identification of strain isolated from dates (phœnix dactylifera l.) for enhancing very high gravity ethanol production.ethanol production from by-products of dates in very high gravity was conducted in batch fermentation using two yeasts, saccharomyces cerevisiae and zygosaccharomyces rouxii, as well as a native strain: an osmophilic strain of bacteria which was isolated for the first time from the juice of dates (phoenix dactylifera l.). the phylogenetic analysis based on the 16s ribosomal rna and gyrb sequence and physiological analysis indicated that the strain identified belongs to the genus of bacillus, b. ...201627838909
use of two bacteria for biological control of bayoud disease caused by fusarium oxysporum in date palm (phoenix dactylifera l) seedlings.the bayoud, caused by fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis (foa), is the most destructive disease of date palm (phoenix dactylifera l) in morocco and algeria, with no effective control strategy yet available. in this work, two bacteria, bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain ag1 (ag) and burkholderia cepacia strain cs5 (cs), were examined for their potential to control this disease. both bacterial strains inhibited both growth and sporulation of foa. they released compounds into the culture medium, wh ...201222480991
antibacterial properties and effects of fruit chilling and extract storage on antioxidant activity, total phenolic and anthocyanin content of four date palm (phoenix dactylifera) cultivars.phoenix dactylifera or date palm fruits are reported to contain natural compounds that exhibit antioxidant and antibacterial properties. this research aimed to study the effect of fruit chilling at 4 °c for 8 weeks, extract storage at -20 °c for 5 weeks, and extraction solvents (methanol or acetone) on total phenolic content (tpc), antioxidant activity and antibacterial properties of saudi arabian p. dactylifera cv mabroom, safawi and ajwa, as well as iranian p. dactylifera cv mariami. the stora ...201627023514
retained subretinal date palm tree thorn in a child.a 3-year-old boy presented with severe eye pain and nausea after colliding with a date palm tree branch. examination under anesthesia revealed a self-sealed corneal laceration and traumatic cataract in his left eye. cultures were taken and the patient received prophylactic subconjunctival, intravitreal, and systemic antibiotics because of the high risk of endophthalmitis. a thorn from the same tree grew bacillus cereus. examination after 2 weeks of the injury revealed a subretinal foreign body ( ...201324160979
fungal root microbiome from healthy and brittle leaf diseased date palm trees (phoenix dactylifera l.) reveals a hidden untapped arsenal of antibacterial and broad spectrum antifungal secondary this study, we aimed to explore and compare the composition, metabolic diversity and antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi colonizing internal tissues of healthy and brittle leaf diseased (bld) date palm trees (phoenix dactylifera l.) widely cultivated in arid zones of tunisia. a total of 52 endophytic fungi were isolated from healthy and bld roots of date palm trees, identified based on internal transcribed spacer-rdna sequence analysis and shown to represent 13 species belonging to fi ...201728293229
enzymatic activities in different strains isolated from healthy and brittle leaf disease affected date palm leaves: study of amylase production conditions.the present study aimed to investigate and compare the enzymatic production of endophytic bacteria isolated from healthy and brittle leaf disease affected date palm leaves (pectinase, cellulase, lipase, and amylase). the findings revealed that the enzymatic products from the bacterial isolates of healthy date palm leaves were primarily 33% amylolytic enzyme, 33 % cellulase, 25 % pectinase, and 25 % lipase. the isolates from brittle leaf disease date palm leaves, on the other hand, were noted to ...201525432343
molecular identification of potential denitrifying bacteria and use of d-optimal mixture experimental design for the optimization of denitrification process.three bacterial strains (te1, td3 and fb2) were isolated from date palm (degla), pistachio and barley. the presence of nitrate reductase (narg) and nitrite reductase (nirs and nirk) genes in the selected strains was detected by pcr technique. molecular identification based on 16s rdna sequencing method was applied to identify positive strains. in addition, the d-optimal mixture experimental design was used to optimize the optimal formulation of probiotic bacteria for denitrification process. str ...201626893037
the potential role of phoenix dactylifera on eimeria papillata-induced infection in mice.coccidiosis is a common infectious disease in poultry causing major economic losses. here, we investigated the effect of khodary date fruit aqueous extract (4 ml/kg) on the outcome of coccidiosis caused by eimeria papillata in swiss albino mice. date fruit extract was able to decrease the intracellular development by lowering the faecal output of e. papillata oocysts from 8.7 ± 0.5 × 10(3) to 6.6 ± 0.4 × 10(3) oocysts per gram faeces. also, date extract caused a great diminish in body weight of ...201222411635
isolation and characterization of endophytic plant growth-promoting bacteria from date palm tree (phoenix dactylifera l.) and their potential role in salinity tolerance.endophytic bacteria were isolated from date palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) seedling roots, characterized and tested for their ability to help plants grow under saline conditions. molecular characterization showed that the majority of these strains belonged to the genera bacillus and enterobacter and had different degrees of resistance to various antibiotics. some of these strains were able to produce the enzyme 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (acc) deaminase and the plant growth regulatory ...201525860542
phytochemical evaluation, antioxidant assay, antibacterial activity and determination of cell viability (j774 and thp1 alpha cell lines) of p. sylvestris leaf crude and methanol purified fractions.phoenix sylvestris (arecaceae family) known as indian date palm has been identified as a component of traditional medicine against various ailments. the present study was focused on phytochemical screening of crude hexane, dichloromethane and methanol leaf extracts. the crude extracts showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, and phenols in the plant leaves. in the study methanol extract was found most potent, so this extract was further fractionated by column chromatography and 9 methanol p ...201627047320
the antibacterial activity of date syrup polyphenols against s. aureus and e. coli.plant-derived products such as date syrup (ds) have demonstrated antibacterial activity and can inhibit bacteria through numerous different mechanisms, which may be attributed to bioactive compounds including plant-derived phenolic molecules. ds is rich in polyphenols and this study hypothesized that ds polyphenols demonstrate inherent antimicrobial activity, which cause oxidative damage. this investigation revealed that ds has a high content of total polyphenols (605 mg/100 g), and is rich in t ...201626952177
phenolic profile, antibacterial and cytotoxic properties of second grade date extract from tunisian cultivars (phoenix dactylifera l.).the present study aimed to investigate the phenolic profile of second grade date extracts and evaluate their antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities with regard to some pathogenic microorganisms. phenolic content was analyzed by hplc. antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the agar disk diffusion method, and in vitro cytotoxic activity was examined by cell proliferation assay. the results revealed that second grade dates presented three benzoic acids, five cinnamic acids and two flavonoids, with ...201626471652
