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molecular and morphological diversity in locally grown non-commercial (heirloom) mango varieties of north india.mango (mangifera indica l.) has been cultivated and conserved in different agro-ecologies including malihabad region in northern part of india, that is well known for housing diverse types (heirloom and commercial varieties). in the present study, 37 mango types comprising of 27 heirloom varieties from malihabad region and 10 commercial varieties grown in north and eastern india were assessed for morphological attributes and molecular diversity. the employed ssr markers amplified 2-13 alleles in ...201627097441
single nucleotide polymorphism analysis reveals heterogeneity within a seedling tree population of a polyembryonic mango cultivar.within a polyembryonic mango seedling tree population, the genetic background of individuals should be identical because vigorous plants for cultivation are expected to develop from nucellar embryos representing maternal clones. due to the fact that the mango cultivar 'hôi' is assigned to the polyembryonic ecotype, an intra-cultivar variability of ethylene receptor genes was unexpected. ethylene receptors in plants are conserved, but the number of receptors or receptor isoforms is variable regar ...201627093244
mangiferin: a promising anticancer bioactive.of late, several biologically active antioxidants from natural products have been investigated by the researchers in order to combat the root cause of carcinogenesis, in other words, oxidative stress. mangiferin, a therapeutically active c-glucosylated xanthone, is extracted from pulp, peel, seed, bark and leaf of mangifera indica. these polyphenols of mangiferin exhibit antioxidant properties and tend to decrease the oxygen-free radicals, thereby reducing the dna damage. indeed, its capability ...201627088726
a possible centre of diversity in south east asia for the tree pathogen, ceratocystis manginecans.the fungal pathogen, ceratocystis manginecans, has caused serious canker and wilt disease on mangifera indica (mango), on legume tree species in oman and pakistan and on acacia spp. in indonesia. a ceratocystis species, with similar morphology to c. manginecans, has recently been reported in vietnam, causing severe disease of acacia trees. previous population genetic studies on isolates from m. indica in oman and pakistan have shown that the pathogen represents a single clonal haplotype, indicat ...201627016374
effect of guar and xanthan gums on functional properties of mango (mangifera indica) kernel starch.the effects of different concentrations of guar and xanthan gums on functional properties of mango kernel starch (mks) were studied. both guar and xanthan gum enhanced the water absorption of mks. the addition of xanthan gum appeared to reduce the sp (swelling power) and solubility at higher temperatures while guar gum significantly enhanced the sp as well as solubility of mks. the addition of both gums produced a reinforcing effect on peak viscosity of mks as compared to control. pasting temper ...201627608547
co-pigmentation of pelargonidin derivatives in strawberry and red radish model solutions by the addition of phenolic fractions from mango peels.pelargonidin-based colors suffer from notorious instability. a phenolic mango peel extract and defined phenolic fractions thereof were shown to effectively modulate the visible absorption of anthocyanins from strawberry (fragaria x ananassa duch.) and red radish (raphanus sativus l.) by intermolecular co-pigmentation. consistently, non-acylated pelargonidin derivatives from strawberry exerted significantly greater hyper- and bathochromic spectral shifts than their acylated counterparts from red ...201627451227
composition by lc-ms/ms of new carotenoid esters in mango and citrus.interest in the composition of carotenoid esters of fruits is growing because esterification may affect their bioavailability. thus, the aim was to provide a detailed identification of carotenoid esters in citrus and mango. orange cv. 'valencia' and cv. 'pera' presented 9 free carotenoids, 38 monoesters, and 60 diesters. violaxanthin and luteoxanthin derivatives were the major ones, followed by antheraxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, and zeinoxanthin esters, many of them reported fo ...201627712060
spatial variance of physicochemical properties within mangos and the effect of initial ripeness stage on the quality of fresh-cut mangos.this study aimed to assess the spatial variation in physicochemical properties within individual mangos, as well as to investigate the influence of initial ripeness level on physicochemical characteristics of fresh-cut mangos. individual mangos were evaluated at 12 specific flesh positions in the inner and outer sides. mango cubes of 1.5 cm prepared from three firmness stages were monitored for changes during 9 days of storage at 5 °c.201626699838
optimisation of gellan gum edible coating for ready-to-eat mango (mangifera indica l.) bars.the optimisation of an edible coating based on low acyl (l)/high acyl (h) gellan gum for ready-to-eat mango bars was performed through a central composite rotatable design (ccrd). the independent variables were the concentration of gellan (l/h90/10) and the concentration of ca(2+) in the coating solution, as well as the storage time after coating application. the response variables studied were the coating thickness, mango bars firmness, syneresis, and colour alterations. gellan concentration wa ...201626657585
urinary metabolites from mango (mangifera indica l. cv. keitt) galloyl derivatives and in vitro hydrolysis of gallotannins in physiological conditions.the absorption, metabolism, and excretion of mango galloyl derivatives (gd) has not yet been investigated in humans, and studies investigating repeated dosages of polyphenols are limited.201626640139
the anti-inflammatory activity of standard aqueous stem bark extract of mangifera indica l. as evident in inhibition of group ia spla2.the standard aqueous stem bark extract is consumed as herbal drink and used in the pharmaceutical formulations to treat patients suffering from various disease conditions in cuba. this study was carried out to evaluate the modulatory effect of standard aqueous bark extract of m. indica on group ia spla2. m. indica extract, dose dependently inhibited the gia spla2 (nn-xia-pla2) activity with an ic50 value 8.1 µg/ml. m. indica extract effectively inhibited the indirect hemolytic activity up to 98% ...201626959323
mangiferin protect myocardial insults through modulation of mapk/tgf-β pathways.mangiferin, a xanthone glycoside isolated from leaves of mangifera indica (anacardiaceae) is known to modulate many biological targets in inflammation and oxidative stress. the present study was designed to investigate whether mangiferin exerts protection against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (ir) injury and possible role of mitogen activated protein kinase (mapks) and transforming growth factor-β (tgf-β) pathways in its cardioprotection. male albino wistar rats were treated with mangiferin (4 ...201626921754
enzymatic synthesis of acylphloroglucinol 3-c-glucosides from 2-o-glucosides using a c-glycosyltransferase from mangifera indica.a green and cost-effective process for the convenient synthesis of acylphloroglucinol 3-c-glucosides from 2-o-glucosides was exploited using a novel c-glycosyltransferase (micgtb) from mangifera indica. compared with previously characterized cgts, micgtb exhibited unique de-o-glucosylation promiscuity and high regioselectivity toward structurally diverse 2-o-glucosides of acylphloroglucinol and achieved high yields of c-glucosides even with a catalytic amount of uridine 5'-diphosphate (udp). the ...201626918309
