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molecular recognition of plant dna: does it differ from conventional animal dna?the recognition mechanism of dna with small drugs/ligands is an important field of research from pharmacological point of view. such studies are ample with dnas extracted from animal cells, but are rare for those extracted from plant cells. however, such a study is strongly demanding for the formulation of pesticides and other agrochemicals. in this contribution, for the first time, we report the interaction of two well-known dna binder ethidium bromide (eb) and hoechst 33258 (h33258) with two g ...200919059281
antimicrobial evaluation of mangiferin analogues.the naturally occurring xanthone glycoside mangiferin has been isolated by column chromatography from the ethanol extract of stem bark of mangifera indica. mangiferin was further converted to 5-(n-phenylaminomethyleno)mangiferin, 5-(n-p-chlorophenylaminomethyleno) mangiferin, 5-(n-2-methylphenylaminomethyleno) mangiferin, 5-(n-p-methoxyphenylaminomethyleno) mangiferin, 5-(n, n-diphenylaminomethyleno) mangiferin, 5-(n--napthylaminomethyleno) mangiferin and 5-(n-4-methylphenylaminomethyleno) mangi ...200920490307
effect of osmotic dehydration and vacuum-frying parameters to produce high-quality mango chips.mango (mangifera indica l.) is a fruit rich in flavor and nutritional values, which is an excellent candidate for producing chips. the objective of this study was to develop high-quality mango chips using vacuum frying. mango ("tommy atkins") slices were pretreated with different maltodextrin concentrations (40, 50, and 65, w/v), osmotic dehydration times (45, 60, and 70 min), and solution temperatures (22 and 40 degrees c). pretreated slices were vacuum fried at 120, 130, and 138 degrees c and ...200919895464
air pollution induced changes in the photosynthetic pigments of selected plant species.changes in the concentration of different photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll and carotenoids) were determined in the leaves of six tree species exposed to air pollution due to vehicular emissions. the six tree species, which are all economically important because of their being fruit bearers, used for timber fodder and as road side trees on the basis of their air pollution tolerance index. these included mangifera indica l., tectona grandis linn.f , shorea robusta gaertn.f., holoptelea integri ...200920121034
ich guidance in practice: validated reversed-phase hplc method for the determination of active mangiferin from extracts of mangifera indica linn.this study presents the development and validation of a reversed-phase liquid chromatographic method for the determination of mangiferin (mgn) in alcoholic extracts of mangifera indica. a lichrospher 100 c(18)-ods (250 x 4.6 mm, 5 microm size) (merck, whitehouse station, nj) prepacked column and a mobile phase of potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate (0.01m) ph 2.7 +/- 0.2-acetonitrile (15:85, v/v) with the flow rate of 1 ml/min was used. mgn detection was achieved at a wavelength monitored at 254 ...201020109296
quality parameters of mango and potential of non-destructive techniques for their measurement - a review.the king of fruits "mango" (mangifera indica l.) is very nutritious and rich in carotenes. india produces about 50% of the total world's mango. many researchers have reported the maturity indices and quality parameters for determination of harvesting time and eating quality. the methods currently used for determination of quality of mango are mostly based on the biochemical analysis, which leads to destruction of the fruits. numerous works are being carried out to explore some non-destructive me ...201023572595
chlorophyll fluorescence, a nondestructive method to assess maturity of mango fruits (cv. 'cogshall') without growth conditions bias.the quality of ripe mango fruits depends on maturity stage at harvest, which is usually assessed by visible criteria or from estimates of the age of fruit. the present study deals with the potential of chlorophyll fluorescence as a nondestructive method to assess the degree of fruit maturity regardless of fruit growing conditions. chlorophyll fluorescence parameters were measured along with respiration rates of fruits still attached to the tree. at the same harvest stage, based on the fruit age ...201020550188
in vitro modulation of abcb1/p-glycoprotein expression by polyphenols from mangifera indica.many plant compounds are able to modulate the activity and/or the expression of the major multidrug transporter abcb1/p-glycoprotein (p-gp). in this study, mango (mangifera indica l.) stem bark extract (msbe), its main polyphenol mangiferin and the mangiferin aglycone derivative norathyriol, as well as catechin, gallic acid and quercetin, were investigated for their potential ability to influence abcb1 gene and p-gp expression in hk-2 cells, a proximal tubule line constitutively expressing this ...201020513373
mangifera indica (mango).mangifera indica, commonly used herb in ayurvedic medicine. although review articles on this plant are already published, but this review article is presented to compile all the updated information on its phytochemical and pharmacological activities, which were performed widely by different methods. studies indicate mango possesses antidiabetic, anti-oxidant, anti-viral, cardiotonic, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory properties. various effects like antibacterial, anti fungal, anthelmintic, anti pa ...201022228940
3beta-taraxerol of mangifera indica, a pi3k dependent dual activator of glucose transport and glycogen synthesis in 3t3-l1 adipocytes.the present study focuses on identifying and developing an anti-diabetic molecule from plant sources that would effectively combat insulin resistance through proper channeling of glucose metabolism involving glucose transport and storage.201020026188
anticarcinogenic effects of polyphenolics from mango (mangifera indica) varieties.many polyphenolics contained in mango have shown anticancer activity. the objective of this study was to compare the anticancer properties of polyphenolic extracts from several mango varieties (francis, kent, ataulfo, tommy atkins, and haden) in cancer cell lines, including molt-4 leukemia, a-549 lung, mda-mb-231 breast, lncap prostate, and sw-480 colon cancer cells and the noncancer colon cell line ccd-18co. cell lines were incubated with ataulfo and haden extracts, selected on the basis of the ...201020205391