cloning, expression in e. coli and immunological characterization of par j 3.0201, a parietaria pollen profilin variant.parietaria judaica pollen is one of the main sources of allergens in the mediterranean area. its allergenic composition has been studied in detail showing the presence of two major allergens (par j 1 and par j 2) and two minor allergens belonging to the profilin and calcium binding protein families of allergens (par j 3 and par j 4, respectively). clinical reports support the hypothesis of a limited cross-reactivity between profilin from parietaria and unrelated sources. we screened a p. judaica ...201424172226
risk levels of invasive fusarium oxysporum f. sp. in areas suitable for date palm (phoenix dactylifera) cultivation under various climate change climate model outputs involve uncertainties in prediction, which could be reduced by identifying agreements between the output results of different models, covering all assumptions included in each. fusarium oxysporum f.sp. is an invasive pathogen that poses risk to date palm cultivation, among other crops. therefore, in this study, the future distribution of invasive fusarium oxysporum f.sp., confirmed by csiro-mk3.0 (cs) and miroc-h (mr) gcms, was modeled and combined with the future di ...201324340100
molecular characterization of syrian date palm cultivars using plasmid-like dna palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) is one of the most important domesticated fruit trees in the near east and north african countries. this tree has been, for several decades, in serious threat of being completely destroyed by the "bayoud" disease caused by fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis. in this study, 18 syrian date palm cultivars and four male trees were analyzed according to the identity of mitochondrial plasmid-like dnas. a pcr strategy that employs plasmid-like dnas-specific primer pa ...201222568006
enzymatic saccharification and fermentation of cellulosic date palm wastes to glucose and lactic acid.the bioconversion of cellulosic wastes into high-value bio-products by saccharification and fermentation processes is an important step that can reduce the environmental pollution caused by agricultural wastes. in this study, enzymatic saccharification of treated and untreated date palm cellulosic wastes by the cellulases from geobacillus stearothermophilus was optimized. the alkaline pre-treatment of the date palm wastes was found to be effective in increasing the saccharification percentage. t ...201726887233
epidemiology of henipavirus disease in humans.all seven recognized human cases of hendra virus (hev) infection have occurred in queensland, australia. recognized human infections have all resulted from a hev infected horse that was unusually efficient in transmitting the virus and a person with a high exposure to infectious secretions. in the large outbreak in malaysia where nipah virus (niv) was first identified, most human infections resulted from close contact with niv infected pigs. outbreak investigations in bangladesh have identified ...201222752412
antileishmanial activity of date (phoenix dactylifera l) fruit and pit extracts in vitro.leishmaniasis is considered as a major public health problem worldwide. current drugs in treatment of leishmaniasis have some limitations; thus, the current study was aimed to assess the methanolic extracts of pit and fruit of phoenix dactylifera against leishmania major promastigotes. l major promastigotes were cultured in rpmi 1640 and incubated at 25°c ± 1°c for 24, 48, and 72 hours. for obtaining the ic50 (half maximal inhibitory concentration) value, mtt assay was employed. furthermore, pro ...201627242378
biology and management of palm dynastid beetles: recent advances.coconut, oil, and date palms are important crops in the tropics and are attacked by dynastids that cause loss of production or death of hosts. knowledge of their breeding sites has been extended since a previous review in 1980. the fungus metarhizium anisopliae has potential as a biopesticide against immature stages in friable breeding sites. the molecular biology and ultrastructure of oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus (ornv), disseminated by adults, have been studied, and this pathogen can reduce o. ...201323317044
virulence of the entomopathogenic fungus metarhizium flavoviride gams and rozsypal and toxicity of diflubenzuron, fenitrothion-esfenvalerate and profenofos-cypermethrin to nontarget arthropods in mauritania.within the framework of the gtz project, biological and integrated control of locusts and grasshoppers, a laboratory screening fo rmetarhizium flavoviride (strain mfl 5) blastospore pathogenicity to the nontarget arthropods pharoscymnus anchorago f. (coleoptera:coccinellidae), trachyderma hispida (forskâl) (coleoptera:tenebrionidae), palpares cf. tesselatus rambur (neuroptera:myrmeleontidae) and thanatus sp. (araneae: philodromidae) was conducted in akjoujt research station, mauritania. various ...19979002437
occupational lung diseases among soldiers deployed to iraq and afghanistan.military personnel deployed to iraq and afghanistan, from 2004 to the present, has served in a setting of unique environmental conditions. among these are exposures to burning trash in open air "burn pits" lit on fire with jet fuel jp-8. depending on trash burned--water bottles, styrofoam trays, medical waste, unexploded munitions, and computers--toxins may be released such as dioxins and n-hexane and benzene. particulate matter air pollution culminates from these fires and fumes. additional env ...201324443711
investigating rare risk factors for nipah virus in bangladesh: 2001-2012.human nipah encephalitis outbreaks have been identified almost yearly in bangladesh since 2001. though raw date palm sap consumption and person-to-person contact are recognized as major transmission pathways, alternative pathways of transmission are plausible and may not have been identified due to limited statistical power in each outbreak. we conducted a risk factor analysis using all 157 cases and 632 controls surveyed in previous investigations during 2004-2012 to identify exposures independ ...201627738775
it's not only what you say, it's also how you say it: communicating nipah virus prevention messages during an outbreak in bangladesh.during a fatal nipah virus (niv) outbreak in bangladesh, residents rejected biomedical explanations of niv transmission and treatment and lost trust in the public healthcare system. field anthropologists developed and communicated a prevention strategy to bridge the gap between the biomedical and local explanation of the outbreak.201627495927
nipah virus transmission from bats to humans associated with drinking traditional liquor made from date palm sap, bangladesh, 2011-2014.nipah virus (niv) is a paramyxovirus, and pteropus spp. bats are the natural reservoir. from december 2010 through march 2014, hospital-based encephalitis surveillance in bangladesh identified 18 clusters of niv infection. the source of infection for case-patients in 3 clusters in 2 districts was unknown. a team of epidemiologists and anthropologists investigated these 3 clusters comprising 14 case-patients, 8 of whom died. among the 14 case-patients, 8 drank fermented date palm sap (tari) regul ...201626981928