kinetics and quality of microwave-assisted drying of mango (mangifera indica).the effect of microwave-assisted convective air-drying on the drying kinetics and quality of mango was evaluated. both microwave power and pretreatment time were significant factors but the effect of power was more profound. increase in microwave power and pretreatment time had a positive effect on drying time. the nonenzymatic browning index of the fresh samples increased from 0.29 to 0.60 while the ascorbic acid content decreased with increase in microwave power and time from 3.84 mg/100g to 1 ...201626904667
dissipation kinetics and risk assessment of thiamethoxam and dimethoate in mango.thiamethoxam and dimethoate are two insecticides used to control hoppers and inflorescence midges in mango. thiamethoxam (0.008 and 0.016%) and dimethoate (0.06 and 0.12%) were sprayed on dashehari mango trees during the pre-mature stage of fruit (first week of may) to study their dissipation kinetics and risk assessment in mango fruit. thiamethoxam dissipated in fruit from 1.93 and 3.71 mg kg(-1) after 2 h of spraying to 0.08 and 0.13 mg kg(-1) after 20 days of spraying at single and double dos ...201626879986
in vitro anticancer potential of baco3 nanoparticles synthesized via green route.green synthesis of nanoparticles is a growing research area because of their potential applications in nanomedicine. barium carbonate nanoparticles (baco3 nps) were synthesized using an aqueous extract of mangifera indica seed as a reducing agent. these particles were characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ft-ir), x-ray diffraction (xrd), transmission electron microscopy (tem), selected area electron diffraction (saed), energy-dispersive-x-ray (edx) and x-ray photoelectron spe ...201626803273
molecular cloning and characterization of o-methyltransferase from mango fruit (mangifera indica cv. alphonso).flavour of ripe alphonso mango is invariably dominated by the de novo appearance of lactones and furanones during ripening. of these, furanones comprising furaneol (4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-3(2h)-furanone) and mesifuran (2,5-dimethyl-4-methoxy-3(2h)-furanone) are of particular importance due to their sweet, fruity caramel-like flavour characters and low odour detection thresholds. we isolated a 1056 bp complete open reading frame of a cdna encoding s-adenosyl-l-methionine-dependent o-methyltransfe ...201627039187
comparison of anti-inflammatory mechanisms of mango (mangifera indica l.) and pomegranate (punica granatum l.) in a preclinical model of colitis.tannin-rich fruits have been evaluated as alternative prevention strategies for colorectal cancer based on their anti-inflammatory properties. this study compared tannin-rich preparations from mango (rich in gallotannins) and pomegranate (rich in ellagitannins) in the dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis model.201627028006
chemical profile of mango (mangifera indica l.) using electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (esi-ms).mangifera indica l., mango fruit, is consumed as a dietary supplement with purported health benefits; it is widely used in the food industry. herein, the chemical profile of the ubá mango at four distinct maturation stages was evaluated during the process of growth and maturity using negative-ion mode electrospray ionisation fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (esi(-)ft-icr ms) and physicochemical characterisation analysis (total titratable acidity (ta), total soluble sol ...201626988473
factors affecting ethylene and carbon dioxide concentrations during ripening: incidence on final dry matter, total soluble solids content and acidity of mango fruit.ripening of climacteric fruits is associated with pronounced changes in fruit gas composition caused by a concomitant rise in respiration and ethylene production. there is a discrepancy in the literature since some authors reported that changes in fruit gas compositions differ in attached and detached fruits. this study presents for the first time an overview of pre- and post-harvest factors that lead to variations in the climacteric respiration and ethylene production, and attempts to determine ...201627085177
development of a sensitive molecular detection assay for mango malformation disease caused by fusarium mangiferae.to develop a sensitive and specific molecular assay for detection of mango malformation disease (mmd), which is caused primarily by fusarium mangiferae.201626906344
molecular cloning, characterization, and expression of misoc1: a homolog of the flowering gene suppressor of overexpression of constans1 from mango (mangifera indica l).mads-box transcription factor plays a crucial role in plant development, especially controlling the formation and development of floral organs. mango (mangifera indica l) is an economically important fruit crop, but its molecular control of flowering is largely unknown. to better understand the molecular basis of flowering regulation in mango, we isolated and characterized the misoc1, a putative mango orthologs for the arabidopsis suppressor of overexpression of constans1/agamous-like 20 (soc1/a ...201627965680
production of auroxanthins from violaxanthin and 9-cis-violaxanthin by acidic treatment and the antioxidant activities of violaxanthin, 9-cis-violaxanthin, and auroxanthins.violaxanthin and 9-cis-violaxanthin (major epoxycarotenoids in fruit) were prepared from mango fruit, purified, and converted to other carotenoids under acidic conditions. the resulting carotenoid structures were then analyzed in detail. not only violaxanthin but also 9-cis-violaxanthin were found to be converted to (8s,8's)-, (8s,8'r)-, and (8r,8'r)-auroxanthin at an approximate ratio of 4:6:1. antioxidant activities of violaxanthin, 9-cis-violaxanthin, (8s,8's)-auroxanthin, and (8s,8'r)-auroxa ...201627960276
antihepatotoxic efficacy of mangifera indica l. polysaccharides against cyclophosphamide in rats.the present study aims to evaluate the possible protective role of polysaccharides extracted from the egyptian mango mangifera indica l. (mps) and/or silymarine against cyclophosphamide (cp) toxicity in male albino rats. the mps and/or silymarin significantly decreased the activities of serum asat and alat. however, mps (1000 mg/kg) normalized their activities towards the normal levels recording 28.75 and 78.75 u/ml respectively. the recorded data also showed the antioxidant effect of mps by dec ...201626615121
data on changes in the fatty acid composition during fruit development and ripening of three mango cultivars (alphonso, pairi and kent) varying in lactone content.data in this article presents fatty acid composition of three mango cultivars; alphonso, pairi and kent through fruit development and ripening. change in the ω-6 and ω-3 fatty acids level during mango fruit development and ripening is depicted. also, data on aroma volatile 'lactones' composition from pulp and skin tissues of these cultivars at their ripe stage, respectively is provided. statistical data is also shown, which correlates modulation in lactone content with that of fatty acid composi ...201627722190
