TitleAbstractYear(sorted descending)
risk factors associated with neural tube defects in infants referred to western iranian obstetrical centers; 2013-2014.neural tubes defects (ntds) are known to be the second most prevalent congenital disorder worldwide whose risk factors have not been explicitly addressed yet.201728848641
differentiation of hepatocellular carcinoma from other hepatic malignancies in patients at risk: diagnostic performance of the liver imaging reporting and data system version 2014.purpose to evaluate the diagnostic performance and interrater reliability of the liver imaging reporting and data system (li-rads) version 2014 in differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma (hcc) from non-hcc malignancy in a population of patients at risk for hcc. materials and methods this retrospective hipaa-compliant institutional review board-approved study was exempt from informed consent. a total of 178 pathology-proven malignant liver masses were identified in 178 patients at risk for hcc b ...201728853673
isolated single umbilical artery and fetal echocardiography: a 25-year experience at a tertiary care city review our 25-year experience with a single umbilical artery and fetal echocardiography to estimate the need for this test in cases of an isolated single umbilical artery.201728850695
frail questionnaire screening tool and short-term outcomes in geriatric fracture patients.there are limited screening tools to predict adverse postoperative outcomes for the geriatric surgical fracture population. frailty is increasingly recognized as a risk assessment to capture complexity. the goal of this study was to use a short screening tool, the frail scale, to categorize the level of frailty of older adults admitted with a fracture to determine the association of each frailty category with postoperative and 30-day outcomes.201728866353
utility and safety of repeated ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy of focal liver evaluate the accuracy and safety of repeated ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (cnb) for hepatic focal lesions and to assess the predictive factors for success of repeated cnb.201728850692
phenograph and visne facilitate the identification of abnormal t-cell populations in routine clinical flow cytometric data.flow cytometric identification of neoplastic t-cell populations is complicated by the wide range of phenotypic abnormalities in t-cell neoplasia, and the diverse repertoire of reactive t-cell phenotypes. we evaluated whether a recently described clustering algorithm, phenograph, and dimensionality-reduction algorithm, visne, might facilitate the identification of abnormal t-cell populations in routine clinical flow cytometric data.201728865188
charlson comorbidity index, inappropriate medication use and cognitive impairment : bermuda triangle.the aim is to evaluate the association between the charlson comorbidity index (cci), polypharmacy, inappropriate medication use and cognitive impairment in long-term care facility patients.201728864869
toxicity and outcomes in patients with and without esophageal stents in locally advanced esophageal cancer.esophageal stenting is often considered to relieve dysphagia in patients with locoregionally advanced esophageal cancer. we sought to determine the effects of stenting on the incidence of acute toxicity and oncologic outcomes in patients undergoing chemoradiation therapy (crt).201728864404
regenerative endodontics versus apexification in immature permanent teeth with apical periodontitis: a prospective randomized controlled study.the aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of regenerative endodontic treatment (ret) and apexification on immature permanent teeth with pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis.201728864219
very early onset inflammatory bowel disease: investigation of the il-10 signaling pathway in iranian children.comparing to adult inflammatory bowel disease (ibd), those with early onset manifestations have different features in terms of the underlying molecular pathology, the course of disease and the response to therapy. we investigated the il-10 signaling pathway previously reported as an important cause of infantile (very early onset) ibd to find any possible variants.201728864178
clinicopathologic and surgical study of pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: analysis of risk factors for recurrence and facial nerve determine whether clinicopathologic or surgical features are risk factors for recurrence and facial nerve dysfunction in pleomorphic adenoma (pa) of the parotid gland.201728863883
isolated abducens nerve palsy associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage: a localizing sign of ruptured posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms.objective compressive cranial nerve syndromes can be useful bedside clues to the diagnosis of an enlarging intracranial aneurysm and can also guide subsequent evaluation, as with an acute oculomotor nerve (cranial nerve [cn] iii) palsy that is presumed to be a posterior communicating artery aneurysm and a surgical emergency until proven otherwise. the cn vi has a short cisternal segment from the pontomedullary sulcus to dorello's canal, remote from most pica aneurysms but in the hemodynamic path ...201728862551
sex differences in delayed cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid hemorrhage.objective in this study the authors sought to investigate the sex differences in the risk of delayed cerebral ischemia (dci), delayed cerebral infarction, and the role of hormonal status. methods ten studies included in the sahit (sah international trialists) repository were analyzed using a fitting logistic regression model. heterogeneity between the studies was tested using i(2) statistics, and the results were pooled using a random-effects model. multivariable analysis was adjusted for the ef ...201728862545