raw sap consumption habits and its association with knowledge of nipah virus in two endemic districts in bangladesh.human nipah virus (niv) infection in bangladesh is a fatal disease that can be transmitted from bats to humans who drink contaminated raw date palm sap collected overnight during the cold season. our study aimed to understand date palm sap consumption habits of rural residents and factors associated with consumption. in november-december 2012 the field team interviewed adult respondents from randomly selected villages from rajbari and kushtia districts in bangladesh. we calculated the proportion ...201526551202
evolving epidemiology of nipah virus infection in bangladesh: evidence from outbreaks during 2010-2011.drinking raw date palm sap is the primary route of nipah virus (niv) transmission from bats to people in bangladesh; subsequent person-to-person transmission is common. during december 2010 to march 2011, we investigated niv epidemiology by interviewing cases using structured questionnaires, in-depth interviews, and group discussions to collect clinical and exposure histories. we conducted a case-control study to identify risk factors for transmission. we identified 43 cases; 23 were laboratory- ...201626122675
controlling nipah virus encephalitis in bangladesh: policy options.nipah virus (niv) encephalitis is endemic in bangladesh, with yearly seasonal outbreaks occurring since 2003. niv has a notable case fatality rate, 75-100 per cent depending on the strain. in bangladesh, primary transmission to humans is believed to be because of consumption of bat-contaminated date palm sap (dps). both the disease and the virus have been investigated extensively, however efforts to implement preventive strategies have met social and cultural challenges. here we present a variet ...201525925087
piloting the promotion of bamboo skirt barriers to prevent nipah virus transmission through date palm sap in bangladesh.drinking raw date palm sap contaminated with infected fruit bat saliva or urine is an important mode of nipah virus transmission to humans in bangladesh. bamboo skirts are an effective way to interrupt bat access to the sap. we conducted a study from november 2008 to march 2009 to explore the effectiveness of higher- and lower-intensity interventions by promoting bamboo skirt preparation and use among sap harvesters (gachhis). we spent 280 person-hours in two villages for the higher-intensity in ...201424755262
foodborne transmission of nipah virus in syrian hamsters.since 2001, outbreaks of nipah virus have occurred almost every year in bangladesh with high case-fatality rates. epidemiological data suggest that in bangladesh, nipah virus is transmitted from the natural reservoir, fruit bats, to humans via consumption of date palm sap contaminated by bats, with subsequent human-to-human transmission. to experimentally investigate this epidemiological association between drinking of date palm sap and human cases of nipah virus infection, we determined the via ...201424626480
nipah virus infection outbreak with nosocomial and corpse-to-human transmission, nipah virus encephalitis surveillance identified an encephalitis cluster and sporadic cases in faridpur, bangladesh, in january 2010. we identified 16 case-patients; 14 of these patients died. for 1 case-patient, the only known exposure was hugging a deceased patient with a probable case, while another case-patient's exposure involved preparing the same corpse for burial by removing oral secretions and anogenital excreta with a cloth and bare hands. among 7 persons with confirmed sporadic ...201323347678
a randomized controlled trial of interventions to impede date palm sap contamination by bats to prevent nipah virus transmission in bangladesh.drinking raw date palm sap is a risk factor for human nipah virus (niv) infection. fruit bats, the natural reservoir of niv, commonly contaminate raw sap with saliva by licking date palm's sap producing surface. we evaluated four types of physical barriers that may prevent bats from contacting sap.201222905160
piloting the use of indigenous methods to prevent nipah virus infection by interrupting bats' access to date palm sap in bangladesh.people in bangladesh frequently drink fresh date palm sap. fruit bats (pteropus giganteus) also drink raw sap and may contaminate the sap by shedding nipah virus through saliva and urine. in a previous study we identified two indigenous methods to prevent bats accessing the sap, bamboo skirts and lime (calcium carbonate). we conducted a pilot study to assess the acceptability of these two methods among sap harvesters. we used interactive community meetings and group discussions to encourage all ...201322669914
phenol-rich compounds sweet gel: a statistically more effective antibiotic than cloxacillin against pseudomonas aeruginosa.the purpose of this study was to obtain a natural antibiotic from phenol-rich compounds; for the dressing and the treatment of chronic wounds.201627695634
a pseudomonas strain isolated from date-palm rhizospheres improves root growth and promotes root formation in maize exposed to salt and aluminum stress.the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of pseudomonas fluorescens 002 (p.f.002.), isolated from the rhizosphere of date palms from the ghardaia region in the algerian sahara, to promote root growth of two varieties of maize under conditions of salt and aluminum stress. primary roots of 5-day-old seedlings were inoculated with p.f.002., and seedlings were then grown under both control and stressed conditions. primary, lateral, and seminal root lengths and numbers, as well as root ...201626759938
specific caleosin/peroxygenase and lipoxygenase activities are tissue-differentially expressed in date palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) seedlings and are further induced following exposure to the toxin 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.two caleosin/peroxygenase isoforms from date palm, phoenix dactylifera l., pdclo2 and pdclo4, were characterized with respect to their tissue expression, subcellular localization, and oxylipin pathway substrate specificities in developing seedlings. both pdclo2 and pdclo4 had peroxygenase activities that peaked at the mid-stage (radicle length of 2.5 cm) of seedling growth and were associated with the lipid droplet (ld) and microsomal fractions. recombinant pdclo2 and pdclo4 proteins heterologou ...201628111588
table wine from tropical fruits utilizing natural yeast attempt was made to utilize few widely available tropical fruits to develop wine with the objective of comparing the fermentation efficiency (along with progress in fermentation) of two efficient yeast isolates with commercially available strain. fruit wine from juices of fully ripe mango, jackfruit and pineapple alone and in blended combinations of all three fruit juice (2: 1: 2) was prepared using two different yeasts (y4 and y7) isolated from natural plain date palm juice and one standard ...201627570291
seawater as alternative to freshwater in pretreatment of date palm residues for bioethanol production in coastal and/or arid areas.the large water consumption (1.9-5.9 m(3) water per m(3) of biofuel) required by biomass processing plants has become an emerging concern, which is particularly critical in arid/semiarid regions. seawater, as a widely available water source, could be an interesting option. this work was to study the technical feasibility of using seawater to replace freshwater in the pretreatment of date palm leaflets, a lignocellulosic biomass from arid regions, for bioethanol production. it was shown that leaf ...201526487350
