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aortic/glycosaminoglycans alterations in antiatherogenic action of dietary fiber from unripe banana (musa paradisiaca).dietary fiber isolated as neutral detergent residue from unripe banana altered the concentration of aortic glycosaminoglycans in rats fed cholesterol free and cholesterol diet. concentration of hyaluronic acid (9.9%), heparan sulphate (53.4%), chondroitin 4-sulphate (32.6%), chondroitin 6-sulphate (17.9%), dermatan sulphate (18.8%) and heparin (10.1%) increased in the aorta in rats fed cholesterol free diet. in rats fed cholesterol diet, concentration of heparan sulphate (23.3%), chondroitin 4-s ...19911652555
dietary exposure to aflatoxin in benin city, nigeria: a possible public health concern.a total of 100 samples of various foods comprising of 10 samples each of garri (manihot utilis pohl), beans (phaseolus lunatus), yam flour (dioscorea rotundata), cassava flour (manihot esculentum), melon (citrulus lunatus), onion (allium cepa), rice (oryza sativa), plantain (musa paradisiaca), red pepper (capsicum annuum l., solanaceae) and eggs were screened for the presence of aflatoxins. fifty percent of yam flour; 40% of cassava flour; 30% of garri; 20% of beans and melon and 10% of rice yie ...19911777386
effect of dietary fiber from banana (musa paradisiaca) on metabolism of carbohydrates in rats fed cholesterol free diet.effect of feeding isolated dietary fiber from m. paradisiaca on the metabolism of carbohydrates in the liver has been studied. fiber fed rats showed significantly lower levels of fasting blood glucose and higher concentration of liver glycogen. activity of glycogen phosphorylase, glucose-1-phosphate, uridyl transferase and glycogen synthase was significantly higher while phosphoglucomutase activity showed lower activity. activity of some glycolytic enzymes, viz. hexokinase and pyruvic kinase was ...19892557280
digestion of the carbohydrates of banana (musa paradisiaca sapientum) in the human small intestine.the digestion and absorption from the small bowel of the carbohydrate of banana has been studied by feeding ileostomy subjects banana from six batches of different ripeness and measuring the amounts excreted in the effluent. starch content of bananas depended on the ripeness being 37% of dry weight in the least ripe and 3% in the most ripe. excretion of carbohydrate from banana in ileostomy effluent ranged from 4-19 g/day and was directly related to the starch content (r = 0.99). up to 90% of th ...19863014853
[experience with homemade substrates for mycology].the meaning of the words "home-made", "medium" and "soil" is defined. the formulae are given and the manner for preparing lactritmel, lacmel and tritmel is described. the same for horse and cow dung agar soils is done. the lactritmel (20 fold diluted in water) is recommended for the specific diagnosis of candida albicans in its nascent culture. the first results are communicated, as obtained by slide culturing fungi on banana (musa paradisiaca) fruit pulp without previous sterilization. the amus ...19873320629
dissociation constants & thermodynamic data of starch phosphorylase from banana (musa paradisiaca) leaves using affinity horizontal polyacrylamide slab gel electrophoresis. 20133666779
effect of dietary fiber from banana (musa paradisiaca) on cholesterol metabolism. 19846099331
dietary fiber from musa paradisiaca and artocarpus heterophyllus on intestinal mucosal and bacterial beta-glucuronidase activity in hexachlorocyclohexane-treated rats. 19937678524
potential sources of sugar for the phlebotomine sandfly lutzomyia youngi (diptera: psychodidae) in a colombian coffee plantation.sugar-deprived lutzomyia youngi were exposed to each of the five most numerous plant species in a colombian coffee plantation for 24 h and then tested for the presence of fructose by the cold anthrone assay. many flies exposed to coffee (coffea arabica) (up to 55% in an individual test) and guamo (inga edulis) (up to 28.0%) gave positive results. although some flies also took sugar from red-flowered balsam (impatiens balsamina) and bamboo (bambusa angustifolia), none of the insects exposed to pl ...19947979645
evaluation of musa (paradisiaca linn. cultivar)--"puttubale" stem juice for antilithiatic activity in albino rats.the fresh juice of musa stem (puttubale) was tested for its antilithiatic activity. zinc discs were implanted in the urinary bladder of albino rats to induce urolithiasis. the stones formed were mainly of magnesium ammonium phosphate with traces of calcium oxalate. musa stem juice (3 ml/rat/day orally) was found to be effective in reducing the formation and also in dissolving the pre-formed stones.19938112813
in vivo evaluation of iron bioavailability in some nigerian peasant meals by haemoglobin regeneration technique.the bioavailability of iron in three different rural nigerian peasant meals was studied. the meals were: pounded yam (discorea spp) with 'afia efere'--(plain soup); 'ekpang nkukwo'--grated cocoyam (xanthosoma maffafa schott) and cocoyam leaves with pepper and plantain porridge (musa paradisiaca) with water leaf (talinum triangulare). analyses of the meals showed the protein content to range from 8.58 +/- 0.01 mg/100 g dm to 11.38 +/- 0.08/100g dm. iron content ranged from 17.50 +/- 2.50 mg/100 d ...19938205607
association of a cucumber mosaic virus strain with mosaic disease of banana, musa paradisiaca--an evidence using immuno/nucleic acid probe.virus causing severe chlorosis/mosaic disease of banana was identified as a strain of cucumber mosaic virus (cmv). association of cmv with the disease was established by western immunoblot using polyclonal antibodies to cmv-t and slot blot hybridization with nucleic acid probe of cmv-p genome.19958714082
