PMID(sorted ascending)
[effect of preparations sekusept and maranon (henkel) on selected species of microorganisms. a short communication (author's transl)]. 1975130984
[interdisciplinary studies in the essarys of gregorio marañon]. 2011349649
[chemical and pharmacological study of leaves of anacardium occidentale l. (anacardiaceae)]. 1977413636
the possible relationship between cardiac glycogen levels, ouabain toxicity and the anti-arrhythmic effect of anacardium occidentale. 19751210327
[contribution to food microscopy of anacardium occidentale l, carica papaya l and myrciaria cauliflora (martius) berg].with a view towards food microscopy the authors present an anatomical study of the pseudofruit of anacardium occidentale l., the fruit of carica papaya l., and the fruit of myrciaria cauliflora (martius) berg. drawings illustrate the text to facilitate identification of the corresponding hystologic elements found in industrialized products.20061233593
[occurrence of dynamic atrial spontaneous contrast in patients with mitral disease].the aim of this study was to analyze, through transesophageal echocardiography, different factors related to left atrial spontaneous echocardiographic formation.19921290641
[the use of the shell of the cashew nut, anacardium occidentale, as an alternative molluscacide].bioassays using hexanolic extracts of cashew nut shells, of anacardium occidentale, collected in ceará in 1972 (sample 1) and 1987 (sample 2) were undertaken with adult snails and egg masses of biomphalaria glabrata, b. tenagophila and b. straminea both in the laboratory and in the field. non extracted shells, 18.5 g, sample 1, were also tested with adult snails and egg masses of the three species. the toxicity of extract was tested with fish (poecilia reticulata) and tadpoles. the lethal concen ...19921342111
[transesophageal echocardiography study of mitral valve prosthesis].transesophageal (tee) and transthoracic (tte) comparative echocardiographic analysis of patients with mitral valve prosthesis.19921476768
promoting action of cashew nut shell oil in dmba-initiated mouse skin tumour model system.the commercially available oil derived from the shell of cashew nut (anacardium occidentale) was tested for its potency in promoting the dmba-initiated cells into papillomas in a murine two-stage skin tumorigenesis model system. male swiss albino mice (9-10-weeks-old) were assorted into different groups and treated topically with single sub-carcinogenic doses of dmba (50 micrograms in 0.1 ml acetone) followed by application of 1% and 2% shell oil in acetone three times a week. animals were sacri ...19921540942
[characterization of doppler flow of the left atrial appendage and its relation to thrombi. a transesophageal echocardiographic study].the characteristics and clinical implications associated with left atrial appendage (laa) flow have not been clearly analyzed. the purpose of this transesophageal pulsed doppler study was to evaluate the importance of rhythm and echo doppler parameters on laa thrombus formation.19921567634
new disinfectants.the authors estimated the microbicidal effect of disinfectants produced by the firm henkel austria, namely spitaderm, incidin m spray, incidur, incidur spray, sekusept pulver, sekusept forte and maranon h. the aim of the study was the verification of the effectivity of preparations and the proposal of their application in czechoslovak practice. the estimation was performed in two stages: in vitro and in practice. the standard suspensive method, the suspensive micromethod and the method of carrie ...19911838887
[molluscacide activity of a mixture of 6-n-alkyl salicylic acids (anacardic acid) and 2 of its complexes with copper (ii) and lead (ii)].the molluscicide activity of hexanic extract from anacardium occidentale l. (cashew) nut shell, of copper (ii) complex, of lead (ii) complex and anacardic acid has been compared in the laboratory in an attempt to obtain better stability than anacardic acid. this was obtained from the hexanic extract of the cashew nut shell by precipitation with lead (ii) hydroxide or cupric sulfate plus sodium hydroxide or (ii) cupric hydroxide followed by treatment of lead (ii) complex with a diluted solution o ...20132133588
[psychologic reactions and psychiatric manifestations in hiv-positive patients].88 patients presenting hiv seropositivity are studied at the psychiatric intersurgery of the gregorio marañon general hospital in madrid. all of them but 4 are drug addicts having acquired the illness through homo or heterosexual relations. after a wide bibliographical survey of the psychologic ann psychiatric aspects related to hiv seropositivity, clinical results are compared with those of the different authors who have dealt with the issue in the last years. conclusions derived from the study ...19902184642
anti-inflammatory actions of tannins isolated from the bark of anacardium occidentale l.a mixture of tannins (hydrolysable and non-hydrolysable) obtained from the bark of anacardium occidentale l., on i.p. injection, demonstrated apparent anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan- and dextran-induced rat paw oedemas, cotton pellet granuloma test and adjuvant-induced polyarthritis in rats. at higher doses orally administered tannins also had activity in carrageenan paw oedema and adjuvant arthritis experiments. the tannins i.p. also inhibited acetic acid-induced "writhing responses" ...19852414605