enrichment of gilthead seabream (sparus aurata l.) diet with palm fruit extracts and probiotics: effects on skin mucosal skin mucus contains numerous immune substances still poorly studied. to date, there are no studies regarding the possible influence of dietary supplements on such important substances. in the present work, a commercial diet used as control diet was enriched with: 1) probiotic shewanella putrefaciens (pdp11 diet, 10(9) cfu g(-1)); 2) probiotic bacillus sp. (bacillus diet, 10(9) ufc g(-1)); 3) aqueous date palm fruits extracts (dpe diet, 4%), and 4) a combination of pdp11 + bacillus sp + aque ...201626712151
effect of dietary supplementation of probiotics and palm fruits extracts on the antioxidant enzyme gene expression in the mucosae of gilthead seabream (sparus aurata l.).antioxidant activity is particularly important, since oxidation is an unavoidable reaction in all living bodies. at present, natural antioxidants to be used on food as an alternative to synthetic ones are being sought. gilthead seabream (sparus aurata l.) specimens were fed for 4 weeks with diets enriched with bacterial probiotics (shewanella putrefaciens pdp11 and bacillus sp), single or in combination with tunisian dates palm fruit extracts. the expression of the main antioxidant enzyme genes ...201424952087
mold-ripened soft cheeses fortified with date palm fruit product as functional dairy fruit based products are gaining popularity among the consumers in almost all date growing countries due to its added nutritional value. therefore, novel products were developed by combining two types of foods i.e., soft ripened cheeses and date fruit syrups or date powder. this study is the first to report the surface mold-ripened cheese production with date syrup and date powder. model cheeses were prepared from pasteurized milk inoculated with streptococcus thermophilus, penicillium came ...201626930796
use of mixture design to construct a consortium of date palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) fruit extract and potentially probiotic bacillus strain to confer protection against vibriosis in artemia find a biological control treatment applicable to shrimp hatcheries, the influence of the dietary administration of a consortium of two date palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) fruit extracts and potentially probiotic bacillus strain on artemia culture was studied. challenge tests were performed with virulent vibrio alginolyticus to assess the protective effects of deglet nour and degla fruit extracts alone or in conjunction with potentially probiotic bacillus strain.201323893402
application of optimized large surface area date stone (phoenix dactylifera ) activated carbon for rhodamin b removal from aqueous solution: box-behnken design model of response surface methodology was used to study the effect of adsorption process parameters for rhodamine b (rhb) removal from aqueous solution through optimized large surface area date stone activated carbon. the set experiments with three input parameters such as time (10-600min), adsorbent dosage (0.5-10g/l) and temperature (25-50°c) were considered for statistical significance. the adequate relation was found between the input variables and response (removal percentage of ...201728167440
phoenix dactylifera l. spathe essential oil: chemical composition and repellent activity against the yellow fever palm, phoenix dactylifera l. (arecaceae), grows commonly in the arabian peninsula and is traditionally used to treat various diseases. the aim of the present study was to identify chemical composition of the essential oil and to investigate the repellent activity. the essential oil of p. dactylifera was obtained by hydrodistillation from the spathe, a specialized leaf structure that surrounds the pollinating organs of the palm. the oil was subsequently analyzed by gc-fid and gc-ms. the oil ...201323948523
antioxidants as a potential preventive and therapeutic strategy for cadmium.epidemiological studies provide a growing number of evidences that chronic exposure to relatively low levels of cadmium (cd), nowadays taking place in industrialized countries, may cause health hazard. thus, growing interest has been focused on effective ways of protection from adverse effects of exposure to this heavy metal. because numerous effects to cd's toxic action result from its prooxidative properties, it seems reasonable that special attention should be directed to agents that can prev ...201625944010
ethnopharmacological survey of plants used in the traditional treatment of hypertension and diabetes in south-eastern morocco (errachidia province).this survey was undertaken in the errachidia province in south-eastern morocco in order to inventory the main medicinal plants used in folk medicine to treat arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. four hundred individuals who knew about and/or had used the medicinal plants for the indicated diseases, including some herbal healers, were interviewed throughout different regions of the province. the inventory of medicinal plants is summarized in a synoptic table, which contains the scientific ...200717052873
environmental implications of adopting a dominant factor approach to salinity management.additive or multiplicative models of crop response on which salinity management theory have been developed may lead to an erroneous perception regarding compensative interaction among salinity and other growth factors. we present results from studies of biomass production and transpiration of corn (zea mays l. cv. jubilee), melon (cucumis melo l. subsp. melo cv. galia), tomato (lycopersicon esculentum mill. cv. 5656), onion (allium cepa l. cv. ha 944), and date palms (phoenix dactylifera l. cv. ...201516091597
cholesterol overload impairing cerebellar function: the promise of natural products.the cerebellum is the part of the brain most involved in controlling motor and cognitive function. the surface becomes convoluted, forming folia that have a characteristic internal structure of three layers including molecular, purkinje cell, and granular layer. this complex neural network gives rise to a massive signal-processing capability. cholesterol is a major constituent, derived by de novo synthesis and the blood-brain barrier. cholesterol is tightly regulated between neurons and glia-tha ...201525837204
assortment of the plants in the medieval diet in czech countries (based on archaeobotanical finds).the finds of remains of useful plants in archaeological objects were drawing attention already in the last century. however, it was not until after the world war ii, in relation with renovation of historical cores of the towns, when a separate branch of the botany--archaeobotany constituted. in the czech republic it was e. opravil who was the first to become engaged in a systematic archaeobotanical research at the beginning of the 60's. all the vegetal remains--fruits and seeds on the first plac ...200015828207
medicinal uses of honey (quranic medicine) and its bee flora from dera ismail khan district, kpk, pakistan.this study was carried out during 2005-2008 to identify existing plant species visited by workers of honeybees for nectar and pollen collection in dera ismail khan (d.i.khan) district, pakistan. the honeybee species investigated in the area were, rock bee (apis dorsata f.), little bee (a. florea f.) and european honeybee (a. mellifera l.). a detailed list of 86 plant species both wild and cultivated was prepared, out of which 12 species, phulai (acacia modesta wall.), sarsoon (brassica campestri ...201323455201
