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habitat visualization and genomic analysis of "candidatus pantoea carbekii," the primary symbiont of the brown marmorated stink bug.phytophagous pentatomid insects can negatively impact agricultural productivity and the brown marmorated stink bug (halyomorpha halys) is an emerging invasive pest responsible for damage to many fruit crops and ornamental plants in north america. many phytophagous stink bugs, including h. halys, harbor gammaproteobacterial symbionts that likely contribute to host development, and characterization of symbiont transmission/acquisition and their contribution to host fitness may offer alternative st ...201525587021
transcriptome of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (heteroptera: pentatomidae).halyomorpha halys (stål) (heteroptera: pentatomidae), the brown marmorated stink bug, is an invasive agricultural and nuisance pest rapidly expanding its incidence in north america. this voracious pest poses a significant threat to rural and urban agriculture, especially to specialty crops such as apples, grapes and ornamentals, as well as staple crops including soybean and corn. the object of this study was to generate transcript sequence resources for h. halys. rna-seq libraries derived from d ...201425386688
complete mitochondrial genome of brown marmorated stink bug halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae), and phylogenetic relationships of hemipteran suborders.the newly sequenced complete mitochondrial genome of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), is a circular molecule of 16,518 bp with a total a+t content of 76.4% and two extensive repeat regions in a+t rich region. nucleotide composition and codon usage of h. halys are about average when compared with values observed in 19 other published hemipteran mitochondrial genomes. phylogenetic analyses using these 20 hemipteran mitochondrial genomes support th ...200919756390
rapid transcriptome sequencing of an invasive pest, the brown marmorated stink bug halyomorpha halys.halyomorpha halys (stål) (insecta:hemiptera;pentatomidae), commonly known as the brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb), is an invasive pest of the mid-atlantic region of the united states, causing economically important damage to a wide range of crops. native to asia, bmsb was first observed in allentown, pa, usa, in 1996, and this pest is now well-established throughout the us mid-atlantic region and beyond. in addition to the serious threat bmsb poses to agriculture, bmsb has become a nuisance to ...201425168586
the importance of gut symbionts in the development of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål).the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), has become a severe agricultural pest and nuisance problem since its introduction in the u.s. research is being conducted to understand its biology and to find management solutions. its symbiotic relationship with gut symbionts is one aspect of its biology that is not understood. in the family pentatomidae, the reliance on gut symbionts for successful development seems to vary depending on the species of stink bug. this research ...201424598598
virulence of botanigard(®) to second instar brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (heteroptera: pentatomidae).the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (bmsb) is an exotic invasive insect originating in east asia, currently causing significant damage to fruits, vegetables and other crops throughout most of the mid-atlantic states of the u.s. it also is a nuisance pest, entering homes in the fall in search of suitable overwintering sites. two formulations of botanigard(®) with a strain of beauveria bassiana (gha) as the active ingredient were tested against second instar bmsb. both the wet ...201526463187
virulence of select entomopathogenic fungi to the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (heteroptera: pentatomidae).the brown marmorated stink bug. halyomorpha halys, (bmsb) is an exotic pest causing damage to fruits and vegetables. they also transmit diseases. integrated pest management strategies are lacking for this invasive. for the first time, information is presented on the virulence of several entomopathogenic fungi against bmsb. three beauveria bassiana and two metarhizium anispoliae isolates were bioassayed against adult bmsb. one b. bassiana isolate was the active ingredient in botanigard(®) which ...201222223199
comparison of two sampling methods for assessing halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) numbers in soybean fields.sampling soybean fields for the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys stål (hemiptera: pentatomidae), can be challenging. both adults and nymphs have a "startle response" and drop to the ground with even the slightest disturbance. this behavior could reduce the effectiveness of the traditional sweep net and ground cloth sampling methods. in 2013 and 2014, in virginia, delaware, and maryland, we evaluated a visual plant inspection method that consisted of counting the number of brown marm ...201627744285
alarm odor compounds of the brown marmorated stink bug exhibit antibacterial activity.some insects release scented compounds as a defense against predators that also exhibit antimicrobial activity. trans-2-octenal and trans-2-decenal are the major alarm aldehydes responsible for the scent of halyomorpha halys, the brown marmorated stink bug. previous research has shown these aldehydes are antifungal and produce an antipredatory effect, but have never been tested for antibacterial activity. we hypothesized that these compounds functioned similarly to the analogous multifunctional ...201627656692
review of the biology, ecology, and management of halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in china, japan, and the republic of korea.native to china, japan, korea, and taiwan, the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae) was first detected in the united states in the mid-1990s. since establishing in the united states, this invasive species has caused significant economic losses in agriculture and created major nuisance problems for home and business owners, especially in the mid-atlantic region. basic and applied questions on h. halys have been addressed in its native range in asia since ...201323905725
real-time pcr assay to detect brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), in environmental dna.early detection before establishment and identification of key predators are time-honored strategies towards effective eradication or control of invasive species. the brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb), halyomorpha halys, is a recent exotic pest of several important crops in north america and europe. resulting widespread applications of insecticides have countered years of careful integrated pest management and are leading to the resurgence of other agricultural pests. environmental dna (edna) ha ...201626732613
chirosurveillance: the use of native bats to detect invasive agricultural pests.invasive insect pests cost the agricultural industry billions of dollars annually in crop losses. timely detection of pests is critical for management efficiency. innovative pest detection strategies, such as environmental dna (edna) techniques, combined with efficient predators, maximize sampling resolution across space and time and may improve surveillance. we tested the hypothesis that temperate insectivorous bats can be important sentinels of agricultural insect pest surveillance. specifical ...201728355216
