Publications

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a new globulin from the cashew nut (anacardium occidentale). 193616746059
an unrecorded insect pest of the cashew tree (anacardium occidentale, l.) in south india. 194918128444
activity of cashew (anacardium occidentale) nutshell oil in human ancylostomiasis. 195014783111
[acth and cortisone in rheumatic diseases; in reference to a recent article by professor maraƄón, appearing in el däa médico no. 29 on may 10]. 195513241282
[dr. marañón: a spaniard of stature in the scientific world]. 195613361875
[maranon the physician]. 196013767471
[gregoria maranon: a humanistic physician]. 196013763671
[gregorio maranon: physician, endocrinologist]. 196013748701
[el greco and e1 conde-duque, patients of maranon]. 196013720746
[gregori maranon]. 196013763111
[some reflections on maranon]. 196013763672
gregorio maranon. 196014421793
[gregorio maranon, 1887-1960. a dazzling medical career]. 196013703727
[several memorable dates in the life of doctor maranon]. 196013682819
[gregorio maranon, physician and professor]. 196013682799
gregorio maranon. 196013856857
[gregorio maranon]. 196014423949
[doctor maranon]. 196014042297
[don gregorio maranon]. 196013823578
[in memoriam: greorio maranon y posadillo]. 196014447888
screening of cesticidal compounds on a tapeworm hymenolepis nana in vitro.a simple and convenient in vitro technique is described for the screening of compounds for action against hymenolepis nana and probably many other intestinal worms. the results obtained from this test are in broad agreement with the findings of clinical experience and of a small series of in vivo tests. among the substances tested, the most active ones were oil of chenopodium, dichlorophen, extract of cashew nut (anacardium occidentale), antimony potassium tartrate, and biq 20 [eicosamethylenebi ...196013750047
[the islands of langerhans of rats treated with the aqueous extract of anacardium occidentale l]. 196113859679
[the action of various extracts from cashew inner bark (anacardium occidentale l.) on the blood sugar of normal rats]. 196113920259
[nutritive value of a combination of proteins of macacar beans (vigna sinensis) and cashew nuts (anacardium occidentale l.)]. 196214020443
[guadalajara and its province in the works of maranon]. 196314019239
[amino acids from cashew nuts (anacardium occidentale l)]. 196314150279
[the hands in the person and in the works of marañón]. 19684888529
anacardium occidentale gum. i. immunochemical and hydrolytic studies. 19704248098
[medico-madrilene notes on the bibliography of maranon]. 19704924856
[madrileã historico-literary notes in the works of dr. marañón]. 19714951195
[effect of preparations sekusept and maranon (henkel) on selected species of microorganisms. a short communication (author's transl)]. 1975130984
the possible relationship between cardiac glycogen levels, ouabain toxicity and the anti-arrhythmic effect of anacardium occidentale. 19751210327
on the diffusion of a new specialty: marañón and the "crisis" of endocrinology in spain. 197611610069
enrique iv and gregorio marañón. 197611615594
[chemical and pharmacological study of leaves of anacardium occidentale l. (anacardiaceae)]. 1977413636
long chain phenols: part xi. composition of natural cashew nutshell liquid (anacardium occidentale) from various sources.the composition of cashew nutsanacardium occidentale from different terrestrial sources has been studied. samples from brazil, ceylon, kenya, mozambique, nigeria, and tanzania have been solvent extracted to recover the phenolic shell liquid (natural cnsl) separate from the kernel oil. the recovered materials from the different sources were present from 23.6% to 27.7%. after hydrogenation of the side chains and methylation of the acidic groups, the component phenols anacardic acid (74.1% to 77.4% ...197827520537
[memories on a visit to chile of gregorio marañon m.d. (author's transl)]. 19807001595
[study of antimicrobial activity of anacardium occidentale l]. 19827137810
gregorio marañón. 19827043012
chemical examination of anacardium occidentale.a new biflavonoid-c-glycoside named occidentoside, also the known (-)salipurposide and beta-sitosterol, have been isolated from the nut shells of anacardium occidentale l. (anacardiaceae). the structure of occidentoside has been established as tetrahydroninokiflavone-c-glucoside (iii) from spectral and chemical evidence. this is the first biflavonoid to occur with one flavanone and one chalcone unit and also the first c-glycoside in the biflavonoid series. identification of (-)salipurposide is a ...198217396769