enteral nutrition in patients with tumours of the head and evaluation is presented of the nutritional status of 30 patients out of the 45 submitted to head and neck surgery, involving the buccal cavity, in the maxillofacial surgery service of the general hospital "gregorio marañón" of madrid, between october 1985 and december 1986, before and after being submitted to excision of a tumour in the head or neck, by administration, in the postoperative period, of a liquid comprehensive diet via a nasogastric catheter. neither in the postoperative period n ...19892492543
[papillary-cystic carcinoma of the pancreas: an infrequent tumor with favorable prognosis].two cases are presented of papillary-cystic carcinoma of the pancreas diagnosed and treated in the ii general surgery service of the gregorio marañón general hospital of madrid (spain) over the last six years. both occurred in young women who presented with pain and abdominal mass. the tumors were large and were located on the tail of the pancreas. one was treated by local resection and the other by distal pancreatectomy. both women are free of disease after a follow-up period of 6 years and 10 ...19892682834
glycaemic effects of traditional european plant treatments for diabetes. studies in normal and streptozotocin diabetic mice.twelve plants used for the traditional treatment of diabetes mellitus in northern europe were studied using normal and streptozotocin diabetic mice to evaluate effects on glucose homeostasis. the plants were administered in the diet (6.25% by weight) and/or as decoctions or infusions in place of drinking water, to coincide with the traditional method of preparation. treatment for 28 days with preparations of burdock (arctium lappa), cashew (anacardium occidentale), dandelion (taraxacum officinal ...19892743711
[immediate results of coronary angioplasty in elderly patients. experience at the gregorio marañón general hospital].in order to assess the results of ptca in geriatric patients we retrospectively analysed the coronary angiographic findings and the indication, results and major complications (non-fatal myocardial infarction, emergent surgery and death) in 105 consecutive patients aged 65 or more who had ptca as a part of a whole group of 600 patients. among the older patients there were more female gender (p less than 0.001), severe angina (canadian functional class iii or iv) (p less than 0.05), unstable angi ...19892813885
[dental prostheses and dental impressions from a hygienic viewpoint].dentures, dental impressions, removable orthodontic appliances and all dental technical devices, which are part of any dental treatment are parts as well of a potential crosscontamination chain in dental treatment. most of those items do not tolerate heat as a sure sterilization medium. for disinfection, chemical disinfectant solutions may be used as far as they work properly and as they are tolerated by the materials in question. though, one can report some progress in disinfection of dentures ...19863107267
[effect of several extracts derived from plants on the survival of larvae of aedes fluviatilis (lutz) (diptera: culicidae) in the laboratory].the larvicidal properties of 34 plant extracts were tested against aedes fluviatilis (lutz) (diptera: culicidae) larvae, at 100, 10 and 1 ppm concentrations; 26.6% of the extracts enhanced larval mortality (alpha = 0.05) at 100 ppm (anacardium occidentale, agave americana, allium sativum, coriandrum sativum, nerium oleander, spatodea campanulata, tibouchina scrobiculata and vernonia salzmanni). anacardic acid (a. occidentale) was effective at 10 ppm and a. sativum (crude extract) at 1 ppm.20063249563
[eulogy and remembrance on the centennial of the birth of don gregorio marañón]. 19873322093
[molluscacidal activity of anacardium occidentale l. (anacardiaceae)]. 19873504123
lipids of high-yielding varieties of cashew (anacardium occidentale l.).cashew kernel lipids from high-yielding varieties have been characterised. neutral lipid accounted for 96% while glycolipid and phospholipid accounted for the remaining 4%. triglycerides were very rich in unsaturated fatty acids (oleic and linoleic) while glycolipids were rich in saturated fatty acids (lauric and myristic). varietal difference was noticed with respect to the composition of neutral and glycolipids. composition of phospholipid did not differ among high-yielding varieties.19873507003
[remembrance and praise of dr. gregorio marañón posadillo (1887-1960)]. 19853915144
anacardium occidentale gum. i. immunochemical and hydrolytic studies. 19704248098
[the hands in the person and in the works of marañón]. 19684888529
[medico-madrilene notes on the bibliography of maranon]. 19704924856
[gregorio maranón: profiles of a teacher of hispano-american medical science]. 20154934859
[don gregorio marañón as seen by a mexican doctor]. 20044938075
[madrileã historico-literary notes in the works of dr. marañón]. 19714951195
[contact allergy to anacardiaceae. a review and case reports of poison ivy allergy in central europe].in europe, as opposed to north america, poison-ivy rash is hardly known. for this reason a detailed review of the allergenic members of the anacardiaceae family is given, and the misleading nomenclature of "poison ivy", "poison oak", and some other species of this family are discussed. an up-to-date representation of the chemical structure of the allergenic substance group (denoted as "urushiol") from this family is provided as well as botanical information regarding the plants themselves. preve ...19836227468
