a study on composition and hypolipidemic effect of dietary fibre from some plant foods.dietary fibre content of foods namely, khejri beans (prsopsis cinceria), peepalbanti (ficus religiosa), barbanti (ficus bengalensis), gullar (ficus glomerata) and teent (capparis decidua) varied from 38.5% to 55.7%. cellulose and lignin were predominating constituents in peepalbanti, barbanti and gullar; hemicellulose in teent and pectin in khejri beans. fibre from all these plant foods, fed at the 10% dietary level to rats, induced a greater resistance to hyperlipidemia than cellulose. teent ha ...19882849098
decayed wood of syzygium cumini and ficus religiosa living trees in delhi/new delhi metropolitan area as natural habitat of cryptococcus neoformans.the isolation is reported of cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii and c. n. var. neoformans from decayed wood inside trunk hollows of syzygium cumini and of c. n. var. neoformans from ficus religiosa trees in the delhi/new delhi metropolitan area. fourteen of sixty-six (21%) s. cumini trees investigated proved to be positive, seven for each variety. the two varieties never co-occurred in the same hollow. c. n. var. neoformans was also isolated from three of seventeen ficus religiosa-trees. two of ...200312964711
atmospheric dry deposition to leaf surfaces at a rural site of india.dry deposition flux of major ions (na+, k+, ca2+, mg2+, nh4+, f-, cl-, no3- and so4(2-) to natural surfaces [guava (psidium guyava) and peepal (ficus religiosa) leaves] are determined at rampur, a rural site of semi-arid region of india. dry deposition flux is the highest for ca2+ on guava leaves and for nh4+ on peepal leaves. overall dry deposition flux is higher on guava leaves than of peepal leaves. the variation in deposition flux may be due to surface characteristics (surface roughness) and ...200415050807
isoprene emission from tropical tree species.foliar emission of isoprene was measured in nine commonly growing tree species of delhi, india. dynamic flow enclosure technique was used and gas samples were collected onto tenax-gc/carboseive cartridges, which were then attached to the sample injection system in the gas chromatograph (gc). eluting compounds were analysed using a flame ionisation detector (fid). out of the nine tree species, isoprene emission was found in six species (eucalyptus sp., ficus benghalensis, ficus religiosa, mangife ...200515701397
efficacy of swabbing versus a conventional technique for isolation of cryptococcus neoformans from decayed wood in tree trunk hollows.the efficacy of swabbing versus a conventional sedimentation technique was evaluated for sampling of decayed wood in tree trunk hollows for isolation of cryptococcus neoformans. of 52 samples of decayed wood, bark or other plant debris originating from 35 living trees, 42 wood samples yielded c. neoformans. the positive samples included 40 collected from 31 syzygium cumini trees growing along roadsides in old delhi, whereas the remaining two were from inside tree trunk fissures of ficus religios ...200515712609
deinococcus ficus sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of ficus religiosa l.a pale-pink strain (cc-fr2-10t) from the rhizosphere of the sacred tree ficus religiosa l. in taiwan was investigated by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. the cells were gram-positive, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming. phylogenetic analyses using the 16s rrna gene sequence of the isolate indicated that the organism belongs to the genus deinococcus, the highest sequence similarities being found with deinococcus grandis (96.1 %), deinococcus radiodurans (94.3 %), deinococcus radiopugnans (93. ...200616585695
biological monitoring of roadside plants exposed to vehicular pollution in jalgaon city.experiments on air and biomonitoring were conducted to evaluate pollution impact on the vegetation along the road in jalgaon city, maharashtra. the plantation along the roads and mainly includes neem (aadirachta indica), peepal (ficus religiosa), banyan (ficus benghalensis), almond (terminalia catapa). for biomonitoring, leaf area, total chlorophyll, plant protein were analyzed to study the impact of air pollutants. it was observed that vegetation at roadside with heavy traffic and markets was m ...200617436536
antifungal susceptibility of cryptococcus neoformans and cryptococcus gattii isolates from decayed wood of trunk hollows of ficus religiosa and syzygium cumini trees in north-western india.we present antifungal susceptibility data on environmental isolates of cryptococcus neoformans (serotype a, n=117) and cryptococcus gattii (serotype b, n=65) cultured from decayed wood of trunk hollows of ficus religiosa and syzygium cumini trees.200717553813
dioxin uptake by indian plant species.dioxins like various gaseous pollutants and aerosols can be scavenged by appropriate vegetative greenbelts. based on their stomatal properties and the models for contaminant uptake, uptake of dioxin (2,3,7,8-tcdd) by three important indian plant species, viz. eugenia jambolana (jamun), azadirachta indica (neem) and ficus religiosa (peepal), has been estimated. 2,3,7,8-tcdd is a contaminant with severe harmful ecological ramifications. computations show that ficus religiosa has highest uptake cap ...200817874332