refractive changes after lens-sparing vitrectomy for macular hole and epiretinal membrane.cataract progression after lens-sparing vitrectomy might differ according to original posterior segment diseases. our objective was to analyze the refractive values after lens-sparing vitrectomy for macular hole (mh) and epiretinal membrane (erm).201728860703
circumferential trabeculotomy versus conventional angle surgery: comparing long-term surgical success and clinical outcomes in children with primary congenital glaucoma.this study compares the long-term efficacy of circumferential trabeculotomy to that of conventional angle surgeries in primary congenital glaucoma (pcg), as judged by glaucoma and visual outcomes.201728860043
a novel and robust bayesian approach for segmentation of psoriasis lesions and its risk stratification.the need for characterization of psoriasis lesion severity is clinically valuable and vital for dermatologists since it provides a reliable and precise decision on risk assessment. the automated delineation of lesion is a prerequisite prior to characterization, which is challenging itself. thus, this paper has two major objectives: (a) design of a segmentation system which can model by learning the lesion characteristics and this is posed as a bayesian model; (b) develop a psoriasis risk assessm ...201728859832
a probabilistic active learning algorithm based on fisher information ratio.the task of labeling samples is demanding and expensive. active learning aims to generate the smallest possible training data set that results in a classifier with high performance in the test phase. it usually consists of two steps of selecting a set of queries and requesting their labels. among the suggested objectives to score the query sets, information theoretic measures have become very popular. yet among them, those based on fisher information (fi) has the advantage of considering the div ...201728858784
isolated main pancreatic duct dilatation: ct differentiation between benign and malignant causes.the purpose of this study is to retrospectively evaluate the differential ct features of isolated benign and malignant main pancreatic duct (mpd) dilatation and to investigate whether the diagnostic performance of radiologists can be improved with knowledge of these differential ct features.201728858540
spiritual transcendence and psychological adjustment: the moderating role of personality in burn patients.the current study examined the moderating role of personality traits (neuroticism and extraversion) on the relationship between spiritual transcendence and positive change, and spiritual transcendence and distress in burn patients. the sample (n = 98) comprised adult burn patients (age = 25-50) admitted to three hospitals in lahore, pakistan. they were assessed according to a demographic information sheet, the neo personality inventory (mccrae and costa in j personal soc psychol 52:81-90, 1987), ...201728856506
neurologic complications associated with the zika virus in brazilian adults.there are no prospective cohort studies assessing the incidence and spectrum of neurologic manifestations secondary to zika virus (zikv) infection in adults.201728806453
association of gastrointestinal functional disorders and migraine headache: a population base study.background migraine is one of the prevalent headaches. many of patients with migraine, complain of gastrointestinal symptoms. there is limited studies on relation of gastrointestinal symptoms and migraine headache at population level. methods in this population-based study, 1038 subjects older than 15 year from a rural area in fars province, south of iran. were investigated for functional gastrointestinal disorders. by cluster random sampling, 160 of these persons invited to receive endoscopy al ...201728894515
proptosis: a forgotten observation by miller fisher on his syndrome. 201728894030
diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging driven growth modeling for radiotherapy target definition in glioblastoma.the clinical target volume (ctv) in radiotherapy is routinely based on gadolinium contrast enhanced t1 weighted (t1w + gd) and t2 weighted fluid attenuated inversion recovery (t2w flair) magnetic resonance imaging (mri) sequences which have been shown to over- or underestimate the microscopic tumor cell spread. gliomas favor spread along the white matter fiber tracts. tumor growth models incorporating the mri diffusion tensors (dti) allow to account more consistently for the glioma growth. the a ...201728893125
diagnostic accuracy and surgical utility of mri in complicated diabetic foot.diabetic foot complications pose a significant public health hazard and have negative effect on life quality. these complications are associated with increased risk of amputations and premature death. so focus is increasing on early treatment of complicated diabetic foot.201728892986
the importance of data quality for generating reliable distribution models for rare, elusive, and cryptic species.the availability of spatially referenced environmental data and species occurrence records in online databases enable practitioners to easily generate species distribution models (sdms) for a broad array of taxa. such databases often include occurrence records of unknown reliability, yet little information is available on the influence of data quality on sdms generated for rare, elusive, and cryptic species that are prone to misidentification in the field. we investigated this question for the f ...201728640819
clinical and angiographic outcomes following endovascular treatment of very small (3 mm or smaller) intracranial aneurysm: a single-center experience.treatments for very small (3 mm or smaller) intracranial aneurysms (vsas) remain controversial. the aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment for vsas and to evaluate clinical risk factors associated with complications.this retrospective study enrolled 82 vsa patients who underwent coil embolization in our institution. angiographic outcomes were assessed according to the meyers classification. the clinical results were evaluated using the modified rankin scale (mrs ...201728906352