coupling developmental physiology, photoperiod, and temperature to model phenology and dynamics of an invasive heteropteran, halyomorpha halys.we developed an agent-based stochastic model expressing stage-specific phenology and population dynamics for an insect species across geographic regions. we used the invasive pentatomid, halyomorpha halys, as the model organism because gaps in knowledge exist regarding its developmental physiology, it is expanding its global distribution, and it is of significant economic importance. model predictions were compared against field observations over 3 years, and the parameter set that enables the l ...201627242539
seasonal occurrence and impact of halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in tree fruit.halyomorpha halys is an introduced stink bug species from asia that is spreading throughout the mid-atlantic united states. it is native to south korea, japan, and eastern china, where it is an occasional pest of tree fruit, including apple and pear. cage experiments with adults placed on apple and peach during critical plant growth stages demonstrate that it can cause damage to developing fruit during mid- and late season growth periods and that feeding occurs on all regions of the fruit. feedi ...200919610429
stink bug (hemiptera: heteroptera: pentatomidae) feeding and phenology on early-maturing soybean in minnesota.the invasion by halyomorpha halys (stål) and an increasing abundance of native pentatomidae pose a threat to soybean, glycine max (l.) merrill, production in northern states. a risk assessment framework was used to provide an initial assessment of the risk of pentatomidae affecting soybean production in northern states. a caged field study was performed over two years to assess the response of soybean to h. halys feeding. cages placed over r4 soybean were infested with 0, 1, 2, 4, or 8 fourth-in ...201526453722
spatiotemporal dynamics of the invasive halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in and between adjacent corn and soybean fields.knowledge on movement and spatial patterns of insect pest populations among preferred hosts aids in the development of effective pest management strategies. in this study, we quantified the spatiotemporal dynamics of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål 1855), in relation to field corn, zea mays l., and soybean, glycine max (l.), crop phenology. we also examined the potential role of corn as a source of stink bugs in adjacent soybean. the highest density of stink bugs ...201526453711
adjacent habitat influence on stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) densities and the associated damage at field corn and soybean edges.the local dispersal of polyphagous, mobile insects within agricultural systems impacts pest management. in the mid-atlantic region of the united states, stink bugs, especially the invasive halyomorpha halys (stål 1855), contribute to economic losses across a range of cropping systems. here, we characterized the density of stink bugs along the field edges of field corn and soybean at different study sites. specifically, we examined the influence of adjacent managed and natural habitats on the den ...201425295593
utilizing immunomarking techniques to track halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) movement and distribution within a peach orchard.in this study we focus on the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), which has a strong dispersal capacity and has had a significant impact on several cropping systems, including peach (prunus persica (l.)). management of h. halys has relied on intensive insecticide use, and thus a better understanding of its dispersal behavior may assist in developing improved management strategies. in order to investigate h. halys movement and distribution patt ...201627190711
host plant use by the invasive halyomorpha halys (stål) on woody ornamental trees and shrubs.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae) is an invasive plant-feeding insect native to eastern asia. this herbivore is highly polyphagous, feeding on and damaging diverse plants, including field crops, vegetables, tree fruits, and ornamentals. woody ornamental plants provide early- and late-season resources for adults emerging from and returning to overwintering sites, as well as feeding and breeding sites for h. halys throughout the growing season. in t ...026906399
hot topic: brown marmorated stink bug odor compounds do not transfer into milk by feeding bug-contaminated corn silage to lactating dairy cattle.brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb; halyomorpha halys) is an emerging invasive species of grave concern to agriculture as a polyphagous plant pest with potential negative effects on the dairy industry. the purpose of this study was to determine the risk of including bmsb-contaminated silage in lactating dairy cow rations. first, 6 dairies, either highly infested (n=3; 30 to 100 bugs per stalk) or not infested (n=3), were sampled to assess the prevalence of bug secretion compounds tridecane (major ...201424565323
the effects of kernel feeding by halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) on commercial hazelnuts.halyomorpha halys stål, the brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae), is an invasive pest with established populations in oregon. the generalist feeding habits of h. halys suggest it has the potential to be a pest of many specialty crops grown in oregon, including hazelnuts, corylus avellana l. the objectives of this study were to: 1) characterize the damage to developing hazelnut kernels resulting from feeding by h. halys adults, 2) determine how the timing of feeding during kernel ...201426309276
seasonal abundance, host suitability, and feeding injury of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (heteroptera: penatomidae), in selected vegetables.the invasive brown marmorated stink bug,halyomorpha halys(stål) (heteroptera: penatomidae), is a major pest of agricultural crops in the mid-atlantic states. here we report the seasonal abundance, host preference, and injury potential ofh. halyson tomato, bell pepper, green bean, sweet corn, eggplant, and okra in a small-scale, diversified vegetable farm setting. life-stage densities, feeding injury, and crop phenology were monitored throughout the growing season in each crop. populations consis ...027034113
seasonal abundance and phenology of halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) on different pepper cultivars in the mid-atlantic (united states).the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), is an invasive stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) introduced into the united states in the mid-1990s. since its initial establishment, it has spread throughout the east coast as far south as georgia, and as far north as new hampshire. while information is available regarding h. halys behavior and life history in some crops, relatively little information is available for vegetables such as peppers. key questions include understanding when ...028031472
attraction of the invasive halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) to traps baited with semiochemical stimuli across the united states.a recent identification of the two-component aggregation pheromone of the invasive stink bug species, halyomorpha halys (stål), in association with a synergist, has greatly improved the ability to accurately monitor the seasonal abundance and distribution of this destructive pest. we evaluated the attraction of h. halys to black pyramid traps baited with lures containing the pheromone alone, the synergist methyl (2e,4e,6z)-decatrienoate (mdt) alone, and the two lures in combination. traps were d ...026313981
sunflower as a potential trap crop of halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in pepper fields.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), feeds on a variety of fruits and vegetables, and is an economically important invasive hemipteran pest. trap cropping of h. halys was examined at the pennsylvania state university southeast agriculture research and extension center (searec) in lancaster co., pa, from 2012 to 2013, with sunflowers used as a trap crop to protect bell pepper. h. halys were observed frequently on sunflowers planted surrounding the pepper field, and in both ye ...026331305