neomangiferin modulates the th17/treg balance and ameliorates colitis in mice.anemarrhena asphodeloides (liliaceae family) and mangifera indica l. (anacardiaceae family) contain neomangiferin as the main active constituent and have been used to treat inflammation, asthma, and pain.201626926174
mangiferin alleviates lipopolysaccharide and d-galactosamine-induced acute liver injury by activating the nrf2 pathway and inhibiting nlrp3 inflammasome activation.mangiferin, a glucosylxanthone from mangifera indica, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effects. however, the protective effects and mechanisms of mangiferin on liver injury remain unclear. this study aimed to determine the protective effects and mechanisms of mangiferin on lipopolysaccharide (lps) and d-galactosamine (d-galn)-induced acute liver injury. mangiferin was given 1h after lps and d-galn treatment. the results showed that mangiferin inhibited the levels of serum alt, ast, il ...201626668000
in vitro studies on mangiferin protection against cadmium-induced human renal endothelial damage and cell death via the map kinase and nf-κb pathways.the therapeutic effects of the natural antioxidant mangiferin (a xanthonoid and potent oxygen free radical scavenger), which is widely distributed in mango fruit, against cdcl(2)-induced toxicity in human renal glomerulus endothelial cells (hrgec) were investigated. the viability of hregcs that were treated with cdcl(2) (25 µ mol) and co-treated with mangiferin (75 µ mol) for 24 h was measured by crystal violet dye. the exposure of human glomerulus renal endothelial cells to cadmium promotes a p ...201625798666
in vitro activation of enos by mangifera indica (careless™) and determination of an effective dosage in a randomized, double-blind, human pilot study on microcirculation.mangifera indica fruit preparation (careless™) activates the evolutionary conserved metabolic sensors sirtuin 1 and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, which have been identified as playing a key role in microcirculation and endothelial function. here, an acute effect of a single dose of 100 mg or 300 mg careless™ on microcirculation was investigated in a randomized, double-blind, crossover pilot study in ten healthy women to determine the effective dosage. microcirculation and end ...201626584454
effect of postharvest ultraviolet-c treatment on the proteome changes in fresh cut mango (mangifera indica l. cv. chokanan).postharvest treatments of fruits using techniques such as ultraviolet-c have been linked with maintenance of the fruit quality as well as shelf-life extension. however, the effects of this treatment on the quality of fruits on a proteomic level remain unclear. this study was conducted in order to understand the response of mango fruit to postharvest uv-c irradiation.201626350493
pollution response score of tree species in relation to ambient air quality in an urban area.multivariate statistical techniques were employed on twelve leaf traits in four selected common tree species (mangifera indica l., polyalthia longifolia sonn., ficus benghalensis l. and psidium guajava l.) to evaluate their responses with respect to major air pollutants in an urban area. discriminant analysis (da) identified chlorophyll/carotenoid ratio, leaf dry matter content, carotenoids, net water content and ascorbic acid as the major discriminating leaf traits, which varied maximally with ...201626508430
a bioactive prodelphinidin from mangifera indica leaf extract.a new trimeric proanthocyanidin, epigallocatechin-3-o-gallat-(4beta-->8)-epigallocatechin-(4beta-->8)-catechin (1), was isolated together with three known flavan-3-ols, catechin (2), epicatechin (3), and epigallocatechin (4), and three dimeric proanthocyanidins, 5-7, from the air-dried leaves of mangifera indica. their chemical structures were determined on the basis of 1d- and 2d-nmr spectra (hsqc, hmbc) of their peracetylated derivatives, maldi-tof-mass spectra, and by acid-catalyzed degradati ...201620653233
mango leaf extract improves central pathology and cognitive impairment in a type 2 diabetes mouse model.epidemiological studies reveal that metabolic disorders, and specifically type 2 diabetes (t2d), are relevant risk factors to develop alzheimer's disease (ad) and vascular dementia (vad), the most common causes of dementia. ad patients are in a tremendous need of new therapeutic options because of the limited success of available treatments. natural polyphenols, and concretely mangifera indica linn extract (mgf), have been reported to have antiinflammatory, antioxidant and antidiabetic activitie ...201727537110
polyphenolics from mango (mangifera indica l.) suppress breast cancer ductal carcinoma in situ proliferation through activation of ampk pathway and suppression of mtor in athymic nude mice.the objective of this study was to assess the underlying mechanisms of mango polyphenol decreased cell proliferation and tumor volume in ductal carcinoma in situ breast cancer. we hypothesized that mango polyphenols suppress signaling along the akt/mtor axis while up-regulating ampk. to test this hypothesis, mango polyphenols (0.8 mg gallic acid equivalents per day) and pyrogallol (0.2 mg/day) were administered for 4 weeks to mice xenografted with mcf10dcis.com cells subcutaneously (n=10 per gro ...201727951515
mango polyphenolics reduce inflammation in intestinal colitis-involvement of the mir-126/pi3k/akt/mtor axis in vitro and in vivo.this study sought to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammatory effect of mango (mangifera indica l.) polyphenolics containing gallic acid and gallotanins, and the role of the mir-126/pi3k/akt/mtor signaling axis in vitro and in vivo. polyphenolics extracted from mango (var. keitt) were investigated in lipopolysaccharide (lps)-treated ccd-18co cells. rats received either a beverage with mango polyphenolics or a control beverage, and were exposed to three cycles of 3% dextran sodiu ...201727061150
metabolite profiling of the ripening of mangoes mangifera indica l. cv. 'tommy atkins' by real-time measurement of volatile organic compounds.real-time profiling of mango ripening based on proton transfer reaction-time of flight-mass spectrometry (ptr-tof-ms) of small molecular weight volatile organic compounds (vocs), is demonstrated using headspace measurements of 'tommy atkins' mangoes. voc metabolites produced during the ripening process were sampled directly, which enabled simultaneous and rapid detection of a wide range of compounds. headspace measurements of 'keitt' mangoes were also conducted for comparison. a principle compon ...201726937226
investigation of cream and ointment on antimicrobial activity of mangifera indica extract.medicinal plants have curative properties due to the presence of various complex chemical substance of different composition, which are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more parts of these plants. mangifera indica linn (mi l.) is a species of mango in the anacardiaceae family. phytoconstituents in the seed extracts may be responsible for the antimicrobial activity of the plant. the purpose of the study was to formulate and evaluate the antimicrobial herbal ointment and cream from e ...201725878974
cholesterol esterase inhibitory activity of bioactives from leaves of mangifera indica l.in the earlier studies, methanolic extract of mangifera indica l leaf was exhibited hypocholesterol activity. however, the bioactive compounds responsible for the same are not reported so far.201726692750