linking pollen quality and performance of neoseiulus californicus (acari: phytoseiidae) in two-spotted spider mite management has been shown that pollen as a dietary supplement may increase the establishment of generalist predatory mites, and therefore pest control by these mites can be provided. life table studies were performed to evaluate the nutritional value of seven different pollens (almond, castor-bean, date-palm, maize, bitter-orange, sunflower and mixed bee pollen) as a supplementary food source for the spider mite predator neoseiulus californicus mcgregor. in addition, the nutritional quality of each poll ...201727117203
the large carpenter bees of central saudi arabia, with notes on the biology of xylocopa sulcatipes maa (hymenoptera, apidae, xylocopinae).the large carpenter bees (xylocopinae, xylocopa latreille) occurring in central saudi arabia are reviewed. two species are recognized in the fauna, xylocopa (koptortosoma) aestuans (linnaeus) and xylocopa (ctenoxylocopa) sulcatipes maa. diagnoses for and keys to the species of these prominent components of the central saudi arabian bee fauna are provided to aid their identification by pollination researchers active in the region. females and males of both species are figured and biological notes ...201222768000
computational identification and comparative analysis of mirna precursors in three palm the present study, mirna precursors in the genomes of three palm species were identified. analyzes of sequence conservation and biological function of their putative targets contribute to understand the roles of mirna in palm biology. micrornas are small rnas of 20-25 nucleotides in length, with important functions in the regulation of gene expression. recent genome sequencing of the palm species elaeis guineensis, elaeis oleifera and phoenix dactylifera have enabled the discovery of mirna ge ...201626919984
genome-wide survey of the seagrass zostera muelleri suggests modification of the ethylene signalling network.seagrasses are flowering plants which grow fully submerged in the marine environment. they have evolved a range of adaptations to environmental challenges including light attenuation through water, the physical stress of wave action and tidal currents, high concentrations of salt, oxygen deficiency in marine sediment, and water-borne pollination. although, seagrasses are a key stone species of the costal ecosystems, many questions regarding seagrass biology and evolution remain unanswered. genom ...201525563969
maldi imaging of neutral cuticular lipids in insects and plants.the spatial distribution of neutral lipids and hydrocarbons has been imaged using maldi-tof mass spectrometry on intact plant and insect surfaces, namely wings and legs of the gray flesh fly (neobellieria bullata), wings of common fruit fly (drosophila melanogaster), leaves of thale cress (arabidopsis thaliana), and leaves of date palm tree (phoenix sp.). the distribution of wax esters (wes) and saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons (hcs) was visualized. the samples were attached on a target an ...201019910210
allelopathic effects ofcitrus aurantium l. : i. vegetational patterning.field observations on undisturbed stands of sour orange revealed thatcynodon dactylon, chenopodium album, avena sativa, andamaranthus retroflexus were not able to grow normally and complete their life cycles under its canopies, although the same species grow well under adjacent trees of date palm. investigations revealed that the failure of the test species to grow normally under sour orange was not due to competition for light, moisture and minerals or to differences in soil texture or ph. soil ...198524311244
the importance of acacia trees for insectivorous bats and arthropods in the arava desert.anthropogenic habitat modification often has a profound negative impact on the flora and fauna of an ecosystem. in parts of the middle east, ephemeral rivers (wadis) are characterised by stands of acacia trees. green, flourishing assemblages of these trees are in decline in several countries, most likely due to human-induced water stress and habitat changes. we examined the importance of healthy acacia stands for bats and their arthropod prey in comparison to other natural and artificial habitat ...201323441145
in vitro cytotoxicity effects of date palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) pollen on neonate mouse spermatogonial stem cells.there is a fast growing tendency in the use of herbal remedies in developing countries. one of the traditional medicines used for male infertility treatment is date palm (phoenix dactylifera) pollen (dpp). isolated spermatogonial stem cells and sertoli cells using enzymatic digestion were grown in dulbecco's modified eagle's medium supplemented with 4% foetal bovine serum in the absence or presence of 0.06, 0.25 and 0.62 mg/ml concentrations of aqueous extract of dpp for 2 weeks. the assessment ...201525189835
plant species introduced by foreigners according to folk tradition in norway and some other european countries: xenophobic tales or not?in their quest to understand and interpret nature, people have frequently sought religious or divine origins for plant species and their characteristics. less often, historical events or persons are involved. this study comprises eleven cases of the latter kind, all claiming that plant species have been introduced by foreigners or at least from foreign lands.201526438411
the effect of increasing levels of date palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) seed on the performance, ruminal fermentation, antioxidant status and milk fatty acid profile of saanen dairy goats.this study was conducted to examine the effect of date palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) seed (dps) on the performance, ruminal fermentation, antioxidant status and milk fatty acid (fa) profile of dairy goats. eight multiparous saanen dairy goats, averaging 97 ± 7 days in milk (dim) and 2150 ± 130 g of milk production, were used in a 4 × 4 replicated latin square design. experimental diets contained 0% (control), 6% (dps6), 12% (dps12) and 18% (dps18) of dps. dry matter intake (dmi), milk production ...201728045194
[allergic responses to date palm and pecan pollen in israel].date palm (phoenix dactylifera) and pecan (carya illinoensis) trees are commonly planted in israel for fruit, for shade, or as ornamental plants. pollen grains of both species are allergenic; however, the extent of exposure to such pollen and the incidence of allergic response have not been studied here. we therefore investigated skin-test responses to pollen extracts of 12 varieties of palm and 9 of pecan in 705 allergic patients living in 3 cities and 19 rural settlements. sensitivity to the p ...19948194783
ethyl formate fumigation of dry and semidry date fruits: experimental kinetics, modeling, and lethal effect on carob moth.ethyl formate (ef) was studied as a fumigant agent with the objective to replace methyl bromide (mb) for date fruit disinfestations. date fruits phoenix dactylifera 'deglet nour' with different initial moisture content (16% for dry dates, 20% for semidry dates, and a mixture of the two types) were separately fumigated with ef at different concentrations: 28.6, 57.3, 85.9, and 114.6 g/m3 for 2 h. experimental data of ef sorption during fumigation was successfully fitted to peleg's model. this mod ...201526470221
