studies on canine haemobartonellosis. i. haemobartonella canis detected in the blood of dogs inoculated with babesia gibsoni. 1978671934
cold-agglutinin hemolytic anemia and haemobartonella canis infection in a dog.cold-agglutinin hemolytic anemia in a dog was manifested by weakness, progressive hemolytic anemia, hematuria, and hemoglobinuria. corticosteroid therapy failed to alleviate the anemia. the condition became complicated by haemobartonella canis infection berminally. prominent postmortem findings included disseminated thrombosis and infarction, glomerulonephritis, and thickened alveolar membranes.1978689983
erythrocytic rickettsia and protozoa of the dog and cat.this article summarizes the biologic and clinical features of the rickettsia and protozoa of canine and feline erythrocytes that are significant in north america: haemobartonella canis, haemobartonella felis, cytauxzoon felis, babesia canis, and babesia gibsoni.19873328397
fatal disseminated cryptococcosis and concurrent ehrlichiosis in a dog.laboratory findings in an adult bull terrier presented with a history of anorexia and weight loss included the following: severe anaemia, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, lymphopaenia, thrombocytopaenia, ehrlichia canis morulae in monocytes, hypergammaglo-bulinaemia, a bleeding tendency, icterus and proteinuria. in addition, a high haemobartonella canis parasitaemia, non-encapsulated yeasts on urinalysis and a localised demodex canis infestation were present. treatment for ehrlichiosis was initiated ...19873508465
differentiation of babesia gibsoni and haemobartonella canis. 19704099193
the occurrence of haemobartonella canis in nigeria. 19744478986
transmission of haemobartonella canis by the dog tick, rhipicephalus sanguineus. 19734736045
scanning and transmission electron microscopy of haemobartonella canis and eperythrozoon ovis. 19734747041
the isolation of haemobartonella canis in association with babesia canis in a splenectomised dog. 19715103867
fine-structure of haemobartonella canis (rickettsiales: bartonellacea) and its relation to the host erythrocyte. 19685694476
haemobartonella canis (kiküth, 1928) in the blood of dogs with parvovirus disease. 19817334796
haemobartonella canis infection following splenectomy and transfusion. 19957585424
use of a polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of haemobartonella canis in a dog.a polymerase chain reaction (pcr) originally developed for detection of haemobartonella felis in cats was successfully used for detection of h canis in an 8-year-old spayed great dane. the dog had been splenectomized and was undergoing immunosuppressive chemotherapy at the time of diagnosis. sequence analysis of the 16s ribosomal rna gene revealed that the haemobartonella spp infecting this dog was 97% homologous to the sequence previously reported for the ohio strain of h felis. clinical and he ...200111417738
'candidatus mycoplasma haemodidelphidis' sp. nov., 'candidatus mycoplasma haemolamae' sp. nov. and mycoplasma haemocanis comb. nov., haemotrophic parasites from a naturally infected opossum (didelphis virginiana), alpaca (lama pacos) and dog (canis familiaris): phylogenetic and secondary structural relatedness of their 16s rrna genes to other mycoplasmas.the 16s rrna sequence of newly characterized haemotrophic bacteria in an opossum (didelphis virginiana) and alpaca (lama pacos) was determined. in addition, the 16s rrna sequence of a haemotrophic parasite in the dog (canis familiaris) was determined. sequence alignment and evolutionary analysis as well as secondary structural similarity and signature nucleotide sequence motifs of their 16s rrna genes, positioned these organisms in the genus mycoplasma. the highest scoring sequence similarities ...200212054227
differentiation of haemobartonella canis and mycoplasma haemofelis on the basis of comparative analysis of gene determine whether haemobartonella canis and mycoplasma haemofelis (formerly known as h felis [large form]) can be differentiated by use of comparative analysis of gene sequences.200212371764
[appearance of haemobartonella canis following splenectomy and abdominal lymphadenectomy in a dog]. 195713482795
haemobartonella canis infection in a dog. 195913798906
mycoplasma haemocanis infection--a kennel disease?mycoplasma haemocanis (formerly haemobartonella canis) is a red blood cell parasite that causes disease mainly in immunosuppressed and splenectomized dogs. clinical outbreak of the disease resulted in failure of a large experimental project. we aimed to identify whether m. haemocanis has increased prevalence in kennel-raised dogs. in a prospective study, we compared the prevalence of m. haemocanis in whole blood (anti-coagulated by use of edta) collected from pet dogs (university of illinois, ur ...200415357321