hepatoprotective and antioxidant effect of mangifera indica leaf extracts against mercuric chloride-induced liver toxicity in mice.to explore the antioxidant and hepatoprotective effect of ethanolic mangifera indica (emi) and methanolic mangifera indica (mmi) leaf extracts in mercuric chloride (hgcl2) induced toxicity in swiss albino mice.201729264314
effect of resin ducts and sap content on infestation and development of immature stages of anastrepha obliqua and anastrepha ludens (diptera: tephritidae) in four mango (sapindales: anacardiaceae) cultivars.we determined the influence of resin ducts, sap content, and fruit physicochemical features of four mango cultivars (criollo, manila, ataulfo, and tommy atkins) on their susceptibility to the attack of the two most pestiferous fruit fly species infesting mangoes in mexico: anastrepha ludens (loew) and anastrepha obliqua (macquart). we performed three studies: 1) analysis of resin ducts in mango fruit exocarp to determine the density and area occupied by resin ducts in each mango cultivar, 2) ass ...201728073981
the effects of a modified hot water treatment on anastrepha ludens (diptera: tephritidae)-infested mango.the mexican fruit fly, anastrepha ludens (loew), is a quarantine pest in mango (mangifera indica l.) that can be controlled by using a hot water treatment (hwt). this treatment is normally followed by a 30-min hydrocooling (hyc) process that reduces the negative effects that the treatment has on fruit quality. however, if hot water-treated fruits are immediately immersed in water at 21 °c, the survival rate of third-instar a. ludens may be increased. the current approved treatment protocol state ...201728073977
leaf extracts of mangifera indica l. inhibit quorum sensing - regulated production of virulence factors and biofilm in test bacteria.quorum sensing (qs) is a global gene regulatory mechanism in bacteria for various traits including virulence factors. disabling qs system with anti-infective agent is considered as a potential strategy to prevent bacterial infection. mangifera indica l. (mango) has been shown to possess various biological activities including anti-qs. this study investigates the efficacy of leaf extracts on qs-regulated virulence factors and biofilm formation in gram negative pathogens. mango leaf (ml) extract w ...201728484444
overlap of latent pathogens in the botryosphaeriaceae on a native and agricultural host.some species of the botryosphaeriaceae are capable of infecting a broad range of host plants. we studied the species diversity of botryosphaeriaceae associated with marula (sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra, anacardiaceae) trees in south africa over two seasons, as well as species common to both s. birrea and adjacent mango (mangifera indica, anacardiaceae) trees in a subset of sites. gene flow amongst populations of botryosphaeriaceae shared on these tree species was tested using microsatellite ...201728317542
control of anthracnose caused by colletotrichum species in guava, mango and papaya using synergistic combinations of chitosan and cymbopogon citratus (d.c. ex nees) stapf. essential oil.this study assessed the efficacy of chitosan (chi) and cymbopogon citratus (d.c. ex nees) stapf. essential oil (cceo) combinations to control the mycelial growth of five pathogenic colletotrichum species (c. asianum, c. siamense, c. fructicola, c. tropicale and c. karstii) in vitro, as well as the anthracnose development in guava (psidium guajava l.) cv. paluma, mango (mangifera indica l.) cv. tommy atkins and papaya (carica papaya l.) cv. papaya artificially inoculated with these species. combi ...201729182924
transitions in mesocarp colour of mango fruits kept under variable temperatures.the impact of variable temperatures on mesocarp colour development and physico-chemical changes of mango fruits cv. langra during ripening has been investigated. physiological mature mango fruits were kept in temperature regulated chambers (20 and 25 °c) and at room temperature (29.8-33.6 °c). progress in development of mesocarp colour, β-carotene, sensory quality (sq) and total soluble solids (tss) content of fruits were analysed periodically from 48 to 168 h of ripening period. the progress of ...201729184231
management of fruit species in urban home gardens of argentina atlantic forest as an influence for landscape domestication.home gardens are considered germplasm repositories and places for experimentation, thus they are key sites for the domestication of plants. domestication is considered a constant process that occurs along a continuum from wild to managed to domesticated populations. management may lead to the modification of populations and in other cases to their distribution, changing population structure in a landscape. our objective is focused on the management received in home gardens by perennial species o ...201729033964
antibacterial and antibiotic-modifying activity of methanol extracts from six cameroonian food plants against multidrug-resistant enteric bacteria.the present work was designed to investigate the antibacterial activities of methanol extracts from six cameroonian edible plants and their synergistic effects with some commonly used antibiotics against multidrug-resistant (mdr) gram-negative bacteria expressing active efflux pumps. the extracts were subjected to qualitative phytochemical screening and the microdilution broth method was used for antibacterial assays. the results of phytochemical tests indicate that all tested crude extracts con ...201728904944
on-tree mango fruit size estimation using rgb-d images.in-field mango fruit sizing is useful for estimation of fruit maturation and size distribution, informing the decision to harvest, harvest resourcing (e.g., tray insert sizes), and marketing. in-field machine vision imaging has been used for fruit count, but assessment of fruit size from images also requires estimation of camera-to-fruit distance. low cost examples of three technologies for assessment of camera to fruit distance were assessed: a rgb-d (depth) camera, a stereo vision camera and a ...201729182534
in vitro screening for protein tyrosine phosphatase 1b and dipeptidyl peptidase iv inhibitors from selected nigerian medicinal plants.protein tyrosine phosphatase 1b (ptp 1b) and dipeptidyl peptidase iv (dpp iv) have been identified as one of the drug targets for the treatment of type-2 diabetes. this study was designed to screen for ptp 1b and dpp-iv inhibitors from some nigerian medicinal plants.201728512596
low-dose irradiation with modified atmosphere packaging for mango against the oriental fruit fly (diptera: tephritidae).irradiation is used to disinfest the oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis (hendel) (diptera: tephritidae) and other pests on mango fruits before export from thailand to foreign markets. modified atmosphere packaging (map) used during export of mangoes creates a low-oxygen environment that may reduce the efficacy of quarantine irradiation treatment against b. dorsalis. 'nam dok mai' mangoes infested with third-instar larvae of b. dorsalis, wrapped with three different kinds of map bags (cf1, f ...201729294024
