keratinophilic fungi from nigerian soil.during a survey of keratinophilic fungi in nigerian soil samples, twelve species of fungi were isolated. these included chrysosporium keratinophilum, c. tropicum, curvularia lunata, microsporum audouinii, m. canis, m. fulvum, m. gypseum, m. vanbreuseghemii, trichophyton ajelloi, t. mentagrophytes, t. soudanense and t. yaoundei. these keratinophilic fungi had a higher incidence by occurrence of individual species during the rainy season (may-october) than the dry season (november-april).19873657901
[87. isolation of keratinophilic fungi from the soil using the hair-lure method. determination of microsporum gypseum (nannizia incurvata) and trichophyton terrestre from the austrian soil, keratinomyces ajelloi from the danish soil and chrysosporium keratinophilum from japanese soil]. 19724673848
[dermatophyte flora of the soil of asia minor and rhodes. isolation of trichophyton quinckeanum, trichophyton terrestre, chrysosporium keratinophilum and chrysosporium inducum]. 19685761166
effect of soil fungistasis on zoopathogenic fungi.the inhibiting action of west-siberian soils on spore germination and the growth and development of zoopathogenic fungi such as emmonsia (chrysosporium) crescens , trichophyton mentagrophytes, beauveria bassiana , metarrhizium anisopliae , paecilomyces farinosus , p. fumoso -roseus and chrysosporium keratinophilum have been studied by the authors. the influence of carbon sources and the root exudates of plants on fungistasis have also been studied.19846727979
keratinophilic fungi from coats of wild boars in samples were collected from wild boars (sus scrofa) in italy to determine the presence of keratinophilic fungi. eleven (5%) of 211 boars had fungi: two (1%) had trichophyton mentagrophytes, five (2%) had t. terrestre, two (1%) had chrysosporium keratinophilum, one (0.5%) had chrysosporium tropicum, and one (0.5%) had both c. keratinophilum and t. terrestre. these are the first recorded isolations of c. keratinophilum, c. tropicum, and t. terrestre from wild boars. based on the low prevalenc ...19979131572
dermatophytes isolated from selected ruminants in india.a survey was carried out in different areas of uttar pradesh for isolating and identifying dermatophytes from ruminants. out of 102 skin scrapings, collected from various animals, 4/22 cattle, 1/9 buffalo, 14/44 sheep and 2/28 goats were koh positive. in respect of the cattle, the culture positive samples yielded one strain each of trichophyton mentagrophytes, t. rubrum, t. simii and two strains of microsporum gypseum. from the buffaloes examined, only one case yielded a dermatophyte and it was ...19989850594
isolation of keratinophilic fungi from elementary schools and public parks in isfahan, iran.a total of 330 dust and soil samples collected from different sites at 13 elementary schools and seven public parks in the province of isfahan, iran were examined for the frequency of keratinophilic fungi by the hair-baiting technique. two hundred and fourteen isolates of keratinophilic fungi belonging to seven species were identified. the most frequent isolate was chrysosporium keratinophilum (54.2%). the frequency and distribution of these keratinophilic fungi are discussed in relation to the ...200212472728
did earthworms contribute to the parasitic evolution of dermatophytes?the survival of dermatophyte species in the gut of four species of earthworms was studied by feeding the fungi to the earthworms. recovery of the dermatophyte species in culture from the guts was only possible for microsporum gypseum and chrysosporium keratinophilum. in the light of these findings, we presume that earthworms could have influenced the parasitic evolution of certain dermatophytes.200212421289
the isolation of chrysosporium keratinophilum (frey) carmichael 1962 and similar fungi from czechoslovakian soil. 196414205727
[demonstration of chrysosporium keratinophilum (frey) carmichael, trichophyton evolceanui randhawa and sandhu and trichophyton indicum randhawa and sandhu in soil samples from germany]. 196514298542
human hair colonizing fungi in water sediments of india.out of 144 samples of water sediments, 183 isolates belonging to 9 genera and 22 species were isolated. fifty-nine isolates of acremonium, 26 of chrysosporium indicum, 22 of chrysosporium keratinophilum, 17 of malbranchea sp. and 10 of microsporum gypseum were recovered. acremonium implicatum, chrysosporium georgii, chrysosporium xerophilum and geomyces pannorum were reported for the first time from india.200111761148
