TitleAbstractYear(sorted descending)
passive acoustic monitoring of the decline of mexico's critically endangered vaquita.the vaquita (phocoena sinus) is the world's most endangered marine mammal with approximately 245 individuals remaining in 2008. this species of porpoise is endemic to the northern gulf of california, mexico, and historically the population has declined because of unsustainable bycatch in gillnets. an illegal gillnet fishery for an endangered fish, the totoaba (totoaba macdonaldi), has recently resurged throughout the vaquita's range. the secretive but lucrative wildlife trade with china for toto ...201727338145
delivery after 40 weeks of gestation in pregnant women with well-controlled human immunodeficiency evaluate whether there is increased mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)-1 associated with deliveries at 40 weeks of estimated gestational age (ega) or greater in pregnant women with hiv-1 viral loads of 1,000 copies/ml or less.201728796679
decreasing prevalence of transmitted drug resistance among art-naive hiv-1-infected patients in iceland, 1996-2012.introduction: resistance to antiretroviral drugs can complicate the management of hiv-1 infection and impair control of its spread. the aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence and transmission of hiv-1 drug resistance among 106 antiretroviral therapy (art)-naïve patients diagnosed in iceland (1996-2012). methods: hiv-1 polymerase sequences were analysed using the calibrated population resistance tool. domestic spread of transmitted drug resistance (tdr) was investigated throug ...201728649306
the multi-faceted dynamics of hiv-1 transmission in northern alberta: a combined analysis of virus genetic and public health data.molecular epidemiology has become a key tool for tracking infectious disease epidemics. here, the spread of the most prevalent hiv-1 subtypes in northern alberta, canada, was characterized with a bayesian phylogenetic approach using 1146 hiv-1 pol sequences collected between 2007 and 2013 for routine clinical management purposes. available patient metadata were qualitatively interpreted and correlated with onwards transmission using fisher exact tests and logistic regression. most infections wer ...201728427935
[atypical guillain-barre syndrome clustering: is it necessary to reconsider the diagnostic criteria and microbiological protocol?]guillain-barre syndrome is classically defined as a symmetrical ascending acute polyradiculoneuropathy, although there are atypical variants that make diagnosis difficult.201728444683
molecular characterization of staphylococcus aureus isolates from children with periorbital or orbital cellulitis.periorbital and orbital cellulitis cause significant pediatric morbidity. here, we define the clinical features of and characterize isolates from children with periorbital or orbital cellulitis caused by staphylococcus aureus at texas children's hospital in houston.201728575438
dna carryover in milk samples from routine milk recording used for pcr-based diagnosis of bovine staphylococcus aureus mastitis.real-time pcr techniques are increasingly used to detect udder pathogens from milk samples collected non-aseptically at routine milk recording. the objectives of this study were (1) to estimate the statistical associations between cycle threshold (ct) values for staphylococcus aureus in non-aseptically collected composite samples taken at routine milk recording from cows milked consecutively with the same milking unit and milk meter; and (2) to formulate practical and plausible guidelines for un ...201728527807
neurologic complications associated with the zika virus in brazilian adults.there are no prospective cohort studies assessing the incidence and spectrum of neurologic manifestations secondary to zika virus (zikv) infection in adults.201728806453
risk factors for erectile dysfunction in men with htlv-1.erectile dysfunction (ed) occurs in more than 50% of patients with human t-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (htlv-1) infection. in the general population, atherosclerosis is the main risk factor related to ed.201728827086
fungal and bacterial diversity isolated from aquilaria malaccensis tree and soil, induces agarospirol formation within 3 months after artificial infection.aquilaria malaccensis lam, commonly known as agarwood, is a highly valuable species used in production of agar oil from its infected wood, which is utilized in pharmaceutical and perfumery industry. agar oil formation in agarwood takes years through the natural process which is induced by natural or artificial injury or microbial infection. the role of soil fungi and bacteria in artificial induction is still an unexplored area. in the present study, we isolated the fungal and bacterial community ...201728747900
winter bait stations as a multispecies survey tool.winter bait stations are becoming a commonly used technique for multispecies inventory and monitoring but a technical evaluation of their effectiveness is lacking. bait stations have three components: carcass attractant, remote camera, and hair snare. our 22,975 km(2) mountainous study area was stratified with a 5 × 5 km sampling grid centered on northern idaho and including portions of washington, montana, and british columbia. from 2010-14, we conducted 563 sampling sessions at 497 bait statio ...201728904763
[overall survival and renal function after partial and radical nephrectomy in malignant localized renal tumors.]to evaluate the overall survival rate and renal function in our series after radical nephrectomy (rn) and partial nephrectomy (pn) in renal tumors in an early stage.201728891797
prevalence of endometriosis and its symptoms among young jordanian women with chronic pelvic pain refractory to conventional therapy.this study sought to explore the prevalence and clinical manifestations of endometriosis in young women with chronic pelvic pain (cpp) refractory to conventional medical therapy.201728890178
yamamoto new scalp acupuncture for postoperative pain management in cats undergoing evaluate the analgesic efficacy of yamamoto new scalp acupuncture (ynsa) as an adjuvant for postoperative pain management in cats.201728888802