direct vascular effects of plantain extract in rats.responses of the aorta and portal veins isolated from rats to aqueous extract of plantain (musa paradisiaca) were studied. the extract produced concentration-dependent relaxation in both noradrenaline- and kcl-contracted aortic rings. the maximum relaxation in noradrenaline-contracted rings was 52.49 +/- 6.63% and in kcl-contracted rings was 77.51 +/- 2.52% of the initial tensions developed in response to the contractile agents. the extract also produced significant (p < 0.01) inhibition of the ...19979179569
polysaccharide components from the scape of musa paradisiaca: main structural features of water-soluble polysaccharide component.polysaccharide components present in the pseudo-stem (scape) of m. paradisiaca were purified from acetone powder of the scape by delignification followed by extraction with aqueous solvents into water soluble polysaccharide (wsp), edta-soluble polysaccharide (edta-sp), alkali-soluble polysaccharide (asp) and alkali-insoluble polysaccharide (aisp) fractions. sugar compositional analysis showed that wsp and edta-sp contained only d-glc whereas asp contained d-glc, l-ara and d-xyl in approximately ...19979249151
induction of gram-negative bacterial growth by neurochemical containing banana (musa x paradisiaca) extracts.bananas contain large quantities of neurochemicals. extracts from the peel and pulp of bananas in increasing stages of ripening were prepared and evaluated for their ability to modulate the growth of non-pathogenic and pathogenic bacteria. extracts from the peel, and to a much lesser degree the pulp, increased the growth of gram-negative bacterial strains escherichia coli o157:h7, shigella flexneri, enterobacter cloacae and salmonella typhimurium, as well as two non-pathogenic e. coli strains, i ...19979311120
soluble and insoluble fiber contents of some cameroonian foodstuffs.as a result of the lack of reliable data on the fiber content of african foodstuffs, a study to determine the dietary fiber contents (soluble, insoluble and total) on a dry weight basis of a selected variety of major cameroonian foods was conducted. the influence of processing and preparation methods on the fiber content was also assessed. vegetables were found to be the richest source of total dietary fiber (57%), followed by legumes and seeds (30%) and fruits (16.5%). okro (hibiscus esculenta) ...19979629860
[the effect of 2 diets on the biological aspects of blattella germanica (dictyoptera: blattellidae) under laboratory conditions].it was conducted a study of 2 colonies of blattella germanica (dictyoptera: blattellidae) kept since 1994 in the laboratory at 29 +/- 1 degrees c, 70-75% of relative humidity and with different foods: one on a diet without proteins, consisting in portions of potatoes (solanum tuberosum, l.), ripe banana (musa paradisiaca, l.) and a sugary solution 10%, and the other with a protein content of 20.45% composed of pulverized and dry laboratory food for rats and a source of water. 6 nymphal stages we ...199810349435
characterization of edta-soluble polysaccharides from the scape of musa paradisiaca (banana).the polysaccharide components present in the scape of musa paradisiaca (banana) were fractionated into water-soluble (wsp), edta-soluble (edta-sp), alkali-soluble (asp) and alkali-insoluble (aisp) polysaccharide fractions [anjaneyalu, jagadish and raju (1997) glycoconj. j. 14, 507-512]. the edta-sp was further fractionated by iso-amyl alcohol into edta-sp-a and edta-sp-b. the homogeneity of these two polysaccharides was established by repeated precipitation with iso-amyl alcohol, gel-filtration ...200111171036
comparative study of the assay of artemia salina l. and the estimate of the medium lethal dose (ld50 value) in mice, to determine oral acute toxicity of plant extracts.artemia salina l. (artemiidae), the brine shrimp larva, is an invertebrate used in the alternative test to determine toxicity of chemical and natural products. in this study the medium lethal concentrations (lc50 value) of 20 plant extracts, aloe vera (l.) burm. f. (aloeaceae), artemisia absinthium l. (asteraceae); citrus aurantium l. (rutaceae); cymbopogon citratus (dc. ex nees) stapf (poaceae); datura stramonium l. (solanaceae); justicia pectoralis jacq. (acanthaceae); musa x paradisiaca l. (m ...200111695884
[influence of elevated atmospheric co2 concentration on photosynthesis and leaf nitrogen partition in process of photosynthetic carbon cycle in musa paradisiaca].the photosynthetic rate (pn) in leaves of musa paradisiaca grown under elevated co2 concentration (700 +/- 56 microliters.l-1) for one week was 5.14 +/- 0.32 mumol.m-2.s-1, 22.1% higher than that under ambient co2 concentration, while under elevated co2 concentration for 8 week, the pn decreased by 18.1%. it can be inferred that the photosynthetic acclimation to elevated co2 concentration and the pn inhibition occurred in leaves of m. paradisiaca. the respiration rate in light (rd) was lower in ...200111758430
constituents of musa x paradisiaca cultivar with the potential to induce the phase ii enzyme, quinone reductase.a new bicyclic diarylheptanoid, rel-(3s,4ar,10br)-8-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-9-methoxy-4a,5,6,10b-tetrahydro-3h-naphtho[2,1-b]pyran (1), as well as four known compounds, 1,2-dihydro-1,2,3-trihydroxy-9-(4-methoxyphenyl)phenalene (2), hydroxyanigorufone (3), 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)naphthalic anhydride (4), and 1,7-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)hepta-4(e),6(e)-dien-3-one (5), were isolated from an ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of the methanol extract of the fruits of musa x paradisiaca cultivar, using a bioa ...200212381112