the attractiveness of the gravid aedes trap to dengue vectors in fiji.the gravid aedes trap (gat) is a passive trap that relies on visual and olfactory cues to lure and capture gravid mosquitoes. the gat was designed as a dengue vector surveillance tool for use in conditions where power sources are not readily available. experiments were conducted over a 10-d period in fiji to determine which species of mosquitoes the gat would collect, how different infusion types affect the attractiveness of the trap, how long each infusion type took to begin attracting mosquito ...201729244174
characterization and pathogenicity of fusarium species associated with leaf spot of mango (mangifera indica l.).leaf spot diseases are mainly caused by fungi including fusarium. in the present study several species of fusarium were isolated from the leaf spot lesion of mango (mangifera indica l.) based on morphological characteristics, tef-1α sequences and phylogenetic analysis, five species were identified as f. proliferatum, f. semitectum, f. mangiferae, f. solani and f. chlamydosporum. pathogenicity test indicated that representative isolates of f. proliferatum, f. semitectum and f. chlamydosporum were ...201729233777
tree age affects physico-chemical, functional quality and storability of amrapali mango (mangifera indica l.) fruits.the effect of tree age on physicochemical quality attributes and storage behaviour of stored amrapali mango fruit was evaluated. physiologically mature fruits were harvested from 6, 18 and 30 years old trees and kept for ripening under ambient condition (temperature 35 ± 3 °c, relative humidity 60 ± 5 %). observations were recorded at three days interval.201729230820
native yeasts for alternative utilization of overripe mango pulp for ethanol production.mango fruits (mangifera indica l.) are highly perishable, causing postharvest losses and producing agroindustrial waste. in the present work, native yeasts were used to evaluate ethanol production in overripe mango pulp. the two isolated strains showed similar sequences in the 18s rdna region corresponding to kluyveromyces marxianus, being different to the data reported in the ncbi database. values of up to 5% ethanol (w/v) were obtained at the end of fermentation, showing a productivity of 4g/l ...201729162302
misnpdb: a web-based genomic resources of tropical ecology fruit mango (mangifera indica l.) for phylogeography and varietal differentiation.mango is one of the most important fruits of tropical ecological region of the world, well known for its nutritive value, aroma and taste. its world production is >45mt worth >200 billion us dollars. genomic resources are required for improvement in productivity and management of mango germplasm. there is no web-based genomic resources available for mango. hence rapid and cost-effective high throughput putative marker discovery is required to develop such resources. rad-based marker discovery ca ...201729097776
influence of 1-mcp on texture, related enzymes, quality and their relative gene expression in 'amrapali' mango (mangifera indica l.) fruits.the mango fruits remain biologically active even after harvest as they continue respiration, transpiration and other bio-chemical processes. being highly perishable, the fruit quality deteriorates fast under ambient conditions (30 ± 5 °c and 50 ± 5% rh), rendering them unmarketable within 5-6 days. in order to extend the shelf-life of 'amrapali' mango fruits, we have treated them with three different concentrations (500, 750 and 1000 ppb) of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-mcp) @ 20 °c and stored at amb ...201729085148
tocopherol levels in different mango varieties correlate with mihppd expression and its over-expression elevates tocopherols in transgenic arabidopsis and tomato.mango fruit tocopherol levels vary in different varieties during ripening. this study shows that tocopherol accumulation is highly correlated with its p-hydroxyphenyl pyruvate dioxygenase (mihppd) gene expression during ripening. mihppd transcript is ethylene induced and differentially expressed in four mango varieties used in this study. higher/lower accumulation of tocopherol (mainly α-tocopherol) was achieved by heterologous expression of mihppd in arabidopsis and tomato. the results suggest ...201729062673
comparative evaluation of mangifera indica leaf mouthwash with chlorhexidine on plaque accumulation, gingival inflammation, and salivary streptococcal growth.this study aims to compare the efficacy of a mango (mangifera indica) leaf mouthwash with chlorhexidine on plaque status, gingival status, and salivary streptococcus mutans count.201728611324
obliteration of bacterial growth and biofilm through ros generation by facilely synthesized green silver nanoparticles.mangifera indica inflorescence aqueous extract was utilized for production of green agnps. synthesized agnps were characterized by uv-vis spectrophotometry, xrd, tem, fesem and particles size analyzer. agnps showed minimum inhibitory concentrations (mics) of 8 μg ml-1 and 16 μg ml-1 for gram negative (k. pneumoniae, p. aeruginosa and e. coli) and gram positive (s. mutans and s. aureus) strains, respectively which was relatively quite low compared to chemically synthesized silver nanoparticles. a ...201728771501
green synthesis and characterization of ag nanoparticles from mangifera indica leaves for dental restoration and antibacterial applications.green synthesis has gained a wide recognition as clean synthesis technique in the recent years. in the present investigation, silver nanoparticles were prepared by a novel green synthesis technique using mangifera indica (mango leaves) and found to be successfully used in dental applications. the prepared samples were spectroscopically characterized by xrd, psa, sem with eds, and uv-vis spectroscopy. the crystalline size and lattice strain were analyzed from the xrd data which were counter-verif ...201728470622
development of a high-resolution multi-locus microsatellite typing method for colletotrichum gloeosporioides.colletotrichum gloeosporioides is an economically important fungal pathogen causing substantial yield losses indifferent host plants. to understand the genetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of this fungus, we have developed a novel, high-resolution multi-locus microsatellite typing (mlmt) method. bioinformatic analysis of c. gloeosporioides unannotated genome sequence yielded eight potential microsatellite loci, of which five, cg1 (gt)n, cg2 (gt1)n, cg3 (tc)n, cg4 (ct)n, and cg5 (ct1)n we ...201729371809
low-temperature conditioning induces chilling tolerance in stored mango fruit.in this study, mango fruit were pre-treated with low-temperature conditioning (ltc) at 12°c for 24h, followed by refrigeration at 5°c for 25days before removal to ambient temperature (25°c) to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of ltc on chilling injury (ci). the results showed that ltc effectively suppressed the development of ci in mango fruit, accelerated softening, and increased the soluble solids and proline content. furthermore, ltc reduced electrolyte leakage, and levels of m ...201727765262
long-term mangiferin extract treatment improves central pathology and cognitive deficits in app/ps1 mice.alzheimer's disease (ad) is the most common cause of dementia; however, available treatments have had limited success. therefore ad patients are in tremendous need of new pharmacological approaches that may delay or slow the progression of the disease. in addition to the classical neuropathological features, immunological and inflammatory processes are also involved in ad pathogenesis. naturally occurring compounds, such as mangifera indica linn (mgf) extracts have previously been shown to signi ...201727443159