development, validation and application of a methodology based on solid-phase micro extraction followed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (spme/gc-ms) for the determination of pesticide residues in mangoes.a method was developed for the simultaneous analysis of 14 pesticide residues (clofentezine, carbofuran, diazinon, methyl parathion, malathion, fenthion, thiabendazole, imazalil, bifenthrin, permethrin, prochloraz, pyraclostrobin, difenoconazole and azoxystrobin) in mango fruit, based on solid-phase micro extraction (spme) coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (gc-ms). different parameters of the method were evaluated, such as fiber type, extraction mode (direct immersion and headspace ...201020188930
expression profiling of various genes during the fruit development and ripening of mango.mango (mangifera indica l. cv. alphonso) development and ripening are the programmed processes; conventional indices and volatile markers help to determine agronomically important stages of fruit life (fruit-setting, harvesting maturity and ripening climacteric). however, more and precise markers are required to understand this programming; apparently, fruit's transcriptome can be a good source of such markers. therefore, we isolated 18 genes related to the physiology and biochemistry of the fru ...201020363641
analysis of sterol and other components present in unsaponifiable matters of mahua, sal and mango kernel oil.the amount and characterization of phytosterol and other minor components present in three indian minor seed oils, mahua (madhuca latifolia), sal (shorea robusta) and mango kernel (mangifera indica), have been done. theses oils have shown commercial importance as cocoa-butter substitutes because of their high symmetrical triglycerides content. the conventional thin layer chromatography (tlc), gas chromatography (gc) & gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (gc-ms) techniques were used to character ...201020299763
relationship between photochemical efficiency of photosystem ii and the photochemical reflectance index of mango tree: merging data from different illuminations, seasons and leaf colors.in order to elucidate the effects of chlorophyll concentration and seasonal temperature on the relationship between photosystem ii (psii) efficiency and the photochemical reflectance index (pri) of leaves under different light intensity, mango (mangifera indica), a low-temperature-sensitive species, was used for the study. from early winter to summer, we selected several days to measure chlorophyll fluorescence and leaf spectral reflectance of mango leaves with dark green to yellow green colors, ...201020233840
a mangifera indica l. extract could be used to treat neuropathic pain and implication of mangiferin.it has been accepted that neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and glial activation are involved in the central sensitization underlying neuropathic pain. vimang is an aqueous extract of mangifera indica l. traditionally used in cuba for its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and immunomodulatory properties. several formulations are available, and also for mangiferin, its major component. preclinical studies demonstrated that these products prevented tumor necrosis factor α -induced iκb de ...201021150823
differential expression of the mango alcohol dehydrogenase gene family during ripening.alcohol dehydrogenases play an important role during fruit ripening and aroma production. three full-length cdnas (miadh1, 2 and 3) encoding alcohol dehydrogenases were obtained from mango fruit pulp using rt-pcr approaches. all three members displayed strong homology in the coding region when compared at the protein and nucleotide levels, however showed variations in untranslated regions. expression patterns of these adhs were different during fruit development and ripening. miadh1 and miadh2 t ...201020598721
diurnal activity of four species of thrips (thysanoptera: thripidae) and efficiencies of three nondestructive sampling techniques for thrips in mango inflorescences.thrips cause considerable economic loss to mango, mangifera indica l., in penang, malaysia. three nondestructive sampling techniques--shaking mango panicles over a moist plastic tray, washing the panicles with ethanol, and immobilization of thrips by using co2--were evaluated for their precision to determine the most effective technique to capture mango flower thrips (thysanoptera: thripidae) in an orchard located at balik pulau, penang, malaysia, during two flowering seasons from december 2008 ...201020568607
role of oxidative stress and the activity of ethylene biosynthetic enzymes on the formation of spongy tissue in 'alphonso' mango.spongy tissue formation in 'alphonso' mangoes (mangifera indica l) is a major national problem leading to loss for farmers and traders. spongy tissue is whitish sponge like tissue formed near the seed with insipid taste and off odour. lipid peroxidation of membranes as studied by malondialdehyde formation was significantly higher in spongy tissue. activities of antioxidative enzymes like superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase were lower in spongy tissue. among the anti ...201023572640
herbicidal activity of flavonoids of mango leaves against parthenium hysterophorus l.this study was undertaken to investigate the herbicidal activity of mango (mangifera indica l.) leaves against parthenium weed (parthenium hysterophorus l.). the aqueous leaf extract at 15% concentration (on fresh weight basis) significantly reduced germination, shoot length and the shoot and root biomasses of parthenium seedlings. in a leaf residue incorporation pot trial, 2% residue incorporation treatment significantly suppressed the root and shoot biomasses of parthenium, while a 5% residue ...201021104534
evaluation of air pollution tolerance index of selected plant species along roadsides in thiruvananthapuram, kerala.to develop the usefulness of plants as bioindicators requires an appropriate selection of plant species which entail an utmost importance for a particular situation. in the present study a periodic evaluation of air pollution tolerance index [apti] of selected tree species such as polyalthia longifolia, (sonner) thw., alstonia scholaris, r. br., mangifera indica, l., and shrubs clerodendron infortunatum, l., eupatorium odoratum, l., and hyptis suaveolens, (l.) poit., growing adjacent to the nati ...201021047015
comparison of microwave-assisted and conventional hydrodistillation in the extraction of essential oils from mango (mangifera indica l.) flowers.microwave-assisted hydrodistillation (mahd) is an advanced hydrodistillation (hd) technique, in which a microwave oven is used in the extraction process. mahd and hd methods have been compared and evaluated for their effectiveness in the isolation of essential oils from fresh mango (mangifera indica l.) flowers. mahd offers important advantages over hd in terms of energy savings and extraction time (75 min against 4 h). the composition of the extracted essential oils was investigated by gc-fid a ...201021042260