demonstration of two distinct hemotropic mycoplasmas in french north america it has been shown that distinct hemotropic mycoplasmas exist in dogs. blood samples from 460 french dogs were analyzed by pcr to evaluate hemoplasma infection status. seventy-one dogs (15.4%) were positive; of these, 44 (9.6%) were infected with an organism closely related to "candidatus mycoplasma haemoparvum" only, 15 (3.3%) were infected with mycoplasma haemocanis only, and 12 dogs (2.6%) were dually infected with both organisms.200415528754
identification of a haemomycoplasma species in anemic reindeer (rangifer tarandus).during an 18-mo period (may 2002-november 2003), 10 animals in a herd of 19 reindeer (rangifer tarandus) at the national animal disease center (nadc) experienced episodes of anemia. affected animals had histories of weight loss, unthriftiness, occasionally edema of dependent parts and moderate anemia characterized by microcytosis or macrocytosis, hypochromasia, schistocytosis, keratocytosis, acanthocytosis, and dacryocytosis. numerous basophilic punctate to ring-shaped bodies, measuring less tha ...200616870847
epidemiological survey of ehrlichia canis and related species infection in dogs in eastern sudan.the infection rates of ehrlichia canis and related species in dogs in eastern sudan were examined using molecular methods. among 78 dogs examined, 63 (80.8%), 19 (24.4%), and 26 (33.3%) were positive for e. canis, anaplasma platys, mycoplasma haemocanis, and "candidatus mycoplasma haemoparvum," respectively. among these, 30 dogs were single-positive: 25 for e. canis, 2 for a. platys, 1 for m. hemocanis, and 2 for "c. m. haemoparvum." the rest of the dogs (48.7%) were positive for two or more pat ...200617114754
real-time pcr-based prevalence study, infection follow-up and molecular characterization of canine hemotropic mycoplasmas.hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) have been reported in several mammalian species including dogs. infections may lead to hemolytic anemia, but investigations in the dog had been hampered by the lack of adequate diagnostic methods. only recently sensitive pcr-based assays were reported for the two canine hemoplasmas, mycoplasma haemocanis and candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum. by applying these assays, 15.4% of 460 dogs from the south of france tested hemoplasma positive. it was hypothesized ...200817656047
infectious diseases of dogs and cats on isabela island, galapagos.vaccination and importation of dogs and cats are prohibited in the galapagos, resulting in a uniquely isolated population. the purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of infectious diseases of dogs and cats that impact their health, could spill over to native wildlife, or sentinel diseases of concern to humans.200818289290
development and use of real-time pcr to detect and quantify mycoplasma haemocanis and "candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum" in dogs.two canine haemoplasma species have been recognised to date; mycoplasma haemocanis (mhc), which has been associated with anaemia in splenectomised or immunocompromised dogs, and "candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum" (cmhp), recently described in an anaemic splenectomised dog undergoing chemotherapy. the study aim was to develop quantitative real-time pcr assays (qpcrs) incorporating an endogenous internal control to detect mhc and cmhp and to apply these assays to dna samples extracted from cani ...201019646827
a review of the occurrence of hemoplasmas (hemotrophic mycoplasmas) in brazil.recent studies have been conducted in brazil using molecular techniques for the detection of hemotrophic mycoplasmas in several mammals. in domestic cats, mycoplasma haemofelis, "candidatus m. haemominutum", and "candidatus m. turicensis" infections have been identified. these species have also been found in free-ranging and captive neotropical felid species. two canine hemoplasmas, mycoplasma haemocanis and "candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum", have been identified in dogs. in commercial swine ...200919772768