potential effects of hormone therapy in type 2 idiopathic macular investigate the influence of hormone therapy with tamoxifen or estrogens on morphological changes in macular telangiectasia (mactel) type 2 patients as revealed clinically in multiple imaging modalities.201728903123
morphometric characteristics and coi haplotype diversity of arctodiaptomus spinosus (copedoda) populations in soda pans in hungary.arctodiaptomus spinosus (daday, 1891) is a characteristic species of the soda pan zooplankton in the great hungarian plain. the biogeographical distribution of the species is interesting, since its range expands from the pannonian biogeographic region to the other side of the carpathians, occurring in saline lakes in eastern anatolia, armenia, iran and in temporary waters in ukraine. our investigations focused on the morphometric characteristics and the coi haplotype diversity of four hungarian ...201728901808
characterization of differences between prostate cancer patients presenting with de novo versus primary progressive metastatic who present with metastatic disease can have de novo or primary progressive disease. we characterized and compared the outcomes between these 2 groups.201728899723
predicting preschool children's eating in the absence of hunger from maternal pressure to eat: a longitudinal study of low-income, latina mothers.early work by klesges et al. (1983, 1986) suggested that mothers who frequently prompt their children to eat have children at greater risk for obesity. this is consistent with the hypothesis that controlling feeding practices override children's responsiveness to their internal fullness cues, increasing the risk of overeating and obesity (e.g., johnson & birch, 1994). subsequent cross-sectional research on pressure to eat, however, has been inconsistent. most studies have shown that maternal sel ...201728899652
[miller fisher syndrome following treatment with certolizumab in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis].sindrome de miller fisher tras tratamiento con certolizumab en una paciente con artritis reumatoide.201728896005
splenectomy vs. rituximab as a second-line therapy in immune thrombocytopenic purpura: a single center experience.immune thrombocytopenic purpura (itp) is a common hematological disease treated primarily by corticosteroids. the aim of the present study was to compare response rate between patients, underwent splenectomy vs. rituximab as second-line therapy. adult patients diagnosed with itp who did not respond to corticosteroids or relapsed during the period 1990-2014 were included in a quasi-experimental study. categorical variables were compared using fisher exact test. response to treatment was compared ...201728895035
new prognostic factor telomerase reverse transcriptase promotor mutation presents without mr imaging biomarkers in primary glioblastoma.magnetic resonance (mr) imaging biomarkers can assist in the non-invasive assessment of the genetic status in glioblastomas (gbms). telomerase reverse transcriptase (tert) promoter mutations are associated with a negative prognosis. this study was performed to identify mr imaging biomarkers to forecast the tert mutation status.201728894890
a pilot study on the impact of dopamine, serotonin, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor genotype on long-term functional outcomes after subarachnoid hemorrhage.many that survive an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage experience lasting physical disability, which might be improved by medications with effects on the dopaminergic, serotonergic, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor neurotransmitter systems. but it is not clear which patients are most likely to benefit from these therapies. the purpose of this pilot study was to explore the relationship of genetic polymorphisms in these pathways with 12-month functional outcomes after aneurysmal subarachnoi ...201728894586
distribution of sccmec elements and presence of panton-valentine leukocidin in methicillin-resistant staphylococcusepidermidis isolated from clinical samples in a university hospital of isfahan city, iran.coagulase negative staphylococcus (cons) is considered as a major pathogen of nosocomial infections among immunosuppressed patients.201728892893
genomewide association mapping and pathway analysis of meat tenderness in polled nellore cattle.brazil is one of the world's largest beef exporters, although the product has a low price due to quality issues. the meat exported by brazil is considered medium and low quality by international buyers, mainly due to lack of tenderness. the predominant zebu breeds (80% nellore) are known for producing tougher beef than taurine breeds. nonetheless, some studies have shown that there is substantial genetic variability for tenderness within the nellore breed, although it is a difficult trait to imp ...201728727016
consideration for eliminating conjunctival closure in the enucleation compare post-operative results and complications in patients who undergo enucleation with or without suture closure of the conjunctiva. this was a retrospective chart review study. review of 50 cases of enucleation surgery at the university of arkansas for medical sciences and arkansas children's hospital between july 2011 and december 2014. criteria for inclusion in the study were all cases of enucleation that had extraocular muscles attached to a spherical orbital implant with or without co ...201728742978
