sequential development of buddenbrockia plumatellae (myxozoa: malacosporea) within plumatella repens (bryozoa: phylactolaemata).colonies of the freshwater bryozoan plumatella repens collected from a river in the uk were found to be infected with the myxozoan parasite buddenbrockia plumatellae following laboratory maintenance. optimisation of the bryozoan diet allowed maintenance of infected colonies for 90 d, permitting observation by light and electron microscopy of the sequential parasitic developmental cycle. parasite stages were associated with host peritoneum, identifying the primary developmental phase. the associa ...200617260835
freshwater and brackish bryozoan species of croatia (bryozoa: gymnolaemata, phylactolaemata) and their genetic identification.freshwater and brackish species of bryozoans belong to the phylactolaemata and gymnolaemata class. twelve species of bryozoans were recorded and morphologically determined at eight locations in the black sea and the adriatic basin in croatia. twelve species of bryozoa have been listed in the taxonomic index for croatia (conopeum seurati, lophopus crystallinus paludicella articulata, cristatella mucedo, fredericella sultana, hyalinella punctata, plumatella casmiana, plumatella emarginata, plumate ...201526624355
comparative morphology of the nervous system in three phylactolaemate bryozoans.though some elements of the bryozoan nervous system were discovered 180 years ago, few studies of their neuromorphology have been undertaken since that time. as a result the general picture of the bryozoan nervous system structure is incomplete in respect of details and fragmentary in respect of taxonomic coverage.201526464575
sacculogenesis of buddenbrockia plumatellae (myxozoa) within the invertebrate host plumatella repens (bryozoa) with comments on the evolutionary relationships of the myxozoa.members of the phylum myxozoa are obligate parasites, primarily of aquatic organisms. their phylogeny has remained problematic, with studies placing them within either the bilateria or cnidaria. the discovery that the enigmatic buddenbrockia plumatellae is a myxozoan that possesses distinct bilaterian features appeared to have finally resolved the debate. b. plumatellae is described as a triploblastic 'worm-like' organism, within which typical myxozoan malacospores form. using em we examined the ...200717434518
experimental transmission of malacosporean parasites from bryozoans to common carp ( cyprinus carpio) and minnow ( phoxinus phoxinus).to address whether a fish host is involved in the life cycles of malacosporeans of the genus buddenbrockia, cohabitation experiments with different bryozoan and fish species were conducted. samples were analysed by malacosporean-specific pcr, partial sequencing of the 18s rdna, and light and electron microscopy. co-habitation challenges with bryozoans resulted in malacosporean infections detected mainly in the kidney of common carp (cyprinus carpio) and minnow (phoxinus phoxinus). sequences of t ...201019849888
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