rapid green synthesis of spherical gold nanoparticles using mangifera indica leaf.this paper reports the rapid biological synthesis of spherical gold nanoparticles at room temperature using fresh/dry leaf extract of mangifera indica. this is a simple, cost-effective, stable for long time and reproducible aqueous synthesis method to obtain a self-assembly of nearly monodispersed au nanoparticles of size ∼20 nm and 17 nm. the nanoparticles were obtained within 2 min of addition of the extract to the solution of haucl ₄·3h₂o and the colloid is found to be stable for more than 5 ...201020800536
[impact of atmospheric total suspended particulate pollution on photosynthetic parameters of street mango trees in xiamen city].with the development of urbanization, total suspended particulate (tsp) pollution is getting serious, and the normal physiological processes of urban vegetation are profoundly affected while adsorbing and purifying the particulates. in this study, four areas were selected, i.e., tingxi reservoir (clean control area), xiamen university (cultural and educational area), xianyue (business area), and haicang (industrial area), with their atmospheric tsp concentrations and the photosynthetic parameter ...201020707106
an improved pollen collection and cryopreservation method for highly recalcitrant tropical fruit species of mango (mangifera indica l.) and litchi (litchi chinensis sonn.).an improved method for pollen collection from freshly dehiscing anthers of mango (mangifera indica l.) and litchi (litchi chinensis sonn.) using the organic solvent cyclohexane has been devised. using this method pollen quantity sufficient for large scale pollinations could be collected and stored for future use. transport of pollen in viable conditions over long distances, from site of collection (field genebank) to cryolab was successfully devised for both these fruit species. cryopreservation ...201020919456
species composition and population dynamics of thrips (thysanoptera) in mango orchards of northern peninsular malaysia.thrips are key pests of mango, mangifera indica (l.), in malaysia, including the northern peninsular. as penang has year-round equatorial climate and high of rainfall, the populations of thrips may be subject to variations in composition and size. with a goal of developing an appropriate control strategy, a survey was conducted in penang to determine species composition and abundance in relation to some environmental factors. sprayed and unsprayed orchards were sampled on weekly basis through tw ...201022546435
characterization of bioactive compounds from raw and ripe mangifera indica l. peel extracts.mango is one of the important tropical fruits in the world. as it is a seasonal fruit, it is processed for various products. during its processing, peel is one of the major byproducts, which is being wasted. bioactive conserves were extracted using 80% acetone from peels of raw and ripe mango fruits and subjected to acid hydrolysis. the prominent phenolic compounds identified by hplc were protocatechuic acid, gentisic acid and gallic acid. the phenolic acid derivatives present in acetone extract ...201020851730
ecology and behavior of pezothrips kellyanus (thysanoptera: thripidae) on citrus.the most common thrips species found in cyprus citrus orchards between 2003 and 2008 were pezothrips kellyanus (bagnall) (thysanoptera: thripidae), frankliniella occidentalis (pergande) (thysanoptera: thripidae), and thrips tabaci (lindeman) (thysanoptera: thripidae). only pezothrips kellyanus, kelly's citrus thrips (kct) causes feeding damage on citrus fruits in cyprus. kct adults prefer to concentrate mostly in the northern and eastern sides of both lemon and grapefruit canopies. the attractiv ...201020214367
vinegar production from togolese local variety mangovi of mango mangifera indica linn. (anacardiaceae).the present study aimed to access for the physiochemical parameters of vinegar production through togolese local variety mangovi of mango mangifera indica juice fermentation. the juice was fermented successively by saccharomyces cerevisisae and acetic bacteria. the levels of ethanol and acetic acid in the juice during the production of vinegar were monitored by gas chromatography and titrimetry methods, respectively. the physiological state of the yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae l2056 was determi ...201020437702
antimicrobial screening of ethnobotanically important stem bark of medicinal plants.the stem barks are the rich sources of tannins and other phenolic compounds. tannins inhibited the growth of various fungi, yeast, bacteria and virus. hence, ten stem barks of ethnomedicinally important plants were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities against human pathogenic strains.201021808577
medicinal plants used by traditional medicine practitioners for the treatment of hiv/aids and related conditions in uganda.in uganda, there are over one million people with hiv/aids. when advanced, this disease is characterized by life-threatening opportunistic infections. as the formal health sector struggles to confront this epidemic, new medicines from traditional sources are needed to complement control efforts. this study was conducted to document herbal medicines used in the treatment of hiv/aids and related opportunistic infections, and to document the existing knowledge, attitudes and practices related to hi ...201020451595
a search for hepatoprotective activity of fruit extract of mangifera indica l. against oxidative stress cytotoxicity.mango (mangifera indica l.) and their components are commonly used in folk medicine for many curative effects. the protective effects of different concentrations of aqueous extract of mangifera indica l. fruit (mango extract) (20, 50 and 100 microg/ml) and also gallic acid (100 microm) as a pure compound in the extract were examined against oxidative stress toxicity induced by cumene hydroperoxide (chp) in isolated rat hepatocytes. the extracts and gallic acid (100 microm) protected the hepatocy ...201020204522
antigenotoxic effect of mangiferin and changes in antioxidant enzyme levels of swiss albino mice treated with cadmium chloride.cadmium is an environmental metal toxin implicated in human diseases. mangiferin (mgn), a naturally occurring glucosylxanthone, is present in mangifera indica. in this study, the protective role of mgn against cadmium chloride (cdcl(2))-induced genotoxicity was studied in swiss albino mice. mice were administered with single intra-peritoneal (i.p.) optimal dose of mgn (2.5 mg/kg b.wt.) before treatment with various concentrations of cdcl(2) (7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 mg/kg b.wt.). the ld( 50(30)) was f ...201020150354