[memories on a visit to chile of gregorio marañon m.d. (author's transl)]. 19807001595
gregorio marañón. 19827043012
[study of antimicrobial activity of anacardium occidentale l]. 19827137810
[phlebotomus fauna (diptera: psychodidae) of 3 provinces of the northeastern region of marañon, peru].two thousand seven hundred and seventy four sand flies were captured since 1987 to 1992 in endemic areas of human bartonellosis and peruvian verruga (district of san josé de lourdes, province of san ignacio - 05 degrees 03' ls, and district of lonya grande, province of utcubamba - 06 degrees 05'30" ls) belonging to the northeast region of marañon, peru. thirteen species were identified, 11 belonging to the genus lutzomyia, 1 to brumptomyia and the other to warileya. lutzomyia sp, close to l. ser ...19957480916
[the liver transplant program of the hospital general universitario gregorio marañón: an analysis of the first 100 patients].during a 3-year period between 1990 and 1993, 100 patients received orthotopic liver transplantation at the "gregorio marañón" university general hospital. the mean age of the patients was relatively high (46.9 +/- 10 years), with an important number of cirrhotic patients (91%). the rate of primary liver failure was relatively low (4.5% of transplantations) although 12 cases with more than 55 years were included in the present series. eleven retransplantations were performed, 8 for early failure ...19957784653
[multiplanar transesophageal echocardiography: technique, methodology, and applications].to present the experience of transesophageal echocardiography with a multiplane probe, its methodology, the advantages, disadvantages and diagnostic improvements of this type of probe.19947818944
anacardium occidentale (cashew) pollen allergy in patients with allergic bronchial asthma.the cashew tree grows in abundance in the hills and plains of goa, india. because of the financial yield, more and more trees are being planted each year. the cashew tree flowers once a year between january and march, but pollination is mostly entomophilous.19957852665
[transesophageal echocardiography assessment of regurgitant jets of eccentric geometry in mitral valve prosthesis: superiority of multiplanar sections over standard sections].the purpose of this study was to determine whether multiplanar (mp) transesophageal echocardiographic views were superior to standard views (st) at 0 degree and 90 degrees in the evaluation of mitral prosthesis regurgitation (mr), particularly in presence of wall regurgitant jets.19947873222
tyrosinase inhibitors from anacardium occidentale fruits.anacardic acids, 2-methylcardols, and cardols isolated from various parts of the cashew [anacardium occidentale] (anacardiaceae) fruit have been found to exhibit tyrosinase inhibitory activity. kinetic studies with the two principal active compounds, 6-[8(z),11(z),14-pentadecatrienyl]salicylic acid and 5-[8(z),11(z),14-pentadecatrienyl]resorcinol, have indicated that both of these phenolic compounds exhibit characteristic competitive inhibition of the oxidation of l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l ...19948021657
[an evaluation of the effect of a bark extract from the cashew (anacardium occidentale l.) on infection by leishmania (viannia) braziliensis].this paper presents an evaluation of the therapeutic effect of an hydroalcoholic extract of a. occidentale l. bark against leishmania (viannia) brasiliensis. the extract showed high activity in the in vitro model against the promastigotes of this species. however in the in vivo model no curative activity was observed.19938146389
[a pulsed doppler transesophageal echocardiographic study of pulmonary venous flow in mitral regurgitation jets in the parietal direction].transesophageal echocardiographic analysis of the degree of severity of mitral regurgitation eccentric wall jets by color doppler and pulsed doppler interrogation of the pulmonary venous flow.19938333990
[a transesophageal color-coded pulsed doppler echocardiographic study of the spatial distribution of mitral regurgitation jets].transesophageal echocardiographic analysis of color doppler characteristics of mitral valvular regurgitation jets.20168352983
[meaning of mosaic color area in mitral regurgitation. echocardiographic transesophageal study].the purpose of our study was to analyse the meaning of total and mosaic color doppler area of the mitral regurgitation jet, in terms of the degree of mitral regurgitation severity.19938512712
[transesophageal echocardiography study with dynamic spontaneous contrast of the left atrial appendage, its relationship with the anatomy and thrombus formation].transesophageal two-dimensional echocardiographic study of anatomical characteristics of the left atrial appendage and its relation to spontaneous dynamic echocardiographic contrast.19938512727
effect of niclosamide (bayluscide wp 70), anacardium occidentale hexane extract and euphorbia splendens latex on behavior of biomphalaria glabrata (say, 1818), under laboratory conditions.the repellent effect of the molluscicides niclosamide (bayluscide wp 70), anacardium occidentale and the latex of euphorbia splendens on biomphalaria glabrata was observed through the investigation of the occurrence of escape behavior among molluscs that were exposed to dosages lower than the ld 50. the total number of individuals out of water among the surviving snails in the control group provided a "natural escape index". the comparison between this total and the total number of surviving sna ...19958531656