traditional medicinal plants of cold desert ladakh-used against kidney and urinary disorders.traditional medicine of clod desert ladakh has large potential to treat various ailments among tribal communities inhabited in the remotest region of indian subcontinent. this study was conducted to document the new ethno-medico-botanical information and traditional use of medicinal plants against kidney and urinary disorders, and thus to conserve the rapidly disappearing traditional knowledge system of amchis of ladakh.200818550306
oxidative stress enzymes in ficus religiosa l.: biochemical, histochemical and anatomical order to unveil the reasons behind the successful survival of ficus religiosa l. grown under normal and adverse habitats (ah), i.e., on concrete roof tops were subjected to biochemical, histochemical and physiological studies with a focus on reactive oxygen species (ros) and oxidative stress enzymes (ose). the specific objectives were: to localize the ose, peroxidase (pox) and catalase (cat); to localize and quantify the main ros, hydrogen peroxide (h(2)o(2)); to estimate the activities of po ...200919162506
cryptococcus randhawai sp. nov., a novel anamorphic basidiomycetous yeast isolated from tree trunk hollow of ficus religiosa (peepal tree) from new delhi, india.a novel anamorphic cryptococcus species is described, which was isolated in new delhi (india) from decaying wood of a tree trunk hollow of ficus religiosa. on the basis of sequence analysis of the d1/d2 domains of the 26s rrna gene and the internally transcribed spacer (its)-1 and its-2 region sequences, the isolate belonged to the cryptococcus albidus cluster (filobasidiales, tremellomycetes) and was closely related to cryptococcus saitoi, cryptococcus cerealis and cryptococcus friedmannii with ...201020091225
aqueous extract of ficus religiosa linn. reduces oxidative stress in experimentally induced type 2 diabetic of the major etiologies in pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes especially complications is oxidative stress. aqueous extract of ficus religiosa at a dose of 100 and 200 mg/kg orally decreased the fasting blood glucose in streptozotocin induced type 2 diabetic rats. the drug had enzyme induction effect with respect to catalase (cat) and glutathione peroxidase (gsh-px) activity, however decreased the exaggerated activity of superoxide dismutase (sod) in type 2 diabetic rats. f. religiosa modulated ...200920112810
actinoalloteichus nanshanensis sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of a fig tree (ficus religiosa).a gram-positive, aerobic actinomycete, designated strain neau 119(t), was isolated from the rhizosphere of a fig tree and was characterized using a polyphasic approach. the isolate formed branching, non-fragmenting vegetative hyphae and produced black pigment on yeast extract/malt extract (isp medium 2). the g+c content of the dna was 76.6 mol%. the organism had chemotaxonomic characteristics typical of the genus actinoalloteichus and was closely related to the type strains of actinoalloteichus ...201120562245
anticonvulsant activity of aqueous root extract of ficus religiosa.ficus religiosa linn is frequently used for the treatment of nervous disorders among pawara tribe of the satpuda range, india.201120837125
bronchospasm potentiating effect of methanolic extract of ficus religiosa fruits in guinea pigs.the sacred tree peepal (ficus religiosa family: moraceae) has numerous therapeutic utility in folk medicine.201020920563
effect of plant extracts formulated in different ointment bases on mdr strains.extracts of aloe vera whole plant, eucalyptus globulus leaves, ficus infectoria bark, ficus religiosa bark and piper betel leaves were studied for antibacterial activity on resistant and sensitive strains, isolated from skin and soft tissue infections. a combination of hot alcoholic extracts of ficus infectoria, ficus religiosa and piper betel were found to be more effective against all the isolates. the combined extract was formulated in different ointment bases such as polyethylene glycol, gel ...201021188057
anticancer activity of tephrosia purpurea and ficus religiosa using mcf 7 cell investigate anticancer activity of different fractions of tephrosia purpurea [tp] (sharapunkha, fabaceae) and ficus religiosa [fr] (peepal, moraceae).201121803302
screening of ficus religiosa leaves fractions for analgesic and anti-inflammatory evaluate the different fractions of dried leaves of ficus religiosa linn for analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity using different models of pain and inflammation201122144770
phytopharmacological evaluation and anti-asthmatic activity of ficus religiosa discuss phytopharmacological potential and anti-asthmatic activity of ficus religiosa (f. religiosa) (l.).201121914543
antifungal efficacy of three medicinal plants glycyrrhiza glabra, ficus religiosa, and plantago major against oral candida albicans: a comparative analysis.from ancient times, plants with medicinal values are being tested and used in the treatment of various infectious diseases.201627723643
inhibition of pathogenic bacterial growth on excision wound by green synthesized copper oxide nanoparticles leads to accelerated wound healing activity in wistar albino impaired wound healing is one of the major health related problem in diabetic and non-diabetic patients around the globe. the pathogenic bacteria play a predominant role in delayed wound healing, owing to interaction in the wound area. in our previous work we developed green chemistry mediated copper oxide nanoparticles using ficus religiosa leaf extract. in the present study we make an attempt to evaluate the anti-bacterial, and wound healing activity of green synthesized copper oxide nanopa ...201526194977