evaluation of exome variants using the ion proton platform to sequence error-prone regions.the ion proton sequencer from thermo fisher accurately determines sequence variants from target regions with a rapid turnaround time at a low cost. however, misleading variant-calling errors can occur. we performed a systematic evaluation and manual curation of read-level alignments for the 675 ultrarare variants reported by the ion proton sequencer from 27 whole-exome sequencing data but that are not present in either the 1000 genomes project and the exome aggregation consortium. we classified ...201728742110
long-time analytic approximation of large stochastic oscillators: simulation, analysis and order to analyse large complex stochastic dynamical models such as those studied in systems biology there is currently a great need for both analytical tools and also algorithms for accurate and fast simulation and estimation. we present a new stochastic approximation of biological oscillators that addresses these needs. our method, called phase-corrected lna (pclna) overcomes the main limitations of the standard linear noise approximation (lna) to remain uniformly accurate for long times, st ...201728742083
use of pathology data to improve high-value treatment of cervical neoplasia.we investigated the influence of pathology data to improve patient outcomes in the treatment of high-grade cervical neoplasia in a joint pathology and gynecology collaboration. two of us (b.s.d. and m.d.) reviewed all cytology, colposcopy and surgical pathology results, patient history, and pregnancy outcomes from all patients with loop electrosurgical excision procedure specimens for a 33-month period (january 2011-september 2013). we used this to determine compliance to 2006 consensus guidelin ...201728725782
fast low-rank shared dictionary learning for image classification.despite the fact that different objects possess distinct class-specific features, they also usually share common patterns. this observation has been exploited partially in a recently proposed dictionary learning framework by separating the particularity and the commonality (copar). inspired by this, we propose a novel method to explicitly and simultaneously learn a set of common patterns as well as class-specific features for classification with more intuitive constraints. our dictionary learnin ...201728742035
editorial on role of p53 in esophageal cancer from a meta-analysis of 16 studies by fisher et al. 201728740655
elemental source attribution signatures for calcium ammonium nitrate (can) fertilizers used in homemade explosives.calcium ammonium nitrate (can) is a widely available fertilizer composed of ammonium nitrate (an) mixed with some form of calcium carbonate such as limestone or dolomite. can is also frequently used to make homemade explosives. the potential of using elemental profiling and chemometrics to match both pristine and reprocessed can fertilizers to their factories of origin for use in future forensic investigations was examined. inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (icp-ms) was used to determ ...201728738558
fisher-kpp with time dependent diffusion is able to model cell-sheet activated and inhibited wound closure.the popular 2d fisher-kpp equation with constant parameters fails to predict activated or inhibited cell-sheet wound closure. here, we consider the case where the collective diffusion coefficient is time dependent, with a 3-parameter sigmoid profile. the sigmoid is taken s-shaped for the activated assays, and z-shaped for the inhibited ones. for two activated and two inhibited assays, our model is able to predict with a very good accuracy features of the wound closure like as the time evolution ...201728735087
critical behavior of the van der waals bonded high t c ferromagnet fe3gete2.fe3gete2 is a promising candidate for van der waals bonded ferromagnet because of its high curie temperature and the prediction that its ferromagnetism can maintain upon exfoliating down to single layer. here, we have reported the critical behavior to understand its ferromagnetic exchange. based on various techniques including modified arrott plot, kouvel-fisher plot, and critical isotherm analysis, a set of reliable critical exponents (β = 0.327 ± 0.003, γ = 1.079 ± 0.005, and δ = 4.261 ± 0.009 ...201728733606
protecting quantum fisher information of n-qubit ghz state by weak measurement with flips against this paper we propose a scheme by using weak-measurement-based pre- and post-flips (wmppf) to protect the average quantum fisher information (qfi) in the independent amplitude-damping channel (adc) for n-qubit ghz state and generalized n-qubit ghz states. we also discuss the weak measurement and quantum measurement reversal (wmqmr) with the same adc. based on the analytical and numerical results we obtain the main result: the wmppf can reduce the effect of dissipation on the average qfi of th ...201728733578
community pharmacists' knowledge of alzheimer disease care in high- and low-income chicago.this pilot study examined community pharmacists' knowledge to provide care and services for persons with alzheimer disease (ad) and area income-based disparities in knowledge and availability of cognitive enhancers.201728733154
a comparison of robotic versus laparoscopic adrenalectomy in patients with primary hyperaldosteronism.over the last decade, robotic approaches have been described for removing adrenal tumors. although there are reports comparing robotic and laparoscopic techniques in general, there are limited data on outcomes in patients with primary hyperaldosteronism (pha). the aim of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of robotic adrenalectomy (ra) versus laparoscopic adrenalectomy (la) for pha.201728727636
rainforest metropolis casts 1,000-km defaunation shadow.tropical rainforest regions are urbanizing rapidly, yet the role of emerging metropolises in driving wildlife overharvesting in forests and inland waters is unknown. we present evidence of a large defaunation shadow around a rainforest metropolis. using interviews with 392 rural fishers, we show that fishing has severely depleted a large-bodied keystone fish species, tambaqui (colossoma macropomum), with an impact extending over 1,000 km from the rainforest city of manaus (population 2.1 million ...201728739913