[conservation surgery for supraglottic carcinoma. oncological and functional results].conservative surgical treatment of carcinomas limited to the supraglottic larynx has been shown to be an oncologically and functionally effective therapeutic approach. a retrospective study was made of the medical records of 792 patients who underwent conservative surgery for supraglottic laryngeal carcinoma at the gregorio marañón university hospital of madrid, spain, in 1962-1991. our theoretical protocol for treating supraglottic tumors is presented. the oncological results (survival, local c ...20068695201
plants used in the treatment of leishmanial ulcers due to leishmania (viannia) braziliensis in an endemic area of bahia, brazil.this paper records the plants used in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis due to leishmania (viannia) braziliensis (l(v)b) among the rural population of a cocoa-producing coastal area of bahia state, brazil. an enquiry conducted among a hundred patients identified 49 plants species used to treat skin ulceration caused by this leishmania species. the principal plants used are caju-branco (anacardium occidentale, anacardiaceae), used by 65% of the population, folha-fogo (clidemia hirta,melast ...19968701041
[partial vertical surgery in the treatment of glottic carcinoma. our experience in the course of 30 years].conversation surgery for glottic carcinoma has two goals: preserving normal laryngeal function and achieving a rate of local control similar to total laryngectomy. a retrospective study was made of the medical charts of 424 patients diagnosed as glottic carcinoma and treated with conservative surgical procedures at the gregorio marañón en university of hospital of madrid, spain, between 1962 and 1991. our treatment protocol for patients with early or intermediate-stage glottic carcinoma is prese ...20068924289
[laryngeal vertical partial surgery. surgical techniques. oncological and functional results].we present the results of a retrospective study of 467 patients treated with conservative surgery for glottic carcinomas at the ent department of the "gregorio maranon" hospital between 1962-1993. the disease was staged using the criteria set forth in 1988 by the ajcc, and 27.7% patients were intermediate to advanced stages. our theoretic treatment protocol is presented. the 5 years uncorrected actuarial survival related to stage was 85.6%, 71.4% and 71% for stages i, ii and iii respectively. in ...19969027205
mutagenic, carcinogenic and cocarcinogenic activity of cashewnut shell liquid.the petroleum ether extract of cashewnut shell (anacardium occidentale) was tested for its mutagenic, carcinogenic and cocarcinogenic potency. mutagenicity tests using salmonella typhimurium (ame's test) strains ta 1535, ta 100 and ta 98 showed that cashewnut shell liquid is non-mutagenic up to a concentration of 0.003% (in 0.1 ml dmso) with and without metabolic activation (s 9 mixture). carcinogenicity testing using murine (female swiss albino mice) two stage skin tumourigenesis model revealed ...19979029164
[conservative surgery for supraglottic carcinoma. surgical technique. oncologic and functional results].we present the results of a retrospective study of 817 patients treated with conservative surgery for carcinomas of the supraglottic larynx at ent department of the gregorio maranón hospital between 1962-1993. the disease was staged using the criteria set forth in 1988 by the ajcc, and 36,2% were stages iii and iv. from the 817 patients treated with conservative surgery 230 were extended supraglottic laryngectomies. our theoretic treatment protocol is presented. the 5 years actuarial uncorrected ...19969082831
bacteremia following liver biopsy in transplant recipients with roux-en-y choledochojejunostomy.between 1990 and 1995, 666 percutaneous liver biopsies were performed in 196 patients at gregorio marañón general hospital (mean 3.4 biopsies/patient); 533 biopsies (80.03%) were carried out in patients with choledochostomy biliary anastomosis and 133 (19.97%) in patients with choledochojejunostomy. infectious complications, in the form of sepsis, occurred in two patients, who recovered favorably with antibiotic therapy. these two patients had undergone roux-en-y choledochojejunostomy (1.5%, not ...19979168662
early iort experience in a public university hospital in spain: hospital general universitario gregorio marañón (madrid). 19979263793
possible role of lutzomyia maranonensis and lutzomyia robusta (diptera: psychodidae) as vectors of human bartonellosis in three provinces of region nor oriental del marañon, peru. 19979394538
[anti-anaerobic activity of carbapenems].the critical concentrations of sensitivity and resistance for meropenem versus anaerobic bacterias were analyzed. it is demonstrated the meropenem is a powerful inhibitor of the microorganisms of the bacteroides groups (mic90 < 1 mg/l), prevotella > porphyromonas, fusobacterium, veillonella, clostridium perfringens is inhibited at a mic < 0.06 mg/l. the mic of meropenem versus c. difficile is 2 mg/l. they are also highly susceptible to the propionibacterium, peptostreptococcus and peptococcus ty ...19979410076