ficus religiosa l. bark extracts inhibit infection by herpes simplex virus type 2 in vitro.ficus religiosa extracts have been used in traditional indian medicine to treat sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea and genital ulcers. the aim of this study was to investigate the antiviral activity of f. religiosa extracts against herpes simplex virus type 2 (hsv-2), the main causative agent of genital ulcers and sores. water and chloroform bark extracts were the most active against hsv-2, and also against an acyclovir-resistant strain. we demonstrate that the water extract has a ...201627581805
ficus religiosa l. bark extracts inhibit human rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus infection in vitro.ficus religiosa l. is one of the most relevant members of the family of moraceae. it is the most sacred tree of south asia, and it is used in traditional ayurvedic and unani medicine to cure respiratory disorders like cough, wheezing and asthma. some studies were performed to investigate the anti-asthmatic potential of f. religiosa bark, leaves and fruit extracts but none of them tested their antiviral activity against viruses responsible for the exacerbation of wheezing and asthma.201526528588
antiplasmodial potential of selected medicinal plants from eastern ghats of south india.malaria caused by the protozoan parasite plasmodium falciparum, is a major health problem of the developing world. in the present study medicinal plants from eastern ghats of south india have been extracted with ethyl acetate and assayed for growth inhibition of asexual erythrocytic stages of chloroquine (cq)-sensitive (3d7) and (cq)-resistant (indo) strains of p. falciparum in culture using the fluorescence-based sybr green i assay. studied extracts showed a spectrum of antiplasmodial activitie ...201323399920
bioethanol production from ficus religiosa leaves using microwave irradiation.a microwave assisted feasible process for the production of bioethanol from ficus religiosa leaves was developed. under the process conditions (8 min. microwave irradiation, 1 m hcl), 10.1 wt% glucose yield was obtained from the leaves. microwave based hydrolysis process yielded higher glucose content (10.1 wt%) compared to the conventional hydrothermal process (4.1 wt%). upon fermentation of the hydrolysate using baker's yeast, 3 wt% (dry wt. basis) of bioethanol was produced.201627064733
traditional indian medicines used for the management of diabetes mellitus.plants have always been a source of drugs for humans since time immemorial. the indian traditional system of medicine is replete with the use of plants for the management of diabetic conditions. according to the world health organization, up to 90% of population in developing countries use plants and its products as traditional medicine for primary health care. there are about 800 plants which have been reported to show antidiabetic potential. the present review is aimed at providing in-depth in ...201323841105
effect of marble dust on plants around vishwakarma industrial area (vkia) in jaipur, india.the paper describes the effect of marble dust on plants in and around vishwakarma industrial area (vkia) jaipur, rajasthan (india). trees species growing in and around vkia area were selected and various morphological characteristics were studied such as leaf area dry weight ratio (ladwr), dust retaining capacity (drc) and chlorophyll content. in the study the effects of marble dust on selected tree species was observed. ladwr was recorded maximunm 217.90 cm2 g(-1) dry wt. in polyalthia longifol ...201121882657
air pollution tolerance index (apti) of some tree species growing near rail roads of madurai, tamil nadu (india).biological monitoring and assessment studies due to urban--rail road pollutants were carried out using air pollution tolerance index (apti) of plants. four plant (leaf) parameters--namely ascorbic acid, total chlorophyll, relative water content and leaf extract ph were combined together in a formulation signifying the apti of plants. apti was calculated for five different species such as azadirachta indica, delonix regia, ficus religiosa, pongamia pinnata and polyalthia longifolia growing in two ...201022312796
effect of extraction solvent/technique on the antioxidant activity of selected medicinal plant extracts.theeffects of four extracting solvents [absolute ethanol, absolute methanol, aqueous ethanol (ethanol: water, 80:20 v/v) and aqueous methanol (methanol: water, 80:20 v/v)] and two extraction techniques (shaking and reflux) on the antioxidant activity of extracts of barks of azadirachta indica, acacia nilotica, eugenia jambolana, terminalia arjuna, leaves and roots of moringa oleifera, fruit of ficus religiosa,and leaves of aloe barbadensis were investigated. the tested plant materials contained ...200919553890