in vivo interaction between ciprofloxacin hydrochloride and the pulp of unripe plantain (musa paradisiaca).the absorption of quinolone antibiotics is seriously impaired by polyvalent cations due to the formation of unabsorbable complexes. m. paradisiaca linn. (musaceae), an important staple food in most parts of the world, has been demonstrated to contain many polyvalent cations. the aim of the work was to study the influence of concurrent administration of m. paradisiaca and ciprofloxacin hci on the pharmacokinetic profiles of ciprofloxacin. the study was carried out in two phases in five healthy ma ...200314743965
biting rates and developmental substrates for biting midges (diptera: ceratopogonidae) in iquitos, peru.biting midges (diptera: ceratopogonidae) were collected at 16 periurban and rural sites around iquitos, peru, between 17 october 1996 and 26 may 1997. culicoides paraensis (goeldi), the principal vector of oropouche virus, was the most commonly collected species (9,086 flies) with culicoides insinuatus wirth & blanton second (7,229 flies). although both species were collected at all sampling sites (linear (distance surveyed approximately 25 km), c. paraensis dominated at northern collection site ...200314765657
neutralizing properties of musa paradisiaca l. (musaceae) juice on phospholipase a2, myotoxic, hemorrhagic and lethal activities of crotalidae venoms.the use of plants as medicine has been referred to since ancient peoples, perhaps as early as neanderthal man. plants are a source of many biologically active products and nowadays they are of great interest to the pharmaceutical industry. the study of how people of different culture use plants in particular ways has led to the discovery of important new medicines. in this work, we verify the possible activity of musa paradisiaca l. (musaceae) against the toxicity of snake venoms. musa paradisia ...200515763360
evaluation of ash from some tropical plants of nigeria for the control of sclerotium rolfsii sacc. on wheat (triticum aestivum l.).eleven ash samples, from organs of nine tropical plants, were screened for their abilities to inhibit mycelial growth and sclerotial germination of a nigerian isolate of sclerotium rolfsii on agar and in the soil. ten ash samples showed some activity against mycelial growth of s. rolfsii in vitro. ash samples from delonix regia stem wood, mangifera indica leaf and vernonia amygdalina leaf were most effective as each totally inhibited mycelial growth of s. rolfsii in vitro. ocimum gratissimum lea ...199816284852
alterations in lipids & lipid peroxidation in rats fed with flavonoid rich fraction of banana (musa paradisiaca) from high background radiation area.a group of villages in kollam district of kerala, southern part of india are exposed to a higher dose of natural radiation than global average. yet no adverse health effects have been found in humans, animals and plants in these areas. the present study was carried out to understand whether radiation affects the quantity and quality of flavonoids in plants grown in this area of high radiation, and to assess the effect of feeding flavonoid rich fraction (frf) of the two varieties of banana to rat ...200516518007
effects of pigeon pea and plantain starches on the compressional, mechanical, and disintegration properties of paracetamol tablets.a study has been made of the effects of pigeon pea starch obtained from the plant cajanus cajan (l) millisp. (family fabaceae) and plantain starch obtained from the unripe fruit of musa paradisiaca l. (family musaceae) on the compressional, mechanical, and disintegration properties of paracetamol tablets in comparison with official corn starch bp. analysis of compressional properties was done by using density measurements, and the heckel and kawakita equations, whereas the mechanical properties ...200616556540
food processing methods influence the glycaemic indices of some commonly eaten west indian carbohydrate-rich foods.glycaemic index (gi) values for fourteen commonly eaten carbohydrate-rich foods processed by various methods were determined using ten healthy subjects. the foods studied were round leaf yellow yam (dioscorea cayenensis), negro and lucea yams (dioscorea rotundata), white and sweet yams (dioscorea alata), sweet potato (solanum tuberosum), irish potato (ipomoea batatas), coco yam (xanthosoma spp.), dasheen (colocasia esculenta), pumpkin (cucurbita moschata), breadfruit (artocarpus altilis), green ...200616925852
ticks (acari: ixodidae) associated with wildlife and vegetation of haller park along the kenyan coastline.this artcile describes the results obtained from a tick survey conducted in haller park along the kenyan coastline. the survey aimed at evaluating tick-host associations, assessing tick population density, and providing baseline information for planning future tick control and management in the park. ticks (2,968) were collected by handpicking from eight species of wildlife and by dragging in 14 selected sites within the park. a considerable proportion of ticks were also collected from leaves, s ...200617017210