[usefulness of computed tomography for the staging and management of post-traumatic renal lesions].use of computerized tomography (ct) criteria for the staging of 50 cases of renal trauma diagnosed in the hospital general universitario "gregorio marañón" over the 1989-1995 period. ct is used as the choice technique to diagnose renal lesions of traumatic etiology in patients haemodynamically stable.19979412222
similarity of monosaccharide, oligosaccharide and polysaccharide structures in gum exudate of anacardium occidentale.the gum exudate from the brazilian cashew-nut tree (anacardium occidentale) contained traces of the reducing sugars, rhamnose (0.005%), arabinose (0.03%), mannose (0.007%), galactose (0.03%), glucose (0.02%), beta-d-galp-(1-->6)-alpha beta-d-gal (0.05%), alpha-l-rhap-(1-->4)-alpha beta-d-glca (0.008%) and alpha-l-rhap-(1-->4)-beta-d-glcpa-(1-->6)-beta-d-galp-(1-->6 )-alpha beta-d-gal (0.008%). rhamnose, arabinose, glucose and the three oligosaccharides are components of the side-chains of the gu ...19989542167
a study of allergy to penicillin antibiotics in 1995 in the child allergy department of the gregorio marañón university hospital.we present 219 cases of adverse reactions to penicillin and related antibiotics during 1995 in the child allergy department of gregorio marañón university hospital. amoxicillin was the most frequent cause of the reaction. the most common clinical symptom was urticaria followed by angio-edema and other characteristic exanthemas. a diagnosis of allergy to penicillin and related drugs was only made in 20 cases in which the predominant symptomatology was urticaria and the antibiotic most commonly in ...20049645259
pulmonary complications following orthotopic liver transplant.pulmonary complications after orthotopic liver transplant (olt) are frequent, involving high morbidity and mortality. we have determined the pulmonary complication incidence in 187 patients submitted to olt at the general university hospital "gregorio marañón" in the last 4 years, analyzing the type of infection, evolution, diagnostic and therapeutic measures and their influence on olt mortality. a total of 120 patients had pulmonary complications, the most frequent being pleural effusion (61.94 ...19989664991
protective role of anacardium occidentale extract against streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats.the protective effect of anacardium occidentale aqueous extract against streptozotocin-induced diabetes was evaluated in rats. the rats were treated with 175 mg/kg of the extract per os, twice daily; beginning 2 days before streptozotocin (stz) injection. a total of 3 days after stz administration, there was a 48% increase in blood glucose level in pretreated rats, compared with a 208% increase in diabetic control rats treated with stz alone. furthermore, these pretreated animals presented no gl ...19989741880
[splenectomy indications at a general hospital].to analyse the evolution of indications for splenectomy for a 11-year period.199910230289
the gregorio marañón hospital experience with vertical partial laryngectomies.we present a retrospective study of 551 patients treated with conservative surgery for glottic carcinoma at the gregorio marañón hospital between 1962 and 1996. in all, 12% of cases were locally advanced carcinomas. in early-stage carcinomas there were no statistical differences in 5-year survival between those treated by endoscopic laser resection, vertical hemilaryngectomy and radiotherapy. however, tumor recurrence after primary radiotherapy was higher (27%) than with conservative surgery (12 ...199910456278
[surgery unit for epilepsy].only few medically refractory epileptic patients are evaluated for surgical treatment, in spite of the good results obtained at the centers where epilepsy surgery is performed.200910478372
molecular analysis in familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus: early diagnosis of an asymptomatic carrier.familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (fndi) is an inherited deficiency of the hormone arginine vasopressin (avp) and is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. in the present study we have analyzed the avp-neurophysin ii (avp-npii) gene in a spanish kindred. studies were performed on seven members (four clinically affected) of the family. patients were diagnosed at the hospital universitario gregorio marañón (madrid, spain). the entire coding region of the avp-npii gene of all family ...199910487710
anti-helicobacter pylori agents from the cashew apple.anacardic acids and (e)-2-hexenal characterized from the cashew anacardium occidentale l. (anacardiaceae) apple have been found to exhibit antibacterial activity against the gram-negative bacterium helicobacter pylori, which is now considered to cause acute gastritis. the same antibacterial compounds have also been found to inhibit urease (ec
screening of some nigerian medicinal plants for antibacterial activity.crude extracts from eight nigerian medicinal plants, used traditionally in the treatment of infectious and septic diseases in both humans and animals were screened in vitro for antibacterial activity, using the hole-plate diffusion method. most of the extracts were active against gram-positive bacteria. two of the plant, angeiossus schimperi and anacardium occidentale, had good antibacterial activity against escherichia coli and pseudomonas aeruginosa which are gram-negative bacteria.199910619388