evaluation of bunch protectors for preventing insect infestation and preserving yield and fruit quality of dates, phoenix dactylifera experiments comparing conventional date paper wraps with polyester mesh bags, date bunches enclosed in polyester mesh bags had lower insect infestations than dates covered by paper wraps. carob moth, ectomyelois ceratoniae (zeller), infestations of marketable fruit were significantly lower for mesh bags (0.6-3.1%) compared with paper wraps (8.5-15.5%). other fruit pests [raisin moth, cadra figulilella (gregson), and beetles in the family nitidulidae] were less common than carob moth, and infe ...201526470176
development of a binomial sampling plan for the carob moth (lepidoptera: pyralidae), a pest of california dates.the seasonal density fluctuations of the carob moth, ectomyelois ceratoniae (zeller) (lepidoptera: pyralidae), were determined in a commercial date, phoenix dactylifera l. garden. four fruit categories (axil, ground, abscised green, and abscised brown) were sampled, and two carob moth life stages, eggs and immatures (larvae and pupae combined), were evaluated on these fruits. based on the relative consistency of these eight sampling units (four fruit categories and two carob moth stages), four w ...201020857763
effect of center cut strand thinning on fruit abscission and ectomyelois ceratoniae (lepidoptera: pyralidae) infestation in california date gardens.the carob moth, ectomyelois ceratoniae (zeller), infests different date, phoenix dactylifera l., fruit stages during the summer months in southern california. abscised fruit in the kimri stage become heavily infested when they get stuck in tight date bunches and do not fall to the ground. previous work on date palm horticulture found that the percentage of fruit abscission could be reduced by thinning fruit out of the bunch. our objective in this study was to determine whether center cut strand ...200919610407
influence of host plant stages on carob moth (lepidoptera: pyralidae) development and fitness.different generations of the carob moth, ectomyelois ceratoniae (zeller), use different date, phoenix dactylifera l., fruit stages as they become available during the summer months in southern california. these are the kimri, khalal, and tamar fruit stages. this study was conducted to determine whether carob moth development and fitness were affected by these different fruit stages. developmental time from neonate larvae to adult, when reared at 31.9 degrees c and 82.1% rh, ranged from 30.5 to 3 ...200818419930
cold tolerance of the mediterranean fruit fly in date and mandarin.the mediterranean fruit fly, ceratitis capitata (wiedemann), is an endemic pest in israel and there can be low levels of infestation of dates (phoenix dactylifera l.). because c. capitata is considered a quarantine pest by several major importing countries, the export of fresh dates requires the elimination of this pest. for mandarin, cold storage at 1.11°c for 15 d is considered to be an effective treatment for the elimination of c. capitata. in this study, we compared the cold tolerance of c. ...201426309262
african palm ethno-medicine.this study is the first to demonstrate the breadth and patterns of the medicinal applications of african palms. it sheds light on species with the potential to provide new therapeutic agents for use in biomedicine; and links the gap between traditional use of palms and pharmacological evaluation for the beneficial effects of palm products on human health. last but not least, the study provides recommendations for the areas that should be targeted in future ethno-botanical surveys.201525749399
454-pyrosequencing reveals variable fungal diversity across farming systems.oasis farming system is common in some parts of the world, especially in the arabian peninsula and several african countries. in oman, the farming system in the majority of farms follows a semi-oasis farming (sof) system, which is characterized by growing multiple crops mainly for home consumption, but also for local market. this study was conducted to investigate fungal diversity using pyrosequencing approach in soils from a farm utilizing a sof system which is cultivated with date palms, acid ...201627014331
recent progress for the utilization of curcuma longa, piper nigrum and phoenix dactylifera seeds against type 2 diabetes.diabetes mellitus is an important human disease afflicting many from various walks of life in different countries. even though modern medicines contribute a variety of effective treatment options, they can have several unfavourable effects. the intention of this review is to organize and discuss various studies that have been previously conducted on the effectiveness of these herbal plants in diabetes.201627399905
effects of date palm fruit extracts on skin mucosal immunity, immune related genes expression and growth performance of common carp (cyprinus carpio) fry.the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of date palm fruit extracts (dpfe) on skin mucosal immunity, immune related genes expression and growth performance of fry common carp (cyprinus carpio). one hundred and twenty specimens (4.06 ± 0.13 g) were supplied and allocated into six aquaria; specimens in three aquaria were fed non-supplemented diet (control) while the fish in the other 3 aquaria were fed with dpfe at 200 ml kg(-1). at the end of feeding trial (8 weeks) skin mucus immune ...201526439417
impact of date palm fruits extracts and probiotic enriched diet on antioxidant status, innate immune response and immune-related gene expression of european seabass (dicentrarchus labrax).the application of additives in the diet as plants or extracts of plants as natural and innocuous compounds has potential in aquaculture as an alternative to antibiotics and immunoprophylactics. the aim of the current study was to evaluate the potential effects of dietary supplementation of date palm fruit extracts alone or in combination with pdp11 probiotic on serum antioxidant status, on the humoral and cellular innate immune status, as well as, on the expression levels of some immune-related ...201627033470
genome-wide identification and transferability of microsatellite markers between palmae species.the palmae family contains 202 genera and approximately 2800 species. except for elaeis guineensis and phoenix dactylifera, almost no genetic and genomic information is available for palmae species. therefore, this is an obstacle to the conservation and genetic assessment of palmae species, especially those that are currently endangered. the study was performed to develop a large number of microsatellite markers which can be used for genetic analysis in different palmae species. based on the ass ...201627826307
characterization of the chloroplast genome sequence of oil palm (elaeis guineensis jacq.).oil palm (elaeis guineensis jacq.) is an economically important crop, which is grown for oil production. to better understand the molecular basis of oil palm chloroplasts, we characterized the complete chloroplast (cp) genome sequence obtained from 454 pyrosequencing. the oil palm cp genome is 156,973 bp in length consisting of a large single-copy region of 85,192 bp flanked on each side by inverted repeats of 27,071 bp with a small single-copy region of 17,639 bp joining the repeats. the genome ...201222487870
physico-chemical characteristics and fungal profile of four saudi fresh date (phoenix dactylifera l.) cultivars.physico-chemical and microbial analyses of four commercial fresh date cultivars (sukari, barhi, khalas and rothana) grown in saudi arabia were evaluated. colorimetric assay indicated that sukari had the highest total sugar content of 13.21g/100gfw while the lowest was in rothana with 7.96g/100gfw. total phenolic content (tpc) ranged from 76.74 to 122.20mggae/100gfw in barhi and rothana respectively, whereas antioxidant activity was highest in sukari (105.99μggae/gfw) and lowest in khalas (90.81μ ...201727979253