early electrophysiological findings in fisher-bickerstaff syndrome.the term fisher-bickerstaff syndrome (fbs) has been proposed to describe the clinical spectrum encompassing miller-fisher syndrome (mfs) and bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis. the pathophysiology of fbs and the nature of the underlying neuropathy (demyelinating or axonal) are still subject to debate. this study describes the main findings of an early neurophysiological study on 12 patients diagnosed with fbs.201728888467
safety and effectiveness of oral misoprostol for induction of labour in a resource-limited setting: a dose escalation study.oral misoprostol as an induction of labour (iol) agent is rapidly gaining popularity in resource-limited settings because it is cheap, stable at ambient temperatures, and logistically easier to administer compared to dinoprostone and oxytocin. we aim to investigate the safety and effectiveness of a regimen of oral misoprostol in papua new guinean women undergoing iol.201728886702
a retrospective volume matched analysis of the submental artery island pedicled flap as compared to the forearm free flap: is it a good alternative choice for the reconstruction of defects of the oral cavity and oropharynx?the submental artery island pedicled flap (smif) is an underused alternative for reconstruction of head and neck defects after tumor ablation. the purpose of this study was to perform a comparative evaluation of reconstructive outcomes based on surgical site and ablative defect volume in patients who underwent reconstruction with the smif versus the forearm free flap (fff).201728886357
clinical and angiographic outcomes following endovascular treatment of very small (3 mm or smaller) intracranial aneurysm: a single-center experience.treatments for very small (3 mm or smaller) intracranial aneurysms (vsas) remain controversial. the aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment for vsas and to evaluate clinical risk factors associated with complications.this retrospective study enrolled 82 vsa patients who underwent coil embolization in our institution. angiographic outcomes were assessed according to the meyers classification. the clinical results were evaluated using the modified rankin scale (mrs ...201728906352
potential effects of hormone therapy in type 2 idiopathic macular investigate the influence of hormone therapy with tamoxifen or estrogens on morphological changes in macular telangiectasia (mactel) type 2 patients as revealed clinically in multiple imaging modalities.201728903123
morphometric characteristics and coi haplotype diversity of arctodiaptomus spinosus (copedoda) populations in soda pans in hungary.arctodiaptomus spinosus (daday, 1891) is a characteristic species of the soda pan zooplankton in the great hungarian plain. the biogeographical distribution of the species is interesting, since its range expands from the pannonian biogeographic region to the other side of the carpathians, occurring in saline lakes in eastern anatolia, armenia, iran and in temporary waters in ukraine. our investigations focused on the morphometric characteristics and the coi haplotype diversity of four hungarian ...201728901808
characterization of differences between prostate cancer patients presenting with de novo versus primary progressive metastatic who present with metastatic disease can have de novo or primary progressive disease. we characterized and compared the outcomes between these 2 groups.201728899723
predicting preschool children's eating in the absence of hunger from maternal pressure to eat: a longitudinal study of low-income, latina mothers.early work by klesges et al. (1983, 1986) suggested that mothers who frequently prompt their children to eat have children at greater risk for obesity. this is consistent with the hypothesis that controlling feeding practices override children's responsiveness to their internal fullness cues, increasing the risk of overeating and obesity (e.g., johnson & birch, 1994). subsequent cross-sectional research on pressure to eat, however, has been inconsistent. most studies have shown that maternal sel ...201728899652
[miller fisher syndrome following treatment with certolizumab in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis].sindrome de miller fisher tras tratamiento con certolizumab en una paciente con artritis reumatoide.201728896005
caloric restriction promotes rapid expansion and long-lasting increase of lactobacillus in the rat fecal microbiota.previous studies indicated that caloric restricted diet enables to lower significantly the risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. in experimental animal models, life-long lasting caloric restriction (cr) was demonstrated to induce changes of the intestinal microbiota composition, regardless of fat content and/or exercise. to explore the potential impact of short and long-term cr treatment on the gut microbiota, we conducted an analysis of fecal microbiota composition in young and adult f ...201728891744
splenectomy vs. rituximab as a second-line therapy in immune thrombocytopenic purpura: a single center experience.immune thrombocytopenic purpura (itp) is a common hematological disease treated primarily by corticosteroids. the aim of the present study was to compare response rate between patients, underwent splenectomy vs. rituximab as second-line therapy. adult patients diagnosed with itp who did not respond to corticosteroids or relapsed during the period 1990-2014 were included in a quasi-experimental study. categorical variables were compared using fisher exact test. response to treatment was compared ...201728895035
new prognostic factor telomerase reverse transcriptase promotor mutation presents without mr imaging biomarkers in primary glioblastoma.magnetic resonance (mr) imaging biomarkers can assist in the non-invasive assessment of the genetic status in glioblastomas (gbms). telomerase reverse transcriptase (tert) promoter mutations are associated with a negative prognosis. this study was performed to identify mr imaging biomarkers to forecast the tert mutation status.201728894890