the role of catchment vegetation in reducing atmospheric inputs of pollutant aerosols in ganga river.the role of woody perennials in the ganga river basin in modifying the run-off quality as influenced by atmospheric deposition of pollutant aerosols was investigated. the concentration of seven nutrients and eight metals were measured in atmospheric deposits as well as in run-off water under the influence of five woody perennials. nutrient retention was recorded maximum for bougainvillea spectabilis ranged from 4.30 % to 33.70 %. metal retention was recorded highest for ficus benghalensis ranged ...201222527002
ambient air sulphur dioxide and sulphate accumulation in deciduous and evergreen plants.present study is an attempt to evaluate the difference in rate of sulphur dioxide (so2) absorption by deciduous (ficus religiosa) and evergreen (carica papaya) plants, under elevated concentration of the gas in ambient air. two-way anova for so2 in air and sulphate (so4) accumulation in both the selected plants showed significant difference (p<0.01) at different study sites; different months as well as interaction effect of both site and months. the linear correlation coefficient among ambient a ...201223033635
vegetation in bangalore's slums: composition, species distribution, density, diversity, and history.there is widespread acknowledgement of the need for biodiversity and greening to be part of urban sustainability efforts. yet we know little about greenery in the context of urban poverty, particularly in slums, which constitute a significant challenge for inclusive development in many rapidly growing cities. we assessed the composition, density, diversity, and species distribution of vegetation in 44 slums of bangalore, india, comparing these to published studies on vegetation diversity in othe ...201525840697
cunnilingus apparently increases duration of copulation in the indian flying fox, pteropus giganteus.we observed a total of 57 incidences of copulation in a colony of the indian flying fox, pteropus giganteus, over 13 months under natural conditions. the colony consisted of about 420 individuals, roosting in a ficus religiosa tree. copulations occurred between 07.00 h and 09.30 h from july to january, with more occurring in october and november. initially males groomed their penis before approaching a nearby female. females typically moved away and males followed. when the female stopped moving ...201323544092
dermatoprotective effects of some plant extracts (genus ficus) against experimentally induced toxicological insults in rabbits.present study was conducted to evaluate the dermatoprotective effects of plant extracts (ficus religiosa, ficus benghalensis, and ficus racemosa) against known irritants such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (sds), atrazine, and petrol.201523589405
nutrient content, in vitro ruminal fermentation characteristics and methane reduction potential of tropical tannin-containing leaves.plant tannins as rumen modifiers are better than chemicals or antibiotic-based modifiers since these compounds are natural products which are environmentally friendly and therefore have a better acceptance with regard to feed safety issues. tropical plants containing phenols such as tannins were found to suppress or eliminate protozoa from the rumen and reduce methane and ammonia production. the screening of these plants is an important step in the identification of new compounds and feed additi ...201222522493
green synthesized nano silver: synthesis, physicochemical profiling, antibacterial, anticancer activities and biological in vivo synthesis of nanoparticles using plants is gaining much interest in recent years. anyway, intricate details on the role of phytochemicals involved in capping and stabilization of nanoparticles in diminishing toxicity and enhancing therapeutic potential are required. in this study, ficus religiosa silver nanoparticles (fragnps) were synthesized using ficus religiosa leaf extract (frle) and characterized. the fragnps showed good antibacterial activity and also cytotoxic effect in different c ...201728363102
antimicrobial efficacy of three medicinal plants glycyrrhiza glabra, ficus religiosa, and plantago major on inhibiting primary plaque colonizers and periodontal pathogens: an in vitro study.from ancient times, plants with medicinal values are being tested and used in treatment of various infectious disease.201627237214
anti-parkinson activity of petroleum ether extract of ficus religiosa (l.) the present study, we evaluated anti-parkinson's activity of petroleum ether extract of ficus religiosa (pefre) leaves in haloperidol and 6 hydroxydopamine (6-ohda) induced experimental animal models. in this study, effects of ficus religiosa (100, 200, and 400 mg/kg, p.o.) were studied using in vivo behavioral parameters like catalepsy, muscle rigidity, and locomotor activity and its effects on neurochemical parameters (mda, cat, sod, and gsh) in rats. the experiment was designed by giving h ...201626884755
ficus religiosa l. figs--a potential herbal adjuvant to phenytoin for improved management of epilepsy and associated behavioral comorbidities.oxidative stress, together with mitochondrial dysfunction, has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of epileptogenesis and its associated comorbidities. phytoflavonoids have shown numerous beneficial ameliorative effects on different neurological disorders by virtue of their antioxidant effect. the present study investigated the effect of flavonoid-rich ethyl acetate fraction of the crude fig extract of ficus religiosa in combination with phenytoin on seizure severity, depressive beh ...201425461211