anacardic acid: molluscicide in cashew nut shell liquid.the components of anacardic acid, (a mixture of 6-n-c (15) alkylsalicylic acids whose side chains vary in degrees of unsaturation) have been isolated by high pressure liquid chromatography from a crude extract of cashew nut shell, anacardium occidentale, and tested for toxicity to fresh water snails, biomphalaria glabrata. the triene component is the most toxic form (lc (50) 0.35 ppm), the diene and monoene components are less toxic (lc (50) 0.9 and 1.4 ppm), and the saturated component is relat ...198217402106
[contact allergy to anacardiaceae. a review and case reports of poison ivy allergy in central europe].in europe, as opposed to north america, poison-ivy rash is hardly known. for this reason a detailed review of the allergenic members of the anacardiaceae family is given, and the misleading nomenclature of "poison ivy", "poison oak", and some other species of this family are discussed. an up-to-date representation of the chemical structure of the allergenic substance group (denoted as "urushiol") from this family is provided as well as botanical information regarding the plants themselves. preve ...19836227468
[remembrance and praise of dr. gregorio marañón posadillo (1887-1960)]. 19853915144
anti-inflammatory actions of tannins isolated from the bark of anacardium occidentale l.a mixture of tannins (hydrolysable and non-hydrolysable) obtained from the bark of anacardium occidentale l., on i.p. injection, demonstrated apparent anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan- and dextran-induced rat paw oedemas, cotton pellet granuloma test and adjuvant-induced polyarthritis in rats. at higher doses orally administered tannins also had activity in carrageenan paw oedema and adjuvant arthritis experiments. the tannins i.p. also inhibited acetic acid-induced "writhing responses" ...19852414605
[dental prostheses and dental impressions from a hygienic viewpoint].dentures, dental impressions, removable orthodontic appliances and all dental technical devices, which are part of any dental treatment are parts as well of a potential crosscontamination chain in dental treatment. most of those items do not tolerate heat as a sure sterilization medium. for disinfection, chemical disinfectant solutions may be used as far as they work properly and as they are tolerated by the materials in question. though, one can report some progress in disinfection of dentures ...19863107267
lipids of high-yielding varieties of cashew (anacardium occidentale l.).cashew kernel lipids from high-yielding varieties have been characterised. neutral lipid accounted for 96% while glycolipid and phospholipid accounted for the remaining 4%. triglycerides were very rich in unsaturated fatty acids (oleic and linoleic) while glycolipids were rich in saturated fatty acids (lauric and myristic). varietal difference was noticed with respect to the composition of neutral and glycolipids. composition of phospholipid did not differ among high-yielding varieties.19873507003
[molluscacidal activity of anacardium occidentale l. (anacardiaceae)]. 19873504123
[eulogy and remembrance on the centennial of the birth of don gregorio marañón]. 19873322093
[papillary-cystic carcinoma of the pancreas: an infrequent tumor with favorable prognosis].two cases are presented of papillary-cystic carcinoma of the pancreas diagnosed and treated in the ii general surgery service of the gregorio marañón general hospital of madrid (spain) over the last six years. both occurred in young women who presented with pain and abdominal mass. the tumors were large and were located on the tail of the pancreas. one was treated by local resection and the other by distal pancreatectomy. both women are free of disease after a follow-up period of 6 years and 10 ...19892682834
[immediate results of coronary angioplasty in elderly patients. experience at the gregorio marañón general hospital].in order to assess the results of ptca in geriatric patients we retrospectively analysed the coronary angiographic findings and the indication, results and major complications (non-fatal myocardial infarction, emergent surgery and death) in 105 consecutive patients aged 65 or more who had ptca as a part of a whole group of 600 patients. among the older patients there were more female gender (p less than 0.001), severe angina (canadian functional class iii or iv) (p less than 0.05), unstable angi ...19892813885
enteral nutrition in patients with tumours of the head and neck.an evaluation is presented of the nutritional status of 30 patients out of the 45 submitted to head and neck surgery, involving the buccal cavity, in the maxillofacial surgery service of the general hospital "gregorio marañón" of madrid, between october 1985 and december 1986, before and after being submitted to excision of a tumour in the head or neck, by administration, in the postoperative period, of a liquid comprehensive diet via a nasogastric catheter. neither in the postoperative period n ...19892492543