more fishers and fewer martens due to cumulative effects of forest management and climate change as evidenced from local knowledge.monitoring of fur-bearing species populations is relatively rare due to their low densities. in addition to catch data, trappers' experience provides information on the ecology and status of the harvested species. fisher (pekania pennanti) and american marten (martes americana) are mustelids that are sensitive to forest management and therefore considered to be ecological indicators of forest health. fisher populations have increased in eastern north america since the early 2000s and this could ...201728882186
comparison of the natural history of genital hpv infection among men by country: brazil, mexico, and the united states.background: male genital human papillomavirus (hpv) prevalence and incidence has been reported to vary by geographical location. our objective was to assess the natural history of genital hpv by country among men with a median of 48 months of follow-up.methods: men ages 18-70 years were recruited from united states (n = 1,326), mexico (n = 1,349), and brazil (n = 1,410). genital specimens were collected every 6 months and hpv genotyping identified 37 hpv genotypes. prevalence of hpv was compared ...201728446543
the importance of data quality for generating reliable distribution models for rare, elusive, and cryptic species.the availability of spatially referenced environmental data and species occurrence records in online databases enable practitioners to easily generate species distribution models (sdms) for a broad array of taxa. such databases often include occurrence records of unknown reliability, yet little information is available on the influence of data quality on sdms generated for rare, elusive, and cryptic species that are prone to misidentification in the field. we investigated this question for the f ...201728640819
diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging driven growth modeling for radiotherapy target definition in glioblastoma.the clinical target volume (ctv) in radiotherapy is routinely based on gadolinium contrast enhanced t1 weighted (t1w + gd) and t2 weighted fluid attenuated inversion recovery (t2w flair) magnetic resonance imaging (mri) sequences which have been shown to over- or underestimate the microscopic tumor cell spread. gliomas favor spread along the white matter fiber tracts. tumor growth models incorporating the mri diffusion tensors (dti) allow to account more consistently for the glioma growth. the a ...201728893125
diagnostic accuracy and surgical utility of mri in complicated diabetic foot.diabetic foot complications pose a significant public health hazard and have negative effect on life quality. these complications are associated with increased risk of amputations and premature death. so focus is increasing on early treatment of complicated diabetic foot.201728892986
distribution of sccmec elements and presence of panton-valentine leukocidin in methicillin-resistant staphylococcusepidermidis isolated from clinical samples in a university hospital of isfahan city, iran.coagulase negative staphylococcus (cons) is considered as a major pathogen of nosocomial infections among immunosuppressed patients.201728892893
active surveillance of health care associated infections in neurosurgical care associated infections (hcai) are frequent complications in neurosurgery. there is limited data available on the incidence and burden of hcai in neurosurgical patients of southeast asian region.201728892887
polytrauma defined by the new berlin definition: a validation test based on propensity-score matching approach.background: polytrauma patients are expected to have a higher risk of mortality than that obtained by the summation of expected mortality owing to their individual injuries. this study was designed to investigate the outcome of patients with polytrauma, which was defined using the new berlin definition, as cases with an abbreviated injury scale (ais) ≥ 3 for two or more different body regions and one or more additional variables from five physiologic parameters (hypotension [systolic blood press ...201728891977
outcomes of abdominal surgery in patients with mechanical ventricular assist devices: a multi-institutional study.the aim of this study was to examine the outcomes of elective and emergent abdominal operations performed in end-stage heart failure patients supported with ventricular assist devices (vads).201728885501
ridge preservation after maxillary third molar extraction using 30% porosity plga/ha/β-tcp scaffolds with and without simvastatin: a pilot randomized controlled clinical evaluate clinically and radiographically, in humans, the healing of maxillary third molars postextraction sockets after application of different ridge preservation techniques 3 months after tooth extraction.201728885317
is infantile colic an early life expression of childhood migraine?migraine is the mosyndrome and infantile colic is a common cause of infantile cry. the pathogenesis of migraine and colic has not been well established and different factors may cause them. there is an association between infantile colic and the occurrence of childhood migraine. we aimed to assess whether infantile colic could be noted as an early life expression of childhood migraine or not.201728883875
patient outcomes and cerebral infarction after ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm treatment.anterior communicating artery aneurysm rupture and treatment is associated with high rates of dependency, which are more severe after clipping compared with coiling. to determine whether ischemic injury might account for these differences, we characterized cerebral infarction burden, infarction patterns, and patient outcomes after surgical or endovascular treatment of ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysms.201728882863
are orthodontic systematic reviews registered a priori in prospero?aim of this study was to assess the registration of orthodontic systematic reviews in prospero.201728881169
neonatal rat age, sex and strain modify acute antioxidant response to ozone.chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd) is the third leading cause of death in the us and its impact continues to increase in women. oxidant insults during critical periods of early life appear to increase risk of copd through-out the life course. to better understand susceptibility to early life exposure to oxidant air pollutants we used fisher (f344), sprague-dawley (sd) and wistar (wis) male and female neonatal rat pups to assess: (a) if strain (i.e. genetics), sex, or stage of early lif ...201728880688