feasibility study of a cosmetic cream added with aqueous extract and oil from date (phoenix dactylifera l.) fruit seed using experimental design.this article reports on the feasibility study of a cosmetic cream added with aqueous extract and oil from date (phoenix dactylifera l.) fruit seed using experimental design. first, the mixture design was applied to optimize the cosmetic formula. the responses (dependent variables) were the spreadability (ysp) and viscosity (yvis), the factors (independent variables) being the weight proportions of the fatty phase (x1), the aqueous date seed extract (x2), and the beeswax (x3). second, the cosmeti ...201627125011
comparative susceptibilities of different life stages of the red palm weevil (coleoptera: curculionidae) treated by entomopathogenic nematodes.the red palm weevil, rhynocophorus ferrugineus (olivier) (coleoptera: curculionidae) has become the most important pest of the date palm trees in the world. it has been reported in the kingdom of saudi arabia since 1987 and in egypt since 1992. studies were conducted to compare preferences among red palm weevil life stages for infection by 12 entomopathogenic nematodes (epns), under no choice and five stage choice experiments, and curative trials by some of epns isolates. all epn isolates proved ...201425195420
interactions between phoretic mites and the arabian rhinoceros beetle, oryctes agamemnon arabicus.oryctes agamemnon arabicus (coleoptera: scarabaeidae) is one of the main pests on date palm trees in the united arab emirates (uae). two mite species were found associated with this beetle: sancassania sp. (acari: astigmata: acaridae) and hypoaspis rhinocerotis oudemans (acari: mesostigmata: laelapidae). sancassania deutonymphs (hypopi) were phoretic on o. a. arabicus adults and larvae. however, they were also necromenic, because once the host dies they feed on its carcass. the highest deutonymp ...201223448160
identifying and controlling contamination of date palm tissue cultures.fungal and bacterial contaminations are major problems facing in vitro date palm (phoenix dactylifera l.) proliferation. to overcome this problem, we must first identify the fungal (e.g., alternaria sp., aspergillus niger, penicillium sp.) and bacterial (e.g., pseudomonas sp.) spread in date palm in vitro cultures. incorporating fungicides (e.g., copper oxychloride, vitavax t, and topsin m) or antibiotics (e.g., streptomycin, banocin, and bencid d) at 500 mg/l in medium significantly reduces the ...201728755344
characterization and determination of lignin in different types of iraqi phoenix date palm pruning woods.this study aimed to find analytical data base for iraqi phoenix date palm pruning woods, which produced by pruning process at the season of date palm production. lignin has been extracted and purified for five types of iraqi date palm using klason lignin method. the weight of the extracted lignin ranged from 0.410 g to 0.720 g, and the lignin % ranged from 17.6 to 36. the other ingredients (waxes, oils, resin, and proteins of wood gums) % ranged from 20 to 29.5. ft-ir characterization showed tha ...201323811162
transient gus gene expression in date palm fruit using agroinjection transformation technique.transient expression of foreign genes in plant tissue is a valuable tool for testing the efficacy of transformation methods. in this work, we present, for the first time, the utilization of agroinjection as an efficient transformation system for gene delivery in date palm fruit. the research utilized agrobacterium tumefaciens strain lba4404 harboring the binary vector pri201-an-gus carrying the beta-glucuronidase (gus) gene, under the control of a camv 35s and kanamycin (nptii) as an antibiotic ...201728755354
draft genome sequence of the endophytic bacillus aryabhattai strain squ-r12, identified from phoenix dactylifera l. roots.bacillus aryabhattai strain squ-r12 was isolated from date palm seedlings, where it showed a growth-promoting capacity by being able to synthesize indole-3-acetic acid phytohormone and reduce ethylene biosynthesis by producing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid deaminase. the draft genome sequence of this strain is reported here.201728798173
studies on chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of bioactive molecules from date palm (phoenixdactylifera l.) pollens and seeds.natural resources have been the crucial origin of chemical elements. they have been used in many traditions as alternative medicines. the chemical profiling of some plant extracts and essential oils related to different plants were followed to unveil their most active components. in this paper, phoenix dactilyfera l was selected as a host plant to investigate the composition of different organs with different cultivars.201728480436
mitochondrial molecular markers for resistance to bayoud disease in date palm.bayoud disease, caused by fusarium oxysporum f. sp. albedinis, is a very serious and destructive disease to date palm. screening of date palm germplasm for resistance to bayoud disease is a crucial step to avoid or alleviate the disease consequences. fortunately, it was discovered that there are two mitochondrial plasmid-like dna molecules associated with susceptibility or resistance to bayoud disease. in this chapter, we present a fast, simple, and reliable technique to screen date palm germpla ...201728755230
convergence of humans, bats, trees, and culture in nipah virus transmission, bangladesh.preventing emergence of new zoonotic viruses depends on understanding determinants for human risk. nipah virus (niv) is a lethal zoonotic pathogen that has spilled over from bats into human populations, with limited person-to-person transmission. we examined ecologic and human behavioral drivers of geographic variation for risk of niv infection in bangladesh. we visited 60 villages during 2011-2013 where cases of infection with niv were identified and 147 control villages. we compared case villa ...201728820130
a large-scale behavior change intervention to prevent nipah transmission in bangladesh: components and costs.nipah virus infection (niv) is a bat-borne zoonosis transmitted to humans through consumption of niv-contaminated raw date palm sap in bangladesh. the objective of this analysis was to measure the cost of an niv prevention intervention and estimate the cost of scaling it up to districts where spillover had been identified.201728651646
nipah virus outbreaks in bangladesh: a deadly infectious disease.during 2001-2011, multidisciplinary teams from the institute of epidemiology, disease control and research (iedcr) and international centre for diarrhoeal disease research, bangladesh(icddr,b) identified sporadic cases and 11 outbreaks of nipah encephalitis. three outbreaks were detected through sentinel surveillance; others were identified through event-based surveillance. a total of 196 cases of nipah encephalitis, in outbreaks, clusters and as isolated cases were detected from 20 districts of ...201728612796
date palm tree (phoenix dactylifera l.): natural products and therapeutic options.many plants, including some of the commonly consumed herbs and spices in our daily food, can be safely and effectively used to prevent and/or treat some health concerns. for example, caffeine the active ingredient found in coffee beans (coffea), shows biological activity in the treatment of the central nervous system (cns) disorders, indole-3-carbinol, and 3,3'-diindolylmethane are both broccoli (brassica oleracea) derived phytochemicals with potential anti-cancer activity, and resveratrol, isol ...028588600