protection of testicular dysfunctions by mtec, a formulated herbal drug, in streptozotocin induced diabetic rat.single injection of streptozotocin (stz) resulted diabetes mellitus which was reflected here by the levels of fasting blood glucose and serum insulin. moreover, this experimental diabetes also resulted testicular dysfunctions evaluated by count, viability and motility of sperm as well as by the activities of key enzymes for androgen synthesis. diabetes induced testicular oxidative stress has been indicated here by the monitoring of testicular peroxidase and catalase activities as well as by quan ...200717202665
plants used traditionally to treat malaria in brazil: the archives of flora medicinal.the archives of flora medicinal, an ancient pharmaceutical laboratory that supported ethnomedical research in brazil for more than 30 years, were searched for plants with antimalarial use. forty plant species indicated to treat malaria were described by dr. j. monteiro da silva (flora medicinal leader) and his co-workers. eight species, bathysa cuspidata, cosmos sulphureus, cecropia hololeuca, erisma calcaratum, gomphrena arborescens, musa paradisiaca, ocotea odorifera, and pradosia lactescens, ...200717472740
40k/137cs discrimination ratios to the aboveground organs of tropical plants.in the present work, the accumulation of caesium and potassium in aboveground plant parts was studied in order to improve the understanding on the behaviour of monovalent cations in several compartments of tropical plants. we present the results for activity concentrations of (137)cs and (40)k, measured by gamma spectrometry, from five tropical plant species: guava (psidium guajava), mango (mangifera indica), papaya (carica papaya), banana (musa paradisíaca), and manioc (manihot esculenta). caes ...200818308433
antioxidant activity of banana flavonoids.the antioxidant activity of flavonoids from banana (musa paradisiaca) was studied in rats fed normal as well as high fat diets. concentrations of peroxidation products namely malondialdehyde, hydroperoxides and conjugated diens were significantly decreased whereas the activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase were enhanced significantly. concentrations of glutathione were also elevated in the treated animals.200818329185
atherogenic potentials of some nigerian meals.the atherogenic potentials of peeled grated cocoyam (xanthosoma maffafa scot) "ekpang nkukwo", pounded yam (discorea spp) with plain soup "afia efere", and plantain porridge (musa paradisiaca) "iwuk ukom" meals were investigated. the three meals were fed to three different groups of albino rats of wistar strain for a period of twenty eight days. a fourth group which served as control was feed with normal rat pellet. the mean total plasma cholesterol level in the pounded yam with plain soup fed g ...200718379612
medicinal values of fruit peels from citrus sinensis, punica granatum, and musa paradisiaca with respect to alterations in tissue lipid peroxidation and serum concentration of glucose, insulin, and thyroid hormones.peel extracts from citrus sinensis, punica granatum, and musa paradisiaca were investigated for their effects on tissue lipid peroxidation (lpo) and on the concentration of thyroid hormones, insulin, and glucose in male rats. in vitro inhibition of h(2)o(2)-induced lpo in red blood cells of rats by 0.25, 0.50, 1.0, and 2.0 microg/ml c. sinensis, p. granatum, and m. paradisiaca peel extracts was observed in a dose-specific manner. maximum inhibition was observed at 0.50 microg/ml c. sinensis, 2.0 ...200818598183
mutagenicity of the musa paradisiaca (musaceae) fruit peel extract in mouse peripheral blood cells in vivo.plants are a source of many biologically active products and nowadays they are of great interest to the pharmaceutical industry. in the present study, the mutagenic potential of the musa paradisiaca fruit peel extract was assessed by the single-cell gel electrophoresis (scge) and micronucleus assays. animals were treated orally with three different concentrations of the extract (1000, 1500, and 2000 mg/kg body weight). peripheral blood cells of swiss mice were collected 24 h after treatment for ...200818767240
correction of protein metabolic disorders by composite extract of musa paradisiaca and coccinia indica in streptozotocin-induced diabetic albino rat: an approach through the pancreas.the study focused on the ability of the extracts of musa paradisiaca and coccinia indica on protein metabolic disorders in streptozotocin (stz)-induced diabetes.200919169172
role of glycemic elements of cynodon dactylon and musa paradisiaca in diabetes management.the study defined the scientific evaluation of glycemic elements of extracts of cynodon dactylon and musa paradisiaca. a dose of 500 mg/kg body weight (bw) of c. dactylon produced maximum falls of 23.2% and 22.8% in blood glucose levels of normoglycemic rats during studies of fasting blood glucose and glucose tolerance, respectively, whereas the same dose of m. paradisiaca produced a rise of 34.9% and 18.4%. in diabetic rats during glucose tolerance tests, a fall of 27.8% and a rise of 17.5% wer ...200919172343
survey of crop losses in response to phytoparasitic nematodes in the united states for 1994.previous reports of crop losses to plant-parasitic nematodes have relied on published results of survey data based on certain commodities, including tobacco, peanuts, cotton, and soybean. reports on crop-loss assessment by land-grant universities and many commodity groups generally are no longer available, with the exception of the university of georgia, the beltwide cotton conference, and selected groups concerned with soybean. the society of nematologists extension committee contacted extensio ...199919270925