a probabilistic active learning algorithm based on fisher information ratio.the task of labeling samples is demanding and expensive. active learning aims to generate the smallest possible training data set that results in a classifier with high performance in the test phase. it usually consists of two steps of selecting a set of queries and requesting their labels. among the suggested objectives to score the query sets, information theoretic measures have become very popular. yet among them, those based on fisher information (fi) has the advantage of considering the div ...201728858784
the changing epidemiological characteristics of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome in china, 2011-2016.severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (sfts) is emerging and the number of sfts cases increased year by year in china. in order to explore the epidemiology trend, we analyzed the changing epidemiological characteristics of sfts cases in different years and compare characteristics in different provinces. from 2011 to 2016, a total of 5360 laboratory-confirmed sfts cases were reported and annual case numbers increased year by year. most sfts cases occurred in individuals aged between 40 year ...201728835633
anatomic reasons for failure to visualize the appendix with graded compression sonography: insights from contemporaneous ct.the purpose of this study is to identify the anatomic locations of appendixes on ct when graded compression sonography fails to visualize the appendix.201728829172
programmed death ligand-1 (pd-l1) expression in either tumor cells or tumor-infiltrating immune cells correlates with solid and high-grade lung adenocarcinomas.- programmed death ligand-1 (pd-l1) expression in non-small cell lung carcinoma (nsclc) is heterogeneous and known to be underestimated on small biopsies. correlation of pd-l1 expression with clinicopathologic features may provide additional useful information. to our knowledge, the clinicopathologic features of nsclc have not been reported for subsets defined by pd-l1 expression in either tumor cells or tumor-infiltrating immune cells.201728829153
paranasal sinus disease in children with headache.sinus headache is one of the most frequent misdiagnosis given to children with headache. the objective of this study is to evaluate the frequency of sinus disease in children with headache that do not fulfill the criteria for headache attributed to disorder of the nose or paranasal sinuses.201728831857
factors predicting ventricle volume increase after aneurysmal clipping in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.while many studies have evaluated risk factors associated with hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, specific ventricle volume changes after subarachnoid hemorrhage have not been evaluated. to evaluate factors predicting ventricle volume enlargement in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage by measuring ventricle volume with a validated semi-automated tool.201728842230
[development of tianma hplc fingerprint and discriminant analysis].tianma(the tuber of gastrodia eleta) is a widely used and pricy chinese herb. its counterfeits are often found in herbal markets, which are the plant materials with similar macroscopic characteristics of tianma. moreover, the prices of winter tianma(cultivated tianma) and spring tianma(mostly wild tianma) have significant difference. however, it is difficult to identify the true or false, good or bad quality of tianma samples. thus, a total of 48 tianma samples with different characteristics(inc ...201728840694
identifying pleiotropic genes in genome-wide association studies from related subjects using the linear mixed model and fisher combination function.a multivariate genome-wide association test is proposed for analyzing data on multivariate quantitative phenotypes collected from related subjects. the proposed method is a two-step approach. the first step models the association between the genotype and marginal phenotype using a linear mixed model. the second step uses the correlation between residuals of the linear mixed model to estimate the null distribution of the fisher combination test statistic.201728836938
commentary: the importance of exploring dose-dependent, subtype-specific, and age-related effects of maltreatment on the hpa axis and the mediating link to psychopathology. a response to fisher (2017).we greatly appreciate dr. fisher's commentary that provides an excellent backdrop and well-considered perspective on our findings. we agree that our results mesh well with previous work documenting hypocortisolism among youth who experienced early adversity, especially neglect. moreover, as also perceptively noted by dr. fisher, our cross-sectional data provide support for the notion that hypocortisolism is not simply a transient phenomenon, but, rather, a persistent pattern characterizing maltr ...201728836675
increased plasma galectin-3 preceding the development of delayed cerebral infarction and eventual poor outcome in non-severe aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.a matricellular protein galectin-3 is involved in tissue injury and inflammation, but the role of galectin-3 remains unclear in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (sah). the purpose of this study was to assess whether acute-stage galectin-3 levels were associated with the subsequent development of neurovascular events and outcome after sah. this study included 83 consecutive patients diagnosed with aneurysmal sah of resuscitated world federation of neurological surgeons (wfns) grades 1-3. plasma ...201728831694
higher flow is present in unruptured arteriovenous malformations with silent intralesional microhemorrhages.silent microhemorrhage (hemosiderin) has been observed in resected brain arteriovenous malformations (bavm) tissue and may represent a subgroup at increased risk for clinical hemorrhage. previous studies suggest that ruptured bavms have faster flow and shorter mean transit time of contrast in blood vessels than unruptured bavms. we hypothesized that flow would be faster in unruptured avms with hemosiderin compared with those without hemosiderin.201728855391