use of lupin, lupinus perennis, mango, mangifera indica, and stinging nettle, urtica dioica, as feed additives to prevent aeromonas hydrophila infection in rainbow trout, oncorhynchus mykiss (walbaum).feeding rainbow trout, oncorhynchus mykiss (walbaum), with 1% lupin, lupinus perennis, mango, mangifera indica, or stinging nettle, urtica dioica, for 14 days led to reductions in mortality after challenge with aeromonas hydrophila. in addition, there was significant enhancement in serum bactericidal activity, respiratory burst and lysozyme activity in the treatment groups compared to the controls. use of lupin and mango led to the highest number of red blood and white blood cells in recipient f ...201020102439
screening of certain medicinal plants from india for their anti-quorum sensing activity.discovery of quorum sensing (qs) system to coordinate virulence and biofilm formation in bacterial pathogens has triggered search for safe, stable and non-toxic anti-qs compounds from natural products. ethanolic extracts of 24 indian medicinal plants were tested by agar well and disc diffusion assay for anti-qs activity using chromobacterium violaceum (cv12472 and cvo26) reporter strains. ahl from c. violaceum cv31532 was isolated and partially purified for its use in cvo26 based bioassay. effec ...201021250604
assessment of antioxidant capacity and cytotoxicity of selected malaysian plants.thirteen malaysian plants; artocarpus champeden, azadirachta indica, fragaria x ananassa, garcinia mangostana, lawsonia inermis, mangifera indica, nephelium lappaceum, nephelium mutobile, peltophorum pterocarpum, psidium guajava and syzygium aqueum, selected for their use in traditional medicine, were subjected to a variety of assays. antioxidant capability, total phenolic content, elemental composition, as well as it cytotoxity to several cell lines of the aqueous and ethanolic extracts from di ...201020428033
mangiferin prevents diabetic nephropathy progression in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.diabetic nephropathy is one of the most severe diabetic microangiopathies and accounting for approximately one-third of all cases of end-stage renal disease. in the present study, we investigated the effect of mangiferin, a polyphenol from anemarrhena asphodeloides bge. or mangifera indica l., on diabetic nephropathy and the possible mechanisms by using a developed diabetic nephropathy rat model and cultured rat mesangial cells. serum-advanced glycation end-products level, malonaldehyde level, s ...201019960420
mangiferin, a dietary xanthone protects against mercury-induced toxicity in hepg2 cells.mercury is one of the noxious heavy metal environmental toxicants and is a cause of concern for human exposure. mangiferin (mgn), a glucosylxanthone found in mangifera indica, reported to have a wide range of pharmacological properties. the objective of this study was to evaluate the cytoprotective potential of mgn, against mercury chloride (hgcl(2)) induced toxicity in hepg2 cell line. the cytoprotective effect of mgn on hgcl(2) induced toxicity was assessed by colony formation assay, while ant ...201020629087
molecular characterization and evaluation of virulence factors of cryptococcus laurentii and cryptococcus neoformans strains isolated from external hospital areas.cryptococcosis is a common opportunistic fungal infection that is mainly caused by the species cryptococcus neoformans and cryptococcus gattii, but there have recently been several reports of infection by non-neoformans cryptococcus species. the aims of this study were to genetically characterize cryptococcus spp. isolated from external hospital areas in minas gerais state, brazil, and to evaluate their pathogenic potential, analyzing their phospholipase and melanin production and the capacity f ...201020943154
anti-inflammatory effects of mangifera indica l. extract in a model of colitis.to investigate the effect of aqueous extract from mangifera indica l. (mie) on dextran sulfate sodium (dss)-induced colitis in rats.201020954278
developing a systems approach for sternochetus mangiferae (coleoptera: curculionidae) in south africa.sternochetus mangiferae (f.) (coleoptera: curculionidae) is a quarantine pest of mango, mangifera indica l., in south africa. the aim of the study was to test cultural and chemical control measures in a systems approach for risk mitigation of s. mangiferae in south africa. a large-scale experiment, using a randomized block design with three replicates, was undertaken on 'tommy atkins' mangoes in south africa. five treatment combinations were applied over two seasons: (1) untreated control; (2) s ...201021061956
effective sampling range of a synthetic protein-based attractant for ceratitis capitata (diptera: tephritidae).studies were conducted in honduras to determine effective sampling range of a female-targeted protein-based synthetic attractant for the mediterranean fruit fly, ceratitis capitata (wiedemann) (diptera: tephritidae). multilure traps were baited with ammonium acetate, putrescine, and trimethylamine lures (three-component attractant) and sampled over eight consecutive weeks. field design consisted of 38 traps (over 0.5 ha) placed in a combination of standard and high-density grids to facilitate ge ...201021061993
antifungal activity of flavonoids isolated from mango (mangifera indica l.) leaves.five flavonoids, namely (-)-epicatechin-3-o-β-glucopyranoside (1), 5-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxylphenyl)pyrano[3,2-g]chromene-4(8h)-one (2), 6-(p-hydroxybenzyl)taxifolin-7-o-β-d-glucoside (tricuspid) (3), quercetin-3-o-α-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-glucopyranoside (4) and (-)-epicatechin(2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-2h-chromene-3,5,7-triol (5), were isolated from the leaves of mango (mangifera indica l.). antifungal activity of these compounds was evaluated against five fungal species, namely alt ...201021108117
patterns of sugar feeding and host plant preferences in adult males of an. gambiae (diptera: culicidae).sugar feeding by male mosquitoes is critical for their success in mating competition. however, the facets of sugar source finding under natural conditions remain unknown. here, evidence obtained in western burkina faso indicated that the distribution of an. gambiae s.s. (m and s molecular forms) males across different peri-domestic habitats is dependent on the availability of potential sugar sources from which they obtain more favorable sites for feeding or resting. among field-collected anophel ...201021175931