i. bartonella incidence in splenectomized bile fistula dogs.splenectomized bile fistula dogs in this laboratory have regularly exhibited spontaneous periods of anemia, which are associated with excessive bile pigment production. in three out of four dogs, such periods have been shown to be associated with the presence in the blood of bodies morphologically indistinguishable from descriptions of bartonella canis. simple splenectomized dogs have not shown such periods of anemia arising spontaneously. inoculations of blood containing bartonella bodies into ...193519870340
prevalence and geographical distribution of canine hemotropic mycoplasma infections in mediterranean countries and analysis of risk factors for infection.two hemoplasma species are known in dogs: mycoplasma haemocanis (mhc) and 'candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum' (cmhp). although their transmission routes are poorly understood, rhipicephalus sanguineus has been suggested as a potential tick vector. the aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence, risk factors, and clinical importance of canine hemoplasmas in countries with a mediterranean climate where r. sanguineus is highly prevalent using taqman real-time pcr, and to molecularly ch ...201019931320
the bartonella and related parasites in man and animals (oroya fever and verruga peruviana): (section of tropical diseases and parasitology).through the investigations of noguchi on the one hand, and mayer and kikuth on the other, the unity of the aetiology of oroya fever and verruga peruviana has been demonstrated experimentally. the bartonella bacilliformis, the causal organism of oroya fever, belongs to a group of micro-organisms, the parasitic nature of which has been definitely proved during the last few years. tests with a view to transmitting the disease to monkeys, and the aetiology, clinical data, pathology, therapy and immu ...193419989875
prevalence of hemotropic mycoplasmas in healthy and unhealthy cats and dogs in spain.the aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of hemoplasmas in cats and dogs from the barcelona area of spain with the use of species-specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qpcr) assays and to evaluate any associations between hemoplasma infection, clinical presentation, and vector-borne infections. blood samples from cats (191) and dogs (182) were included and were classified as healthy (149) or unhealthy (224). ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid blood samples underwe ...201020224091
haemotropic mycoplasmas of cats and dogs: transmission, diagnosis, prevalence and importance in europe.haemotropic mycoplasmas (or haemoplasmas) are the causative agents of infectious anaemia in many mammalian species. they were previously known as haemobartonella and eperythrozoon species. the development of sensitive, specific pcr assays has expanded our knowledge of these agents and pcr is the method of choice to diagnose and differentiate haemoplasma infections. in felids, mycoplasma haemofelis, 'candidatus mycoplasma haemominutum' and 'candidatus mycoplasma turicensis' have been described. t ...201020464683
use of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction to monitor antibiotic therapy in a dog with naturally acquired mycoplasma haemocanis infection.mycoplasma haemocanis is a hemotropic bacterium that can be associated with acute hemolytic disease in immunocompromised or splenectomized dogs. the present case report describes for the first time the use of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qpcr) to monitor m. haemocanis infection in a splenectomized dog. the report also describes the application of real-time qpcr for the analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid extracted from stained blood films. the analysis of blood films from the ...201020622229
molecular survey and genetic characterization of tick-borne pathogens in dogs in metropolitan recife (north-eastern brazil).to identify dna of the main tick-borne pathogens in dogs from recife (brazil), polymerase chain reactions were carried out on blood samples of dogs treated at the veterinary hospital of the universidade federal rural de pernambuco from march 2007 to june 2008. the detection of dna was performed using specific primers. amplicons were analyzed through electrophoresis and sequencing. a phylogenetic tree was constructed using the upgma method, revealing that the sequences were closely related to tho ...201020680344
bartonella infection in a dog. 194620998664