differentiation of hepatocellular carcinoma from other hepatic malignancies in patients at risk: diagnostic performance of the liver imaging reporting and data system version 2014.purpose to evaluate the diagnostic performance and interrater reliability of the liver imaging reporting and data system (li-rads) version 2014 in differentiating hepatocellular carcinoma (hcc) from non-hcc malignancy in a population of patients at risk for hcc. materials and methods this retrospective hipaa-compliant institutional review board-approved study was exempt from informed consent. a total of 178 pathology-proven malignant liver masses were identified in 178 patients at risk for hcc b ...201728853673
isolated single umbilical artery and fetal echocardiography: a 25-year experience at a tertiary care city review our 25-year experience with a single umbilical artery and fetal echocardiography to estimate the need for this test in cases of an isolated single umbilical artery.201728850695
utility and safety of repeated ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy of focal liver evaluate the accuracy and safety of repeated ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (cnb) for hepatic focal lesions and to assess the predictive factors for success of repeated cnb.201728850692
the coexistence of psychiatric and gastrointestinal problems in children with restrictive eating in a nationwide swedish twin study.restrictive eating problems are rare in children but overrepresented in those with neurodevelopmental problems. comorbidities decrease wellbeing in affected individuals but research in the area is relatively scarce. this study describes phenotypes, regarding psychiatric and gastrointestinal comorbidities, in children with restrictive eating problems.201728835820
risk factors associated with neural tube defects in infants referred to western iranian obstetrical centers; 2013-2014.neural tubes defects (ntds) are known to be the second most prevalent congenital disorder worldwide whose risk factors have not been explicitly addressed yet.201728848641
feature ranking and rank aggregation for automatic sleep stage classification: a comparative study.nowadays, sleep quality is one of the most important measures of healthy life, especially considering the huge number of sleep-related disorders. identifying sleep stages using polysomnographic (psg) signals is the traditional way of assessing sleep quality. however, the manual process of sleep stage classification is time-consuming, subjective and costly. therefore, in order to improve the accuracy and efficiency of the sleep stage classification, researchers have been trying to develop automat ...201728830438
utilisation of early intervention services in young children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome.children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome are at a risk for neurodevelopmental delays. current guidelines recommend systematic evaluation and management of neurodevelopmental outcomes with referral for early intervention services. the single ventricle reconstruction trial represents the largest cohort of children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome ever assembled. data on life events and resource utilisation have been collected annually. we sought to determine the type and prevalence of ear ...201728847329
the future of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine in africa.following the successful hosting of the first international conference on tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (icterm) in 2014, we are delighted to report that the second icterm in 2017 was a greater success. the conference was held in vanderbijlpark, south africa, july 26-30, 2017 and was co-hosted by the vaal university of technology, tshwane university of technology of south africa, and rice university of the usa. the conference was attended by policy makers as well as distinguished ...201728847204
prevalence of the mthfr c677t mutation in fertile and infertile women.introduction the importance of the c677t mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (mthfr) gene in infertile women remains controversial. objective to evaluate if the mthfr c677t mutations are more frequent in infertile women, and if they can be associated with the occurrence of infertility in the brazilian population. methods this case-control study included 130 infertile women consulting at a private clinic between march 2003 and march 2005 (data previously published), and 260 fertil ...201728847029
association between preoperative cardiac left ventricular dysfunction and perioperative intraaortic balloon pump in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.prophylactic use of intraaortic balloon pump (iabp) reduces hospital mortality in patients with left ventricular (lv) systolic dysfunction undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (cabg); however, its association in patients with lv diastolic dysfunction is unclear. this retrospective study investigated the association between preoperative lv function and perioperative use of iabp in patients undergoing off-pump cabg (opcab) at a university hospital.201728846529
[early diagnosis of risk for developing calcium oxalate urolithiasis].to identify risk groups for calcium oxalate urolithiasis among healthy individuals and patients with urolithiasis in the russian population using molecular genetics.201728845932
clinical evidence for regenerative endodontic procedures: immediate versus delayed induction?clinicians face many challenges when treating immature permanent teeth in young patients. immediate blood clot induction can be a successful option as described by some case reports. no experimental studies or clinical trials have addressed this question. we have designed a clinical trial in which we hypothesized that there is no difference in success between immediate or delayed induction protocols. after confirmation of pulpal necrosis, patients were randomized. in the delayed group, 15 teeth ...201728844307