fractionation of gallotannins from mango (mangifera indica l.) kernels by high-speed counter-current chromatography and determination of their antibacterial activity.high-speed counter-current chromatography was applied to the separation of gallotannins from mango (mangifera indica l.) kernels. the kernels were defatted and subsequently extracted with aqueous acetone [80% (v/v)]. the crude extract was purified by being partitioned against ethyl acetate. a hexane/ethyl acetate/methanol/water solvent system [0.5:5:1:5 (v/v/v/v)] was used in the head-to-tail mode to elute tannins according to their degree of galloylation (tetra-o-galloylglucose to deca-o-galloy ...201020020695
antimycobacterial activities of selected medicinal plants from zimbabwe against mycobacterium aurum and corynebacterium glutamicum.the spread of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis necessitates the discovery of new classes of antibacterials and compounds that inhibit macromolecules involved in these resistant mechanisms. thirty ethanol extracts from nineteen selected plants from zimbabwe were screened against mycobacterium aurum and corynebacterium glutamicum using the agar disk diffusion method. these two organisms were used as models for mycobacterium tuberculosis. the amount of ciprofloxacin accumulated and effluxed by the ...201021399602
permanent genetic resources added to molecular ecology resources database 1 april 2010 - 31 may 2010.this article documents the addition of 396 microsatellite marker loci to the molecular ecology resources database. loci were developed for the following species: anthocidaris crassispina, aphis glycines, argyrosomus regius, astrocaryum sciophilum, dasypus novemcinctus, delomys sublineatus, dermatemys mawii, fundulus heteroclitus, homalaspis plana, jumellea rossii, khaya senegalensis, mugil cephalus, neoceratitis cyanescens, phalacrocorax aristotelis, phytophthora infestans, piper cordulatum, pte ...201021565124
myanmar mango landraces reveal genetic uniqueness over common cultivars from florida, india, and southeast asia.mango (mangifera indica) is believed to have evolved in a large area spanning northeastern india, bangladesh, and northwestern myanmar. we compared the genetic structure of mango accessions from myanmar with that of mango accessions from florida, india, and southeast asia with 11 ssr markers. the myanmar accessions exhibited considerable genetic diversity (unbiased heterozygosity, uhe = 0.698) and a high number of private alleles. despite the low degree of genetic differentiation among accession ...201020616863
antioxidant levels and activities of selected seeds of malaysian tropical fruits.the aims of this study are to determine and compare the antioxidant levels and activities (i.e. primary and secondary) between selected seeds of malaysian tropical fruits - guava (psidium guajava), mango (mangifera indica l.) and papaya (carica papaya l.). seeds are among byproducts from the processing of fruitsbased products. instead of discarding seeds as waste, seeds with high potential as antioxidants could be utilised for commercial purposes. accordingly, the selected seeds of malaysian tro ...201022691862
carotenoids and vitamin c during handling and distribution of guava (psidium guajava l.), mango (mangifera indica l.), and papaya (carica papaya l.) at commercial restaurants.the content and stability of vitamin c (ascorbic acid, aa, and dehydroascorbic acid, dha) and carotenoids (beta-carotene, lycopene, and beta-cryptoxanthin) were analyzed in papaya, mango, and guava after the reception, preparation (cleaning, peeling, and slicing), and distribution stages for consumption in a commercial restaurant. the analysis of carotenoids and vitamin c was carried out by high performance liquid chromatography (hplc). the fruits analyzed were considered excellent sources of vi ...201020441159
transient thermal dissipation method of xylem sap flow measurement: multi-species calibration and field evaluation.the transient thermal dissipation (ttd) method developed by do and rocheteau (2002b) is a close evolution of the original constant thermal dissipation (ctd) method of granier (1985). the ttd method has the advantage of limiting the influence of passive natural temperature gradients and of yielding more stable zero-flux references at night. by analogy with the ctd method, the transient method was first calibrated on synthetic porous material (sawdust) on the assumption that the relationship was i ...201019864260
analysis of volatile aroma constituents of wine produced from indian mango (mangifera indica l.) by gc-ms.volatile aroma compounds are synthesized by wine yeast during wine fermentation. in this study the volatile aroma composition of two varieties of mango wine were determined to differentiate and characterize the wines. the wine was produced from the fruits of two varieties of mango cultivars namely banginapalli and alphonso. the volatile compounds formed in mango wine were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (gc-ms). thirty-two volatile compounds in wines were determined ...201023100826
quality assessment of industrially processed fruit juices available in dhaka city, bangladesh.this study was performed to evaluate the nutritional and microbiological quality of industrially processed packed fruit juices of mango (mangifera indica) and orange (citrus sinensis) from nine different manufacturing companies in dhaka city. the highest quantity of total sugar (17.62%) and reducing sugar (9.99%) was recorded in mango juices while the lowest in orange juices (10.41% and 2.24% respectively) of different companies. in this study, protein contents were comparatively higher in mango ...201022691996
effect of rootstock on mango fruit susceptibility to infestation by anastrepha obliqua.the effect of the use of rootstock criollo on the susceptibility of manila mango fruit to infestation by anastrepha obliqua (macquart) was determined in the present investigation. growth, quality parameters (soluble solids content (%), citric acid content (%), firmness, monoterpene volatiles (3-carene, limonene, alpha-pinene, and beta-myrcene), main flavonoids content (milligrams/100 g fresh pulp), and larvicidal activity of methanolic extracts, as well as the degree of infestation during prehar ...201122299362
antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of some fruits.phenols, a major group of antioxidant phytochemicals, have profound importance due to their biological and free radical scavenging activities. to identify their potential sources extracts of some fruits and their different parts were studied for total phenolic contents (tpc), antioxidant (aoa) and free radical scavenging activities (frsa). the amount of tpc varied from 10.5 (carissa carandus, fruit peel) to 343.2 mg/g (caesalpinia mexicana, fruits) and aoa from 20.3% (musa paradisiacal, fruits) ...201122754941