glycaemic effects of traditional european plant treatments for diabetes. studies in normal and streptozotocin diabetic mice.twelve plants used for the traditional treatment of diabetes mellitus in northern europe were studied using normal and streptozotocin diabetic mice to evaluate effects on glucose homeostasis. the plants were administered in the diet (6.25% by weight) and/or as decoctions or infusions in place of drinking water, to coincide with the traditional method of preparation. treatment for 28 days with preparations of burdock (arctium lappa), cashew (anacardium occidentale), dandelion (taraxacum officinal ...19892743711
[psychologic reactions and psychiatric manifestations in hiv-positive patients].88 patients presenting hiv seropositivity are studied at the psychiatric intersurgery of the gregorio marañon general hospital in madrid. all of them but 4 are drug addicts having acquired the illness through homo or heterosexual relations. after a wide bibliographical survey of the psychologic ann psychiatric aspects related to hiv seropositivity, clinical results are compared with those of the different authors who have dealt with the issue in the last years. conclusions derived from the study ...19902184642
new disinfectants.the authors estimated the microbicidal effect of disinfectants produced by the firm henkel austria, namely spitaderm, incidin m spray, incidur, incidur spray, sekusept pulver, sekusept forte and maranon h. the aim of the study was the verification of the effectivity of preparations and the proposal of their application in czechoslovak practice. the estimation was performed in two stages: in vitro and in practice. the standard suspensive method, the suspensive micromethod and the method of carrie ...19911838887
[occurrence of dynamic atrial spontaneous contrast in patients with mitral disease].the aim of this study was to analyze, through transesophageal echocardiography, different factors related to left atrial spontaneous echocardiographic formation.19921290641
[transesophageal echocardiography study of mitral valve prosthesis].transesophageal (tee) and transthoracic (tte) comparative echocardiographic analysis of patients with mitral valve prosthesis.19921476768
[characterization of doppler flow of the left atrial appendage and its relation to thrombi. a transesophageal echocardiographic study].the characteristics and clinical implications associated with left atrial appendage (laa) flow have not been clearly analyzed. the purpose of this transesophageal pulsed doppler study was to evaluate the importance of rhythm and echo doppler parameters on laa thrombus formation.19921567634
[the use of the shell of the cashew nut, anacardium occidentale, as an alternative molluscacide].bioassays using hexanolic extracts of cashew nut shells, of anacardium occidentale, collected in ceará in 1972 (sample 1) and 1987 (sample 2) were undertaken with adult snails and egg masses of biomphalaria glabrata, b. tenagophila and b. straminea both in the laboratory and in the field. non extracted shells, 18.5 g, sample 1, were also tested with adult snails and egg masses of the three species. the toxicity of extract was tested with fish (poecilia reticulata) and tadpoles. the lethal concen ...19921342111
promoting action of cashew nut shell oil in dmba-initiated mouse skin tumour model system.the commercially available oil derived from the shell of cashew nut (anacardium occidentale) was tested for its potency in promoting the dmba-initiated cells into papillomas in a murine two-stage skin tumorigenesis model system. male swiss albino mice (9-10-weeks-old) were assorted into different groups and treated topically with single sub-carcinogenic doses of dmba (50 micrograms in 0.1 ml acetone) followed by application of 1% and 2% shell oil in acetone three times a week. animals were sacri ...19921540942
[an evaluation of the effect of a bark extract from the cashew (anacardium occidentale l.) on infection by leishmania (viannia) braziliensis].this paper presents an evaluation of the therapeutic effect of an hydroalcoholic extract of a. occidentale l. bark against leishmania (viannia) brasiliensis. the extract showed high activity in the in vitro model against the promastigotes of this species. however in the in vivo model no curative activity was observed.19938146389
[a pulsed doppler transesophageal echocardiographic study of pulmonary venous flow in mitral regurgitation jets in the parietal direction].transesophageal echocardiographic analysis of the degree of severity of mitral regurgitation eccentric wall jets by color doppler and pulsed doppler interrogation of the pulmonary venous flow.19938333990
[transesophageal echocardiography study with dynamic spontaneous contrast of the left atrial appendage, its relationship with the anatomy and thrombus formation].transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiographic study of anatomical characteristics of the left atrial appendage and its relation to spontaneous dynamic echocardiographic contrast.19938512727