anticancer activity of ficus religiosa engineered copper oxide nanoparticles.the design, synthesis, characterization and application of biologically synthesized nanomaterials have become a vital branch of nanotechnology. there is a budding need to develop a method for environmentally benign metal nanoparticle synthesis, that do not use toxic chemicals in the synthesis protocols to avoid adverse effects in medical applications. here, it is a report on an eco-friendly process for rapid synthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles using ficus religiosa leaf extract as reducing a ...201425280701
three new species of baeoentedon girault (hymenoptera: eulophidae) from china, with the first record of whitefly host association (hemiptera: aleyrodidae).three new species of baeoentedon girault (hymenoptera: eulophidae) are described from china, baeoentedon balios wang, huang & polaszek sp. nov., baeoentedon bouceki wang, huang & polaszek sp. nov. and baeoentedon virgatus wang, huang & polaszek sp. nov. both female and male of baeoentedon balios were reared from the whitefly pealius spina (singh) (hemiptera: aleyrodidae) on the bodhi tree ficus religiosa l. (urticales: moraceae). the male and the whitefly host association of baeoentedon are reco ...201424990066
protective effects of different antioxidants against cadmium induced oxidative damage in rat testis and prostate tissues.the present study was performed to determine the effects of different antioxidants on testicular histopathology and oxidative damage induced by cadmium (cd) in rat testis and prostate. twenty five rats were equally divided into five groups (n = 5/group). the control group was injected subcutaneously with saline while the cd alone treated group received a subcutaneous injection of 0.2 mg/kg cdcl(2). other groups were treated with sulphoraphane (25 µg/rat), vitamin e (75 mg/kg), and ficus religios ...201424758558
revealing pharmacodynamics of medicinal plants using in silico approach: a case study with wet lab validation.exploration of therapeutic mechanism is an integral part of medicinal plant based drug discovery for better understanding of pharmacological behavior of these agents. but, its study using conventional hit and trial wet laboratory experiments proves to be very tedious, time consuming and expensive, thus encouraging development of in silico techniques. hence, an in silico technique has been devised using a computer software prediction of activity spectra for substances (pass) to study pharmacodyna ...201424503467
physical characterization, magnetic measurements, ree geochemistry and biomonitoring of dust load accumulated during a protracted winter fog period and their implications.the winter fog in india is a recurrent phenomenon for more than a decade now affecting the entire himalayan and sub-himalayan regions covering an area of nearly 500,000 km(2). every winter (december-january), the air and surface transports in cities of northern india (amritsar, new delhi, agra, gwalior, kanpur, lucknow, and allahabad) are severely disrupted with visibility reduced to <50 m at times. since dust particles are known to act as nuclei for the fog formation, this study is aimed to car ...201424407961
investigation of heavy metals in frequently utilized medicinal plants collected from environmentally diverse locations of north western india.the increasing prevalence of environmental pollution, especially soil contamination with heavy metals has led to their uptake in the human food chains through plant parts. accumulation and magnification of heavy metals in human tissues through consumption of herbal remedies can cause hazardous impacts on health. therefore, chemical profiling of nine heavy metals (mn, cr, pb, fe, cd, co, zn, ni and hg) was undertaken in stem and leaf samples of ten medicinal plants (acacia nilotica, bacopa monnie ...201324386622
micropropagation of ficus religiosa l. via leaf explants and comparative evaluation of acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity in the micropropagated and conventionally grown plants.a high-frequency, season-independent, in vitro regeneration of ficusreligiosa was developed, followed by comparative acetylcholinesterase inhibitory (achei) activity assay of the in vitro raised and conventionally grown plants. the use of achei activity is the most accepted strategy for the treatment of alzheimer disease. fully expanded, mature leaves were cut into different segments to initiate the cultures. the middle section of the leaf in vertical orientation with cut portion inserted inside ...201428324379
hepatoprotective activity of ficus religiosa leaves against isoniazid+rifampicin and paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity.the present study was designed to investigate the hepato protective effect of methanolic extract of ficus religisoa l., moraceae, on isoniazid-rifampicin and paracetamol induced hepatotoxicity in rats.201324174821
comparative analysis of antioxidants against cadmium induced reproductive toxicity in adult male rats.the present study was conducted to compare and evaluate the potential benefits of three different antioxidants in reversing cadmium (cd)-induced reproductive toxicity in adult male rats. rats (n = 5) weighing 180 +/- 20 gm were divided into five groups (control, cd, cd + sulforaphane, cd + vitamin e, and cd + plant extract). treated groups received cdcl2 (0.2 mg/kg), sulforaphane (25 µg/rat), vitamin e (75 mg/kg), and plant extract (100 mg/kg) for 15 days. blood samples and testicular tissues we ...201424156729