refining forelimb asymmetry analysis: correlation with montoya staircase contralateral function post-stroke.forelimb asymmetry test is a simple test of motor function, using exploration behavior of a rat in a novel environment and counting the number of times that a rat touches the wall with either forepaw. our lab has noticed, however, that there appears to be an increased number of fingertip touches to the wall following a stroke in the impaired forelimb.201728739162
rubella sero-prevalence among children in kilimanjaro region: a community based study prior to the introduction of rubella vaccine in tanzania.childhood rubella infection is a mild, self-limiting illness. rubella infection among pregnant women however, is a major public health concern. depending on gestation age, it may result in fetal death, stillbirth or a new-born with congenital rubella syndrome (crs). maternal antibodies protect young infants from rubella infection and lifelong immunity is acquired by vaccination or post-rubella infection. this study aims at characterizing rubella infection and its epidemiology in the kilimanjaro ...201728732540
birth weight differences between those offered financial voucher incentives for verified smoking cessation and control participants enrolled in the cessation in pregnancy incentives trial (cpit), employing an intuitive approach and a complier average causal effects (cace) analysis.the cessation in pregnancy incentives trial (cpit), which offered financial incentives for smoking cessation during pregnancy showed a clinically and statistically significant improvement in cessation. however, infant birth weight was not seen to be affected. this study re-examines birth weight using an intuitive and a complier average causal effects (cace) method to uncover important information missed by intention-to-treat analysis.201728728583
fisher discrimination of metabolic changes in rats treated with aspirin and ibuprofen.aspirin and ibuprofen are the most frequently prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the world. however, both are associated with a variety of toxicities. we applied serum metabonomics and fisher discrimination for the early diagnosis of its toxic reaction in order to help diagnose these toxicities.201728728150
influence of access cavity design on root canal detection, instrumentation efficacy, and fracture resistance assessed in maxillary molars.the aim of this study was to assess the influence of contracted endodontic cavities (cecs) on root canal detection, instrumentation efficacy, and fracture resistance assessed in maxillary molars. traditional endodontic cavities (tecs) were used as a reference for comparison.201728739013
advanced methods for dose and regimen finding during drug development: summary of the ema/efpia workshop on dose finding (london 4-5 december 2014).inadequate dose selection for confirmatory trials is currently still one of the most challenging issues in drug development, as illustrated by high rates of late-stage attritions in clinical development and postmarketing commitments required by regulatory institutions. in an effort to shift the current paradigm in dose and regimen selection and highlight the availability and usefulness of well-established and regulatory-acceptable methods, the european medicines agency (ema) in collaboration wit ...201728722322
table saw injuries: are our safety features really keeping us safe?currently, table saws sold in the united states have 3 safety features (riving knife, blade guard, and antikickback device) designed to prevent personal injury; however, these features can hinder the user's movements and are often disabled or removed. despite the frequency of table saw injuries, there is relatively limited literature regarding them.201728719989
establishing obstetric anesthesiology practice guidelines in the republic of armenia: a global health collaboration.disparity exists in anesthesia practices between high- and low-to-middle income countries, and awareness has been raised within the global health community to improve the standards of anesthesia care and patient safety. the establishment of international collaborations and appropriate practice guidelines may help address clinical care deficiencies. this report's aim was to assess the impact of a multiyear collaboration on obstetric anesthesia practices in the republic of armenia.201728719524
comparison of the effects of low dose interferon and high dose interferon on reduction of the number and size of plaques in patients with multiple sclerosis: a historical cohort.background: this study was performed to compare the effects of low dose interferon beta-1 (ifn-β-1) (cinnovex, 30 mcg) and high dose ifn-β-1 (rebif, 44 mcg) on the reduction of the number and size of plaques in magnetic resonance imaging (mri) in patients with multiple sclerosis (ms). methods: this historical cohort study, which was performed in 2014 in sanandaj (western part of iran). 43 ms patients in two groups were investigated. the first group, which included 19 patients, was treated using ...201728717427
recurrent miller fisher: a new case report and a literature review.miller fisher syndrome (mfs) is considered to be an uncommon variant of guillain-barré syndrome. the disease is clinically characterized by acute ataxia of limbs, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia, although the set of symptoms and signs can be quite heterogeneous, with a benign and monophasic course. we describe a case of recurrent mfs where there have been four clinical episodes occurred with complete remission after each relapse. last recurrence was treated with oral steroids. the reported frequen ...201728612899