haemoplasma infection is not a common cause of canine immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia in the uk.the aim of this study was to investigate whether the two canine haemoplasma species, mycoplasma haemocanis and "candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum," are commonly associated with immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia (imha) in uk dogs.201021029097
a survey of canine tick-borne diseases in india.abstract: background: there are few published reports on canine babesia, ehrlichia, anaplasma, hepatozoon and haemotropic mycoplasma infections in india and most describe clinical disease in individual dogs, diagnosed by morphological observation of the microorganisms in stained blood smears. this study investigated the occurrence and distribution of canine tick-borne disease (tbd) pathogens using a combination of conventional and molecular diagnostic techniques in four cities in india. results: ...201121771313
epidemiological aspects on vector-borne infections in stray and pet dogs from romania and hungary with focus on babesia spp.canine arthropod-borne infections are of major interest in small animal practice and have been widely investigated in central and western europe. however, only limited epidemiological data are available from south-eastern european countries, although diseases including babesiosis or dirofilariosis are widely recognised as important canine infections in these countries. a steadily increasing number of dogs imported from south-eastern europe into germany require particular attention by small anima ...201121947342
real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction detection of haemoplasmas in healthy and unhealthy dogs from central macedonia, greece.the aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of canine haemoplasmas, mycoplasma haemocanis and "candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum" infection in central macedonia, greece, and to evaluate any associations between canine haemoplasma infection and clinical presentation, selected laboratory data or the presence of ticks.201122017540
haemoparasites of free-roaming dogs associated with several remote aboriginal communities in australia.tick-borne haemoparasites babesia vogeli and anaplasma platys are common among the free-roaming canine populations associated with aboriginal communities in australia, whilst the prevalence of haemoplasmas, which are also suspected to be tick-borne, remained unexplored. the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of haemoplasma infection in these populations, and to identify any correlation with other haemoparasites. blood was collected from 39 dogs associated with four aboriginal comm ...201222584120
canine vector-borne pathogens in semi-domesticated dogs residing in northern southeast asia, the canine vector-borne pathogens babesia spp., ehrlichia canis, anaplasma platys, hepatozoon canis, haemotropic mycoplasmas and dirofilaria immitis cause significant morbidity and mortality in dogs. moreover, dogs have also been implicated as natural reservoirs for rickettsia felis, the agent of flea-borne spotted fever, increasingly implicated as a cause of undifferentiated fever in humans in southeast asia. the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and div ...201627161452
molecular investigation of hemotropic mycoplasmas in human beings, dogs and horses in a rural settlement in southern brazil.the aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of hemoplasmas in a rural brazilian settlement's population of human beings, their dogs and horses, highly exposed to tick bites; to identify the tick species parasitizing dogs and horses, and analyze factors associated with their infection. blood samples from 132 dogs, 16 horses and 100 humans were screened using a pan-hemoplasma sybr green real-time pcr assay followed by a species-specific taqman real-time pcr. a total of 59/132 (44.7%) d ...026422162
analysis of risk factors and prevalence of haemoplasma infection in dogs.mycoplasma haemocanis (mhc) and 'candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum' (cmhp) are canine haemoplasma species that can induce anaemia in immunocompromised and/or splenectomised dogs. this study aimed to determine the prevalence and phylogeny of canine haemoplasma species in dogs from nigeria and describe any risk factors for infection. canine haemoplasma species-specific and generic haemoplasma qpcr assays were used. the species-specific qpcr assays found mhc infection in 18 of 245 dogs (7.3%), an ...201627084481