exploring selective serotonergic modulation involved in the anticonvulsant effect of ficus religiosa fig extract. 201724130399
the aqueous extract of ficus religiosa induces cell cycle arrest in human cervical cancer cell lines siha (hpv-16 positive) and apoptosis in hela (hpv-18 positive).natural products are being extensively explored for their potential to prevent as well as treat cancer due to their ability to target multiple molecular pathways. ficus religiosa has been shown to exert diverse biological activities including apoptosis in breast cancer cell lines. in the present study, we report the anti-neoplastic potential of aqueous extract of f. religiosa (fraq) bark in human cervical cancer cell lines, siha and hela. fraq altered the growth kinetics of siha (hpv-16 positive ...201323922932
nephroprotective and curative effects of ficus religiosa latex extract against cisplatin-induced acute renal failure.ficus religiosa l. (moraceae) is widely planted in the tropics. its chemical constituents include tannin, saponin gluanol acetate, β-sitosterol, leucoanthocyanidin and leucoanthocyanin which are used for the treatment of pain, inflammation, impotence, menstrual disturbances, uterine tonic and urine related problems.201323870082
anti-ulcer activity of ficus religiosa leaf ethanolic evaluate the anti-ulcer activity and acute toxicity of ficus religiosa (f. religiosa) leaf ethanolic extract in animal models.201323836366
in vivo antitumor activity of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles using ficus religiosa as a nanofactory in dal induced mice model.ficus religiosa leaf extract was chosen as a reducing agent to fabricate silver nanoparticles (agnps) by a simple, cost-effective and eco-friendly process with the aim of treating dalton's ascites lymphoma (dal) in mice model. the formation of synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by uv-visible analysis (uv-vis), fourier transform infra-red (ft-ir), transmission electron microscopy (tem), x-ray diffraction (xrd) and zeta potential analyses. a peak at 431nm indicated the surface plasmon re ...201323537836
effect of saponin fraction from ficus religiosa on memory deficit, and behavioral and biochemical impairments in pentylenetetrazol kindled our previous study, the saponin-rich fraction (srf) of adventitious root extract of ficus religiosa l. (moraceae) was shown to have an anticonvulsant effect in acute animal models of convulsions. the present study was envisaged to study the effect of srf in the pentylenetetrazol (ptz) kindling mouse model and its associated depression and cognition deficit. treatment with the srf (1, 2 and 4 mg/kg; i.p.) for 15 days in kindled mice significantly decreased seizure severity on days 5, 10 and 15 ...201323332444
bax translocation mediated mitochondrial apoptosis and caspase dependent photosensitizing effect of ficus religiosa on cancer cells.the main aim of the present work was to investigate the potential effect of acetone extract of ficus religosa leaf (fae) in multiple apoptosis signalling in human breast cancer cells. fae treatment significantly induced dose and time dependent, irreversible inhibition of breast cancer cell growth with moderate toxicity to normal breast epithelial cells. this observation was validated using sulforhodamine b assay. cell cycle analysis by flow cytometry showed cell cycle arrest in g1 phase and indu ...201222792212
role of saponins for the anticonvulsant effect of adventitious roots of ficus religiosa.the adventitious roots of ficus religiosa l. (moraceae) have been extensively used in traditional medicine for treatment of several disorders, including epilepsy.201222471888
enhanced shoot multiplication in ficus religiosa l. in the presence of adenine sulphate, glutamine and phloroglucinol.ficus religiosa (pipal) is a long-lived valuable multipurpose forest tree. the tree is exploited because of its religious, ornamental and medicinal value and the regeneration rate in natural habitat is low. an in vitro propagation protocol has been developed from nodal segments obtained from a 45-50-year old tree. the highest bud break frequency (100 %) followed by maximum number of multiple shoots (13.9) as well as length (2.47 cm) were obtained on woody plant medium (wpm) supplemented with 1.0 ...201123573019
traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of ficus religiosa: a review.ficus religiosa l. (moraceae) has been extensively used in traditional medicine for a wide range of ailments of the central nervous system, endocrine system, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive system, respiratory system and infectious disorders.201121296646
phytopharmacology of ficus religiosa.herbs have always been the principal form of medicine in india. medicinal plants have curative properties due to the presence of various complex chemical substances of different composition, which are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more parts of these plants. ficus religiosa (l.), commonly known as pepal belonging to the family moraceae, is used traditionally as antiulcer, antibacterial, antidiabetic, in the treatment of gonorrhea and skin diseases. f. religiosa is a bo tree, whi ...201022228961