frugivory by brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) alters blueberry fruit chemistry and preference by conspecifics.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), is an invasive pest from asia that feeds on many agricultural crops in the united states, including blueberries. yet, the effects of h. halys feeding on fruit chemistry and induced resistance to insects remain unknown. here we hypothesized that frugivory by h. halys changes fruit chemical composition, which in turn affects insect feeding behavior. in field experiments, blueberry fruit was either mechanically injured or injured by 0 (contr ...027550164
two pests overlap: drosophila suzukii (diptera: drosophilidae) use of fruit exposed to halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).drosophila suzukii (matsumura) (diptera: drosophilidae) and brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), are global economic pests that may co-occur on small fruits. we investigated whether fruit recently exposed to h. halys affected subsequent host use by d. suzukii. laboratory no-choice and choice tests presented d. suzukii with h. halys-fed and unfed raspberries and blueberries immediately or 3 d after h. halys feeding. resulting d. suzukii eggs, or larvae a ...028575326
characterizing damage of brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in blueberries.brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), is a severe economic pest of growing importance in the united states, canada, and europe. while feeding damage from h. halys has been characterized in tree fruit, vegetables, and agronomic crops, less is known about the impacts of stink bugs on small fruits such as blueberries. in this study, we examined h. halys feeding on two representative early and late ripening blueberry cultivars in oregon and new jersey. this ...026470241
electronically monitored labial dabbing and stylet 'probing' behaviors of brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys, in simulated environments.brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), (hemiptera: pentatomidae) is an invasive polyphagous agricultural and urban nuisance pest of asian origin that is becoming widespread in north america and europe. despite the economic importance of pentatomid pests worldwide, their feeding behavior is poorly understood. electronically monitored insect feeding (emif) technology is a useful tool in studies of feeding behavior of hemiptera. here we examined h. halys feeding behavior using an emi ...201425474148
traps and trap placement may affect location of brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) and increase injury to tomato fruits in home gardens.the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), is an important pest of field crops, fruit orchards, commercial vegetables, ornamental plants, and home vegetable gardens. pheromone-baited traps designed to attract, trap, and kill h. halys are marketed for use in home gardens to reduce damage to plants. to test this assertion, we conducted the following experiment: one group of 15 gardeners placed stink bug traps at the end of a row of tomatoes, solanu ...201424517877
evaluation of mature soybean pods as a food source for two pod-sucking bugs, riptortus pedestris (hemiptera: alydidae) and halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).riptortus pedestris (fabricius) and halyomorpha halys (stål) cause injury to soybeans by piercing and sucking pods and seeds. growers believe that new damage decreases near to harvest despite the occurrence of these bugs at that time. as this question has never been assessed, we evaluated two diets: a) mature soybean pods (dried shell + dried soybean seeds) and b) dried soybean seeds for the two bugs by assessing their biological, behavioral, and morphological attributes on each diet in laborato ...028430798
parasitism and predation on sentinel egg masses of the brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in three vegetable crops: importance of dissections for evaluating the impact of native parasitoids on an exotic pest.we conducted a survey to examine parasitism, predation, and the species composition of native parasitoids attacking sentinel egg masses of the invasive pest, the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), in bell pepper, squash, and tomato. a 2-yr survey was conducted for each crop. the species composition of parasitoids was determined for parasitoids that successfully emerged from eggs, parasitoids that were identified from dissections, and parasitoids that were found attending egg m ...201628028102
identification of soybean host plant resistance to brown marmorated stink bugs in maturity group iii plant introductions.halyomorpha halys (stål; hemiptera: pentatomidae), brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb), is a polyphagous nonnative insect first found in the united states in 1996. as of 2017, bmsb has been detected in 43 states and is a severe agricultural pest in mid-atlantic states. on soybean, glycine max (l.) merr (fabales: fabaceae), damage from bmsb infestation ranges from puncture marks with seed discoloration and deformities to seed and pod abortion. host plant resistance has been used for managing pest p ...201729220502
methyl 2,4,6-decatrienoates attract stink bugs and tachinid parasitoids.halyomorpha halys (stål) (pentatomidae), called the brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb), is a newly invasive species in the eastern usa that is rapidly spreading from the original point of establishment in allentown, pa. in its native range, the bmsb is reportedly attracted to methyl (e,e,z)-2,4,6-decatrienoate, the male-produced pheromone of another pentatomid common in eastern asia, plautia stali scott. in north america, thyanta spp. are the only pentatomids known to produce methyl 2,4,6-decatri ...200717334917
species composition, abundance, and seasonal dynamics of stink bugs (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in minnesota soybean fields.stink bugs (hemiptera: pentatomidae) have historically not been pests of soybean in minnesota. in response to the invasion of halyomorpha halys (stål) and reports of increasing abundance of species native to north america, a state-wide survey of soybean was conducted over 3 yr in minnesota to determine species composition, abundance, and seasonal dynamics of pentatomidae associated with soybean. fourteen species of pentatomidae (12 herbivorous and two predatory) were collected from soybean. h. h ...201424937441
temporal effects on the incidence and severity of brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) feeding injury to peaches and apples during the fruiting period in virginia.exclusion cages were used to compare the incidence and severity of feeding injury from brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), on 'redhaven' peaches, 'golden delicious' apples, and 'smoothee golden' apples at harvest, following sequential periods of exposure to natural h. halys populations during the 2011 and 2012 growing seasons in virginia. the fruit used in these experiments were in orchards or on trees that were not managed for h. halys. treatments wer ...201526470170
contrasting role of temperature in structuring regional patterns of invasive and native pestilential stink bugs.assessment and identification of spatial structures in the distribution and abundance of invasive species is important for unraveling the underlying ecological processes. the invasive agricultural insect pest halyomorpha halys that causes severe economic losses in the united states is currently expanding both within united states and across europe. we examined the drivers of h. halys invasion by characterizing the distribution and abundance patterns of h. halys and native stink bugs (chinavia hi ...201626928562