chilling stress upregulates α-linolenic acid-oxidation pathway and induces volatiles of c6 and c9 aldehydes in mango fruit.mango-fruit storage period and shelf life are prolonged by cold storage. however, chilling temperature induces physiological and molecular changes, compromising fruit quality. in our previous transcriptomic study of mango fruit, cold storage at suboptimal temperature (5 °c) activated the α-linolenic acid metabolic pathway. to evaluate changes in fruit quality during chilling, we analyzed mango "keitt" fruit peel volatiles. gc-ms analysis revealed significant modulations in fruit volatiles during ...201728075566
stable isotope dilution assay (sida) and hs-spme-gcms quantification of key aroma volatiles for fruit and sap of australian mango cultivars.reported herein is a high throughput method to quantify in a single analysis the key volatiles that contribute to the aroma of commercially significant mango cultivars grown in australia. the method constitutes stable isotope dilution analysis (sida) in conjunction with headspace (hs) solid-phase microextraction (spme) coupled with gas-chromatography mass spectrometry (gcms). deuterium labelled analogues of the target analytes were either purchased commercially or synthesised for use as internal ...201727979249
on the biology of the colombian fluted scale, crypticerya multicicatrices kondo & unruh (hemiptera: monophlebidae).the colombian fluted scale crypticerya multicicatrices kondo & unruh (hemiptera: monophlebidae) is a polyphagous insect pest native to continental colombia and reported on 148 species, mainly palms (arecaceae); mango, mangifera indica (anacardiaceae); and leguminous trees and shrubs (fabaceae). the biology and ecological parameters of c. multicicatrices were investigated using as a host plant caesalpinia pluviosa var. peltophoroides (fabaceae) under two environmental conditions: semifield (max t ...201727975194
mangiferin protects against adverse skeletal muscle changes and enhances muscle oxidative capacity in obese rats.obesity-related skeletal muscle changes include muscle atrophy, slow-to-fast fiber-type transformation, and impaired mitochondrial oxidative capacity. these changes relate with increased risk of insulin resistance. mangiferin, the major component of the plant mangifera indica, is a well-known anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic, and antihyperlipidemic agent. this study tested the hypothesis that mangiferin treatment counteracts obesity-induced fiber atrophy and slow-to-fast fiber transition, and fa ...201728253314
transcriptome analysis of mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit epidermal peel to identify putative cuticle-associated genes.mango fruit (mangifera indica l.) are highly perishable and have a limited shelf life, due to postharvest desiccation and senescence, which limits their global distribution. recent studies of tomato fruit suggest that these traits are influenced by the expression of genes that are associated with cuticle metabolism. however, studies of these phenomena in mango fruit are limited by the lack of genome-scale data. in order to gain insight into the mango cuticle biogenesis and identify putative cuti ...201728425468
mangiferin inhibits hippocampal nlrp3 inflammasome and exerts antidepressant effects in a chronic mild stress mice model.a growing body of evidence suggests that inflammation may contribute toward the development of major depressive disorder. mangiferin, a glucosylxanthone from mangifera indica, exerts a number of biological actions, including anti-inflammatory effects. although mangiferin has potential antidepressant activity, the mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. the present study investigated the effects of mangiferin on behavioral changes and inflammatory responses induced by chronic mild stress (cms) ...201728410265
changes in the nutritional quality of five mangifera species harvested at two maturity stages.there are 69 species of edible mangifera recognized in southeast asia. most of these species have not been characterized for nutritional properties. this paper describes the nutritional quality of the pulp of several mangifera species - mangifera casturi, mangifera lalijiwa, mangifera odorata, mangifera zeylanica and two cultivars of mangifera indica, 'tommy-kent' and 'tommy atkins' - at two maturity stages.201728406526
medicinal plants from northeastern brazil against alzheimer's disease.alzheimer's disease (ad) has been linked with oxidative stress, acetylcholine deficiency in the brain, and inflammatory processes. in the northeast region of brazil, various plants are used to treat several diseases associated with these processes; then an antioxidant test was performed with those plants in a previous work and twelve species with higher antioxidant activity were selected for ache inhibition evaluation. the phenolic compounds content was determined by folin-ciocalteu test and fla ...201728316633
transcriptional sequencing and analysis of major genes involved in the adventitious root formation of mango cotyledon segments.a total of 74,745 unigenes were generated and 1975 degs were identified. candidate genes that may be involved in the adventitious root formation of mango cotyledon segment were revealed. adventitious root formation is a crucial step in plant vegetative propagation, but the molecular mechanism of adventitious root formation remains unclear. adventitious roots formed only at the proximal cut surface (pcs) of mango cotyledon segments, whereas no roots were formed on the opposite, distal cut surface ...201728303391
isolation of four phenolic compounds from mangifera indica l. flowers by using normal phase combined with elution extrusion two-step high speed countercurrent chromatography.two-step high speed countercurrent chromatography method, following normal phase and elution-extrusion mode of operation by using selected solvent systems, was introduced for phenolic compounds separation. phenolic compounds including gallic acid, ethyl gallate, ethyl digallate and ellagic acid were separated from the ethanol extract of mango (mangifera indica l.) flowers for the first time. in the first step, gallic acid of 3.7mg and ethyl gallate of 3.9mg with the purities of 98.87% and 99.55% ...201728199916
effects of mangifera indica (careless) on microcirculation and glucose metabolism in healthy volunteers.a commercial mangifera indica fruit powder (careless) showed beneficial acute effects on microcirculation in a randomized, double-blind, crossover pilot study. here, long-term effects on microcirculation and glucose metabolism were investigated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, 3-arm parallel-design study in healthy individuals. a daily dose of 100 mg or 300 mg of the fruit powder was compared to placebo after supplementation for 4 weeks. microcirculation and endothelial functio ...201728187466
insights into ligand binding to a glutathione s-transferase from mango: structure, thermodynamics and kinetics.we studied a mango glutathione s-transferase (gst) (mangifera indica) bound to glutathione (gsh) and s-hexyl glutathione (gsx). this gst tau class (migstu) had a molecular mass of 25.5 kda. migstu michaelis-menten kinetic constants were determined for their substrates obtaining a km, vmax and kcat for cdnb of 0.792 mm, 80.58 mm min-1 and 68.49 s-1 respectively and 0.693 mm, 105.32 mm min-1 and 89.57 s-1, for reduced gsh respectively. migstu had a micromolar affinity towards gsh (5.2 μm) or gsx ( ...201728104507