clinical study on erectile dysfunction in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects and its management with ficus relegiosa linn.healthy sexual functioning plays an essential role in maintaining the harmony and happiness in marital life. it provides a media to express love, which is the base for all sorts of creative activities. the absence of this function hampers the marital relationship, leading to frustration and, sometimes, ending in divorce, and causes inadequacy in performing the routine duties. in this study, 53 patients having diabetes mellitus were surveyed to find out the incidence of erectile dysfunction (ed). ...201022131726
anticonvulsant effect of ficus religiosa: role of serotonergic pathways.ficus religiosa (moraceae) is reported to have numerous therapeutic utility in folk medicine. among different biological activities on central nervous system, it has been reported to be used in ethnomedical treatment of epilepsy, which led us to further explore its anticonvulsant activity in various animal models of epilepsy.200919429380
biosorption of lead from aqueous solution by ficus religiosa leaves: batch and column study.the biosorption of lead by ficus religiosa leaves (frls) in powder and immobilized form was investigated. batch experiments were conducted to determine the biosorption capacity, equilibrium time, optimal ph and temperature. the maximum biosorption capacity of lead was 37.45 mg g(-1) at optimal ph of 4. the temperature change in the range of 20-40 degrees c affected the biosorption capacity and the maximum removal was observed at 25 degrees c. the thermodynamics parameters were determined from ex ...200919147289
effect of ambient air sulphur dioxide on sulphate accumulation in plants.present study deals with the relationship between ambient air sulphurdioxide and sulphate content in leaf of selected tropical plant species, ficus religiosa. the study reveals a positive correlation between ambient air sulphur dioxide and sulphate in the leaves. two way anova finds the obtained values to be highly significant (p < 0.001). amount of sulphate in leaves shows positive correlation with sulphur dioxide in air (p < 0.001) during most part of the study a marked reduction of sulphate c ...200818972695
seasonal variation of leaf dust accumulation and pigment content in plant species exposed to urban particulates assess the dust interception efficiency of some selected tree species and impact of dust deposition on chlorophyll and ascorbic acid content of leaves the present study was undertaken. the plant species selected for the study were ficus religiosa, ficus benghalensis, mangifera indica, dalbergia sissoo, psidium guajava, and dendrocalamus strictus. it was found that all species have maximum dust deposition in the winter season followed by summer and rainy seasons. chlorophyll content decreased ...200818453408
production of laccase by immobilized cells of agaricus sp.: induction effect of xylan and lignin derivatives.laccase was produced in the supernatant of culture of a local isolate of agaricus sp. obtained from decaying ficus religiosa wood. the enzyme was produced at a constitutive level when growing the fungus in a nitrogen-limited medium supplemented with either glycerol, glucose, fructose, mannitol, arabinose, maltose, saccharose, cellulose, or cellobiose. a two- to sixfold increase in enzyme specific activity was observed when growing the strain in the presence of straw, xylan, xylose, lignosulfonat ...199915304726
the study of aqueous extract of ficus religiosa linn. on cytokine tnf-+¦ in type 2 diabetic rats.chronic systemic inflammation is an early process in pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. hence the present study was aimed to investigate the effect of traditionally known plant ficus religiosa on elevated glucose and inflammatory marker namely tumor necrosis factor (tnf)-+¦ in type 2 diabetic rats.201121731392
anti-amnesic effect of ficus religiosa in scopolamine-induced anterograde and retrograde amnesia.ficus religiosa linn (moraceae) is a variety of fig tree. its figs are known to contain a high serotonergic content, and modulation of serotonergic neurotransmission plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of amnesia. thus, the present study was envisaged.201020645848
decolorization of crude latex by activated charcoal, purification and physico-chemical characterization of religiosin, a milk-clotting serine protease from the latex of ficus religiosa.the crude latex of ficus religiosa is decolorized by activated charcoal. decolorization follows the freundlich and langmuir equations. a serine protease, named religiosin, has been purified to homogeneity from the decolorized latex using anion exchange chromatography. religiosin is a glycoprotein with a molecular mass of 43.4 kda by maldi-tof. religiosin is an acidic protein with a pi value of 3.8 and acts optimally at ph 8.0-8.5 and temperature 50 degrees c. the proteolytic activity of religios ...201020560603
antidiabetic effect of ficus religiosa extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic indian traditional system of medicine, ficus religiosa (family moraceae) is prescribed for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. in the present study, the antidiabetic effect of aqueous extract of ficus religiosa bark (frae) was investigated in normal, glucose-loaded hyperglycemic and streptozotocin (stz)-induced diabetic rats.201020080167