an invasive insect herbivore disrupts plant volatile-mediated tritrophic signalling.plants respond to insect attack by emission of volatile organic compounds, which recruit natural enemies of the attacking herbivore, constituting an indirect plant defence strategy. in this context, the egg parasitoid trissolcus basalis is attracted by oviposition-induced plant volatiles emitted by vicia faba plants as a consequence of feeding and oviposition by the pentatomid host nezara viridula. however, this local tritrophic web could be affected by the recent invasion by the alien pentatomi ...201728824353
nosema maddoxi sp. nov. (microsporidia, nosematidae), a widespread pathogen of the green stink bug chinavia hilaris (say) and the brown marmorated stink bug halyomorpha halys (stål).we describe a unique microsporidian species that infects the green stink bug, chinavia hilaris; the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys; the brown stink bug, euschistus servus; and the dusky stink bug, euschistus tristigmus. all life stages are unikaryotic, but analysis of the consensus small subunit region of the ribosomal gene places this microsporidium in the genus nosema, which historically has been characterized by diplokaryotic life stages. it is also characterized by having the ...201728984006
spatial distribution of brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) injury at harvest in mid-atlantic apple orchards.brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), injury to late-season apple cultivars was measured at harvest in 2011 and 2012 in commercial orchards in four mid-atlantic states. in each orchard block, a border zone (adjacent to woods), an interior zone (near orchard center), and an intermediate zone (between border and interior zones) comprised 1-3 tree rows per zone, depending on block size. just before commercial harvest, 10 fruit were sampled from the upper, middle, and lower third of ...201426309274
seasonal parasitism and host specificity of trissolcus japonicus in northern china.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), native to china, japan, and korea, has emerged as a harmful invasive pest of a variety of crops in north america and europe. the asian egg parasitoid trissolcus japonicus has been identified as the most promising agent for classical biological control of invasive h. halys populations. a 4-year study evaluated the fundamental and ecological host ranges of t. japonicus as well as its phenology and impact on h. halys populations in fruit orc ...201728824354
climate change impacts on the potential distribution and abundance of the brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) with special reference to north america and europe.the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål; hemiptera: pentatomidae), has recently emerged as a harmful pest of horticultural crops in north america and europe. native to east asia, this highly polyphagous insect is spreading rapidly worldwide. climate change will add further complications to managing this species in terms of both geographic distribution and population growth. this study used climex to compare potential h. halys distribution under recent and future climate ...201729069361
landscape factors influencing stink bug injury in mid-atlantic tomato fields.landscape structure and diversity influence insect species abundance. in agricultural systems, adjacent crop and non-crop habitats can influence pest species population dynamics and intensify economic damage. to investigate the influence of landscape factors on stink bug damage in agricultural systems, we assessed stink bug damage from 30 processing tomato fields in the mid-atlantic united states and analyzed landscape structure and geographic location. we found that forest shape and size, and g ...201728204617
impact of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug in north america and europe: history, biology, ecology, and management.the brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb), halyomorpha halys (stål), is an invasive pentatomid introduced from asia into the united states, canada, multiple european countries, and chile. in 2010, bmsb populations in the mid-atlantic united states reached outbreak levels and subsequent feeding severely damaged tree fruit as well as other crops. significant nuisance issues from adults overwintering inside homes were common. bmsb is a highly polyphagous species with a strong dispersal capacity and hig ...201829068708
irradiation biology of male brown marmorated stink bugs: is there scope for the sterile insect technique?brown marmorated stink bugs, halyomorpha halys stål (hemiptera: pentatomidae), are regularly intercepted, but there are few eradication tools. currently, no sterile insect technique program exists for hemiptera.201728978259
global invasion network of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys.human mediated transportation into novel habitats is a prerequisite for the establishment of non-native species that become invasive, so knowledge of common sources may allow prevention. the brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb, halyomorpha halys) is an east asian species now established across north america and europe, that in the eastern united states of america (us) and italy is causing significant economic losses to agriculture. after us populations were shown to originate from northern china, o ...201728852110
enhanced response of halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) to its aggregation pheromone with ethyl decatrienoate.the invasive stink bug species, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera; pentatomidae), severely damages multiple agricultural commodities, resulting in the disruption of established ipm programs. several semiochemicals have been identified to attract h. halys to traps and monitor their presence, abundance, and seasonal activity. in particular, the two-component aggregation pheromone of h. halys, (3s,6s,7r,10s)-10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol and (3r,6s,7r,10s)-10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol (pher), in c ...201729272430
phenology of brown marmorated stink bug described using female reproductive development.temperature-based degree-day models describe insect seasonality and to predict key phenological events. we expand on the use of a temperature-based process defining timing of reproduction through the incorporation of female reproductive physiology for the invasive pentatomid species halyomorpha halys, the brown marmorated stink bug. a five-stage ranking system based on ovary development was able to distinguish between the reproductive statuses of field-collected females. application of this rank ...201728904750
assessment of feeding acceptance and injury of kerman pistachios, pistacia vera, by brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae).in the united states, california (ca) is the primary commercial producer of pistachio nuts, pistacia vera l. (anacardiaceae). the brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb), halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), an invasive and polyphagous insect pest from asia, has established in urban areas in several pistachio-growing counties in ca. breeding bmsb populations have not been detected in commercial pistachio acreage. however, the detection of bmsb in kern and fresno counties, major kerman p ...201729117381