[investigation on emission properties of biogenic vocs of landscape plants in shenzhen].isoprene and monoterpene emissions were characterized using flow and enclosure sampling method and gc-ms in usa for 158 species of plants growing in shenzhen, china. this survey was designed to include all of the dominant plants within the shenzhen region as well as unique plants such as cycads. these are the first measurements in a subtropical asian metropolis. substantial isoprene emissions were observed from thirty-one species, including caryota mitis, adenanthera pavonina var. microsperma, m ...201122468517
glycaemic response to some commonly eaten fruits in type 2 diabetes mellitus.it is not known which of the commonly consumed fruits in nigeria are suitable for persons with diabetes mellitus especially with regards to the attendant plasma glucose response (pgr) to consumption of such fruits.201121984455
effect of freeze-drying on the antioxidant compounds and antioxidant activity of selected tropical fruits.the effects of freeze-drying on antioxidant compounds and antioxidant activity of five tropical fruits, namely starfruit (averrhoa carambola l.), mango (mangifera indica l.), papaya (carica papaya l.), muskmelon (cucumis melo l.), and watermelon citruluss lanatus (thunb.) were investigated. significant (p < 0.05) differences, for the amounts of total phenolic compounds (tpc), were found between the fresh and freeze-dried fruit samples, except muskmelon. there was no significant (p > 0.05) change ...201121845104
evaluation of yellow sticky traps for monitoring the population of thrips (thysanoptera) in a mango orchard.populations of several thrips species were estimated using yellow sticky traps in an orchard planted with mango, mangifera indica l. during the dry and wet seasons beginning in late 2008-2009 on penang island, malaysia. to determine the efficacy of using sticky traps to monitor thrips populations, we compared weekly population estimates on yellow sticky traps with thrips population sizes that were determined (using a co(2) method) directly from mango panicles. dispersal distance and direction of ...201122251688
[query: distinguish between dicot and monocot according to whether free vein termination exist or not].to observe and study the correctness of the proposition dicot have free vein termination but monocot have not. to evaluate the reliability of the identification principle that is based on above proposition.201122032128
mangiferin decreases inflammation and oxidative damage in rat brain after stress.purpose: stress exposure elicits neuroinflammation and oxidative damage in brain, and stress-related neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases have been associated with cell damage and death. mangiferin (mag) is a polyphenolic compound abundant in the stem bark of mangifera indica l. with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in different experimental settings. in this study, the capacity of mag to prevent neuroinflammation and brain oxidative damage induced by stre ...201121986672
lipid peroxidation inhibition and antiradical activities of some leaf fractions of mangifera indica.this study was undertaken to assess in vitro lipid peroxidation inhibitions and anti-radical activities of methanolic, chloroform, ethyl acetate and water fractions of mangifera indica leaf. inhibition of fe(2+)-induced lipid peroxidation (lpo) in egg, brain, and liver homogenates, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (dpph) and hydroxyl (oh-) radical scavenging activities were evaluated. total phenol was assessed in all fractions, and the reducing power of methanolic fraction was compared to gallic ac ...201121485698
bioactivity of mango flesh and peel extracts on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ[pparγ] activation and mcf-7 cell proliferation: fraction and fruit variability.mangos are a source of bioactive compounds with potential health promoting activity. biological activities associated with mango fractions were assessed in cell-based assays to develop effective extraction and fractionation methodologies and to define sources of variability. two techniques were developed for extraction and fractionation of mango fruit peel and flesh. liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (lc-ms) was used to assess compositional differences between mango fractions in flesh extr ...201121535682
ameliorating effects of mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit on plasma ethanol level in a mouse model assessed with h-nmr based metabolic profiling.the ameliorating effects of mango (mangifera indica l.) flesh and peel samples on plasma ethanol level were investigated using a mouse model. mango fruit samples remarkably decreased mouse plasma ethanol levels and increased the activities of alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. the (1)h-nmr-based metabolomic technique was employed to investigate the differences in metabolic profiles of mango fruits, and mouse plasma samples fed with mango fruit samples. the partial least square ...201121562641
potent α-amylase inhibitory activity of indian ayurvedic medicinal plants.indian medicinal plants used in the ayurvedic traditional system to treat diabetes are a valuable source of novel anti-diabetic agents. pancreatic α-amylase inhibitors offer an effective strategy to lower the levels of post-prandial hyperglycemia via control of starch breakdown. in this study, seventeen indian medicinal plants with known hypoglycemic properties were subjected to sequential solvent extraction and tested for α-amylase inhibition, in order to assess and evaluate their inhibitory po ...201121251279
biochemical changes in plant leaves as a biomarker of pollution due to anthropogenic activity.the air pollution due to anthropogenic activities seriously affected human life, vegetation, and heritage as well. the vegetation cover in and around the city mitigates the air pollution by acting as a sink for pollution. an attempt was made to evaluate biochemical changes occurred in four selected plant species, namely azadirachta indica, mangifera indica, delonix regia, and cassia fistula of residential, commercial, and industrial areas of nagpur city in india. it was observed that the correla ...201120721619
anti-venom potential of aqueous extract of stem bark of mangifera indica l. against daboia russellii (russell's viper) venom.several plant extracts rich in pharmacologically active compounds have shown to antagonize venom of several species. mangifera indica has been used against snakebite by the traditional healers. however, there is paucity of scientific data in support. in this study, we evaluated the antivenom potential of aqueous extract of stem bark of m. indica against d. russellii venom-induced pharmacological effects such as life myotoxicity, edema, ld50 etc. the extract inhibited the phospholipase, protease, ...201121793309