[meaning of mosaic color area in mitral regurgitation. echocardiographic transesophageal study].the purpose of our study was to analyse the meaning of total and mosaic color doppler area of the mitral regurgitation jet, in terms of the degree of mitral regurgitation severity.19938512712
[transesophageal echocardiography assessment of regurgitant jets of eccentric geometry in mitral valve prosthesis: superiority of multiplanar sections over standard sections].the purpose of this study was to determine whether multiplanar (mp) transesophageal echocardiographic views were superior to standard views (st) at 0 degree and 90 degrees in the evaluation of mitral prosthesis regurgitation (mr), particularly in presence of wall regurgitant jets.19947873222
[multiplanar transesophageal echocardiography: technique, methodology, and applications].to present the experience of transesophageal echocardiography with a multiplane probe, its methodology, the advantages, disadvantages and diagnostic improvements of this type of probe.19947818944
tyrosinase inhibitors from anacardium occidentale fruits.anacardic acids, 2-methylcardols, and cardols isolated from various parts of the cashew [anacardium occidentale] (anacardiaceae) fruit have been found to exhibit tyrosinase inhibitory activity. kinetic studies with the two principal active compounds, 6-[8(z),11(z),14-pentadecatrienyl]salicylic acid and 5-[8(z),11(z),14-pentadecatrienyl]resorcinol, have indicated that both of these phenolic compounds exhibit characteristic competitive inhibition of the oxidation of l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l ...19948021657
anacardium occidentale (cashew) pollen allergy in patients with allergic bronchial asthma.the cashew tree grows in abundance in the hills and plains of goa, india. because of the financial yield, more and more trees are being planted each year. the cashew tree flowers once a year between january and march, but pollination is mostly entomophilous.19957852665
effect of niclosamide (bayluscide wp 70), anacardium occidentale hexane extract and euphorbia splendens latex on behavior of biomphalaria glabrata (say, 1818), under laboratory conditions.the repellent effect of the molluscicides niclosamide (bayluscide wp 70), anacardium occidentale and the latex of euphorbia splendens on biomphalaria glabrata was observed through the investigation of the occurrence of escape behavior among molluscs that were exposed to dosages lower than the ld 50. the total number of individuals out of water among the surviving snails in the control group provided a "natural escape index". the comparison between this total and the total number of surviving sna ...19958531656
[phlebotomus fauna (diptera: psychodidae) of 3 provinces of the northeastern region of marañon, peru].two thousand seven hundred and seventy four sand flies were captured since 1987 to 1992 in endemic areas of human bartonellosis and peruvian verruga (district of san josé de lourdes, province of san ignacio - 05 degrees 03' ls, and district of lonya grande, province of utcubamba - 06 degrees 05'30" ls) belonging to the northeast region of marañon, peru. thirteen species were identified, 11 belonging to the genus lutzomyia, 1 to brumptomyia and the other to warileya. lutzomyia sp, close to l. ser ...19957480916
[the liver transplant program of the hospital general universitario gregorio marañón: an analysis of the first 100 patients].during a 3-year period between 1990 and 1993, 100 patients received orthotopic liver transplantation at the "gregorio marañón" university general hospital. the mean age of the patients was relatively high (46.9 +/- 10 years), with an important number of cirrhotic patients (91%). the rate of primary liver failure was relatively low (4.5% of transplantations) although 12 cases with more than 55 years were included in the present series. eleven retransplantations were performed, 8 for early failure ...19957784653
plants used in the treatment of leishmanial ulcers due to leishmania (viannia) braziliensis in an endemic area of bahia, brazil.this paper records the plants used in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis due to leishmania (viannia) braziliensis (l(v)b) among the rural population of a cocoa-producing coastal area of bahia state, brazil. an enquiry conducted among a hundred patients identified 49 plants species used to treat skin ulceration caused by this leishmania species. the principal plants used are caju-branco (anacardium occidentale, anacardiaceae), used by 65% of the population, folha-fogo (clidemia hirta,melast ...19968701041