total thyroidectomy: the first, the best. the recurrent goiter issue.redo surgery for recurrent goiter is still now, even in experienced hands, followed by higher morbidity than primary total thyroidectomy. suppressive levothyroxine therapy failed to improve the recurrence rate, while inducing a subclinical hyperthyroidism. aim of this study is to verify morbidity after total thyroidectomy for benign thyroid diseases, both primary and after recurrence.201728612896
incidence of presumed silicone oil droplets in the vitreous cavity after intravitreal bevacizumab injection with insulin syringes.intravitreal bevacizumab is a frequently used antivascular endothelial growth factor medication in the united states, but its off-label use is associated with risks associated with the compounding preparation.201728617905
nonisolated small bowel gastrointestinal angiodysplasias are associated with higher rebleeding rates when compared with isolated small bowel gastrointestinal angiodysplasia on video capsule endoscopy.gastrointestinal angiodysplasias (giad) are commonly diagnosed in the small bowel but can be located in other areas of the gastrointestinal tract. about half of patients diagnosed with giad have more than 1 lesion and 20% of patients have giad in both the small bowel and a source outside of the small bowel (nonisolated to small bowel giad or nisgiad). the remaining patients with giad have lesions isolated to the small bowel (isgiad). complications including rebleeding, hospitalization and mortal ...201728617760
increased rate of venous thrombosis may be associated with inpatient dihydroergotamine review whether the incidence of catheter-associated venous thromboses was higher in patients receiving iv dihydroergotamine compared to lidocaine.201728615428
causes and outcomes of markedly elevated c-reactive protein characterize the causes of marked elevation of c-reactive protein (crp) levels, investigate patient outcomes, and examine factors that might influence the crp response.201728615410
psychometric validation of the household food insecurity access scale among inuit pregnant women from northern quebec.globally, food insecurity is a major public health concern. in north america, it is particularly prevalent in certain sub-groups, including indigenous communities. although many indigenous and remote communities harvest and share food, most food security assessment tools focus on economic access. this study describes the psychometric evaluation of a modified household food insecurity access scale (hfias), developed for mixed economies, to assess food insecurity among pregnant inuit women.201728614392
is a therapeutic anticoagulation window needed for delivery when using prophylactic low molecular weight heparin during pregnancy? a retrospective monocentric study.the aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of therapeutic window for delivery for patients under prophylactic anticoagulation by low molecular weight heparin (lmwh) by comparing those who had a planned delivery versus those who delivered spontaneously.201728618257
capacity evaluation requests in the medical setting: a retrospective analysis of underlying psychosocial and ethical factors.psychosocial and ethical variables influence physicians in requesting decision-making capacity (dmc) evaluations. previous authors have classified certain dmc evaluation requests as "unwarranted" when there is no explicit suspicion or evidence that the patient might lack dmc.201728596046
clinical and genome-wide analysis of cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy in survivors of adult-onset cancer.purpose: our purpose was to characterize the clinical influences, genetic risk factors, and gene mechanisms contributing to persistent cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (cisipn) in testicular cancer survivors (tcss).experimental design: tcs given cisplatin-based therapy completed the validated eortc qlq-cipn20 questionnaire. an ordinal cisipn phenotype was derived, and associations with age, smoking, excess drinking, hypertension, body mass index, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, cumulative ...201728611204
the association between germline brca2 variants and sensitivity to platinum-based chemotherapy among men with metastatic prostate cancer.breast cancer 2 (brca2)-associated breast and ovarian cancers are sensitive to platinum-based chemotherapy. it is unknown whether brca2-associated prostate cancer responds favorably to such treatment.201728608931
one- vs 2-stage bursectomy for septic olecranon and prepatellar bursitis: a prospective randomized assess the optimal surgical approach and costs for patients hospitalized with septic bursitis.201728602435
frailty as a predictor of mortality in the elderly emergency general surgery patient.the number of surgical procedures performed in elderly and frail patients has greatly increased in the last decades. however, there is little research in the elderly emergency general surgery patient. the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of frailty in the emergency general surgery population in belgium. secondly, we examined the length of hospital stay, readmission rate and mortality at 30 and 90 days.201728602153
otolaryngology practice patterns in pediatric tonsillectomy: the impact of the codeine boxed determine if otolaryngologists at a single children's hospital were adherent to the boxed warning for codeine use in post-tonsillectomy patients and the implications for practice patterns.201728608417
can visual assessment of blood flow patterns by dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography distinguish between malignant and benign lung tumors?dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (dce-ct) is a tool, which, in theory, can quantify the blood flow and blood volume of tissues. in structured qualitative analysis, parametric color maps yield a visual impression of the blood flow and blood volume within the tissue being studied, allowing for quick identification of the areas with the highest or lowest blood flow and blood volume.201728607762
