allowed reliable identification of all the chromosome pairs and the pairi ...201124260621
evolution of satellite dna sequences in two tribes of bovidae: a cautionary tale.two clones, bt1 from bos taurus and om1 from ovis orientalis musimon, were used as probes for hybridization on genomic dna and on metaphase chromosomes in members of bovini and caprini tribes. bt1 and om1 are sequences respectively belonging to the 1.715 and 1.714 dna satellite i families. southern blots and fluorescence in situ hybridization experiments showed completely coherent results: the bovini probe bt1 hybridized only to members of the bovini tribe and not to members of caprini. likewise ...201526692159
fecundity of wild sheep (ovis orientalis) in iran. 19761003047
reliable molecular differentiation of trichuris ovis and trichuris discolor from sheep (ovis orientalis aries) and roe deer (capreolus capreolus) and morphological characterisation of their females: morphology does not work sufficiently.the main aim of the study was to evaluate associations between morphological variability of trichuris females from sheep and roe deer and their rdna polymorphism in whipworm populations from the czech republic. the results introduced the use of new molecular markers based on the internal transcribed spacer (its)1-5.8s rna-its2 region polymorphisms, as useful tools for the unambiguous differentiation of congeners trichuris ovis and trichuris discolor. these markers revealed both parasites in roe ...201728624874
histological alterations and biochemical changes in the liver of sheep following echis coloratus envenomation.snake envenoming is a major problem in al-jouf province of saudi arabia where most of these envenoming are caused by echis coloratus which is the highest risk to human and animals in this province. little, if any, has been carried out on the histological alterations and biochemical changes in the liver of sheep following snake envenomation. healthy adult male ovis orientalis sheep were subjected to e. coloratus envenomation in an attempt to evaluate the histological alterations and biochemical c ...201123961120
expansion of the known distribution of asiatic mouflon (ovis orientalis) in the late pleistocene of the southern levant.wild sheep (ovis orientalis) bones recovered from the natufian site of shubayqa 1 demonstrate a wider distribution of mouflon in the late pleistocene of the southern levant than previously known. early epipalaeolithic sites are common in the limestone steppe region of eastern jordan but have yielded only a handful of caprine bones that cannot be identified to species level and few faunal remains from excavated late epipalaeolithic sites have been reported. analysis of animal bone from shubayqa 1 ...201728878989
the altitudinal mobility of wild sheep at the epigravettian site of kalavan 1 (lesser caucasus, armenia): evidence from a sequential isotopic analysis in tooth enamel.kalavan 1 is an epigravettian hunting campsite in the aregunyats mountain chain in northeastern armenia (lesser caucasus). the site lies at an elevation of 1640 m in a bottleneck that controls the descent into the barepat valley from the alpine meadows above. the lithic and faunal assemblages show evidence of the production of hunting weapons, the hunting and targeting of wild sheep (ovis orientalis), and the constitution of animal product reserves. a seasonal occupation of the site was proposed ...201627457543
mitochondrial dna of seven italian sheep breeds shows faint signatures of domestication and suggests recent breed formation.italy represented a crucial zone for migration and formation of sheep breeds. however, few data on italian breeds have been published so far. we analysed seven italian sheep breeds using mitochondrial dna (mtdna) sequencing to gain information on their genetic diversity and history. a 721 bp mtdna control region fragment was amplified and sequenced in a total of 138 samples belonging to seven breeds and to italian mohuflon (ovis orientalis musimon) to investigate genetic diversity and phylogenet ...201323544453
conservation of endemic and threatened wildlife: molecular forensic dna against poaching of the cypriot mouflon (ovis orientalis ophion, bovidae).molecular dna techniques in combination with appropriate reference population database and statistical methods are fundamental tools to forensic wildlife investigations. this is even more relevant when taxa with uncertain systematics are involved, as is the case of the genus ovis (bovidae), whose evolution has been influenced by multiple events of domestication. the cypriot mouflon, ovis orientalis ophion, a protected subspecies endemic to cyprus, is threatened by poaching. this study deals with ...201222226984
inter-individual associations and social structure of a mouflon population (ovis orientalis musimon).we analysed individual associations between mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon) observed during one year in order to find ontogenetic patterns underlying the social structure of the population. a correspondence factorial analysis was performed on simpson's coefficients to compare association profiles. no strong association was found between adults but some of the young adult females maintained a preferential bond with their mother until the age of three. yearling males were firstly unstable in the ...199524897249
a 4-years monitoring of hypoderma diana in horses from the czech republic.the occurrence of hypoderma diana (diptera: hypodermatidae) in a herd of 15 horses was observed during a 4-year period (2010-2013) in northwest bohemia. during this period, infestation by the warble fly h. diana increased from 12.5% in 2010 to 53.3% in 2013. nodules were observed on the neck, back, stomach, legs, and head. the incidence of h. diana was probably influenced by the presence of a specific host mouflon (ovis orientalis musimon).201424578259
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