serological and molecular prevalence of canine vector-borne diseases (cvbds) in korea.previous surveys in dogs from korea indicated that dogs are exposed to a variety of vector- borne pathogens, but perception for a nation-wide canine vector-borne disease (cvbd) occurrence has been missing. we report here results of both serological and molecular prevalence studies for major cvbds of dogs from all over the south korean peninsula except for jeju island.201728298245
detection of mycoplasma haemocanis, mycoplasma haematoparvum, mycoplasma suis and other vector-borne pathogens in dogs from córdoba and santa fé, argentina, only very few reports are available for canine tick-borne diseases where most are related to parasitic diseases. the objective of this survey was to investigate the prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in 70 dogs from santa fé and córdoba, argentina.201627978844
parasites and vector-borne pathogens in client-owned dogs in albania. blood pathogens and seroprevalences of parasitic and other infectious agents.knowledge on the epidemiology of parasitic and vector-borne infections is still very limited for albania, a country located in the balkan peninsula in southeast europe. recent publications indicated prevalence rates of up to 52% for vector-borne infections in less-cared dogs in albania. to provide data on the epidemiological situation in dogs under veterinary care, a total of 602 client-owned dogs presented to four small animal clinics between march 2010 and april 2011 in tirana, albania, were s ...201626453093
vector-borne pathogens in ticks and edta-blood samples collected from client-owned dogs, kiev, ukraine.due to the availability of adequate habitats in urban environments, e.g. city parks and recreational green areas, ticks from such settings may also carry pathogens of veterinary and public health concern. thus, tick-borne infections may readily be identified in companion animals residing in urbanised areas. to investigate the presence of vector-borne pathogens in kiev, ukraine, 52 engorged adult ticks, 33 dermacentor reticulatus and 19 ixodes ricinus, were collected from 15 dogs in the spring of ...201323069260
association of ehrlichia canis, hemotropic mycoplasma spp. and anaplasma platys and severe anemia in dogs in thailand.canine tick-borne bacteria; ehrlichia canis, hemotropic mycoplasma spp. and anaplasma spp., are organisms transmitted by rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks. however, only a few clinical studies evaluating dogs infected with these organisms and anemia condition have been published. in this study, the potential tick-borne bacteria linked to anemia were investigated in eighty-one blood samples selected from anemic dogs using a broad range nested-pcr of the 16s rrna gene. positive results were shown in ...201728284610
canine tick-borne pathogens in cyprus and a unique canine case of multiple co-infections.canine tick-borne pathogens such as ehrlichia canis and hepatozoon canis are widespread in the mediterranean basin but have never been reported or investigated in cyprus. we describe herein the presence of canine tick-borne pathogens in three dogs with clinical signs compatible with vector-borne diseases from paphos area of cyprus. molecular and phylogenetic analysis revealed the presence of e. canis, anaplasma platys, h. canis, babesia vogeli and mycoplasma haemocanis in cyprus. one dog co-infe ...201728089651
chemical characterization and acaricide potential of essential oil from aerial parts of tagetes patula l. (asteraceae) against engorged adult females of rhipicephalus sanguineus (latreille, 1806).rhipicephalus sanguineus, commonly known as the brown dog tick, is one of the most widely distributed species of tick. in dogs, it can cause anemia and provide the transmission of pathogenic microorganisms such as babesia canis, ehrlichia canis, hepatozoon canis, anaplasma platys, and mycoplasma haemocanis. to man, it can transmit the intracellular parasites rickettsia rickettsii and rickettsia conorii, the causative agents of the rocky mountain spotted fever in the americas and mediterranean an ...201323508761
infectious diseases in dogs rescued during dogfighting investigations.dogs used for dogfighting often receive minimal preventive health care, and the potential for spread of infectious diseases is high. the purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of infectious diseases in dogs rescued from fighting operations to guide medical protocols for their immediate and long-term care. a total of 269 pit bull-type dogs were seized in a multi-state investigation. fleas were present on most dogs, but few ticks were observed. testing performed at intake included pa ...201627056107