the effect of glass fiber posts and ribbons on the fracture strength of teeth with flared root canals restored using composite resin post and cores.this study evaluated the fracture strength and mode of failure of structurally compromised teeth with flared root canals restored using composite resin with four different systems.201728843642
relationship between vitamin d deficiency and markers of metabolic syndrome among overweight and obese recent years, metabolic syndrome, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease has had a tremendous elevation growth. many studies have demonstrated negative correlation between vitamin d deficiency and indexes of metabolic syndrome in obese patients. this study was designed to find the relation between vitamin d deficiency and markers of metabolic syndrome among overweight and obese adults referred to obesity center of shahid sadoughi hospital in 2014. eighty-nine overweight and obese adults ...201728843242
evaluation of the precision id identity panel for the ion torrent(™) pgm(™) cases where only a partial or incomplete str profile is obtained from a sample, information contained in single nucleotide polymorphisms (snps) can prove informative for human identification. thermo fisher scientific, which developed the high throughput ion torrent(™) pgm(™) sequencer, released the precision id identity panel, a multiplex snp panel for human identity. we evaluated the reproducibility and sensitivity of this multiplex, which contains primers for the amplification of 90 autosom ...201728843089
the xp-endo finisher for the removal of calcium hydroxide paste from root canals and from the apical third.the aim was to compare the efficacy of the passive ultrasonic irrigation pui and the xp-endo finisher (fkg-dentaire, la-chaux-de-fonds, switzerland) in removing the calcium hydroxide paste from root canals and from the apical third.201728828150
diagnostic performance of ultrasonography for pediatric appendicitis: a night and day difference?for imaging pediatric appendicitis, ultrasonography (us) is preferred because of its lack of ionizing radiation, but is limited by operator dependence. this study investigates the us diagnostic performance during night shifts covered by radiology trainees compared to day shifts covered by attending radiologists.201728826614
analysis of ancestry informative markers in three main ethnic groups from ecuador supports a trihybrid origin of ecuadorians.ancestry inference is traditionally done using autosomal snps that present great allele frequency differences among populations from different geographic regions. these ancestry informative markers (aims) are useful for determining the most likely biogeographic ancestry or population of origin of an individual. due to the growing interest in aims and their applicability in different fields, commercial companies have started to develop aim multiplexes targeted for massive parallel sequencing plat ...201728826061
macrophage migration inhibitory factor as a serum prognostic marker in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.macrophage migration inhibitory factor (mif) has been implicated in inflammation. we clarified whether serum mif could be used as a marker of inflammation, brain damage and outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (asah).201728823650
porcine dermis patch augmentation of supraspinatus tendon repairs: a pilot study assessing tendon integrity and shoulder function 2 years after arthroscopic repair in patients aged 60 years or investigate the 2-year postoperative clinical and subjective outcomes after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (arcr) with xenologous porcine dermal patch augmentation compared with arcr alone.201728822637
impact of processing methods on urinary biomarkers analysis in neonates, the validation of urinary biomarkers to diagnose acute kidney injury is a rapidly evolving field. the neonatal population poses unique challenges when assessing the collection, storage, and processing of urinary samples for biomarker analysis. given this, establishing optimal and consistent sample processing in this population for meaningful use in ongoing clinical trials is important.201728821985
transcriptomic and epigenetic regulation of disuse atrophy and the return to activity in skeletal muscle.physical inactivity and disuse are major contributors to age-related muscle loss. denervation of skeletal muscle has been previously used as a model with which to investigate muscle atrophy following disuse. although gene regulatory networks that control skeletal muscle atrophy after denervation have been established, the transcriptome in response to the recovery of muscle after disuse and the associated epigenetic mechanisms that may function to modulate gene expression during skeletal muscle a ...201728821632
il-17a deficiency mitigates bleomycin-induced complement activation during lung fibrosis.interleukin 17a (il-17a) and complement (c') activation have each been implicated in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (ipf). we have reported that il-17a induces epithelial injury via tgf-β in murine bronchiolitis obliterans; that tgf-β and the c' cascade present signaling interactions in mediating epithelial injury; and that the blockade of c' receptors mitigates lung fibrosis. in the present study, we investigated the role of il-17a in regulating c' in lung fibrosis. microarra ...201728821630
association between patient factors and outcome of synthetic cartilage implant hemiarthroplasty vs first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis in advanced hallux rigidus.we evaluated data from a clinical trial of first metatarsophalangeal joint (mtpj1) implant hemiarthroplasty and arthrodesis to determine the association between patient factors and clinical outcomes.201728820949
snap-based incentive programs at farmers' markets: adaptation considerations for temporary assistance for needy families (tanf) describe the design, implementation, and consumer response to a coupon-style intervention aimed to increase supplemental nutrition assistance program (snap) use at a farmers' market (fm) among temporary assistance for needy families (tanf) participants.201728818487