in vitro propagation of cashewnut.in vitro plant propagation was developed for seedling shoot tips, leaf axils, and cotyledonary nodes of cashew, anacardium occidentale. factors affecting multiplication rate included age of explant source, explant type, medium composition, light requirements, and transfer frequency. cotyledonary nodes produced more buds than other explant types. nodes had a 90% viability when transferred daily to fresh medium containing activated charcoal for 7 d while exposed to continuous dark. cultures were t ...199624178529
differentiation of meloidogyne incognita and m. arenaria novel resistance phenotypes in lycopersicon peruvianum and derived bridge-lines.lycopersicon peruvianum pi 270435 clone 2r2 and pi 126443 clone 1mh were crossed reciprocally with three l. esculentum-l. peruvianum bridge-lines. the incongruity barrier between the two plant species was overcome; f1 progeny were obtained from crosses between four parental combinations without embryo-rescue culture. hybridity was confirmed by leaf and flower morphology and by the production of nematode-resistant f1 progeny on homozygous susceptible parents. clones of the five f1 bridgeline hybr ...199624162431
[conservative surgery for supraglottic carcinoma. surgical technique. oncologic and functional results].we present the results of a retrospective study of 817 patients treated with conservative surgery for carcinomas of the supraglottic larynx at ent department of the gregorio maranón hospital between 1962-1993. the disease was staged using the criteria set forth in 1988 by the ajcc, and 36,2% were stages iii and iv. from the 817 patients treated with conservative surgery 230 were extended supraglottic laryngectomies. our theoretic treatment protocol is presented. the 5 years actuarial uncorrected ...19969082831
[laryngeal vertical partial surgery. surgical techniques. oncological and functional results].we present the results of a retrospective study of 467 patients treated with conservative surgery for glottic carcinomas at the ent department of the "gregorio maranon" hospital between 1962-1993. the disease was staged using the criteria set forth in 1988 by the ajcc, and 27.7% patients were intermediate to advanced stages. our theoretic treatment protocol is presented. the 5 years uncorrected actuarial survival related to stage was 85.6%, 71.4% and 71% for stages i, ii and iii respectively. in ...19969027205
[usefulness of computed tomography for the staging and management of post-traumatic renal lesions].use of computerized tomography (ct) criteria for the staging of 50 cases of renal trauma diagnosed in the hospital general universitario "gregorio marañón" over the 1989-1995 period. ct is used as the choice technique to diagnose renal lesions of traumatic etiology in patients haemodynamically stable.19979412222
the "gregorio marañon" hospital experience in the treatment of laryngeal carcinoma.a retrospective analysis has been carried out of 4100 patients with pharyngolaryngeal carcinoma who were seen at the hospital gregorio marañon between 1962 and 1993. 1287 patients were excluded from this study, leaving 2813 patients available for analysis. the great majority of the 2813 pharyngolaryngeal carcinomas were primary laryngeal tumours (2519). these are the subject of our study.we present our theoretic protocol for treatment of laryngeal carcinoma, both glottic and supraglottic, with s ...199723119302
bacteremia following liver biopsy in transplant recipients with roux-en-y choledochojejunostomy.between 1990 and 1995, 666 percutaneous liver biopsies were performed in 196 patients at gregorio marañón general hospital (mean 3.4 biopsies/patient); 533 biopsies (80.03%) were carried out in patients with choledochostomy biliary anastomosis and 133 (19.97%) in patients with choledochojejunostomy. infectious complications, in the form of sepsis, occurred in two patients, who recovered favorably with antibiotic therapy. these two patients had undergone roux-en-y choledochojejunostomy (1.5%, not ...19979168662
early iort experience in a public university hospital in spain: hospital general universitario gregorio marañón (madrid). 19979263793
mutagenic, carcinogenic and cocarcinogenic activity of cashewnut shell liquid.the petroleum ether extract of cashewnut shell (anacardium occidentale) was tested for its mutagenic, carcinogenic and cocarcinogenic potency. mutagenicity tests using salmonella typhimurium (ame's test) strains ta 1535, ta 100 and ta 98 showed that cashewnut shell liquid is non-mutagenic up to a concentration of 0.003% (in 0.1 ml dmso) with and without metabolic activation (s 9 mixture). carcinogenicity testing using murine (female swiss albino mice) two stage skin tumourigenesis model revealed ...19979029164
possible role of lutzomyia maranonensis and lutzomyia robusta (diptera: psychodidae) as vectors of human bartonellosis in three provinces of region nor oriental del marañon, peru. 19979394538