ecology of cycloheximide-resistant fungi in field soils receiving raw city wastewater or normal irrigation water.the effect of raw city wastewater irrigation on biodiversity and population densities of a cycloheximide-resistant (ch) fungal community was studied in 13 field soils receiving either raw city wastewater or normal irrigation, and in raw city wastewater in the nablus area, using the hair baiting technique (hbt) and a surface soil dilution plating (ssdp) technique. three of these fields [one had been receiving raw city wastewater for more than ten years and was designated a heavily polluted field, ...199810422272
molecular taxonomy and epidemiology of blastomyces and histoplasma species.cladistic analysis of partial 26s rrna sequences was used to estimate evolutionary distances among species and varieties of the dimorphic onygenalean genera blastomyces, coccidioides, emmonsia, histoplasma and paracoccidioides. with the exception of coccidioides, all genera were closely related, with about 5% base differences and even less (1-2%) between blastomyces and emmonsia. these data were supported by a teleomorph in the same genus ajellomyces. in a phylogenic study of a wide range of asc ...19979375491
a preliminary study on the occurrence of keratinolytic fungi in the street sweepings from chorzów.the street sweepings from the city of chorzów were surveyed for keratinolytic fungi. out of 106 petri dishes examined, 98 (92.4%) were positive for these micro-organisms. altogether, 185 fungal appearances belonging to 15 species were observed. chrysosporium keratinophilum, malbranchea flava, ch. europae, sporothrix schenckii, ch. anamorphs of aphanoascus reticulisporus/fulvescens, ch. an. arthroderma curreyi, and m. an. uncinocarpus reessi predominated in the sweepings. the occurrence of ch. ke ...19968794692
[the occurrence of keratinolytic fungi in the polluted environment of the labedy district in gliwice].this study was undertaken to find relationships between the degree of bacteriological contamination with qualitative composition of potentially pathogenic keratinolytic fungal population in soil, sediment and air samples from the labedy district in gliwice (poland). the examined soil samples were characterized by the predominance of botryotrichum piluliferum, chrysosporium anamorph of arthroderma curreyi, myceliophthora anamorph of ctenomyces serratus, chrysosporium pannicola and trichphyton aje ...19947792523
effect of chrysosporium keratinophilum metabolites against culex quinquefasciatus after chromatographic purification.chrysosporium keratinophilum is known to be a keratinophilic fungus and an effective mosquito control agent. this fungus was grown on sabauraud dextrose broth in the laboratory at 25°c, while the relative humidity was maintained at 75 ± 5% for 15 days. filtration process of metabolites was done using whatman-1 filter paper, column chromatography and flash, chromatography. larvicidal efficacy was performed against all instars of culex quinquefasciatus. larvicidal efficacy was performed at six dif ...201020689969
[the occurrence of chrysosporium keratinophilum (frey) carmichael and a thermophylic variant in soil and in animals]. 19685761204
detection of lectin from chrysosporium keratinophilum (frey) carmichael and anixiopsis stercoraria (hansen) hansen by inhibition of haemagglutination.several strains of chrysosporium keratinophilum and anixiopsis stercoraria agglutinate the red blood cells of different origins (man, sheep, rabbit, mouse). the best agglutination was obtained with rabbit erythrocytes. the inhibition experiments by carbohydrate solutions (oses, osamines and glycoproteins) were performed with 3 haemagglutination units of these fungi and revealed the lectin nature of this haemagglutinin, as evidenced by the specific inhibiting activity of n-acetyl-neuraminic acid. ...19863689587
[keratinophilic fungal flora isolated from small wild mammals and rabbit-warren in france. discussion on the fungal species found].the occurrence of dermatophytes and other keratinophilic fungi was investigated in 237 small wild mammals and 125 european rabbit. the purpose of the investigation was to determine what were the species of fungi present in the these animals. four species of dermatophytes were isolated: trichophyton ajelloi, trichophyton terrestre, trichophyton mentagrophytes, microsporum persicolor. trichophyton terrestre was the most frequently isolated and it occurred more frequently than its presence could be ...19873662337
[survey of keratinophilic fungi from soils and mating behaviour of microsporum canis from human ringworm cases in hokkaido prefecture in japan].from 383 (38.3%) of a total 1000 of soil samples, collected from hokkaido prefecture, keratinophilic fungi have been isolated using hair baiting technique. the fungi isolated were as follows: 318 strains of trichophyton ajelloi (including 90 strains of arthroderma uncinatum), 59 of microsporum cookei (including 13 of nannizzia cajetani), 32 of chrysosporium keratinophilum, 23 of c. tropicum, 15 of chrysosporium anamorph of a. tuberculatum, 6 of t. terrestre (including 3 of a. insingulare and one ...19883384396