higher cardol homologs (5-alkylresorcinols) in rye seedlings.the occurrence of alkylresorcinols, polyketide compounds that in the same homologous series as cardol isolated from anacardium occidentale (cashew) or bilobol from ginkgo biloba which are derivatives of 1,3-dihydroxy-5-alk(en)ylbenzene, have been demonstrated in developing rye (secale cereale l.) kernels. the 3-day-old seedlings grown in sterile conditions already contain detectable amounts of phenolic compounds that were identified as alkylresorcinols. this fraction is the mixture of saturated ...200010634940
[extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ecmo. experience with the first 22 cases].extracorporal membrane oxygenation (ecmo) is an alternative to cases of respiratory or cardiopulmonary insufficiency when conventional therapy has failed. we present the first 22 patients treated with ecmo at the neonatology unit of the "gregorio marañon" hospital.199910666903
application of high-temperature gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the investigation of glycosidically bound components related to cashew apple (anacardium occidentale l. var. nanum) and bound volatile components of a brazilian cashew apple variety (anacardium occidentale l. var. nanum) were obtained by simultaneous distillation-extraction (sde) and xad-2 adsorption. according to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (gc-ms) analyses and retention indices, 62 free volatile constituents were characterized and quantified. they were esters (40%), terpenes (20%), hydrocarbons (14%), fatty acids (9%), aldehydes (8%), alcohols (3%), lactones (3%), ketones (1%), phenols (1%), a ...200010775367
medicinal plants used for dogs in trinidad and tobago.this paper documents ethnoveterinary medicines used to treat dogs in trinidad and tobago. in 1995, a 4-stage process was used to conduct the research and document the ethnoveterinary practices. twenty-eight ethnoveterinary respondents were identified using the school-essay method, which is a modified rapid rural appraisal (rra) technique. semi-structured interviews were held with these respondents as well as with 30 veterinarians, 27 extension officers and 19 animal-health assistants and/or agri ...200010821961
[hospital readmission for heart failure in a general hospital].heart failure (hf) is the most common discharge diagnosis for admission and readmission in adult. prior studies have reported that elderly patients who survive hospitalization for hf, are particularly vulnerable to readmission. the present study was realized to investigate the characteristics of patients with readmissions for hf and the features of this hospitalizations.200010829460
[study of inpatient consultation for the neurological services].intrahospitalary interconsultation (ic) to a neurology department is an infrastudied task within daily neurologic health care.200010850119
effect of inclusion of cashew globulin (anacardium occidentale) to a casein diet on lipid parameters in rats.the effect of inclusion of cashew globulin to a casein diet on lipid metabolism was studied in rats fed diets with two levels of cashew globulin meal. inclusion of cashew globulin to a casein diet produced lower levels of total cholesterol, triacylglycerol and phospholipids in the serum and tissues and lower levels of serum lipoprotein cholesterol. there was decreased cholesterogenesis in the liver as evidenced by decreased activity of hmg coa reductase and decreased release of lipoproteins into ...199810890760
[gregorio marañón and walter b. cannon].the story of a friendly relationship between two great scientists, gregorio marañón (g.m.) and walter b. cannon (w.b.c.), is reported. both share a common interest for the biology of emotion. in the early twenties they had already made important contributions to the nature of the emotional processes. the meeting point was in the interpretation of the somato-visceral response elicited by the injection of adrenaline in humans (g.m.) and of the emergency reaction (w.b.c.). the relevant moment in th ...199910897869
biological screening of selected medicinal panamanian plants by radioligand-binding techniques.nineteen plants from the republic of panama were selected by their traditional uses in the treatment of hypertension, cardiovascular, mental and feeding disorders and 149 extracts were screened using radioligand-receptor-binding assays. the methanol:dicloromethane extracts of the bark and leaves of anacardium occidentale l., the leaves of begonia urophylla hook., the roots of bocconia frutescens l., the stems and leaves of cecropia cf.obtusifolia bertol., the branches of clusia coclensis standl. ...200111292241
[segmental motor paralysis caused by the varicella zoster virus. clinical study and functional prognosis].segmental motor paralysis of the limbs (smp) complicates 2-3% of the cases of cutaneous herpes zoster. viral invasion and inflammation of the motor neurons of the anterior horn cells by the varicella-zoster virus (vvz) causes clinical weakness at the same time and site as the cutaneous eruption.200111293092
antimicrobial activity of anacardium occidentale bark.anacardium occidentale bark 60% methanolic extract exhibited antimicrobial activity against 13 out of 15 bacterial isolates at a concentration of 20 mg/ml.200111295307
volatile compounds of cashew apple (anacardium occidentale l.).the volatile compounds of a largely consumed brazilian cashew apple variety (anacardium occidentale l. var. nanum, anacardiaceae) were recovered by headspace extraction or simultaneous distillation-extraction. several compounds including esters (29), terpenes (16), hydrocarbons (9), carboxylic acids (7), aldehydes (7), alcohols (3), ketones (2), lactones (2) and norisoprenoids (1) were characterized and quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses.200911302210