[anti-anaerobic activity of carbapenems].the critical concentrations of sensitivity and resistance for meropenem versus anaerobic bacterias were analyzed. it is demonstrated the meropenem is a powerful inhibitor of the microorganisms of the bacteroides groups (mic90 < 1 mg/l), prevotella > porphyromonas, fusobacterium, veillonella, clostridium perfringens is inhibited at a mic < 0.06 mg/l. the mic of meropenem versus c. difficile is 2 mg/l. they are also highly susceptible to the propionibacterium, peptostreptococcus and peptococcus ty ...19979410076
pulmonary complications following orthotopic liver transplant.pulmonary complications after orthotopic liver transplant (olt) are frequent, involving high morbidity and mortality. we have determined the pulmonary complication incidence in 187 patients submitted to olt at the general university hospital "gregorio marañón" in the last 4 years, analyzing the type of infection, evolution, diagnostic and therapeutic measures and their influence on olt mortality. a total of 120 patients had pulmonary complications, the most frequent being pleural effusion (61.94 ...19989664991
protective role of anacardium occidentale extract against streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats.the protective effect of anacardium occidentale aqueous extract against streptozotocin-induced diabetes was evaluated in rats. the rats were treated with 175 mg/kg of the extract per os, twice daily; beginning 2 days before streptozotocin (stz) injection. a total of 3 days after stz administration, there was a 48% increase in blood glucose level in pretreated rats, compared with a 208% increase in diabetic control rats treated with stz alone. furthermore, these pretreated animals presented no gl ...19989741880
effect of inclusion of cashew globulin (anacardium occidentale) to a casein diet on lipid parameters in rats.the effect of inclusion of cashew globulin to a casein diet on lipid metabolism was studied in rats fed diets with two levels of cashew globulin meal. inclusion of cashew globulin to a casein diet produced lower levels of total cholesterol, triacylglycerol and phospholipids in the serum and tissues and lower levels of serum lipoprotein cholesterol. there was decreased cholesterogenesis in the liver as evidenced by decreased activity of hmg coa reductase and decreased release of lipoproteins into ...199810890760
the cashew nut, anacardium occidentale (anacardiaceae), and its perennial association with ants: extrafloral nectary location and the potential for ant defense.cashew nut trees are consistently ant-visited throughout the year, with the ants attracted to a large number of extrafloral nectaries on the leaves, inflorescences, flowers, and developing nuts. the commercial production of cashew nut, for example, in india, brazil, and east africa, consistently applies pesticides, especially insecticides, in large monoculture plantings. each year prophylactic spraying begins with the first flush of new leaves, continues through flowering, ending at about mid-nu ...199821684968
similarity of monosaccharide, oligosaccharide and polysaccharide structures in gum exudate of anacardium occidentale.the gum exudate from the brazilian cashew-nut tree (anacardium occidentale) contained traces of the reducing sugars, rhamnose (0.005%), arabinose (0.03%), mannose (0.007%), galactose (0.03%), glucose (0.02%), beta-d-galp-(1-->6)-alpha beta-d-gal (0.05%), alpha-l-rhap-(1-->4)-alpha beta-d-glca (0.008%) and alpha-l-rhap-(1-->4)-beta-d-glcpa-(1-->6)-beta-d-galp-(1-->6 )-alpha beta-d-gal (0.008%). rhamnose, arabinose, glucose and the three oligosaccharides are components of the side-chains of the gu ...19989542167
on the antifeedant and anthellmintic potential of anacardium occidentale l.the antifeedant and anthelmintic activities of crude extracts of the shells of anacardium occidentale were studied by comparing it's activity with the activity of azadirachta indica a juss (kernel), a commercial standard. the test extracts of a. occidentale in petroleum ether, dichloromethane: methanol showed better activities compared to a. indica. to study the anthelmintic activity, the addition of piperine to the formulation significantly enhances the activity. the phytochemical investigation ...199822556881
molecular analysis in familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus: early diagnosis of an asymptomatic carrier.familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (fndi) is an inherited deficiency of the hormone arginine vasopressin (avp) and is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. in the present study we have analyzed the avp-neurophysin ii (avp-npii) gene in a spanish kindred. studies were performed on seven members (four clinically affected) of the family. patients were diagnosed at the hospital universitario gregorio marañón (madrid, spain). the entire coding region of the avp-npii gene of all family ...199910487710