the effects of replacing dichantium hay with banana (musa paradisiaca) leaves and pseudo-stem on carcass traits of ovin martinik sheep.a study was done to evaluate banana (musa paradisiaca) as a forage (leaves and pseudo-stems) for feeding ovin martinik lambs (omk), with the aim to test its impact on carcass quality. forty four intact omk male were used after weaning with an initial mean live weight of 14.4 (+/- 3.3) kg, reared in individual pens. animals were offered either dichantium hay (control diet, dh) or cut chopped leaves and pseudo-stems of banana (experimental diet, blps). they were fed 200-250 g x d(-1) of commercial ...200919343527
beneficial role of green plantain [musa paradisiaca] in the management of persistent diarrhea: a prospective randomized trial.to evaluate the beneficial effects of green plantain-based diet on stool volume, frequency and weight gain as compared with a traditional yogurt-based diet in children with persistent diarrhea.200919828902
diabetic therapeutic effects of ethyl acetate fraction from the roots of musa paradisiaca and seeds of eugenia jambolana in streptozotocin-induced male diabetic rats.the folklore medicine of primitive people has been greatly appreciated for centuries. many researchers study the curative efficiency and mode of action of various medicinal plants. serum glucose level, lipid profile, glucose tolerance, hepatic and muscle glycogen contents as well as the activities of hepatic hexokinase and glucose-6-phosphatase recovered significantly after oral administration of ethyl acetate fractions of eugenia jambolana (e. jambolana) or musa paradisiaca (m. paradisiaca) in ...200920094640
antihyperglycemic effects of separate and composite extract of root of musa paradisiaca and leaf of coccinia indica in streptozotocin-induced diabetic male albino rat.we evaluated the antihyperglycaemic properties of aqueous-methanolic (40:60) extract of root of musa paradisiaca and leaf of coccinia indica in separate as well as in composite manner by conducting experiment on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. we measured food and water intake ability, the fasting blood glucose level, glucose tolerance, activities of important carbohydrate metabolic enzymes like glucose-6-phosphatase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, hexokinase in liver along with quanti ...200720161901
characterization of a novel plantain asr gene, mpasr, that is regulated in response to infection of fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense and abiotic stresses.asr (abscisic acid, stress, ripening induced) genes are typically upregulated by a wide range of factors, including drought, cold, salt, abscisic acid (aba) and injury; in addition to plant responses to developmental and environmental signals. we isolated an asr gene, mpasr, from a suppression subtractive hybridization (ssh) cdna library of cold induced plantain (musa paradisiaca) leaves. mpasr expression was upregulated in fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense infected plantain leaves, peels and ro ...201020377692
anticoccidial activity of the methanolic extract of musa paradisiaca root in chickens.the study was designed to evaluate the anticoccidial activity of the methanolic extract of musa paradisiaca root in chickens. the chickens were divided into six groups of 12 chickens each. each chicken in five groups was infected with 8,000 infective coccidia (eimeria tenella) oocysts at day 28 of age while one group served as uninfected control. at day 7 post-infection, two chickens remaining in each group were sacrificed for postmortem examination to confirm coccidiosis. also at day 7 post-inf ...201120717723
in vitro antimalarial activity of medicinal plant extracts against plasmodium falciparum.malaria is a major global public health problem, and the alarming spread of drug resistance and limited number of effective drugs now available underline how important it is to discover new antimalarial compounds. in the present study, ten plants were extracted with ethyl acetate and methanol and tested for their antimalarial activity against chloroquine (cq)-sensitive (3d7) and cq-resistant (dd2 and indo) strains of plasmodium falciparum in culture using the fluorescence-based sybr green assay. ...201120809417
in vitro colonic fermentation and glycemic response of different kinds of unripe banana flour.this work aimed to study the in vitro colonic fermentation profile of unavailable carbohydrates of two different kinds of unripe banana flour and to evaluate their postprandial glycemic responses. the unripe banana mass (ubm), obtained from the cooked pulp of unripe bananas (musa acuminata, nanicão variety), and the unripe banana starch (ubs), obtained from isolated starch of unripe banana, plantain type (musa paradisiaca) in natura, were studied. the fermentability of the flours was evaluated b ...201020839056
anthelmintic activity of trianthema portulacastrum l. and musa paradisiaca l. against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep.evaluation of anthelmintic effects of trianthema (t.) portulacastrum l. (aizoaceae) whole plant and musa (m.) paradisiaca l. (musaceae) leaves against prevalent gastrointestinal worms of sheep was done that may justify their traditional use in veterinary clinical medicine. in vitro anthelmintic activity of the crude aqueous methanolic extract (came) of both the plants was determined using mature female haemonchus (h.) contortus and their eggs in adult motility assay (ama) and egg hatch test (eht ...201121440370
