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flea species infesting dogs in spain: updated spatial and seasonal distribution patterns.this entomological survey examines the spatial and seasonal distribution patterns of flea species infesting dogs in spain. bioclimatic zones covering broad climate and vegetation ranges were surveyed according to size. in a cross-sectional spatial survey carried out from late may 2013 to mid-july 2015, 1084 dogs from 42 different locations were examined. a total of 3032 fleas were collected and identified as belonging to the following species: ctenocephalides felis (siphonaptera: pulicidae) (81. ...201727790728
insecticide resistance in fleas.fleas are the major ectoparasite of cats, dogs, and rodents worldwide and potential vectors of animal diseases. in the past two decades the majority of new control treatments have been either topically applied or orally administered to the host. most reports concerning the development of insecticide resistance deal with the cat flea, ctenocephalides felis felis. historically, insecticide resistance has developed to many of the insecticides used to control fleas in the environment including carba ...201626999217
a field trial of spinosad for the treatment and prevention of flea infestation in shepherd dogs living in close proximity to flea-infested sheep.three flea species, pulex irritans, ctenocephalides canis and c. felis parasitize shepherd dogs living on sheep farms in greece. the aim of this randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial was to examine the efficacy of spinosad, when administered three times every 4 weeks, as the only intervention to treat and prevent flea infestations in shepherd dogs living on sheep farms.201526065677
does hair coat length affect flea infestation in naturally infested dogs?the siphonaptera are parasitic insects of endothermic animals and ctenocephalides felis and pulex irritans are important parasites of dogs. this study evaluated the effect of hair coat length and time of year on the population size of c. felis and p. irritans in naturally infested dogs. fleas were collected from 14 dogs on a monthly basis for a year (february 2015 to january 2016) at a rural property in bagé, rio grande do sul, brazil. the dogs were divided into two groups based on hair coat len ...201627925064
prevalence and phylogenetic analysis of bartonella species of wild carnivores and their fleas in northwestern mexico.the host-parasite-vector relationship of bartonella spp. system in wild carnivores and their fleas from northwestern mexico was investigated. sixty-six carnivores belonging to eight species were sampled, and 285 fleas belonging to three species were collected during spring (april-may) and fall (october-november) seasons. we detected bartonella species in 7 carnivores (10.6%) and 27 fleas (9.5%) through either blood culture or pcr. of the 27 bartonella-positive fleas, twenty-two were pulex simula ...201728197898
prevalence of ectoparasites in free-range backyard chickens, domestic pigeons (columba livia domestica) and turkeys of kermanshah province, west of iran.this study was carried out on free-range backyard chickens, domestic pigeons (columba livia domestica) and turkeys from may 2012 to april 2013 to determine the prevalence and identify the species of ectoparasites in kermanshah province, west of iran. of the total of 600 free-range backyard chickens (185 ♂ and 415 ♀), 700 domestic pigeons (278 ♂ and 422 ♀) and 150 turkeys (53 ♂ and 97 ♀), 389 (64.83 %), 608 (86.85 %) and 54 (36 %) were infected with one or more parasites respectively. eleven ecto ...201627413319
first molecular detection and characterization of zoonotic bartonella species in fleas infesting domestic animals in tunisia.bartonellosis is an emerging vector-borne disease caused by different intracellular bacteria of the genus bartonella (rhizobiales: bartonellaceae) that is transmitted primarily by blood-sucking arthropods such as sandflies, ticks and fleas. in tunisia, there are no data available identifying the vectors of bartonella spp. in our research, we used molecular methods to detect and characterize bartonella species circulating in fleas collected from domestic animals in several of the country's biocli ...201728927427
faunal distribution of fleas and their blood-feeding preferences using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays from farm animals and human shelters in a new rural region of southern iran.blood sucking insects, such as fleas, are responsible for the transmission of many infectious disease-causing agents which impose an intolerable burden on the health of people living particularly in endemic parts of the world. fleas (insecta: siphonaptera) are found in many parts of the world including iran. both adult male and female fleas are obligatory ectoparasites. they are one of the main public health concerns as a result of their nuisance or the potential to act as vectors of a number of ...201627065620
plague in tanzania: an overview.human plague remains a public health concern in tanzania despite its quiescence in most foci for years, considering the recurrence nature of the disease. despite the long-standing history of this problem, there have not been recent reviews of the current knowledge on plague in tanzania. this work aimed at providing a current overview of plague in tanzania in terms of its introduction, potential reservoirs, possible causes of plague persistence and repeated outbreaks in the country. plague is bel ...201326591701
repellency effect of essential oils of some native plants and synthetic repellents against human flea, pulex irritans (siphonaptera: pulicidae).fleas are important vectors of human and animal disease, and control measures for protection against their bites and flea-borne diseases are necessary.201729026857
prevalence and intensity of fleas parasitizing an isolated population of screaming hairy armadillo in buenos aires province, argentina: host-related factors and temporal dynamics.fleas (siphonaptera) of an isolated population of chaetophractus vellerosus (mammalia: xenarthra) from magdalena (buenos aires province) were studied, and their presence was associated with host-related factors (age, sex, weight, size, and physical condition) and temporal dynamics (seasonality and year). three species of fleas were identified: polygenis (polygenis) platensis (rhopalopsyllidae), tunga penetrans (tungidae), and pulex irritans (pulicidae). prevalences were significant for year, sea ...201728842764
human ectoparasites and the spread of plague in europe during the second pandemic.plague, caused by the bacterium yersinia pestis, can spread through human populations by multiple transmission pathways. today, most human plague cases are bubonic, caused by spillover of infected fleas from rodent epizootics, or pneumonic, caused by inhalation of infectious droplets. however, little is known about the historical spread of plague in europe during the second pandemic (14-19th centuries), including the black death, which led to high mortality and recurrent epidemics for hundreds o ...201829339508
monthly abundance of rodent and their ectoparasites in newly settled areas, east of lakes, ismailia governorate, egypt.rodents and their ectoparasites were studied inside and outside houses in the newly settled areas, east of lakes, ismailia governorate, egypt. forty traps per month in each of the two sides were used for collecting rodent during 2009. from 221 rodent were collected from inside houses; mus musculus n=115 (52.04%), rattus rattus. frugivorous n=54 (24.43%), r. r. alexandrinus n=40 (18.10%) and r. norvegicus n=12 (5.43%). from 177 rodent were collected from outside houses; m musculus n=4 (2.3%), r. ...201324260816
detecting burrowing owl bloodmeals in pulex irritans (siphonaptera: pulicidae).pulex irritans l. is a cosmopolitan flea species that infests a wide variety of hosts. in north america it generally parasitizes large wild mammals, but in the pacific northwest an association has emerged between p. irritans and the western burrowing owl (athene cunicularia hypugaea). while investigators have recognized this association for decades, it has not been clear if p. irritans feeds on burrowing owls, or if the owls serve exclusively as phoretic hosts. here we describe using a real-time ...201626545716
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