antioxidant activity of phenolic and flavonoid compounds in some medicinal plants of india.in this study, total phenolics, flavonoids and vitamin c content vis-a-vis antioxidant activities were assayed in leaves and stem bark of azadirachta indica, butea monosperma, cassia fistula, mangifera indica, syzygium cumini and tamarindus indica using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (dpph) and superoxide radical scavenging method. the dpph radical scavenging activity positively correlated with the total phenolic content in both stem bark and leaf. superoxide radical scavenging activity incre ...201121726132
genetic variation and variation in aggressiveness to native and exotic hosts among brazilian populations of ceratocystis fimbriata.ceratocystis fimbriata is a complex of many species that cause wilt and cankers on woody plants and rot of storage roots or corms of many economically important crops worldwide. in brazil, c. fimbriata infects different cultivated crop plants that are not native to brazil, including gmelina arborea, eucalyptus spp., mangifera indica (mango), ficus carica (fig), and colocasia esculenta (inhame). phylogenetic analyses and inoculation studies were performed to test the hypothesis that there are hos ...201121190423
bioconversion of agricultural waste to ethanol by ssf using recombinant cellulase from clostridium thermocellum.the effect of different pretreatment methods, temperature, and enzyme concentration on ethanol production from 8 lignocellulosic agrowaste by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (ssf) using recombinant cellulase and saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied. recombinant cellulase was isolated from e. coli bl21 cells transformed with ctlic26a-cel5-cbm11 full-length gene from clostridium thermocellum and produced in both batch and fed-batch processes. the maximum cell od and specific activi ...201121811671
Anastrepha ludens and Anastrepha serpentina (Diptera: Tephritidae) do not infest Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae), but Anastrepha obliqua occasionally shares this resource with Anastrepha striata in nature.This study examined whether economically important fruit fly species Anastrepha ludens (Loew), Anastrepha serpentina (Wiedemann), and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) may opportunistically exploit guavas, Psidium guajava L. (Myrtaceae), growing near preferred natural hosts. We collected 3,459 kg of guavas and 895 kg of other known host species [sour orange, Citrus aurantium L.; grapefruit, Citrus paradisi Macfadyen; mango, Mangifera indica L.; white sapote, Casimiroa edulis L ...201121882684
mangifera indica l. extract (vimang) and mangiferin reduce the airway inflammation and th2 cytokines in murine model of allergic asthma.the aim was to study the effects of mangifera indica extract and its major component mangiferin on lung inflammation response and th2 cytokine production using a murine experimental model of allergic asthma.201121899550
Endophytic and pathogenic Phyllosticta species, with reference to those associated with Citrus Black Spot.We investigated the identity and genetic diversity of more than 100 isolates belonging to Phyllosticta (teleomorph Guignardia), with particular emphasis on Phyllosticta citricarpa and Guignardia mangiferae s.l. occurring on Citrus. Phyllosticta citricarpa is the causal agent of Citrus Black Spot and is subject to phytosanitary legislation in the EU. This species is frequently confused with a taxon generally referred to as G. mangiferae, the presumed teleomorph of P. capitalensis, which is a non- ...201122025803
antidiarrhoeal activity of das-77 (a herbal preparation).das-77 is a traditional herbal preparation composed of the young callous bark of mango (mangifera indica linn., anacardiaceae) and the dried root of pawpaw (carica papaya linn., caricaceae). this phytomedicine is claimed to have beneficial effects in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, including diarrhoea.201123175899
role of mangifera indica bark polyphenols on rat gastric mucosa against ethanol and cold-restraint stress.this study was carried out in order to investigate the potential and antioxidant effects of polyphenols from mangifera indica stem bark against gastric damage induced by ethanol and cold-restraint stress. the polyphenols possess good capacity for scavenging nitric oxide (no) radical and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (frap) assay in vitro. rats were sacrificed after the experiment, and their stomachs were removed for biochemical and histopathological analysis. the severity of lesions was foun ...201119753501
inhibitory spectra and modes of antimicrobial action of gallotannins from mango kernels (mangifera indica l.).this study investigated the antimicrobial activities and modes of action of penta-, hexa-, hepta-, octa-, nona-, and deca-o-galloylglucose (gallotannins) isolated from mango kernels. the mics and minimum bactericidal concentrations (mbcs) against food-borne bacteria and fungi were determined using a critical dilution assay. gram-positive bacteria were generally more susceptible to gallotannins than were gram-negative bacteria. the mics of gallotannins against bacillus subtilis, bacillus cereus, ...201121317249
indonesian propolis: chemical composition, biological activity and botanical origin.from a biologically active extract of indonesian propolis from east java, 11 compounds were isolated and identified: four alk(en)ylresorcinols (obtained as an inseparable mixture) (1-4) were isolated for the first time from propolis, along with four prenylflavanones (6-9) and three cycloartane-type triterpenes (5, 10 and 11). the structures of the components were elucidated based on their spectral properties. all prenylflavanones demonstrated significant radical scavenging activity against diphe ...201121409722
the inhibitory potential of thai mango seed kernel extract against methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus.plant extracts are a valuable source of novel antibacterial compounds to combat pathogenic isolates of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (mrsa), a global nosocomial infection. in this study, the alcoholic extract from thai mango (mangifera indica l. cv. 'fahlun') seed kernel extract (mske) and its phenolic principles (gallic acid, methyl gallate and pentagalloylglucopyranose) demonstrated potent in vitro antibacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus and 19 clinical mrsa isolates ...201121788933
anti-enteric bacterial activity and phytochemical analysis of the seed kernel extract of mangifera indica linnaeus against shigella dysenteriae (shiga, corrig.) castellani and chalmers.to evaluate the phytochemical and anti-bacterial efficacy of the seed kernel extract of mangifera indica (m. indica) against the enteropathogen, shigella dysenteriae (s. dysenteriae), isolated from the diarrhoeal stool specimens.201121771473