establishment of molecular genetic approaches to study gene expression and function in an invasive hemipteran, halyomorpha halys.hemiptera is a large clade of insects understudied in terms of developmental biology. halyomorpha halys, the brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb, referred to throughout as h. halys), is an invasive hemipteran pest of the mid-atlantic region of the usa that has rapidly spread to other regions in recent years, devastating a wide range of crops using a piercing and sucking mechanism. its phylogenetic position, polyphagous habits, and rapid spread in the usa suggested that h. halys would be an ideal sy ...201729075432
corrigendum: coupling developmental physiology, photoperiod, and temperature to model phenology and dynamics of an invasive heteropteran, halyomorpha halys.[this corrects the article on p. 165 in vol. 7, pmid: 27242539.].201728808440
a transcriptome survey spanning life stages and sexes of the harlequin bug, murgantia histrionica.the harlequin bug, murgantia histrionica (hahn), is an agricultural pest in the continental united states, particularly in southern states. reliable gene sequence data are especially useful to the development of species-specific, environmentally friendly molecular biopesticides and effective biolures for this insect. here, mrnas were sampled from whole insects at the 2nd and 4th nymphal instars, as well as sexed adults, and sequenced using illumina rna-seq technology. a global assembly of these ...201728587099
irritant contact keratitis caused by the bodily fluids of a brown marmorated stink bug.the brown marmorated stink bug is native to asia (china, taiwan, japan, and the korean peninsula). its bodily fluids are toxic and irritating to the human skin and eyes. human case reports are rare. only one report of irritant contact dermatitis has been published. we report a case of irritant contact keratitis resulting from the chemical components of the bodily fluids of the bug.201829296555
behavioral response of the brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) to semiochemicals deployed inside and outside anthropogenic structures during the overwintering period.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), is an invasive species from asia capable of causing severe agricultural damage. it can also be a nuisance pest when it enters and exits anthropogenic overwintering sites. in recent years, pheromone lures and traps for h. halys have been developed and used to monitor populations in field studies. to date, no study has investigated the applicability of these monitoring tools for use indoors by building residents during the overwintering per ...201728430975
characterizing the spatial distribution of brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys stål (hemiptera: pentatomidae), populations in peach orchards.geospatial analyses were used to investigate the spatial distribution of populations of halyomorpha halys, an important invasive agricultural pest in mid-atlantic peach orchards. this spatial analysis will improve efficiency by allowing growers and farm managers to predict insect arrangement and target management strategies. data on the presence of h. halys were collected from five peach orchards at four farms in new jersey from 2012-2014 located in different land-use contexts. a point pattern a ...201728362797
deltamethrin-incorporated nets as an integrated pest management tool for the invasive halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).long-lasting insecticide nets (llins), which have insecticide incorporated within the fibers, have been widely used for control of malaria and other insect-vectored diseases. only recently have researchers begun exploring their use for control of agricultural pests. in this study, we evaluated the toxicity of a deltamethrin-incorporated llin, zerofly (vestergaard-frandsen, washington, dc) for control of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål). in the lab, exposure to the zerofly ...201728334163
field surveys of egg mortality and indigenous egg parasitoids of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys, in ornamental nurseries in the mid-atlantic region of the usa.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), is an invasive species native to regions of china, japan, korea, and taiwan. in its native and introduced range, h. halys is considered a pest of tree fruits, vegetables, legumes, and ornamental trees. the highly polyphagous nature of this insect as well as its vast dispersal capabilities, require an integrated approach to management. here we focus on the potential impact of indigenous natural enemies on h. halys in woody ornamental nurse ...201728824355
a floral fragrance, methyl benzoate, is an efficient green pesticide.over-reliance on synthetic pesticides in insect pest control has caused widespread public and scientific concerns for human health and the environment, especially since many insect pests have already developed resistances to conventional pesticides and bt products. for this reason, there is a considerable interest in development of alternative control methods for insect pest management. based on laboratory studies, we report that methyl benzoate (mb), a naturally-occurring compound in many plant ...201728181532
identification of volatiles released by diapausing brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys, is an agricultural and urban pest that has become widely established as an invasive species of major concern in the usa and across europe. this species forms large aggregations when entering diapause, and it is often these aggregations that are found by officials conducting inspections of internationally shipped freight. identifying the presence of diapausing aggregations of h. halys using their emissions of volatile organic compounds (vocs) may ...201829342183
real-time pcr assay for the identification of the brown marmorated stink bug (halyomorpha halys).the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae), is a gregarious crop pest that has rapidly spread across the world in the last two decades. it is an excellent hitchhiker species, especially as an over-wintering adult. during this period it is often associated with non-biological commodities such as shipping containers and machinery that travel long distances. inadequate identification keys and similarity to common species has assisted its spread across europe, while ...201626955631
identifying a potential trap crop for a novel insect pest, halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae), in organic farms.the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys, poses significant risk to organic farming systems because they rely on biological control, nonsynthetic inputs, and cultural tactics for pest management. this study evaluated the potential of five crop plants (sorghum, admiral pea, millet, okra, and sunflower) to be used as trap crops under organic production in four mid-atlantic states. stink bug (h. halys and endemic species) densities and host plant phenologies were recorded weekly ( ...201626916518
cold tolerance of halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) across geographic and temporal scales.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), is native to eastern asia and is presently invading north america. little is known about the exposure to and effects of winter temperatures in newly invaded regions on h. halys the overwintering habitats that this species utilizes vary greatly in their thermal buffering capacity. they naturally overwinter in aggregations beneath loose bark on trees and in cliff outcroppings, but will also commonly aggregate in buildings. effects of cold t ...201626744454
double strand rna delivery system for plant-sap-feeding insects.double-stranded rna (dsrna)-mediated gene silencing, also known as rna interference (rnai), has been a breakthrough technology for functional genomic studies and represents a potential tool for the management of insect pests. since the inception of rnai numerous studies documented successful introduction of exogenously synthesized dsrna or sirna into an organism triggering highly efficient gene silencing through the degradation of endogenous rna homologous to the presented sirna. managing hemipt ...201728182760