the gregorio marañón hospital experience with vertical partial laryngectomies.we present a retrospective study of 551 patients treated with conservative surgery for glottic carcinoma at the gregorio marañón hospital between 1962 and 1996. in all, 12% of cases were locally advanced carcinomas. in early-stage carcinomas there were no statistical differences in 5-year survival between those treated by endoscopic laser resection, vertical hemilaryngectomy and radiotherapy. however, tumor recurrence after primary radiotherapy was higher (27%) than with conservative surgery (12 ...199910456278
[gregorio marañón and walter b. cannon].the story of a friendly relationship between two great scientists, gregorio marañón (g.m.) and walter b. cannon (w.b.c.), is reported. both share a common interest for the biology of emotion. in the early twenties they had already made important contributions to the nature of the emotional processes. the meeting point was in the interpretation of the somato-visceral response elicited by the injection of adrenaline in humans (g.m.) and of the emergency reaction (w.b.c.). the relevant moment in th ...199910897869
[extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ecmo. experience with the first 22 cases].extracorporal membrane oxygenation (ecmo) is an alternative to cases of respiratory or cardiopulmonary insufficiency when conventional therapy has failed. we present the first 22 patients treated with ecmo at the neonatology unit of the "gregorio marañon" hospital.199910666903
[splenectomy indications at a general hospital].to analyse the evolution of indications for splenectomy for a 11-year period.199910230289
anti-helicobacter pylori agents from the cashew apple.anacardic acids and (e)-2-hexenal characterized from the cashew anacardium occidentale l. (anacardiaceae) apple have been found to exhibit antibacterial activity against the gram-negative bacterium helicobacter pylori, which is now considered to cause acute gastritis. the same antibacterial compounds have also been found to inhibit urease (ec 3.5.1.5).199910563928
screening of some nigerian medicinal plants for antibacterial activity.crude extracts from eight nigerian medicinal plants, used traditionally in the treatment of infectious and septic diseases in both humans and animals were screened in vitro for antibacterial activity, using the hole-plate diffusion method. most of the extracts were active against gram-positive bacteria. two of the plant, angeiossus schimperi and anacardium occidentale, had good antibacterial activity against escherichia coli and pseudomonas aeruginosa which are gram-negative bacteria.199910619388
medicinal plants used for dogs in trinidad and tobago.this paper documents ethnoveterinary medicines used to treat dogs in trinidad and tobago. in 1995, a 4-stage process was used to conduct the research and document the ethnoveterinary practices. twenty-eight ethnoveterinary respondents were identified using the school-essay method, which is a modified rapid rural appraisal (rra) technique. semi-structured interviews were held with these respondents as well as with 30 veterinarians, 27 extension officers and 19 animal-health assistants and/or agri ...200010821961
higher cardol homologs (5-alkylresorcinols) in rye seedlings.the occurrence of alkylresorcinols, polyketide compounds that in the same homologous series as cardol isolated from anacardium occidentale (cashew) or bilobol from ginkgo biloba which are derivatives of 1,3-dihydroxy-5-alk(en)ylbenzene, have been demonstrated in developing rye (secale cereale l.) kernels. the 3-day-old seedlings grown in sterile conditions already contain detectable amounts of phenolic compounds that were identified as alkylresorcinols. this fraction is the mixture of saturated ...200010634940
anti - inflammatory and analgesic activity of anacardium occidentale leaf extracts.the extracts of the dried leaves of anacardium occidentale  were screened for anti-inflammatory activity using carrageenan induced rat paw edema model. the petroleum ether and chloroform extract and acetone soluble fraction of methanolic extract showed 57.14%, 47.61% and 61.90% inhibition of paw edema respectively. acetone soluble extract showed better activity than petroleum either and chloroform extracts.200022556940
[study of inpatient consultation for the neurological services].intrahospitalary interconsultation (ic) to a neurology department is an infrastudied task within daily neurologic health care.200010850119
[hospital readmission for heart failure in a general hospital].heart failure (hf) is the most common discharge diagnosis for admission and readmission in adult. prior studies have reported that elderly patients who survive hospitalization for hf, are particularly vulnerable to readmission. the present study was realized to investigate the characteristics of patients with readmissions for hf and the features of this hospitalizations.200010829460
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