rapid development and validation of improved reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method for the quantification of mangiferin, a polyphenol xanthone glycoside in mangifera indica.mangiferin, a polyphenolic xanthone glycoside from mangifera indica, is used as traditional medicine for the treatment of numerous diseases. the present study was aimed to develop and validate a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (rp-hplc) method for the quantification of mangiferin from the bark extract of m. indica. rp-hplc analysis was performed by isocratic elution with a low-pressure gradient using 0.1% formic acid: acetonitrile (87:13) as a mobile phase with a flow rate ...201728539748
anti-obesity effects of tea from mangifera indica l. leaves of the ubá variety in high-fat diet-induced obese rats.due to the high content of bioactive compounds, herbal teas are being investigated as adjuvant in chronic disease management. studies have shown that mango leaf tea contain mangiferin, total phenolics and antioxidants, compounds with many functional properties. therefore, this study aims to evaluate the anti-obesity effects of tea from mangifera indica l. leaves, ubá variety (tml), in obese rats fed a high-fat diet (hfd). for this, adult male wistar rats were divided into three groups (n=8): the ...201728514832
mangiferin protects against ‭intestinal ischemia/reperfusion-induced ‭liver injury: ‬‬involvement of ppar-‭γ, gsk-3β and wnt/β-catenin pathway‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬.mangiferin (mf), a xanthonoid from mangifera indica, possesses anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and potent antioxidant effects; however, its protective effect against mesenteric ischemia/reperfusion (i/r)-induced liver injury has not been fully clarified. the study was designed to assess the possible mechanism of action of mf against mesenteric i/r model.201728506911
genetic map of mango: a tool for mango breeding.mango (mangifera indica) is an economically and nutritionally important tropical/subtropical tree fruit crop. most of the current commercial cultivars are selections rather than the products of breeding programs. to improve the efficiency of mango breeding, molecular markers have been used to create a consensus genetic map that identifies all 20 linkage groups in seven mapping populations. polyembryony is an important mango trait, used for clonal propagation of cultivars and rootstocks. in polye ...201728473837
molecular diversity of pakistani mango (mangifera indica l.) varieties based on microsatellite markers.understanding the genetic diversity of different pakistani mango varieties is important for germplasm management and varietal characterization. microsatellites are efficient and highly polymorphic markers for comparative genome mapping, and were used in the present study to determine the genetic relatedness and variability among 15 indigenous mango cultivars (mangifera indica l.). overall, 181 bands were produced using 12 simple sequence repeat (ssr) primers. out of the 12 primers used, 10 were ...201728387877
influence of irrigation during the growth stage on yield and quality in mango (mangifera indica l).although being one of the few drought-tolerant plants, mango trees are irrigated to ensure optimum and consistent productivity in china. in order to better understand the effects of soil water content on mango yield and fruit quality at fruit growth stage, irrigation experiments were investigated and the object was to determine the soil water content criteria at which growth and quality of mango would be optimal based on soil water measured by rhd-js water-saving irrigation system through micro- ...201728384647
exploring and validating physicochemical properties of mangiferin through gastroplus® software.mangiferin (mgf), a promising therapeutic polyphenol, exhibits poor oral bioavailability. hence, apt delivery systems are required to facilitate its gastrointestinal absorption. the requisite details on its physicochemical properties have not yet been well documented in literature. accordingly, in order to have explicit insight into its physicochemical characteristics, the present work was undertaken using gastroplus™ software.201728344830
transcriptional transitions in alphonso mango (mangifera indica l.) during fruit development and ripening explain its distinct aroma and shelf life characteristics.alphonso is known as the "king of mangos" due to its unique flavor, attractive color, low fiber pulp and long shelf life. we analyzed the transcriptome of alphonso mango through illumina sequencing from seven stages of fruit development and ripening as well as flower. total transcriptome data from these stages ranged between 65 and 143 mb. importantly, 20,755 unique transcripts were annotated and 4,611 were assigned enzyme commission numbers, which encoded 142 biological pathways. these included ...201728821734
processes involving selective precipitation for the recovery of purified pectins from mango peel.three methods for the recovery of purified pectins from directly dried mango peel were developed, using selective precipitation of mango pectin in propan-2-ol (ipa) of adequate volume concentrations for purification. yields, composition, macromolecular and gelling properties of the resultant pectins were compared. effluent analyses proved postextractive removal of fruit exudate arabinogalactans. the recovery processes involved (a) washing of raw-pectin powder in ipa of defined volume concentrati ...201728821039
dynamics in the concentrations of health-promoting compounds: lupeol, mangiferin and different phenolic acids during postharvest ripening of mango fruit.mango fruit (mangifera indica l.) is renowned for its pleasant taste and as a rich source of health beneficial compounds. the aim of this study was to investigate the changes in concentrations of health-promoting compounds, namely ascorbic acid, carotenoids, antioxidants, lupeol, mangiferin, total phenols and individual phenolic acids, as well as ethylene production and respiration rates during climacteric ripening in 'kensington pride' and 'r2e2' mango fruit.201728786116
the chitosan affects severely the carbon metabolism in mango (mangifera indica l. cv. palmer) fruit during storage.mango is a highly perishable fruit with a short post-harvest time due to the intense metabolic activity after harvesting. in attempt to evaluate the effects of chitosan in mango fruits, it was treated with 0%, 1%, 2% or 3% of chitosan solutions, placed into plastic trays, and stored at room temperature. changes in physical and chemical parameters were evaluated. chitosan delayed the climacteric peak, water loss and firmness. further, few changes in soluble solid content, titratable acidity, ph o ...201728764009
the effect of mangiferin on skin: penetration, permeation and inhibition of ecm enzymes.mangiferin (2-c-β-d-glucopyranosyl-1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxyxanthone) is a polyphenol with strong antioxidant properties. mangiferin is obtained from the mango tree (mangifera indica l., anacardiaceae). it has been proven that mangiferin exhibits many pharmacological activities. the aim of this study was to analyze the penetration of mangiferin into the human skin and through the skin. according to our knowledge, skin penetration and permeation studies of mangiferin have not been analyzed so far. add ...201728750062