influence of winemaking processing steps on the amounts of (e)-2-decenal and tridecane as off-odorants caused by brown marmorated stink bug (halyomorpha halys).brown marmorated stink bugs (bmsb) release stress compounds, tridecane and (e)-2-decenal, that affect final wine quality. this study focuses on determining the effect of wine processing on (e)-2-decenal and tridecane release in both red and white wines. wines were produced by adding live bmsb to grape clusters at densities of 0, 0.3, 1, and 3 bugs/cluster. compound concentrations were measured using headspace solid phase microextraction with multidimensional gas chromatography and mass spectrome ...201728064492
invasive stink bug favors naïve plants: testing the role of plant geographic origin in diverse, managed environments.with the introduction and establishment of exotic species, most ecosystems now contain both native and exotic plants and herbivores. recent research identifies several factors that govern how specialist herbivores switch host plants upon introduction. predicting the feeding ecology and impacts of introduced generalist species, however, remains difficult. here, we examine how plant geographic origin, an indicator of shared co-evolutionary history, influences patterns of host use by a generalist, ...201627581756
the consequences of sublethal exposure to insecticide on the survivorship and mobility of halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).the direct lethal effects of conventional and organic insecticides have been investigated thoroughly for all life stages of halyomorpha halys. however, the sublethal effects of insecticides on the behavior of h. halys have not been well documented. our aims were to evaluate the impact of a brief 5 min exposure to residues of bifenthrin, dinotefuran, methomyl, thiamethoxam and thiamethoxam + λ-cyhalothrin on survivorship, horizontal and vertical movement, and flight capacity of adult h. halys und ...201727214606
identification and expression profile of odorant-binding proteins in halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys, is a devastating invasive species in the usa. similar to other insects, olfaction plays an important role in its survival and reproduction. as odorant-binding proteins (obps) are involved in the initial semiochemical recognition steps, we used rna-sequencing (rna-seq) to identify obps in its antennae, and studied their expression pattern in different body parts under semiochemical stimulation by either aggregation or alarm pheromone or food odor ...201627170546
quantitative rt-pcr gene evaluation and rna interference in the brown marmorated stink bug.the brown marmorated stink bug (halyomorpha halys) has emerged as one of the most important invasive insect pests in the united states. functional genomics in h. halys remains unexplored as molecular resources in this insect have recently been developed. to facilitate functional genomics research, we evaluated ten common insect housekeeping genes (rps26, ef1a, fau, ube4a, arl2, arp8, gus, tbp, tif6 and rpl9) for their stability across various treatments in h. halys. our treatments included two b ...201627144586
range wide molecular data and niche modeling revealed the pleistocene history of a global invader (halyomorpha halys).invasive species' pleistocene history contains much information on its present population structure, dispersability and adaptability. in this study, the pleistocene history of a global invasive pest (brown marmorated stink bug bmsb, halyomorpha halys) was unveiled using the coupled approach of phylogeography and ecological niche modelling. rangewide molecular data suggests that the taiwan and other native populations had diverged in mid-pleistocene. in mainland china, the native bmsb did not exp ...201626996353
attack and success of native and exotic parasitoids on eggs of halyomorpha halys in three maryland habitats.egg parasitoids of the exotic invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), were investigated using lab-reared fresh (live) and frozen (killed) lab-reared sentinel egg masses deployed for 72h on foliage in three habitats-woods, orchard, and soybean field-in maryland, usa, in summer 2014. four native hymenopteran species, telenomus podisi ashmead (scelionidae), trissolcus euschisti (ashmead) and tr. brochymenae ashmead (scelionidae), and anastatus reduvii (howard) (eupelmidae), d ...201626983012
ipm-cpr for peaches: incorporating behaviorally-based methods to manage halyomorpha halys and key pests in peach.the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), has emerged as a key pest in mid-atlantic peach production. current management of h. halys has disrupted ipm programs by relying exclusively on frequent, repeated, season-long insecticide applications. we developed a behaviorally-based tactic termed ipm-cpr (crop perimeter restructuring) that utilizes border sprays for h. halys, groundcover management for lygus lineolaris (palisot de beauvois) (hemiptera ...201525476728
determination of the stereochemistry of the aggregation pheromone of harlequin bug, murgantia histrionica.preparation of a complete stereoisomeric library of 1,10-bisaboladien-3-ols and selected 10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ols was pivotal for the identification of the aggregation pheromone of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys. herein, we describe syntheses of the remaining 10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ols, and provide additional evidence on the assignment of relative and absolute configurations of these compounds by single-crystal x-ray crystallography of an intermediate, (3s,6r,7r,10s)-1 ...201425408429
synergy of aggregation pheromone with methyl (e,e,z) -2,4,6-decatrienoate in attraction of halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).the reported male-produced aggregation pheromone of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), identified as a mixture of (3s,6s,7r,10s)-10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol and (3r, 6s, 7r, 10s)-10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol, offers new opportunities for its management. we found that black pyramid traps deployed along crop borders in maryland and west virginia, containing lures with both stereoisomers of this reported aggregation pheromone combined with methyl (e ...201425026665
semiochemical production and laboratory behavior response of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys.the brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb) is an exotic insect pest that was first recognized in the united states in 2001. as of today, it has been found in more than 42 states. bmsb has a very broad host plant range and damage to crops in mid-atlantic states has reached a critical level. a reliable and accurate tool for infestation detection and population monitoring is urgently needed to provide better and more timely interventions. pheromones produced by male bmsb have been previously identified ...201526528717
seasonality and distribution pattern of brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in virginia vineyards.brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), is a highly polyphagous invasive insect pest from eastern asia that feeds on numerous fruit, vegetable, and field crops. four commercial vineyards in virginia were sampled in 2012 and 2013 to study the basic biology, seasonality, and distribution pattern of h. halys in vineyards. at each vineyard, two blocks were selected. weekly 3-min timed count visual samplings were performed in border and interior sections from l ...201526470333