implementation of media production activities in an intervention designed to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage intake among inform the implementation of media production activities with adult populations by describing the construction of counter-advertisements (counter-ads) within a behavioral intervention.201728818486
a pilot project demonstrating that combat medics can safely administer parenteral medications in the emergency department.introduction select units in the military have improved combat medic training by integrating their functions into routine clinical care activities with measurable improvements in battlefield care. this level of integration is currently limited to special operations units. it is unknown if regular army units and combat medics can emulate these successes. the goal of this project was to determine whether us army combat medics can be integrated into routine emergency department (ed) clinical care, ...201728807069
role of next-generation sequencing as a diagnostic tool for the evaluation of bone and soft-tissue tumors.bone and soft-tissue tumors are in general rare. diagnosing these tumors is challenging based on the significant number of different tumor entities, the rareness of these tumors, and the considerable morphological heterogeneity which can be found within a single tumor entity. considering that more than half of the described soft-tissue tumors and approximately 25% of the bone tumors harbor recurrent genetic alterations, the use of auxiliary molecular examinations should be strongly considered. m ...201728817827
insights into secular trends of respiratory tuberculosis: the 20th century maltese experience.over half a century ago, mckeown and colleagues proposed that economics was a major contributor to the decline of infectious diseases, including respiratory tuberculosis, during the 19th and 20th centuries. since then, there is no consensus among researchers as to the factors responsible for the mortality decline. using the case study of the islands of malta and gozo, we examine the relationship of economics, in particular, the cost of living (fisher index) and its relationship to the secular tr ...201728817714
hypoalbuminemia is a predictive factor for fistula formation in recurrent cervical cancer.antivascular endothelial growth factor monoclonal antibodies inhibit tumor angiogenesis, consequently impeding the recruitment of new vasculature to existing and new tumor lesions. we sought to evaluate toxicities in women with recurrent cervical cancer after receiving bevacizumab combination chemotherapy.201728817390
erratum to ringash j, fisher r, peters l, et al. effect of p16 status on the quality-of-life experience during chemoradiation for locally advanced oropharyngeal cancer: a substudy of randomized trial trans-tasman radiation oncology group (trog) 02.02 (headstart). int j radiat oncol biol phys 2017;97:678-686. 201728816156
middle cerebral artery aneurysms: aneurysm angiographic morphology and its relation to pre-operative and intra-operative rupture.correlate the middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysm morphology with the pre-operative and intra-operative risk of rupture.201728813082
screening for syphilis in cases of suspected gonorrhea and chlamydia infections.background. in all cases of suspected sexually transmitted infections (stis), it has been routine practice to screen for syphilis with a blood sample. the incidence of syphilis seems to be lower than that of commonly screened stis. objective. the objective of our study was to determine whether it is cost-effective to screen for syphilis with serological testing in cases of suspected gonorrhea and chlamydia infections. hypothesis. our hypothesis is that it is not cost-effective to screen for syph ...201728812057
disturbance of plasma lipid metabolic profile in guillain-barre syndrome.guillain-barre syndrome (gbs) is an inflammatory disease of the peripheral nervous system. given that plasma metabolic profiles in gbs patients have never been explored, plasma samples of 38 gbs patients, 22 multiple sclerosis (ms) patients, and 40 healthy controls were analyzed by using untargeted and targeted metabolomics analysis. the untargeted analysis showed that levels of a set of plasma lipid metabolites were significantly decreased in gbs patients compared to the controls. furthermore, ...201728811529
efficient statistical method for association analysis of x-linked variants.unlike the gene-poor y chromosome, the x chromosome contains over 1,000 genes that are essential for viability of cells. females have 2 x chromosomes, and thus female x-linked gene expression would be expected to be twice that of males. to adjust this imbalance, one of the 2 x-linked genes is often inactivated, and this is known as x-chromosome inactivation (xci). however, recent studies described that a gene can be nonrandomly selected for inactivation from 2 x-linked genes and that xci is not ...201728810240
structured weak semantic space construction for visual categorization.visual features have been widely used for image representation and categorization. however, visual features are often inconsistent with human perception. besides, constructing explicit semantic space is still an open problem. to alleviate these two problems, in this paper, we propose to construct structured weak semantic space for image representation. exemplar classifier is first trained to separate each training image from other images for weak semantic space construction. however, each exempl ...201728809716
a new method for automatic sleep stage classification.traditionally, automatic sleep stage classification is quite a challenging task because of the difficulty in translating open-textured standards to mathematical models and the limitations of handcrafted features. in this paper, a new system for automatic sleep stage classification is presented. compared with existing sleep stage methods, our method can capture the sleep information hidden inside electroencephalography (eeg) signals and automatically extract features from raw data. to translate o ...201728809709