vector-borne pathogens in arctic foxes, vulpes lagopus, from canada.because of the relatively low biodiversity within arctic ecosystems, arctic foxes, vulpes lagopus, could serve as sentinels for the study of changes in the ecology of vector-borne zoonotic pathogens. the objective of this study was to determine the molecular prevalence of 5 different genera of vector borne pathogens (anaplasma, babesia, bartonella, ehrlichia, and hemotropic mycoplasma spp.) using blood collected from 28 live-trapped arctic foxes from the region of karrak lake, nunavut, canada. b ...201525596149
survey of spatial distribution of vector-borne disease in neighborhood dogs in southern brazil.neighborhood dogs may act as reservoirs and disseminators of vector-borne diseases in urban areas. accordingly, the aim of this study was to ascertain the health status and the vector-borne pathogens infecting dogs living in public areas with high levels of human movement in the city of curitiba, southern brazil. blood samples from 21 neighborhood dogs that were found in nine of 22 bus stations and two public parks were subjected to a complete blood cell (cbc) count, serum biochemical profiling, ...201728331833
occurrence and molecular characterization of hemoplasmas in domestic dogs and wild mammals in a brazilian wetland.hemotropic mycoplasmas are known to cause anemia in several mammalian species. the present work aimed to investigate the occurrence of mycoplasma spp. in wild mammals, domestic dogs and their respective ectoparasites, in southern pantanal region, central-western brazil. between august 2013 and march 2015, 31 nasua nasua, 78 cerdocyon thous, seven leopardus pardalis, 42 dogs, 110 wild rodents, and 30 marsupials were trapped and ectoparasites (ticks and fleas) found parasitizing the animals were c ...201728366511
prevalence and molecular characterization of canine and feline hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas) in northern italy.hemotropic mycoplasmas (hemoplasmas), the agents of infectious anemia, have been reported in dogs and cats. little data are available on hemoplasma infections in italy. the aim of this study was to evaluate the species of hemoplasmas and their prevalence in dogs and cats of northern italy.201728285588
occurrence of canine hemotropic mycoplasmas in domestic dogs from urban and rural areas of the valdivia province, southern chile.this is the first study to investigate the occurrence, risk factors and hematological findings of hemoplasmas in dogs from chile. complete blood count and 16s rrna conventional pcr for mycoplasma spp. were performed in 278 blood samples from rural (n=139) and urban (n=139) dogs in valdivia. real time 16s rrna pcr (qpcr) allowed species identification. mycoplasma spp. occurrence was 24.8%. 'candidatus m. haematoparvum' (cmhp) was identified in 12.2% and mycoplasma haemocanis (mhc) in 11.9% dogs. ...201728131382
occurrence of mycoplasma haemocanis in dogs infested by ticks in campo grande, mato grosso do sul, brazil.hemotropic mycoplasmas in dogs, such as mycoplasma haemocanis, have been described worldwide. recently, these pathogens have been reported to be causative agent of zoonosis. it is known that its transmission may occur through the action of blood-sucking arthropods (e.g. ticks or fleas), through blood transfusion, contaminated fomites and/or transplacentally. in brazil, m. haemocanis is present in practically all regions and the tick rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato is suspected the main vecto ...201627580391
identification, occurrence and clinical findings of canine hemoplasmas in southern brazil.hemoplasmas are ubiquitous pleomorphic and epicellular bacteria detected in erythrocytes in several species. in brazil, studies on hemoplasmas have not included information on occurrence, clinical signs, and risk factors in dogs. this paper investigates the occurrence of hemoplasmas in dogs, focusing on risk factors and clinical status. conventional pcr for the four types of canine hemoplasmas was performed in 331 blood samples collected from dogs clinically treated at a teaching veterinary hosp ...201425159996
molecular evidence for hemotropic mycoplasma infection in a japanese badger (meles meles anakuma) and a raccoon dog (nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus).we report detection of hemoplasma in wild japanese badgers (meles meles anakuma) and raccoon dogs (nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus). sequence analysis of the entire 16s rrna genes identified mycoplasma haemocanis in the raccoon dog sample, and a potential novel mycoplasma species in the japanese badger.201424484489