pathogenicity of some chrysosporium species isolated in order to appreciate the pathogenicity of several geophilic chrysosporium species (including anixiopsis stercoraria, chrysosporium keratinophilum, c. tropicum, c. pannorum, c. state arthroderma curreyi, c. state of a. multifidum, and c. state of a. tuberculatum), the authors have realized two series of experimental infestations. inoculation of these fungi on the back of guinea pigs produced rare erythematous scaling lesions which spontaneously disappeared 3-5 weeks later. no real hair invasion ...19892811980
keratinophilic fungi of school playgrounds in the nablus area, west bank of jordan.the distribution of keratinophilic fungi in the soil of 57 school playgrounds in the nablus area was studied with relation to human presence. a total number of 73 species was recovered. thirteen of these species were dermatophytes and closely related fungi. the most common and frequent species of the latter fungi were: arthroderma cuniculi (found in 32.1% of school playgrounds), chrysosporium keratinophilum (32.1%), microsporum gypseum (10.7%), t. terrestre (7.1%), and c. asperatum (7.1%). twent ...19892797112
dna probe for the identification of histoplasma capsulatum.a 1.85-kilobase hindiii nuclear dna probe from histoplasma capsulatum g217b detected polymorphic restriction fragments within whole-cell dna from different clinical isolates of h. capsulatum, consistent with the previous system of classification. the probe failed to hybridize to dna from blastomyces dermatitidis, candida spp., saccharomyces cerevisiae, sepedonium chrysospermum, and chrysosporium keratinophilum under low-stringency conditions and therefore may have value as a diagnostic reagent t ...19892573616
keratinophilic fungi isolated from children's sandpits in the nablus area, west bank of jordan.the keratinophilic fungi of 29 sandpits from kindergarten schools and public parks in the city of nablus was analysed to evaluate their role in the epidemiology of diseases caused by these fungi. seventy two species were recovered 28 of which were common to both kindergartens and public parks sandpits. high percentage (57.4%) of fungal isolates found had been identified as the causes of various types of mycoses. eight species of dermatophytes and closely related fungi were recovered, of which th ...19882461513
taxonomic study of keratinophilic fungi isolated from soil and some mammals in france, most of the researches have showed the distribution of dermatophytes and other keratinophilic fungi in the soil and in the coat of wild mammals. during these last years, we have also practiced numerous investigations about the distribution of such fungi. the isolated species are: trichophyton mentagrophytes, trichophyton terrestre, trichophyton ajelloï, trichophyton simii, microsporum gypseum, microsporum cookei, microsporum nanum, microsporum persicolor, anixiopsis stercoraria, chrys ...19882454405
wool-colonizing micro-organisms capable of utilizing wool-lipids and fatty acids as sole sources of carbon and energy.two keratinolytic fungi, chrysosporium keratinophilum and malbranchea anamorph of uncinocarpus reesii, and another three wool-colonizing fungi not previously reported to be keratinolytic, aspergillus fumigatus, a. flavus and scopulariopsis candida, were isolated from soil samples baited with animal wool. these fungi were tested for their ability to utilize wool-lipids as sole source of carbon and energy. the lipid contents of wool of various animals ranged between 2 and 5%. the different lipid e ...19902126788
isolation of keratinophilic fungi from soil in malaysia.two hundred and thirty soil samples from different localities were examined for the presence of geophilic keratinophilic fungi. six species namely microsporum gypseum--34 isolates, chrysosporium keratinophilum--29, c. tropicum--20, keratinophyton terreum--4, trichophyton terrestre--8 and chrysosporium species--3--were isolated. most of these fungi were recovered from garden, field and river bank soil. the importance of these findings is briefly discussed.19912067562
saprophytic and keratinophilic fungi isolated from desert and cultivated soils continuously exposed to cement dust particles in egypt.forty soil samples collected from desert (uncultivated) and cultivated soils, exposed continuously to cement dust were screened for their content of saprophytic and keratinophilic fungi using the hair baiting technique and the dilution plate method. using the hair baiting technique, 21 genera and 31 species were collected from 20 samples of each of desert (15 genera and 21 species) and cultivated (17 genera and 24 species) soils, on sabouraud's dextrose agar. these included chrysosporium keratin ...19921325092