impact of garlic tablets on nosocomial infections in hospitalized patients in intensive care units.nosocomial infections are one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity in hospitals, especially in intensive care units (icus).201728607636
dual-mobility vs fixed-bearing total hip arthroplasty in patients under 55 years of age: a single-institution, matched-cohort analysis.prosthetic dislocation of total hip arthroplasty (tha) is a common cause for revision surgery. dual-mobility (dm) bearings were introduced to mitigate complications; however, their performance in younger patients is unknown. this study compared results of patients <55 years of age with dm vs fixed-bearing (fb) primary tha.201728606460
bacterial contamination and disinfection status of laryngoscopes stored in emergency crash identify bacterial contamination rates of laryngoscope blades and handles stored in emergency crash carts by hospital and area according to the frequency of intubation attempts.201728605891
uneven adaptive capacity among fishers in a sea of change.fishers worldwide operate in an environment of uncertainty and constant change. their ability to manage risk associated with such uncertainty and subsequently adapt to change is largely a function of individual circumstances, including their access to different fisheries. however, explicit attention to the heterogeneity of fishers' connections to fisheries at the level of the individual has been largely ignored. we illustrate the ubiquitous nature of these connections by constructing a typology ...201728604775
incomplete miller-fisher syndrome with advanced stage burkitt lymphoma.lymphoma-associated incomplete miller-fisher syndrome is very rare.201728601853
a randomized open-label controlled trial of chlorhexidine-alcohol vs povidone-iodine for cesarean antisepsis: the capica trial.identification of optimal surgical site antisepsis preparations may reduce cesarean-related surgical site infections. two recently published investigations examined efficacy of chlorhexidine-alcohol and iodine-alcohol preparations. no previous randomized controlled trial has compared chlorhexidine-alcohol to povidone-iodine aqueous scrub and paint in reduction of cesarean-related surgical site infection.201728599898
peripheral vascular disease in patients with diabetic foot ulcers - an emerging trend: a prospective study from north india.diabetic foot ulcer is one of the chronic complications of diabetes mellitus (dm) with 25% of patients with diabetes developing a foot ulcer during their lifetime leading to amputation. diabetic foot is classified into 2 main types: neuropathic ulcers (npu) and neuro-ischemic ulcer (niu) where in addition to neuropathy peripheral vascular disease (pvd) is also present.201728598042
differentiating nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis seroconverters and non-seroconverters in a community-based clinic in los angeles, california.nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis (npep) is a 28-day regimen of antiretroviral medications taken within 72 hours of human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) exposure to prevent hiv acquisition. although npep has been recommended since 1998, few studies have analyzed the characteristics that distinguish npep failures (seroconverters) and successes (non-seroconverters).201728596981
up-regulation of transcription factor 3 is correlated with poor prognosis in cervical carcinoma.transcription factor 3 (tcf3, or e2a) is a multifunctional bhlh (basic helix loop helix) transcription factor. the role of tcf3 expression in cancer and the multiple cell signaling pathways that regulate or are influenced by tcf3 are unclear. therefore, the expression level of tcf3 in patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (cscc) is discussed in this study.201728604457
self-perceived viral load and sexual risk behavior among known hiv-positive msm in san francisco, 2014.self-perceived viral suppression status among men who have sex with men (msm) may impact hiv risk transmission behaviors.201728604432
disease severity, presentation, and clinical outcomes among adolescents with malignant breast neoplasms: a 20-year population-based outcomes study from the seer database (1973-2009).primary breast cancer in adolescents is extremely rare and thus is not widely studied. this study aimed to evaluate trends, characteristics, and outcomes among a cohort of adolescents with breast cancer.201728602452
[effects of iassist navigation system and personal specific instrument assisted total knee arthroplasty in the treatment of osteoarthritis].objective: to compare the application of iassist assisted total knee arthroplasty (tka) and three-dimentional(3d) printing personal specific instrument (psi) assist tka in the treatment of osteoarthritis (oa). methods: clinical data of 47 patients with oa admitted at department of orthopaedic surgery in nanjing medical university nanjing hospital between april and september 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, including 20 males and 27 females, aging from 57 to 77 years with mean age of (63.8±8.2 ...201728592074
spatial distribution of tuberculosis in a municipality in the interior of são paulo, describe the epidemiological clinical profile of tuberculosis and analyze the spatial distribution of cases in a municipality in the state of são paulo.201728591296
patient characteristics associated with use of lurasidone versus other atypical antipsychotics in patients with bipolar disorder: analysis from a claims database in the united compare patient characteristics, medical comorbidities, health care utilization, and health care costs among patients with bipolar disorder who initiated lurasidone versus other atypical antipsychotics in usual clinical practice.201728590601