impact of catch shares on diversification of fishers' income and risk.many fishers diversify their income by participating in multiple fisheries, which has been shown to significantly reduce year-to-year variation in income. the ability of fishers to diversify has become increasingly constrained in the last few decades, and catch share programs could further reduce diversification as a result of consolidation. this could increase income variation and thus financial risk. however, catch shares can also offer fishers opportunities to enter or increase participation ...201728808006
prediction of difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute report has described the predictive factor of surgical difficulty for laparoscopic cholecystectomy (lc) by preoperative computed tomography (ct) findings. this study aimed to investigate whether dynamic ct findings can predict the difficulty of lc for acute cholecystitis.201728807199
association of fluorescein anterior corneal mosaic and corneal k-structures by in vivo laser confocal microscopy in patients with report the in vivo laser confocal microscopy findings of corneas with keratoconus, with special attention to abnormality of bowman's layer and sub-bowman's fibrous structures (kobayashi-structures [k-structures]).201728794613
evaluating the maintenance of disease-associated variation at the blood group-related gene b4galnt2 in house mice.b4galnt2 is a blood group-related glycosyltransferase that displays cis-regulatory variation for its tissue-specific expression patterns in house mice. the wild type allele, found e.g. in the c57bl/6 j strain, directs intestinal expression of b4galnt2, which is the pattern observed among vertebrates, including humans. an alternative allele class found in the riiis/j strain and other mice instead drives expression in blood vessels, which leads to a phenotype similar to type 1 von willebrand disea ...201728806915
[prognostic significance of leukocyte count in the venous blood in the acute stage of cerebral aneurism rupture].to determine a prognostic role of leukocyte count in the venous blood in the acute stage of cerebral aneurysm (ca) rupture.201728805753
srsf shape analysis for sequencing data reveal new differentiating patterns.sequencing-based methods to examine fundamental features of the genome, such as gene expression and chromatin structure, rely on inferences from the abundance and distribution of reads derived from illumina sequencing. drawing sound inferences from such experiments relies on appropriate mathematical methods to model the distribution of reads along the genome, which has been challenging due to the scale and nature of these data.201728803038
no evidence of association between optic neuritis and secondary lhon mtdna mutations in patients with multiple sclerosis.leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (lhon) shares features with multiple sclerosis (ms). both diseases develop optic lesions. frequent secondary lhon mutations in ms patients may explain the optic damage. here, we tested the hypothesis that secondary lhon mutations are associated with optic neuritis (on) in ms patients. we recruited 56 ms subjects with on and 47 ms subjects without on. dna was extracted by salting out, after sampling of peripheral blood from each participant. we completed polyme ...201728802665
assessment of paravalvular leak after transcatheter aortic valve replacement: transesophageal echocardiography compared with transthoracic echocardiography.determine whether moderate or greater paravalvular leak (pvl) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement quantified using intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (tee) is associated with mortality and investigate the correlation between pvl grading using intraoperative tee and postoperative transthoracic echocardiography (tte).201728800985
the temporal dynamics of the tracheal microbiome in tracheostomised patients with and without lower respiratory infections.airway microbiota dynamics during lower respiratory infection (lri) are still poorly understood due, in part, to insufficient longitudinal studies and lack of uncontaminated lower airways samples. furthermore, the similarity between upper and lower airway microbiomes is still under debate. here we compare the diversity and temporal dynamics of microbiotas directly sampled from the trachea via tracheostomy in patients with (ylri) and without (nlri) lower respiratory infections.201728796800
examining the association between possessing a regular source of healthcare and adherence with cancer screenings among haitian households in little haiti, miami-dade county, florida.immigrant minorities regularly experience higher incidence and mortality rates of cancer. frequently, a variety of social determinants create obstacles for those individuals to get the screenings they need. this is especially true for haitian immigrants, a particularly vulnerable immigrant population in south florida, who have been identified as having low cancer screening rates. while haitian immigrants have some of the lowest cancer screening rates in the country, there is little existing lite ...201728796056
simulation data for an estimation of the maximum theoretical value and confidence interval for the correlation coefficient.the data presented in this article are related to the article titled "molecular dynamics as a tool for in silico screening of skin permeability" (rocco et al., 2017) [1]. knowledge of the confidence interval and maximum theoretical value of the correlation coefficient r can prove useful to estimate the reliability of developed predictive models, in particular when there is great variability in compiled experimental datasets. in this data in brief article, data from purposely designed numerical s ...201728795106
infection rates in arthroscopic versus open rotator cuff repair.the prevalence of rotator cuff repair continues to rise, with a noted transition from open to arthroscopic techniques in recent years. one reported advantage of arthroscopic repair is a lower infection rate. however, to date, the infection rates of these 2 techniques have not been directly compared with large samples at a single institution with fully integrated medical records.201728795072
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