interspecific affinity among keratinolytic fungi associated with birds.twelve species of keratin decomposers isolated from 923 samples of feathers, nests and pellets of 90 species of free-living birds were clustered in 4 "econs" (numerical ecological groups): (a) artroderma tuberculatum, a. ciferrii, a. multifidum, a. cuniculi (associated with the birds nesting in hollows); (b) ctenomyces serratus, arthroderma quadrifidum, chrysosporium evolceanui (moderately alkalophilic species associated with the birds having a frequent contact with the soil); (c) chrysosporium ...19761034590
[research of keratinophiles in the soil and their effects on human cutaneous pathology in the lyons area].between 1967 and 1977, the systematic research of keratinophiles of the ground in a radius of 30--50 km around lyon, has shown the ubiquitarian predominance of microsporum nanum, which is probably the most ancient occupant of the ground. the most intensive areas of human and animal occupation in the rhodanian tract show the predominance of microsporum gypseum, which is scarcely found in man. sporadic localizations, tightly limites, bound to cirulcation axes and international gathering, let us de ...1979488487
specific immunological test for the rapid identification of members of the genus histoplasma.a sensitive and specific immunological method was developed for rapid identification of the mycelial forms of histoplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum, h. capsulatum var. duboisii, and h. farciminosum and for separation of these pathogenic fungi from morphologically similar hyphomycetes and other fungal pathogens. this method is based on the fact that all of the histoplasma spp. produce h and m histoplasmin antigens, whereas the other fungi do not. inocula consisting of heavy mycelial growth from ...197656339
optimization of an extracellular protease of chrysosporium keratinophilum and its potential in bioremediation of keratinic wastes.chrysosporium keratinophilum imi 338142 isolated from a waste site containing organopollutants was studied for its ability to produce extracellular proteases on glucose-gelatin medium. fungus was observed to be a potent producer of such enzymes. enzyme secretion was best at 15 days of incubation period at ph 8 and temperature 40 degrees c. asparagine was repressive to protease expression. no relationship existed between the enzyme yield and increase in biomass. exogenous sugars suppressed enzyme ...200212749577
false identification of coccidioides immitis: do molecular methods always get it right?rrna sequence analysis of a partial region of the 18s and 5.8s-internal transcribed spacer 2 (its2) region of chrysosporium keratinophilum highlights its potential molecular misidentification as coccidioides immitis. molecular identification of medically important fungi should not be based solely on sequence analysis of the 18s rrna gene but should be confirmed by sequence analysis of an additional rrna gene locus, such as the its region(s).200314662981
survey of keratinophilic fungi isolated from city park soils of pisa, italy.a survey of geophilic dermatophytes and related keratinophilic fungi isolated from city park soils of pisa is reported. twenty-three (48%) soil samples out of 48 were positive by hair baiting. the following species were isolated: microsporum gypseum (39%), trichophyton ajelloi (31%), chrysosporium keratinophilum (14%), t. terrestre (8%), m. fulvum, ch. luteum, ch. indicum (5% each) and m. cookei (2%). the presence of the different species is discussed in relation to the risk of fungal skin infec ...199810205883
prevalence and zoonotic risks of trichophyton mentagrophytes and cheyletiella spp. in guinea pigs and rabbits in dutch pet shops.young rabbits and guinea pigs are often purchased as pets for children and may be infected with zoonotic skin infections. to assess the risk of acquiring such an infection from rabbits or guinea pigs, this study investigated the prevalence of the fungus trichophyton mentagrophytes and the fur mite cheyletiella parasitovorax in asymptomatic rabbits and guinea pigs in dutch pet shops. in 91 pet shops a total of 213 rabbits and 179 guinea pigs were sampled using the mackenzie technique and cultured ...201728622851
severe chromoblastomycosis-like cutaneous infection caused by chrysosporium keratinophilum.chrysosporium species are saprophytic filamentous fungi commonly found in the soil, dung, and animal fur. subcutaneous infection caused by this organism is rare in humans. we report a case of subcutaneous fungal infection caused by chrysosporium keratinophilum in a 38-year-old woman. the patient presented with severe chromoblastomycosis-like lesions on the left side of the jaw and neck for 6 years. she also got tinea corporis on her trunk since she was 10 years old. chrysosporium keratinophilum ...201728179902