a pcr survey of vector-borne pathogens in different dog populations from the present study, a total of 192 blood samples were collected from pet dogs, kennel dogs and shepherd dogs in konya district, turkey, and tested by specific pcr for the presence of vector-borne pathogens. several pathogens were identified, most of which can cause substantial morbidity in dogs. pcr results revealed that 54 (28.1%) dogs were infected with one or more pathogens. positive results were obtained for babesia spp. in 4 dogs (2.1%), hepatozoon spp. in 8 dogs (4.2%) and mycoplasma spp ...201728682765
vector-borne and zoonotic diseases of dogs in north-west new south wales and the northern territory, australia.vector-borne diseases of dogs in australian aboriginal communities are relatively unexplored. these dogs represent a unique group with variable ecto- and endo-parasitic burdens, nutritional stresses and a general lack of veterinary intervention. we investigated haemoprotozoal and bacterial pathogen prevalences in relation to erythrocyte and platelet numbers in dogs from north-west new south wales (n-w nsw) and the northern territory (nt; central australia).201728810870
molecular survey of haemoplasmas in shelter dogs and associations with rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato.this study aimed to assess the occurrence of canine haemoplasma infection in domestic dogs and its possible trans-stadial transmission by rhipicephalus sanguineus sensu lato (ixodida: ixodidae) in shelter dogs in diyarbakır province in southeast turkey. blood samples (n = 282) collected from domestic dogs were analysed by polymerase chain reaction (pcr) for the presence of canine haemoplasma. fully engorged nymphs (n = 204) were removed from dogs that were positive for canine haemoplasma by pcr ...201728685834
hypocellular marrow and extramedullary hematopoiesis in a dog: hematologic recovery after splenectomy.nonregenerative anemia, poikilocytosis, thrombocytopenia, and splenomegaly were found in a 6-year-old dog. marrow aspiration did not yield marrow particles, and microscopic examination of a marrow-core biopsy indicated hypocellular marrow. marked extramedullary hematopoiesis was found in liver and spleen biopsy specimens. after splenectomy, the clinical and hematologic abnormalities resolved. the dog subsequently developed hemolytic anemia caused by haemobartonella canis, which was resolved with ...19863721988
complete genome sequence of mycoplasma haemocanis strain illinois.mycoplasma haemocanis is a blood pathogen that may cause acute disease in immunosuppressed or splenectomized dogs. the genome of the strain illinois is a single circular chromosome with 919,992 bp and a gc content of 35%. analyses of the m. haemocanis genome will provide insights into its biology and in vitro cultivation requirements.201222374945
mycoplasma haemocanis--the canine hemoplasma and its feline counterpart in the genomic era.mycoplasma haemocanis is a hemotrophic mycoplasma (hemoplasma), blood pathogen that may cause acute disease in immunosuppressed or splenectomized dogs. the genome of the strain illinois, isolated from blood of a naturally infected dog, has been entirely sequenced and annotated to gain a better understanding of the biology of m. haemocanis. its single circular chromosome has 919 992 bp and a low g + c content (35%), representing a typical mycoplasmal genome. a gene-by-gene comparison against its ...201223020168
use of real-time quantitative pcr to document successful treatment of mycoplasma haemocanis infection with doxycycline in a 8-year-old jack russell terrier was diagnosed with hemolytic anemia caused by hemoplasmosis 4 years following splenectomy. quantitative real-time pcr (qpcr) analysis was used initially to confirm infection with mycoplasma haemocanis and subsequently to monitor and direct medical therapy. doxycycline was administered beyond resolution of clinical signs until hemoplasma dna could no longer be detected by qpcr. the dog remained clinically healthy and hemoplasma-negative 8 months following cessat ...201223130935