postprandial glucose response to selected tropical fruits in normal glucose-tolerant nigerians.the glycemic response to commonly eaten fruits in nigeria has not been reported. therefore, this study assessed the plasma glucose response to selected fruits in nigeria.201421493998
efficacy of plant-mediated synthesized silver nanoparticles against hematophagous parasites.the purpose of the present study was to investigate the acaricidal and larvicidal activity against the larvae of haemaphysalis bispinosa neumann (acarina: ixodidae) and larvae of hematophagous fly hippobosca maculata leach (diptera: hippoboscidae) and against the fourth-instar larvae of malaria vector, anopheles stephensi liston, japanese encephalitis vector, culex tritaeniorhynchus giles (diptera: culicidae) of synthesized silver nanoparticles (agnps) utilizing aqueous leaf extract from musa pa ...201121638210
cu2+ triggers reversible aggregation of a disordered his-rich dehydrin mpdhn12 from musa paradisiaca.copper is an essential nutrient, but it is toxic in excess. here, we cloned and characterized a his-rich low molecular weight dehydrin from musa paradisiaca, mpdhn12. analysis by circular dichroism (cd) spectra and a thermal stability assay showed that mpdhn12 is an intrinsically disordered protein, and immobilized-metal affinity chromatography (imac) analysis revealed that mpdhn12 can bind cu(2+) both in vitro and in vivo. interestingly, mpdhn12 aggregated under excess cu(2+) conditions, and th ...201121737399
evaluation of larvicidal activity of medicinal plant extracts against three mosquito vectors.to evaluate the mosquito larvicidal activity of plant extracts.201121771411
glycaemic response to some commonly eaten fruits in type 2 diabetes mellitus.it is not known which of the commonly consumed fruits in nigeria are suitable for persons with diabetes mellitus especially with regards to the attendant plasma glucose response (pgr) to consumption of such fruits.201121984455
leishmanicidal activity in vitro of musa paradisiaca l. and spondias mombin l. fractions.visceral leishmaniasis (vl) is a zoonotic disease characterized by infection of mononuclear phagocytes by leishmania chagasi. the primary vector is lutzomyia longipalpis and the dog is the main domestic reservoir. the control and current treatment of dogs using synthetic drugs have not shown effectiveness in reducing the incidence of disease in man. in attempt to find new compounds with leishmanicidal action, plant secondary metabolites have been studied in search of treatments of vl. this study ...201122521971
socioeconomic importance of the banana tree (musa spp.) in the guinean highland savannah agroforests.home gardens are defined as less complex agroforests which look like and function as natural forest ecosystems but are integrated into agricultural management systems located around houses. investigations were carried out in 187 households. the aim of the study was to identify the different types of banana home gardens existing in the periurban zone of ngaoundere town. the results showed that the majority of home gardens in the area were very young (less than 15 years old) and very small in size ...201222629136
fermentation by amylolytic lactic acid bacteria and consequences for starch digestibility of plantain, breadfruit, and sweet potato flours.the potential of tropical starchy plants such as plantain (musa paradisiaca), breadfruit (artocarpus communis), and sweet potato (ipomoea batatas) for the development of new fermented foods was investigated by exploiting the capacity of some lactic acid bacteria to hydrolyze starch. the amylolytic lactic acid bacteria (alab) lactobacillus plantarum a6 and lactobacillus fermentum ogi e1 were able to change the consistency of thick sticky gelatinized slurries of these starchy fruits and tubers int ...201222860595
biochemical markers assisted screening of fusarium wilt resistant musa paradisiaca (l.) cv. puttabale micropropagated clones.an efficient protocol was standardized for screening of panama wilt resistant musa paradisiaca cv. puttabale clones, an endemic cultivar of karnataka, india. the synergistic effect of 6-benzyleaminopurine (2 to 6 mg/l) and thidiazuron (0.1 to 0.5 mg/l) on ms medium provoked multiple shoot induction from the excised meristem. an average of 30.10 +/- 5.95 shoots was produced per propagule at 4 mg/l 6-benzyleaminopurine and 0.3 mg/l thidiazuron concentrations. elongation of shoots observed on 5 mg/ ...201323898552
anatomical and physical changes in leaves during the production of tamales.tamale preparation has a long tradition in mexico. to understand which material properties have been considered important for this purpose throughout the years, a study was conducted of the anatomical, chemical, and mechanical properties of the leaves of four plant species used in tamale preparation in veracruz, mexico: calathea misantlensis, canna indica, musa paradisiaca, and oreopanax capitatus.201323942084
ameliorative potentials of cocoyam (colocasia esculenta l.) and unripe plantain (musa paradisiaca l.) on the relative tissue weights of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.to investigate the ameliorating potentials of cocoyam (colocasia esculenta l.) and unripe plantain (musa paradisiaca l.) incorporated feeds on the renal and liver growths of diabetic rats, induced with 55 and 65 mg/kg body weight of streptozotocin.201323971053