novel method for isolation of major phenolic constituents from cashew (anacardium occidentale l.) nut shell liquid.commercially available cashew (anacardium occidentale l.) nut shell liquid (cnsl) mainly contains the phenolic constituents anacardic acid, cardol, and cardanol. these phenolic constituents are themselves heterogeneous, and each of them contains saturated, monoene, diene, and trienes in the fifteen-carbon side chain. this communication describes the separation of anacardic acid, cardol, and cardanol for industrial application. anacardic acid was selectively isolated as calcium anacardate. the ac ...200111368634
formation of liposomes by resorcinolic lipids, single-chain phenolic amphiphiles from anacardium occidentale l.resorcinolic lipids isolated from anacardium occidentale nut oil extract (cnsl), unsaturated congeners of those isolated from bacterial and graminaceous sources, form at alkaline conditions liposomal structures alone as well as in the mixtures with cholesterol, fatty acids or phosphatidylethanolamine. those vesicular structures show relatively high entrapment of the marker and stability of their size. the retention of the captured solute depends upon the type of resorcinolic lipid and on the tem ...200111427196
functional properties of raw and heat processed cashew nut (anacardium occidentale, l.) kernel protein isolates.the functional properties viz. solubility, water and oil absorption, emulsifying and foaming capacities of the protein isolates prepared from raw and heat processed cashew nut kernels were evaluated. protein solubility vs. ph profile showed the isoelectric point at ph 5 for both isolates. the isolate prepared from raw cashew nuts showed superior solubility at and above isoelectric point ph. the water and oil absorption capacities of the proteins were slightly improved by heat treatment of cashew ...200111534465
on the diffusion of a new specialty: marañón and the "crisis" of endocrinology in spain. 197611610069
enrique iv and gregorio marañón. 197611615594
botanical briefs: the cashew tree--anacardium occidentale l. 200111766115
cashew-tree (anacardium occidentale l.) exudate gum: a novel bioligand tool.the potential of bioaffinity as a tool for the study of biological-recognition mechanisms is gaining increasing value. the search continues for alternative products that can be obtained from renewable sources, such as the bark exudate gum from the cashew tree (anacardium occidentale l.), which grows wild in many tropical and subtropical countries. its potential use as a chromatographic matrix and/or for bioaffinity ligand for proteins (lectins) has been investigated. the crude gum was cross-link ...200211834129
the triatomines of northern peru, with emphasis on the ecology and infection by trypanosomes of rhodnius ecuadoriensis (triatominae).information on the distribution and synanthropic behaviour of triatomines is essential for chagas disease vector control. this work summarises such information from northern peru, and presents new data on rhodnius ecuadoriensis - an important local vector infesting 10-35% of dwellings in some zones. three species are strongly synanthropic and may be suitable targets for chemical control of domestic/peridomestic bug populations. panstrongylus herreri, the main domestic vector in the area, is prob ...200212016438
extra-abdominal infections due to gemella understand the role of gemella species as a pathogen causing extra-abdominal infections in the hospital general universitario gregorio marañón.200212044308
extracts of anacardium occidentale (cashew) pollen in patients with allergic bronchial asthma.allergic reactions to the pollen of trees is among the most prevalent allergic sensitivities. the cashew tree grows in abundance in the northeast region of the brazil, mainly in fortaleza city, in state of the ceará. it flowers once a year between august and october. this is the first study conducted to establish the possible role of the cashew pollen extract in causing skin test reactivity in patients with allergic asthma. a stock solution of pollen extract was prepared with the standard weight ...200212109528
process for isolation of cardanol from technical cashew (anacardium occidentale l.) nut shell liquid.commercially available technical cashew (anacardium occidentale l.) nut shell liquid (cnsl) contains mainly cardanol (decarboxylated anacardic acid) and cardol. cardanol, the monophenolic component of technical cnsl, is widely used as a synthon for the preparation of a number of polymers and agricultural products. this paper describes the separation of cardanol from toxic cardol. technical cnsl was dissolved in a mixture of methanol and ammonium hydroxide (8:5) and extracted with hexane to obtai ...200212137500
characterization of the soluble allergenic proteins of cashew nut (anacardium occidentale l.).the allergens associated with cashew food allergy have not been well-characterized. we sought to identify the major allergens in cashew nut by performing ige immunoblots to dissociated and reduced or nonreduced cashew protein extracts, followed by sequencing of the peptides of interest. sera from 15 subjects with life-threatening reactions to cashews and 8 subjects who tolerate cashews but have life-threatening reactions to other tree nuts were compared. an aqueous cashew protein extract contain ...200212381147