keratinophilic fungi of poultry farm and feather dumping soil in tamil nadu, india.soils of 10 poultry farms from namakkal and 12 feather dumping sites from chennai were studied for the presence of keratinophilic fungi. a total of 34 species belonging to 19 genera and one non-sporulating fungus were recovered. sixteen species of fungi and one non-sporulating fungi were common to both sites, eight species were specific to namakkal and nine species were specific to chennai. dermatophytes and closely related fungi were represented by six species belonging to five genera. fungal s ...200415645172
isolation of keratinophilic fungi from soil in isfahan province, evaluate the epidemiology of keratophilic fungi in isfahan province, iran.201123177808
prevalence of keratinophilic fungi in soils of st. kitts and nevis.information on the prevalence of keratinophilic fungi in west indies is scanty. occurrence of keratinophilic fungi in soils of st. kitts and nevis has not been investigated previously.201222505445
first description of onychomycosis caused by chrysosporium keratinophilum in captive bennett's wallabies (macropus rufogriseus rufogriseus).seven bennett's wallabies (macropus rufogriseus rufogriseus) presented within a period of several months with onychodystrophy, onychomadesis, and severe digital tumefaction. histopathologic findings included a pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia of the claw matrix surrounding a cavity filled with keratin and septate hyphae stained with periodic acid schiff reagent. the fungal species chrysosporium keratinophilum was identified on cultures. the wallabies were orally treated with ketoconazole (15 mg/k ...201122946390
a thermostable, alkaline-active, keratinolytic proteinase from chrysosporium keratinophilum.thermostable alkaline proteinase was produced by a strain of chrysosporium keratinophilum when cultured in lactose/mineral salt medium incorporating keratin solubilized with dmso. the proteinase, partially purified by cold-acetone precipitation followed by gel-filtration on sephadex g-75, was optimally active at ph 9 and stable from ph 7 to 10 with over 90% relative residual activity after incubation at 25°c for 24 h. the optimum temperature for enzyme activity was 90°c at which the activity hal ...199424421135
keratinophilic fungi isolated from hospital dust and soils of public places at gulbarga, india.keratinophilic fungi were isolated from corridor dust of 11 hospitals and soils of 21 public places using a hair baiting technique. a total of 41 species belonging to 24 genera were recovered. among the dermatophytes and related species, microsporum gypseum was predominant, followed by chrysosporium keratinophilum, trichophyton mentagrophytes, m. nanum and ch. tropicum. other species were represented by 32 species belonging to 21 genera. most of the species isolated are known to be agents of hum ...200515750728
secretion of keratinolytic enzymes and keratinolysis by scopulariopsis brevicaulis and trichophyton mentagrophytes: regression analysis.a survey on keratinophilic fungi from poultry-farm soils at namakkal and from feather dumping soils at chennai, india, revealed the existence of 34 species of fungi. most of the fungi exhibited variable efficiency in producing extracellular keratinase when grown in plates with chicken feathers as the sole carbon and nitrogen source. the fungi aspergillus flavus, aspergillus niger, aspergillus versicolor, chrysosporium state of arthroderma tuberculatum, paecilomyces carneus, scopulariopsis brevic ...200617215897
antagonism of microsporum species by soil fungi.eighteen fungi isolated from soil by hair bating method were tested against soil inhabiting microsporum equinum, microsporum fulvum, microsporum gypseum and microsporum racemosum for their antagonistic interactions. colony inhibition during dual cultures showed inhibition of all the four microsporum species. the maximum inhibition of m. equinum, m. fulvum, m. gypseum and m. racemosum was caused by chrysosporium keratinophilum, chrysosporium tropicum, curvularia lunata and chrysosporium lucknowen ...201019207833
keratinophilic fungi on feathers of common clinically healthy birds in bahrain.the occurrence of keratinophilic fungi associated with feather samples from 10 bird species was investigated using mycobiotic agar(®) following the incubation at 25 ± 2°c for 4 weeks. a total of 225 feather samples were cultured, of which 157 (69.77%) were found to be positive. altogether 184 fungal isolates represented by 11 species and grouped into five genera were recovered viz. chrysosporium, trichophyton, arthroderma, scopulariopsis and sepedonium. based on relative density values to rank s ...201119627507