antibacterial and antioxidant activities of musa sp. leaf extracts against multidrug resistant clinical pathogens causing nosocomial infection.to investigate different musa sp. leave extracts of hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol were evaluated for antibacterial activity against multi-drug resistant pathogens causing nosocomial infection by agar well diffusion method and also antioxidant activities.201323998016
sodium-hydrogen exchanger inhibitory potential of malus domestica, musa × paradisiaca, daucus carota, and symphytum officinale.the involvement of sodium-hydrogen exchangers (nhe) has been described in the pathophysiology of diseases including ischemic heart and brain diseases, cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, epilepsy, dementia, and neuropathic pain. synthetic nhe inhibitors have not achieved much clinical success; therefore, plant-derived phytoconstituents may be explored as nhe inhibitors.201424184990
in vitro effects of musa x paradisiaca extracts on four developmental stages of haemonchus contortus.this study was carried out to evaluate the in vitro effect of musa x paradisiaca stem and leaf against the parasitic nematode of small ruminants haemonchus contortus. three extracts (aqueous, methanolic and/or dichloromethane) of musa x paradisiaca stem and leaf were tested in vitro on four developmental stages of h. contortus using egg hatch assay (eha), larval development assay (lda), l3 migration inhibition assay (lmi) and adult worm motility assay (awm). the highly significant (p<0.0001) abi ...201424382490
phytoextracts-synthesized silver nanoparticles inhibit bacterial fish pathogen aeromonas hydrophila.fish disease is a major stumbling block towards sustainable growth of the fisheries sector. aeromonas hydrophila, which is a major infectious aquatic pathogen is reportedly the causative agent of ulcers, fin-rot, tail-rot, hemorrhagic septicemia in fish, and has reportedly developed resistance against many of the available antibiotics. in this context, the inhibitory function of silver nanoparticles (agnps) against a. hydrophila was studied to evaluate its possible application in aquaculture as ...201324426148
comparative antioxidant effect of bht and water extracts of banana and sapodilla peels in raw poultry meat.antioxidant properties of banana (musa paradisiaca) and sapodilla/chikoo (manilkara zapota) peel extracts in chicken patties were evaluated. four treatments viz., i. control (meat + 2% salt), ii.bht (meat + 2% salt + 0.1% bht), iii. bpe (meat + 2% salt + 2% banana peel extract) and iv. spe (meat + 2% salt + 2% sapodilla/chikoo peel extract) were compared for changes in colour and lipid oxidation during 8 days refrigerated storage (4 ± °c). the average phenolic content was 550.2 and 550.8 mg gall ...201424493901
activity of cycloartane-type triterpenes and sterols isolated from musa paradisiaca fruit peel against leishmania infantum chagasi.the aim of the study was to evaluate in vitro the antileishmanial activity of triterpenes and sterols isolated from musa paradisiaca (banana) fruit peel used traditionally to treat leishmaniasis. the compounds were isolated from the ethanolic extract of the peel of the banana fruit by column chromatography. the chemical structure of compounds was determined by (1)h and (13)c - nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. the cytotoxicity was measured in raw 264.7 cells and llc-mk2. leishmanicidal ac ...201424916706
wound healing activity of methanolic stem extract of musa paradisiaca linn. (banana) in wistar albino rats.this study is designed to explore the phytochemical, antibacterial and wound healing activity of methanolic stem extract of musa paradisiaca linn. (banana). the phytochemical analysis was performed for the methanolic stem extract of musa paradisiaca linn. results indicates that the musa paradisiaca linn. was rich in glucosides, tannins and alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids and phenols were present in moderate quantities. the extract shows antibacterial activity against pseudomonas aeruginosa and s ...201625224162
influence of pressure cooking on antioxidant activity of wild (ensete superbum) and commercial banana (musa paradisiaca var. monthan) unripe fruit and flower.banana is a highly nutritious fruit crop consumed by many people's worldwide while endangered species are consumed by limited peoples and their health benefits are not explored. the unripe fruits and flowers of wild and commercial banana are consumed by peoples after cooking only. hence, the present study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the effect of pressure cooking on antioxidant activity of wild and commercial banana species. the raw and processed samples were extracted with 70 % aceto ...201425328191
soluble plantain nonstarch polysaccharides, although increasing caecal load, reduce systemic invasion of salmonella gallinarum in the chicken.soluble plantain (musa paradisiaca) nonstarch polysaccharides (nsps) have previously been shown to prevent pathogenic interaction with the intestinal epithelium. here, we examined whether plantain nsp could prevent the invasion of the intestinal mucosa by salmonella enterica gallinarum, a causative agent of fowl typhoid. in vitro assays using b1oxi cells were performed with monolayers pretreated with/without plantain nsp, before inoculation with salm. gallinarum 287/91. chicks were fed from hatc ...201525483316
effect of cocoyam (colocasia esculenta), unripe plantain (musa paradisiaca) or their combination on glycated hemoglobin, lipogenic enzymes, and lipid metabolism of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.the possibility of combining unripe plantain [musa paradisiacae linn (plantaginaceae)] and cocoyam [colocassia esculenta linn (araceae)] in the management of diabetes has not been investigated.201625880140