brace success is related to curve type in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.curve magnitude and skeletal maturity are important factors in determining the efficacy of bracing for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, but curve morphology may also affect brace success. the purpose of this study was to determine the influence of curve morphology on the response to bracing with a thoracolumbosacral orthosis (tlso).201728590377
more on the best evolutionary rate for phylogenetic analysis.the accumulation of genome-scale molecular data sets for nonmodel taxa brings us ever closer to resolving the tree of life of all living organisms. however, despite the depth of data available, a number of studies that each used thousands of genes have reported conflicting results. the focus of phylogenomic projects must thus shift to more careful experimental design. even though we still have a limited understanding of what are the best predictors of the phylogenetic informativeness of a gene, ...201728595363
conducting preference assessments for youth with disorders of consciousness during and rehabilitation for individuals with disorders of consciousness (doc) can be challenging; the use of observational data collection, individualized treatment programs, and incorporation of preferred, personally meaningful and salient items may be helpful in addressing such challenges during assessment and intervention. in this article, we extend the predominantly adult literature on use of salient items to promote differential responding by describing our methodology to identify preferred ...201728594194
anti-hla antibodies testing on solid phase: comparative evaluation of different kit vendors through luminex technology.for decades, the detection of anti-hla antibodies in candidates for solid-organ transplant has been performed with the traditional complement-dependent cytotoxicity method; this assay has been then integrated with the introduction of solid-phase assays. over the past 20 years, the luminex assay has become the most widely used in clinical laboratories due to both increased sensitivity and specificity versus enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. however, even the luminex technique has shown some crit ...201728585912
cxc chemokine receptor type 4 antagonism ameliorated allograft fibrosis in rat kidney transplant this study, we evaluated the effects of cxc chemokine receptor type 4 and stromal cell-derived factor 1 signaling in the progression of chronic allograft nephropathy in a rat model.201728585910
comparing two instructional methods of role playing and lecture on primigravida females, decision about type of delivery.each mother has the legal right to decide about her delivery, but this decision should be made based on scientific knowledge. instructions during pregnancy help to choose the proper type of delivery. this study conducted aimed to compare two instructional methods of role playing and lecture on primigravida decision about type of delivery.201728584829
the relationship of amount of resection and time for recovery of bell's phenomenon after levator resection in congenital ptosis.recovery of bell`s phenomenon after levator resection is unpredicatable. delayed recovery can result in vision threatening corneal complications.201728584563
advanced method optimization for volatile aroma profiling of beer using two-dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry.the complex mixture of volatile organic compounds (vocs) present in the headspace of trappist and craft beers was studied to illustrate the efficiency of thermal desorption (td) comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (gc×gc-tofms) for highlighting subtle differences between highly complex mixtures of vocs. headspace solid-phase microextraction (hs-spme), multiple (and classical) stir bar sorptive extraction (msbse), static headspace (shs), and dynamic h ...201728587778
insulin therapy waste produced in the households of people with diabetes monitored in primary analyze the insulin therapy waste disposal produced in the households of people with diabetes mellitus (dm).201728562812
uterus preserving surgery versus hysterectomy in the treatment of refractory postpartum haemorrhage in two tertiary maternity units in cameroon: a cohort analysis of perioperative outcomes.little evidence exists on the efficacy and safety of the different surgical techniques used in the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage (pph). we aimed to compare uterus preserving surgery (ups) versus hysterectomy for refractory pph in terms of perioperative outcomes in a sub-saharan african country with a known high maternal mortality ratio due to pph.201728558661
e-cigarette advice to patients from physicians and dentists in the united report on adults' recall of discussion by physicians and dentists about e-cigarettes.201728558492
health care utilization in patients with gout: a prospective multicenter cohort study.all published studies of health care utilization in gout have been cross-sectional to date, and most used a patient-reported diagnosis of gout. our objective was to assess health care utilization and its predictors in patients with physician-confirmed gout in a prospective cohort study.201728569193
clinicopathological parameters associated with histological background and recurrence after surgical intervention of vocal cord leukoplakia.histological examination of biopsy shows usefulness in the diagnosis of vocal cord leukoplakia; however, in considerable amount of cases, the examination cannot provide definitive diagnosis of malignancy from benign conditions such as hyperplasia and dysplasia. the present work therefore was aimed to identify clinicopathological factors and molecular markers predictive of recurrence and malignant transformation of vocal cord leukoplakia.clinical data of 555 cases of vocal cord leukoplakia enroll ...201728562558
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