evaluation of trap designs and deployment strategies for capturing halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).halyomorpha halys (stål) is an invasive pest that attacks numerous crops. for growers to make informed management decisions against h. halys, an effective monitoring tool must be in place. we evaluated various trap designs baited with the two-component aggregation pheromone of h. halys and synergist and deployed in commercial apple orchards. we compared our current experimental standard trap, a black plywood pyramid trap 1.22 m in height deployed between border row apple trees with other trap de ...201526470309
discovery of the aggregation pheromone of the brown marmorated stink bug (halyomorpha halys) through the creation of stereoisomeric libraries of 1-bisabolen-3-ols.we describe a novel and straightforward route to all stereoisomers of 1,10-bisaboladien-3-ol and 10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol via the rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric addition of trimethylaluminum to diastereomeric mixtures of cyclohex-2-enones 1 and 2. the detailed stereoisomeric structures of many natural sesquiterpenes with the bisabolane skeleton were previously unknown because of the absence of stereoselective syntheses of individual stereoisomers. several of the bisabolenols are pheromones of ...201424963992
first record of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: heteroptera: pentatomidae), in hungary, with description of the genitalia of both sexes.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål, 1855) (hemiptera: heteroptera: pentatomidae) is recorded for the first time from hungary. the circumstances of finding this species and a detailed description of both male and female genitalia are given. the currently known distribution, biology and significance of the species are briefly reviewed.201424871833
landscape factors facilitating the invasive dynamics and distribution of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae), after arrival in the united states.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys, a native of asia, has become a serious invasive pest in the usa. h. halys was first detected in the usa in the mid 1990s, dispersing to over 41 other states. since 1998, h. halys has spread throughout new jersey, becoming an important pest of agriculture, and a major nuisance in urban developments. in this study, we used spatial analysis, geostatistics, and bayesian linear regression to investigate the invasion dynamics and colonization processe ...201424787576
edge effects influence the abundance of the invasive halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in woody plant nurseries.the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), has caused severe economic losses in the united states and is also a major nuisance pest invading homes. in diverse woody plant nurseries, favored host plants may be attacked at different times of the season and in different locations in the field. knowledge of factors influencing h. halys abundance and simple methods to predict where h. halys are found and cause damage are needed to develop effective management strategies. in th ...201526313952
flight behavior of foraging and overwintering brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), is a highly polyphagous invasive species attacking both cultivated and wild plants increasing its threat to ecosystems as a global pest. however, dispersal biology of this invasive species is not well understood. this study evaluated the flight capacity and behavior of h. halys under laboratory, semi-field, and field conditions. flight mills were used to measure the baseline flight capacity of adults collected year round from the field and in ...201526074338
behavioral responses of the invasive halyomorpha halys (stål) to traps baited with stereoisomeric mixtures of 10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys, is an invasive insect in the united states that is capable of inflicting significant yield losses for fruit, vegetable, and soybean growers. recently, a male-produced aggregation pheromone of h. halys was identified as a 3.5:1 mixture of (3s,6s,7r,10s)-10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol and (3r,6s,7r,10s)-10,11-epoxy-1-bisabolen-3-ol, two stereoisomers of a natural sesquiterpene with a bisabolane skeleton, potentially existing in 16 stereoisomeric for ...201525855524
species composition and abundance of stink bugs (hemiptera: heteroptera: pentatomidae) in minnesota field corn.in response to concerns of increasing significance of stink bugs (hemiptera: heteroptera: pentatomidae) in northern states, a survey was conducted over 2 yr in minnesota to characterize the pentatomidae associated with field corn, zea mays l. halyomorpha halys (stål), an exotic species, was not detected in this survey, despite continued detection of this species as an invader of human-made structures in minnesota. five species of pentatomidae (four herbivorous; one predatory) were collected from ...201526313176
a molecular diagnostic tool for the preliminary assessment of host-parasitoid associations in biological control programmes for a new invasive pest.evaluation of host-parasitoid associations can be tenuous using conventional methods. molecular techniques are well placed to identify trophic links and resolve host-parasitoid associations. establishment of the highly invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae), outside asia has prompted interest in the use of egg parasitoids (hymenoptera: scelionidae) as biological control agents. however, little is known regarding their host ranges. to address this, a dna ...201424102670
characterization of overwintering sites of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug in natural landscapes using human surveyors and detector canines.halyomorpha halys is an invasive species from asia causing major economic losses in agricultural production in the mid-atlantic region of the united states. unlike other crop pests, h. halys is also well-known for nuisance problems in urban, suburban, and rural areas, as massive numbers of adults often invade human-made structures to overwinter inside protected environments. research efforts have focused on populations in human-made structures while overwintering ecology of h. halys in natural l ...201424717734
insights into the saliva of the brown marmorated stink bug halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).we examined the salivary gland structure of the brown marmorated stink bug (pentatomidae: halyomorpha halys) and developed methods for independent collection of watery saliva and sheath saliva. this stink bug has become a serious invasive pest of agriculture in the united states and its saliva is largely responsible for the damage it causes. we determined by protein gel analysis and shotgun proteomics that the suite of proteins comprising the sheath and watery saliva are very distinct. our resul ...201424586332
characterization of halyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) biogenic volatile organic compound emissions and their role in secondary organic aerosol formation.the formation of aerosols is a key component in understanding cloud formation in the context of radiative forcings and global climate modeling. biogenic volatile organic compounds (bvocs) are a significant source of aerosols, yet there is still much to be learned about their structures, sources, and interactions. the aims of this project were to identify the bvocs found in the defense chemicals of the brown marmorated stink bug halymorpha halys and quantify them using gas chromatography-mass spe ...201324344570