the lectin from musa paradisiaca binds with the capsid protein of tobacco mosaic virus and prevents viral infection.it has been demonstrated that the lectin from musa paradisiaca (banlec-1) could inhibit the cellular entry of human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). in order to evaluate its effects on tobacco mosaic virus (tmv), the banlec-1 gene was cloned and transformed into escherichia coli and tobacco, respectively. recombinant banlec-1 showed metal ions dependence, and higher thermal and ph stability. overexpression of banlec-1 in tobacco resulted in decreased leaf size, and higher resistance to tmv infectio ...201426019527
analysis of glycation induced protein cross-linking inhibitory effects of some antidiabetic plants and spices.protein cross-linking which occurs towards the latter part of protein glycation is implicated in the development of chronic diabetic complications. glycation induced protein cross-linking inhibitory effects of nine antidiabetic plants and three spices were evaluated in this study using a novel, simple, electrophoresis based method.201526055093
an apple plus a brazil nut a day keeps the doctors away: antioxidant capacity of foods and their health benefits.antioxidant-rich foods scavenge free radicals and other reactive species, decreasing the risk of different non-communicable chronic diseases. the objective of this study was to review the content of total antioxidant capacity of commonly foods comparing with experimental data and to explore the health benefits due to foods with moderate to high tac. the tac was analytically measured using the "total antioxidant capacity" (nx2332) test from randox® (uk) by spectrometry at 600 nm. brazil nut (bert ...201626572874
detection of antimicrobial activity of banana peel (musa paradisiaca l.) on porphyromonas gingivalis and aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: an in vitro study.banana is used widely because of its nutritional values. in past, there are studies that show banana plant parts, and their fruits can be used to treat the human diseases. banana peel is a part of banana fruit that also has the antibacterial activity against microorganisms but has not been studied extensively. since, there are no studies that relate the antibacterial activity of banana peel against periodontal pathogens. hence, the aim of this study is to determine the antimicrobial activity of ...201526681854
ethnopharmacological survey about medicinal plants utilized by herbalists and traditional practitioner healers for treatments of diarrhea in the west bank/palestine.folk herbal medicine knowledge and its utilization by aboriginal cultures are not only useful for conservation of cultural traditions and biodiversity, but also useful for community healthcare and drug discovery in the present and in the future.201626883246
therapeutic effects of gold nanoparticles synthesized using musa paradisiaca peel extract against multiple antibiotic resistant enterococcus faecalis biofilms and human lung cancer cells (a549).botanical-mediated synthesis of nanomaterials is currently emerging as a cheap and eco-friendly nanotechnology, since it does not involve the use of toxic chemicals. in the present study, we focused on the synthesis of gold nanoparticles using the aqueous peel extract of musa paradisiaca (mppe-aunps) following a facile and cheap fabrication process. the green synthesized mppe-aunps were bio-physically characterized by uv-vis spectroscopy, ftir, xrd, tem, zeta potential analysis and edx. mppe-aun ...201727916691
identification of biomarkers for resistance to fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense infection and in silico studies in musa paradisiaca cultivar puttabale through proteomic approach.panama wilt caused by fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (foc) is one of the major disease constraints of banana production. previously, we reported the disease resistance musa paradisiaca cv. puttabale clones developed from ethylmethanesulfonate and foc culture filtrate against foc inoculation. here, the same resistant clones and susceptible clones were used for the study of protein accumulation against foc inoculation by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-de), their expression pattern and a ...201628248219
enhanced production of pectinase by aspergillus terreus ncft 4269.10 using banana peels as substrate.aspergillus terreus ncft4269.10 was implemented in solid-state (ssf) and liquid static surface fermentation (lssf) for biosynthesis of pectinase. amongst various substrates, like, mustard oil cake, neem oil cake, groundnut oil cake, black gram peels, green gram peels, chickling vetch peels/grass pea peels wheat bran, pearl millet residues, finger millet waste, broken rice, banana peels (bp), apple pomace (ap) and orange peels, banana peel (musa paradisiaca l.; family: musaceae) was most suitable ...201628330106
suppression of vegf-induced angiogenesis and tumor growth by eugenia jambolana, musa paradisiaca, and coccinia indica extracts.abnormal angiogenesis and evasion of apoptosis are hallmarks of cancer. accordingly, anti-angiogenic and pro-apoptotic therapies are effective strategies for cancer treatment. medicinal plants, namely, eugenia jambolana lam. (myrtaceae), musa paradisiaca l. (musaceae), and coccinia indica wight & arn. (cucurbitaceae), have not been greatly investigated for their anticancer potential.201728367666
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