medico-historical study of "aśvattha" (sacred fig tree).aśvattha (ficus religiosa linn.) is a tree which has got mythological, religious and medicinal importance in indian culture since ancient times. as per vedic index aśvattha means horse stand, a place or site or an object where or under which horses stand. aśvattha is also known as pipal and bodhidrma. this tree is the oldest depicted tree in india. in vedic times it was used to make fire by friction and considered sacred. atharvavĕda associates it with the third heaven. it discusses medicinal pr ...200618175640
biochemical and ultrastructural changes in plant foliage exposed to is the by-product of our mechanized mobility, which adversely affects both plant and human life. however, plants growing in the urban locations provide a great respite to us from the brunt of auto-pollution by absorbing the pollutants at their foliar surface. foliar surface configuration and biochemical changes in two selected plant species, namely ficus religiosa l. and thevetia nerifolia l., growing at it crossing (highly polluted sites), picup bhawan crossing (moderately pollut ...200616758287
effect of feeding some plant foods as source of dietary fibre on biological utilisation of diet in rats.isoproteinous diets containing 1% cholesterol and 10% fibre derived from plant foods namely, peepalbanti (ficus religiosa), barbanti (ficus bengalensis), gullar (ficus glomerata), teent (capparis decidua) and khejri beans (prsopsis cineria) or pure cellulose, were fed to rats for 40 days. effect of incorporation of these whole plant parts on feed intake, weight gain, feed efficiency ratio (fer), dry matter digestibility (dmd) and true protein digestibility (tpd) in weanling rats was studied. the ...19892548174
nutritional value of some non-conventional plant foods of india.thirteen non-conventional foods including fruits, leaves and grains consumed in various parts of the indian subcontinent were analysed for their nutritional value. khejri beans (prsopsis cineria), pinju (capparis decidua) and kachri (cucumis species) contained considerable amounts of protein (15-18%). kachri was rich in fat (13%). bhakri (tribulus terristris), gullar (ficus glomerata) and peehl (salvadora oleoides) were found to be rich sources of calcium; gullar contained about 15 times the amo ...19921502122
efficacy of ficus spp. on renal injury induced by hypercholesterolaemia.the ethanol and hexane extracts of ficus microcarpa, ficus religiosa and ficus mysorensis leaves were evaluated against renal injury induced by hypercholesterolaemia. phytochemical screening of the investigated plants was undertaken. for the in vivo study, all rats were orally given cholesterol (30 mg kg⁻¹ body weight, bw) and leaves extract (500 mg kg⁻¹ bw) five times per week for 9 weeks. hypercholesterolaemic rats showed significant increases in urea nitrogen and creatinine while serum protei ...201222432976
screening of selected indian medicinal plants for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity.seventy-six plant extracts including methanolic and successive water extracts from 37 indian medicinal plants were investigated for acetylcholinesterase (ache) inhibitory activity (in vitro). results indicated that methanolic extracts to be more active than water extracts. the potent ache inhibiting methanolic plant extracts included withania somnifera (root), semecarpus anacardium (stem bark), embelia ribes (root), tinospora cordifolia (stem), ficus religiosa (stem bark) and nardostachys jatama ...200716950584
methanol extract of ficus leaf inhibits the production of nitric oxide and proinflammatory cytokines in lps-stimulated microglia via the mapk pathway.excessive production of inflammatory mediators, nitric oxide (no) and proinflammatory cytokines from activated microglia has been implicated in neurodegeneration in human brain diseases. recently, it seems possible that treatment with antiinflammatory agents, including oriental medicinal plants, might delay the progression of neurodegeneration through the inhibition of microglial activation. the present study evaluated the effect of a methanol extract of ficus religiosa leaf (mfl) on lipopolysac ...200818546149
anti-inflammatory and mast cell protective effect of ficus religiosa.the aqueous extract of bark of ficus religiosa was prepared and investigated for its anti-inflammatory effect and for its protective effect on mast cells against degranulation. a significant anti-inflammatory effect was observed in both acute and chronic models of inflammation. the extract also protected mast cells from degranulation induced by various degranulatiors. the observed anti-inflammatory and mast cell protective effect may be responsible for the beneficial effect of ficus religiosa in ...199022556521
regeneration of plantlets from the callus of stem segments of adult plants of ficus religiosa l.stem segments of adult plants of ficus religiosa l. cultured on ms medium containing 1.0 mg/l 2,4-d produced callus. shoots were regenerated when the induced calli were transferred to medium supplemented with 0.05 to 2.0 mg/l bap. callus derived shoots produced roots and developed into plantlets when transferred to medium supplemented with 1.0 mg/l naa.198524253982
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