the influence of pulsed light exposure mode on quality and bioactive compounds of fresh-cut mangoes.this study investigated the effect of pulsed light (pl) on the respiratory rate, quality (firmness, color and soluble solid content), bioactive compounds (ascorbate and carotenoid) and total antioxidant activity of fresh-cut "tommy atkins" mangoes. fresh-cut mangoes were subjected to pl treatments: control (0p), 1 pulse (1p; 0.7 j cm-2), 4 successive pulses (4p; 2.80 j cm-2) and 1 pulse per day for 4 days (1p4d; 2.80 j cm-2) before storage for 7 days at 6 °c. the 1p and the 4p treatments reduced ...201728740290
physico-chemical changes during progressive ripening of mango (mangifera indica l.) cv. dashehari under different temperature regimes.the effect of different temperature regimes on ripening quality of mango cv. dashehari was investigated. fruits were kept at 20, 25 °c in temperature controlled chambers and at room temperature. fruits were analyzed periodically for physico-chemical characteristics after every 24 h interval up to 168 h of ripening period. development of soluble solid contents (ssc), flesh softening and physiological loss of weight of fruits occurred progressively during ripening. progression of ripening changes ...201728720953
mangiferin: a natural miracle bioactive compound against lifestyle related disorders.the current review article is an attempt to explain the therapeutic potential of mangiferin, a bioactive compound of the mango, against lifestyle-related disorders. mangiferin (2-β-d-glucopyranosyl-1,3,6,7-tetrahydroxy-9h-xanthen-9-one) can be isolated from higher plants as well as the mango fruit and their byproducts (i.e. peel, seed, and kernel). it possesses several health endorsing properties such as antioxidant, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antiallergic, anticancer, hypocholesterolemic, and ...201728464819
evaluation of cholesterol-lowering activity of standardized extract of mangifera indica in albino wistar rats.cholesterol lowering activity of mangifera indica l. has been determined by earlier researchers and kernel, leaf and bark have shown significant activity. however, the specific cholesterol lowering activity of leaf methanol extract has not been determined.201728250649
mangiferin from pueraria tuberosa reduces inflammation via inactivation of nlrp3 inflammasome.recent reports have demonstrated the role of phyto-constituents in modulating inflammatory responses. mangiferin isolated from mangifera indica is known to induce potent anti-oxidative, anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory activity. however, the molecular mechanism of its anti-inflammatory activity is not properly understood. in this study we have isolated mangiferin from the tubers of pueraria tuberosa (pt-mangiferin) and analysed the mechanism of its potent anti-inflammatory effects in lps stim ...201728218280
regulation and physiological role of silicon in alleviating drought stress of mango.improvement of drought stress of mango plants requires intensive research that focuses on physiological processes. in three successive seasons (2014, 2015and 2016) field experiments with four different strains of mango were subjected to two water regimes. the growth and physiological parameters of possible relevance for drought stress tolerances in mango were investigated. yield and its components were also evaluated. the data showed that all growth and physiological parameters were increased un ...201728603082
consumption of a mango fruit powder protects mice from high-fat induced insulin resistance and hepatic fat accumulation.the aim of this study was to gain more insight into the beneficial effects of mango fruit powder on the early metabolic adverse effects of a high-fat diet.201728578347
adaptogenic potential of oxitard in experimental chronic stress and chronic unpredictable stress induced dysfunctional homeostasis in rodents.oxitard, a polyherbal formulation comprising the extracts of withania somnifera, mangifera indica, glycyrrhiza glabra, daucus carota, vitis vinifera, powders of syzygium aromaticum, yashada bhasma and emblica officinalis; and oils of triticum sativum.201728693955
synergistic mixtures of chitosan and mentha piperita l. essential oil to inhibit colletotrichum species and anthracnose development in mango cultivar tommy atkins.this study assessed the efficacy of chitosan (chi) and mentha piperita l. essential oil (mpeo) alone or in combination to control the mycelial growth of five different colletotrichum species, c. asianum, c. dianesei, c. fructicola, c. tropicale and c. karstii, identified as potential anthracnose-causing agents in mango (mangifera indica l.). the efficacy of coatings of chi and mpeo mixtures in controlling the development of anthracnose in mango cultivar tommy atkins was evaluated. chi (2.5, 5, 7 ...201728576378
cyanobacteria growing on tree barks possess high amount of sunscreen compound mycosporine-like amino acids (maas).the present study describes cyanobacterial species composition and their dominance in biological crusts from barks of different trees, roof top of building and soil of agricultural field. an attempt was also made to explore the presence of photoprotective compounds such as mycosporine-like amino acids (maas) in the crust samples. microscopic examination and growth studies revealed the presence of oscillatoria species in all the crust samples excluding the crust of roof top of a building. study o ...201728866233
in vitro comparative study of the inhibitory effects of mangiferin and its aglycone norathyriol towards udp-glucuronosyl transferase (ugt) isoforms.mangiferin (mgf), the predominant constituent of extracts of the mango plant mangifera indica l., has been investigated extensively because of its remarkable pharmacological effects. in vitro recombinant ugts-catalyzed glucuronidation of 4-methylumbelliferone (4-mu) was used to investigate the inhibition of mangiferin and aglycone norathyriol towards various isoforms of ugts in our study, which evaluated the inhibitory capacity of mgf and its aglycone norathyriol (ntr) towards udp-glucuronosyltr ...201728621744
mangos and their bioactive components: adding variety to the fruit plate for health.the diet is an essential factor affecting the risk for development and progression of modern day chronic diseases, particularly those with pathophysiological roots in inflammation and oxidative stress-induced damage. the potential impact of certain foods and their bioactive compounds to reverse or prevent destructive dysregulated processes leading to disease has attracted intense research attention. the mango (mangifera indica linn.) is a tropical fruit with distinctive nutritional and phytochem ...201728612853
mango supplementation has no effects on inflammatory mediators in obese adults.this pilot study examined the effects of freeze-dried mango (mangifera indica l.) supplementation on anthropometric measurements, lipid parameters, and inflammatory mediators in obese individuals. a total of 20 obese (body mass index [bmi]: 30-35 kg/m2) adults (11 men and 9 women), aged 20 to 50 years, received 10 g/d of ground freeze-dried mango pulp for 12 weeks. anthropometrics, lipids, and inflammatory mediators were assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks of mango supplementation. there wer ...201728983188
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