bile and blood plasma cholesterol as influenced by blood destruction in normal and bile fistula dogs.destruction of large amounts of red cells in normal and bile fistula dogs by means of acetyl phenylhydrazine causes no significant alterations of the blood plasma but there is some decrease in the bile cholesterol. during bartonella canis infection the splenectomized bile fistula dog periodically breaks down large quantities of red cells with slight decrease in the plasma cholesterol and marked decrease in the bile cholesterol. in the periods of blood regeneration following such acute anemias th ...193819870758
bartonella bodies in the blood of a non-splenectomized dog.a non-splenectomized dog, on a vitamin-adequate basal diet, in the course of a plasmapheresis experiment, developed an uncontrollable anemia associated with the presence of bodies in or on the erythrocytes, indistinguishable from the descriptions of bartonella canis. the normal plasma protein level of 7.3 per cent was reduced to 4.1 per cent by diet and the removal of 5354 ml. of whole blood in 33 bleedings. the bartonella infection was transferred to a splenectomized dog by an intravenous injec ...193519870420
the association of bartonella bodies with induced anemia in the dog.on feeding to splenectomized dogs a diet producing black tongue, severe anemia developed associated with the presence of small bodies in or on the erythrocytes. the bodies were morphologically similar to bartonella muris and bartonella canis. the addition of lean beef to the diet, a material prophylactic against its effects, was followed by improvement of the blood levels, the presence of increased numbers of reticulocytes in the circulating blood, and the disappearance of the bodies. when the b ...193519870342
canine mycoplasmas.this review aims to summarise our current understanding of the role of mycoplasmas in domestic dogs. canine mycoplasmology is a small field, with less than 50 publications in the past 40 years. in this time we have gained knowledge about the number of species and have made associations with infections in dogs. however much evidence is still lacking. the importance of all canine mycoplasmas remains unknown, yet certain species are associated with canine anaemia (mycoplasma haemocanis), respirator ...200415894017
'candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum', a novel small haemotropic mycoplasma from a dog.a novel small haemoplasma was detected following cytological examination of blood smears from a splenectomized dog with haemic neoplasia. the 16s rrna and rnpb genes of the organism were partially sequenced and a phylogenetic tree constructed. the organism was most closely related to the small feline haemoplasma, 'candidatus mycoplasma haemominutum' (94 % 16s rrna gene nucleotide sequence identity; 75 % rnpb) and was only distantly related to mycoplasma haemocanis (78 % 16s rrna gene nucleotide ...200515653848
can we continue research in splenectomized dogs? mycoplasma haemocanis: old problem--new insight.we report the appearance of a mycoplasma haemocanis infection in laboratory dogs, which has been reported previously, yet, never before in europe. outbreak of the disease was triggered by a splenectomy intended to prepare the dogs for a hemorrhagic shock study. the clinical course of the dogs was dramatic including anorexia and hemolytic anemia. treatment included allogeneic transfusion, prednisone, and oxytetracycline. systematic follow-up (n = 12, blood smears, antibody testing and specific po ...200415263824
haemobartonella canis infection in research dogs.during 1970-1972 haemobartonellosis occurred in research canines at 2 widely separated institutions. clinical anemia occurred in a splenectomized dog at a maryland facility, and subsequent screening disclosed an infection rate of 65% in a group of 20 splenectomized subjects. treatment was successful, and the animals were used in research. a research institution in texas encountered a number of dogs with fever (to 106 degrees f) and eosinophilia (to 42%) following minor surgery. blood from affect ...19751242503
candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum and mycoplasma haemocanis infections in dogs from the united states.mycoplasma haemocanis (mhc) and candidatus mycoplasma haematoparvum (cmhp) have been described in dogs. historically, microscopic visualization of hemotropic mycoplasma spp. has occurred most often in immunocompromised or splenectomized dogs. the aim of this study was to determine the mhc and cmhp prevalences among dogs from the united states. novel 16s rrna and rnasep gene pcr assays were used to amplify hemotropic mycoplasma species dna for genbank sequence alignment. among the study populatio ...201222819621
Displaying items 1 - 72 of 72