flavor composition of cashew (anacardium occidentale) and marmeleiro (croton species) honeys.the aim of this work was to characterize the volatile fractions of two brazilian honeys known as caju and marmeleiro. the volatile components were isolated by a column extraction technique using acetone as the extraction solvent. totals of 59 and 36 volatile compounds were definitely or tentatively identified in the caju and marmeleiro honeys, respectively, using reference substances, mass spectral libraries, and the odor qualities of the compounds eluted from the gc column. aroma extraction dil ...200212475279
[use of acid-suppressive medications in hospitalized patients].the acid-suppressive medications are used frequently in hospitalized patients, but some studies suggests that their are overused, especially in the treatment of stress ulcer prophylaxis in low-risk patients. this research determine the frequency of use and indications of acid-suppressive medications in hospitalized patients in a internal medical service.200212522890
separation of cashew (anacardium occidentale l.) nut shell liquid with supercritical carbon dioxide.cashew nut shell liquid (cnsl) represents the largest readily available bioresource of alkenyl phenolic compounds. in this work, separation of cnsl from the pericarp of the cashew nut with supercritical carbon dioxide was studied. in the initial extractions with co(2) at 40-60 degrees c and at pressures from 14.7 to 29.4 mpa, low yields were obtained. however, when the extractions were performed with one or more intermediate depressurization steps, the yield of cnsl increased to as high as 94%. ...200312573557
why is coronary heart disease of uraemic patients so frequent and so devastating?on september 6, 2001, professor fernando valderrabano (hospital gregorio marañon, madrid) died at the age of 59 years. he was a leading figure in spanish nephrology, a full professor of medicine/nephrology at the university complutense of madrid, and an outstanding scientist who published more than 300 articles in medical journals. he was a very intelligent and cultured person, and a man of great style who enjoyed a wide range of hobbies and interests in addition to his medical work. all his col ...200312637626
proline accumulation and glutamine synthetase activity are increased by salt-induced proteolysis in cashew this study cashew (anacardium occidentale) plants were exposed to a short- and long-term exposure to nacl in order to establish the importance of the salt-induced proteolysis and the glutamine synthetase activity on the proline accumulation. the cashew leaf showed a prominent proline accumulation in response to salt stress. in contrast, the root tissue had no significant changes in proline content even after the drastic injury caused by salinity on the whole plant. the leaf proline accumulati ...200312685027
laboratory evaluation of the hypoglycemic effect of anacardium occidentale linn (anacardiaceae) stem-bark extracts in rats.this study evaluated the hypoglycemic effect of stem-bark extracts of anacardium occidentale linn., of the anacardiaceae family, in normal (normoglycemic) and in streptozotocin-treated diabetic rats. young adult, male wistar rats weighing 250-300 g were used. diabetes mellitus was induced in the test rats by intraperitoneal injections of streptozotocin (stz, 90 mg/kg). in one set of experiments, graded doses of the aqueous and methanolic stem-bark extracts of a. occidentale (100-800 mg/kg p.o.) ...200312743624
a sensitive sandwich elisa for the detection of trace amounts of cashew (anacardium occidentale l.) nut in foods.trace amounts of cashew nut protein can provoke severe allergic reactions in sensitive patients. consequently, commercial food processors and regulatory agencies must be vigilant to prevent cashew nut cross-contamination among foods and ensure proper labeling. toward this end, we have developed a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent (elisa) to detect the predominant cashew protein fraction (anacardein or cashew major protein, cmp) that can be extracted in aqueous buffer from food matrixes. prote ...200312744645
[henry iv de castilla( 1454-1474). an exceptional urologic patient. morphological and personality portrait of henry iv " the impotent" in contemporary chronicles and manuscripts (i)].to make an update on gregorio marañon's work "biological essay about henry iv and his time" (madrid 1930), reviewing the clinical diagnosis made by the famous spanish doctor-historian more than 70 years ago on the last monarch of the castilian trastamara, because we consider that diseases suffered by henry iv were urologic mainly.200312768982
[henry iv of castilla (1454-1474). an exceptional urologic patient. an endocrinopathy causing the uro-andrological problems of the monarch. chronic renal lithiasis (ii)].to review all known data about the endocrinopathy and renal disease suffered by henry iv of castile according to contemporary chronicles and manuscripts, comparing the clinical diagnosis made by gregorio marañon 70 years ago in his work "biological essay about henry iv and his time" (madrid 1930) with present concepts, because we consider, as other medical authors, that his endocrinopathy is not well determined. regarding his chronic renal lithiasis, it could have played an important role as neg ...200312768983
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