monitoring and mass-trapping methodologies using pheromones: the lesser date moth batrachedra amydraula.the lesser date moth (ldm) batrachedra amydraula is a significant pest of date palm fruits. previously, detection and monitoring of the pest was inaccurate due to high costs of sampling with lifting machines. we report a practical system for detection and monitoring of ldm based on pheromone traps and relevant models. dose-response experiments with ldm pheromone traps indicated a 1 mg lure is optimal for monitoring. delta traps with adhesive covering their entire inner surface gave the highest c ...028490389
a survey on chemical constituents and indications of aromatic waters soft drinks (hydrosols) used in persian nutrition culture and folk medicine for neurological disorders and mental persian nutrition culture, drinking aromatic waters (hydrosols, distillate) has a long history as functional beverages or therapeutic remedies. the co-distilled water with essential oils, which contains partial amounts of more water-soluble volatile compounds are diluted and used as beverages. since the solubility of volatile components is different in water, the overall composition, and thus the biological activities of aromatic waters seem to be different from the essential oils they were c ...028633539
green biosynthesis of spherical silver nanoparticles by using date palm (phoenix dactylifera) fruit extract and study of their antibacterial and catalytic this work, we have synthesized spherical silver nanoparticles (ag nps) by a low-cost, rapid, simple and ecofriendly approach using date palm fruit extract as a novel natural reducing and stabilizing agent. the product was characterized by uv-visible spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction (xrd), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ftir), field emission scanning electron microscopy (fesem), transmission electron microscopy (tem), atomic force microscopy (afm), energy-dispersive x-ray (edx) spectr ...028380222
impacts of human-related practices on ommatissus lybicus infestations of date palm in palm cultivation is economically important in the sultanate of oman, with significant financial investments coming from both the government and private individuals. however, a widespread dubas bug (db) (ommatissus lybicus bergevin) infestation has impacted regions including the middle east, north africa, southeast russia, and spain, resulting in widespread damages to date palms. in this study, techniques in spatial statistics including ordinary least squares (ols), geographically weighted r ...028166300
extraction, partial purification and characterization of amylase from parthenocarpic date (phoenix dactylifera): effect on cake quality.phoenix dactylifera l. plays an important role in social, economic and ecological tunisian sectors. some date palms produce parthenocarpic fruit named sish. the objective of the present study was to extract biomolecules from parthenocarpic fruit by producing value-added products from the fruits.028070892
date fruits-assisted synthesis and biocompatibility assessment of nickel oxide nanoparticles anchored onto graphene sheets for biomedical applications.nanographene- and graphene-based nanohybrids have garnered attention in the biomedical community owing to their biocompatibility, excellent aqueous processability, ease of cellular uptake, facile surface functionalization, and thermal and electrical conductivities. nio nanoparticle-graphene nanohybrid (g-nio) was synthesized by first depositing ni(oh)2 onto the surface of graphene oxide (go) sheets. the ni(oh)2-go hybrids were then reduced to g-nio using date palm syrup at 85 °c. the prepared g- ...027778152
beneficial effects of date palm fruits on neurodegenerative diseases. 027630684
qualitative and quantitative spectro-chemical analysis of dates using uv-pulsed laser induced breakdown spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (libs) is demonstrated for the spectral analysis of nutritional and toxic elements present in several varieties of date fruit samples available in the saudi arabia market. the method analyzes the optical emission of a test sample when subjected to pulsed laser ablation. in this demonstration, our primary focus is on calcium (ca) and magnesium (mg), as nutritional elements, and on chromium (cr), as a toxic element. the local thermodynamic equilibrium (lte) con ...027216665
anti hyperlipidemic and hepatoprotective effects of native date fruit variety "aseel" (phoenix dactylifera).diet rich in saturated fats and sugars have been associated with obesity, insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia and fatty liver disease. especially high serum lipid levels are directly connected to the progression of cardiovascular disorders, which are the leading cause of death all over the world. date palm fruit (phoenix dactylifera) is known for numerous health benefits however little information is available about in vivo clinical and preclinical benefits, hence antihyperlipidemic and hepatopro ...028375109
unique arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities uncovered in date palm plantations and surrounding desert habitats of southern arabia.the main objective of this study was to shed light on the previously unknown arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (amf) communities in southern arabia. we explored amf communities in two date palm (phoenix dactylifera) plantations and the natural vegetation of their surrounding arid habitats. the plantations were managed traditionally in an oasis and according to conventional guidelines at an experimental station. based on spore morphotyping, the amf communities under the date palms appeared to be quit ...201120571833
comparative study of mycorrhizal susceptibility and anatomy of four palm species.a morphological and anatomical study of the root systems of the palm species brahea armata s. watson, chamaerops humilis l., phoenix canariensis chabaud and phoenix dactylifera l. has been carried out to determine possible mycorrhizal colonization sites. furthermore, the arbuscular mycorrhizal (am) anatomical types formed by the four palm species in association with glomus mosseae (nicol. & gerd.) gerdemann & trappe have been examined. the presence of a continuous sclerenchymatic ring in the out ...201019662440
cultivation of oyster mushroom pleurotus ostreatus on date-palm leaves mixed with other agro-wastes in saudi arabia.promoting the use of agricultural waste is one of the newly prepared water and environment friendly agriculture strategies in the kingdom of saudi arabia (ksa). the objective of this research was to study the efficiency of cultivating oyster mushroom (pleurotus ostreatus) on date palm wastes mixed with other agricultural wastes available in ksa. four agricultural wastes were mixed with date palm leaves at different ratios, with two supplements and three spawn rates were used. wheat straw mixed w ...201425473372
report - screening of the anti-hyperglycemic activity of some medicinal plants of jordan.diabetes represents a group of common diseases that are characterized by dysregulation of blood glucose levels. plants are traditionally used for management of diseases including diabetes. in this study, we screened the anti-diabetic effect of extracts of 21 plants grown in jordan. extracts of plants were screened for their antihyperglycemic activity. diabetes was induced in sprague dawley rats using alloxan. plant extracts were dosed at 1gm/kg. blood glucose was measured at baseline and at ever ...201728653938
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