epidemiological investigation of keratinophilic fungi from soils of djerba (tunisia).epidemiological investigation of keratinophilic fungi in soil has been carried out in different parts of the world. however, our knowledge of the present occurrence and distribution of keratinophilic fungi in tunisian soils remains unknown. this study was carried out to evaluate the epidemiological characteristics of keratinophilic fungi in the soils collected in djerba (south of tunisia).201223518079
distribution of keratinophilic fungi in soil across tunisia: a descriptive study and review of the on the frequency and distribution of keratinophilic fungi in soil of tunisia are scanty. the present survey aimed to describe the distribution of keratinophilic fungi in soils collected in tunisia. keratinophilic fungi were isolated using vanbreuseghem's hair-baiting technique from 354 soil samples collected in 15 governorates of tunisia and identified according to their morphology with further dna and maldi-tof analysis when necessary. keratinophilic fungi were isolated from 46.3 % of the ...201525690159
[mycological diagnosis and study of mycetes isolated from an area along the tyrrhenian coast in the province of catanzaro (calabria)].10 areas along the tyrrhenian coast were studied: 37 genera of hyphomycetes were isolated from 100 sand samples. the genera aspergillus, fusarium, alternaria, penicillium, dendryphiopsis, were constantly present. many of the fungi isolated occurred only rarely and were represented by trichoderma, sepedonium, cladosporium and chrysosporium. the genus geotrichum was the most prevalent of the unpigmented yeasts which were predominant (59.6%), while rhodotorula was the main genus in pink yeasts (40. ...19827167635
fungal-mediated nano silver: an effective adulticide against mosquito.fungi as such are known to be an effective mosquito control agent. in the present investigation, the effect of silver nanoparticles synthesized with chrysosporium keratinophilum, verticillium lecanii, and fusarium oxysporum f.sp. pisi has been evaluated against the adult mosquito of filariasis vector culex quinquefasciatus. the silver nanoparticles were characterized by using the uv-vis spectrophotometer and x-ray diffraction techniques. the micrographs of silver nanoparticles were obtained by t ...201222864863
A comparative characterization of indigenous keratinase enzymes from district Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan.To isolate and characterize keratinolytic fungi and bacteria from indigenous soils, a total of 80 samples were collected from Ghari Mori District. Khairpur, and these organisms were isolated using standard microbiological technique. The isolated keratinolytic microorganisms comprised: Absidia sp., Chrysosporium asperatum, Chrysosporium keratinophilum, Entomophthora coronata, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus and their keratinolytic properties were distinguished from the production of k ...201222186312
isolation of keratinophilic fungi from the floors of private veterinary clinics in evaluate the presence of keratinophilic fungi in the environment, 400 samples were collected from the floors of 50 private veterinary clinics using 55-mm-diameter 'contact plates', containing mycobiotic agar. after incubation for 15 days at 25 degrees c, the following species were isolated: microsporum canis, trichophyton terrestre, chrysosporium keratinophilum, chrysosporium sp., microsporum gypseum, trichophyton ajelloi, chrysosporium tropicum, trichophyton mentagrophytes, chrysosporium sta ...19968711896
keratinolytic fungi in sewage sludge.sewage sludge from the upper silesia region of poland were surveyed for keratinolytic fungi. out of 100 petri dishes examined, 89 were positive for these micro-organisms. altogether, 185 fungal appearances belonging to 10 species were observed. trichophyton terrestre with its teleomorph arthroderma quadrifidum, t. ajelloi with a. uncinatum, microsporum gypseum with arthroderma sp., and chrysosporium keratinophilum with aphanoascus keratinophilus prevailed in the sludges. the sewage treatment tec ...199620882456
antimicrobial and mosquitocidal activity of microbial synthesized silver nanoparticles.microbial synthesis of nanoparticles is a green approach that interconnects nanotechnology and microbial biotechnology. here, we synthesized the silver nanoparticles (agnps) using bacterial strains of listeria monocytogenes, bacillus subtilius and streptomyces anulatus. we tested the efficacy of agnps against the larvae, pupae and adults of anopheles stephensi and culex quinquefasciatus. we have also investigated the antifungal activity of agnps against the soil keratinophilic fungus of chrysosp ...201525544704
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