complete genome sequence of a novel iflavirus from the transcriptome of halyomorpha halys, the brown marmorated stink bug.we report the genome sequence of a novel iflavirus recovered from the transcriptome of a colony of the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys. the genome is 9,263 nucleotides (nt) and contains an open reading frame (orf) encoding a 3,017-amino-acid polyprotein.201324285660
effect of climate change on annual fluctuations in the population density of the brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) in northern japan.the relationship between the population density of overwintering adults of the brown marmorated stink bug and the temperatures of each month during the preceding november to april was investigated in akita prefecture, northern japan, from 1999 to 2012. the number of adults entering traps for overwintering at the monitored hibernation site differed considerably among years. there was a significant negative correlation between the increase ratio (the ratio of the number collected in the current ye ...201324224257
efficacy of insecticide residues on adult halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae) mortality and injury in apple and peach orchards.the primary threat from halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae) originates from populations continuously dispersing from and among wild and cultivated hosts, so many individuals may not be directly sprayed with insecticides. limited information exists regarding field-based residual activity of insecticides for management of h. halys in tree fruit. thus, we conducted field-based bioassays in apple and peach orchards to evaluate residual activity of insecticides commonly applied against ...201424038921
volatiles mediating parasitism of euschistus conspersus and halyomorpha halys eggs by telenomus podisi and trissolcus erugatus.this study identified chemicals found on the eggs of two stink bug species, one native to western north america, euschistus conspersus, and an invasive species from asia, halyomorpha halys. the responses of two scelionid egg parasitoids, trissolcus erugatus and telenomus podisi, toward natural stink bug egg volatiles, and synthetic reconstructions of egg volatiles, were tested in bioassays. a compound, methyl (2e,4z)-2,4-decadienoate, previously identified as the major component of the male-prod ...201627631523
a laboratory evaluation of chemigation to manage stink bugs (hemiptera: pentatomidae).application of insecticides for stink bug management through overhead irrigation, also called chemigation, could reduce application costs, soil compaction, and applicator exposure, while enabling growers to treat multiple fields simultaneously. the objective of these laboratory experiments was to compare knockdown, survival, and efficacy of insecticides when appropriately diluted for ground sprayer and chemigation applications. treatments included water, bifenthrin [0.11 kg (ai)/ha] and dicrotop ...201728334122
expansion of cytochrome p450 and cathepsin genes in the generalist herbivore brown marmorated stink bug.the brown marmorated stink bug (halyomorpha halys) is an invasive pest in north america which causes severe economic losses on tree fruits, ornamentals, vegetables, and field crops. the h. halys is an extreme generalist and this feeding behaviour may have been a major contributor behind its establishment and successful adaptation in invasive habitats of north america. to develop an understanding into the mechanism of h. halys' generalist herbivory, here we specifically focused on genes putativel ...201829347977
use of black light traps to monitor the abundance, spread, and flight behavior of halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae).monitoring the distribution and abundance of an invasive species is challenging, especially during the initial years of spread when population densities are low and basic biology and monitoring methods are being investigated. brown marmorated stink bug (halyomorpha halys (stål)) is an invasive agricultural and urban pest that was first detected in the united states in the late 1990s. at the time of its detection, no method was available to effectively track h. halys populations, which are highly ...201323865219
does feeding by halyomorpha halys (hemiptera: pentatomidae) reduce soybean seed quality and yield?the nonnative brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys stål (hemiptera: pentatomidae), has become an abundant pest of mid-atlantic soybean since its introduction in the mid-1990s. currently, there is little information indicating how this new pest should be managed in soybean or if economic thresholds developed for native stink bugs should be adjusted. in 2010 and 2011, field cage studies were conducted in beltsville, md, and suffolk, va, to evaluate h. halys injury to three different soybe ...201323865197
irritant contact dermatitis to the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys, is native to asia (china, taiwan, japan, and the korean peninsula). it was first found in allentown, pa, in 1996 and has since spread across wide areas of the eastern united states. as of october 2010, at least 26 states have reported the presence of the brown marmorated stink bug. it is considered an invasive species, and to the best of scientific knowledge, it was accidently introduced into the united states through transportation of goods fro ...201522828257
potential geographic distribution of brown marmorated stink bug invasion (halyomorpha halys).the brown marmorated stink bug (bmsb), halyomorpha halys (stål) (hemiptera: pentatomidae), native to asia, is becoming an invasive species with a rapidly expanding range in north america and europe. in the us, it is a household pest and also caused unprecedented damage to agriculture crops. exploring its climatic limits and estimating its potential geographic distribution can provide critical information for management strategies. methodology/principals: we used direct climate comparisons to exp ...201222363595
field trapping of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys, with geometric isomers of methyl 2,4,6-decatrienoate.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), is a polyphagous pest indigenous to northeastern asia where it damages various trees, vegetables, and leguminous crops. the bug was recently introduced into the u.s. and could potentially become a pest. in its native range, h. halys was reportedly attracted to the aggregation pheromone of the brown-winged green bug, plautia stali, methyl (2 e,4 e,6 z)-decatrienoate. we also observed that traps baited with this compound are attractive to h ...200818069789
effects of photoperiod, temperature and melatonin on nymphal development, polyphenism and reproduction in halyomorpha halys (heteroptera: pentatomidae).influences of photoperiod, temperature and melatonin were examined on development and color patterns of nymphs, and sternum color and reproductive fate of adults in halyomorpha halys (brevis). short-day accelerated nymphal development, whereas long-day accelerated reproductive maturation. the two types of photoperiodic responses at different stages may help maintain the univoltinism of this species in the field, assuring the right timing for diapause and reproduction. the pronotum of fifth insta ...200312951401
effects of brown marmorated stink bug (hemiptera: pentatomidae) feeding injury on sweet corn yield and quality.the brown marmorated stink bug, halyomorpha halys (stål), is an asian species that now dominates the stink bug complex in many cultivated crops throughout the mid-atlantic united states. sweet corn (zea mays l.) is a preferred host of h. halys, and the bug can cause kernel injury on developing ears. currently, there is limited information available on which plant growth stages are most sensitive to h. halys feeding or density of bugs required to cause yield and quality reductions on processing a ...201526470230
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