case series in patients with zoster-associated pain using mangifera indica l. extract.neuroimmune activation has been proposed as a source of new targets for therapeutic intervention in neuropathic pain. vimang® is an aqueous extract from mangifera indica l. (common mango) that is traditionally used in cuba for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and immunomodulatory properties. in the present case report, we determine its potential effects in patients with zoster-associated pain.201122189366
rapd analysis of the genetic diversity of mango (mangifera indica) germplasm in brazil.we evaluated genetic variability of mango (mangifera indica) accessions maintained in the active germplasm bank of embrapa meio-norte in teresina, piauí, brazil, using rapds. among these accessions, 35 originated from plantings in brazil, six from the usa and one from india. genomic dna, extracted from leaf material using a commercial purification kit, was subjected to pcr with the primers a01, a09, g03, g10, n05, and m16. fifty-five polymorphic loci were identified, with mean of 9.16 ± 3.31 ban ...201122194163
gallic acid indanone and mangiferin xanthone are strong determinants of immunosuppressive anti-tumour effects of mangifera indica l. bark in mda-mb231 breast cancer cells.vimang is a standardized extract derived from mango bark (mangifera indica l.), commonly used as anti-inflammatory phytomedicine, which has recently been used to complement cancer therapies in cancer patients. we have further investigated potential anti-tumour effects of glucosylxanthone mangiferin and indanone gallic acid, which are both present in vimang extract. we observed significant anti-tumour effects of both vimang constituents in the highly aggressive and metastatic breast cancer cell t ...201121420233
identification of benzophenone c-glucosides from mango tree leaves and their inhibitory effect on triglyceride accumulation in 3t3-l1 adipocytes.a 70% ethanol-water extract from the leaves of mangifera indica l. (anacardiaceae) inhibited triglyceride (tg) accumulation in 3t3-l1 cells. from the active fraction, seven new benzophenone c-glycosides, foliamangiferosides a (1), a(1) (2), a(2) (3), b (4), c(1) (5), c(2) (6), and c(3) (7), together with five known compounds were isolated and the structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. the effects of these compounds on tg and the free fatty acid level in ...201121923172
multi-residue analysis of pesticide residues in mangoes using solid-phase microextraction coupled to liquid chromatography and uv-vis detection.a sensitive and efficient solid-phase microextraction method, based on liquid chromatography and uv-vis detection, was developed and validated as an alternative method for sample screening prior to lc-ms analysis. it enables the simultaneous determination of ten pesticides in mango fruits. the fiber used was polydimethylsiloxane while optimum spme conditions employed have been developed and optimized in a previous work. the desorption process was performed in static mode, using acetonitrile as a ...201121919197
an ethnobotanical survey of mosquito repellent plants in umkhanyakude district, kwazulu-natal province, south africa.the aim of the study was to document plants traditionally used to repel mosquitoes in the umkhanyakude district, kwazulu-natal, south africa. the specific objectives of the study were to: (1) identify plant species and their parts being used; (2) determine the condition of plant material used and the method of application.201121893183
volatile compounds of leaves and fruits of mangifera indica var. coquinho (anacardiaceae) obtained using solid phase microextraction and hydrodistillation.volatile compounds present on fruits and leaves of mangifera indica var. coquinho were investigated by headspace solid phase microextraction (hs-spme) and hydrodistillation (hd). conventional techniques, such as hydrodistillation, may impart chemical changes to the original oil composition being also time-consuming. on the other hand, hs-spme provides solvent-less extractions, shorter extraction times and may supply complementary information about the composition of the compounds. the hs-spme te ...201123140720
cloning and molecular characterization of an ethylene receptor gene, miers1, expressed during mango fruitlet abscission and fruit ripening.we isolated and characterized a mango (mangifera indica l.) cdna homolog of the ethylene receptor gene ers1, designated miers1. genomic southern blot analysis suggested the existence of a second gene with homology to miers1. spatial and temporal expression patterns of miers1 were first studied during fruitlet drop and compared with those of a previously identified mietr1 gene that encodes an etr1-type ethylene receptor. experiments were conducted on developing fruitlet explants in which fruitlet ...201121676621
behavior of beta cyfluthrin and imidacloprid in/on mango (mangifera indica l.).residue persistence of beta cyfluthrin and imidacloprid on mango was carried out after giving spray application of the combination formulation, beta cyfluthrin 9% + imidacloprid 21% (solomon 300 od) 3 times at the fruit formation stage. the treatments were, untreated control, standard dose of 75 g a.i. ha(-1) and double dose of 150 g a.i. ha(-1). initial residues of beta cyfluthrin on mango fruits were 0.04 and 0.12 mg kg(-1) from treatments at the standard and double doses, respectively. the re ...201121617939
development of new microsatellite markers from mango (mangifera indica) and cross-species amplification.microsatellite markers were developed and characterized to assess the genetic diversity among mango (mangifera indica) cultivars and to test their amplification in closely related species.201121613158
nutritional and sensory quality evaluation of sponge cake prepared by incorporation of high dietary fiber containing mango (mangifera indica var. chokanan) pulp and peel flours.sponge cake prepared by partial substitution of wheat flour with mango pulp and mango peel flours (mpuf and mpef, respectively) at different concentrations (control, 5%, 10%, 20% or 30%) were investigated for the physico-chemical, nutritional and organoleptic characteristics. results showed sponge cake incorporated with mpuf and mpef to have high dietary fiber with low fat, calorie, hydrolysis and predicted glycemic index compared with the control. increasing the levels of mpuf and mpef in spong ...201121534889
evaluation of herbal methionine and mangifera indica against lead-induced organ toxicity in broilers.lead toxicity was studied in male broiler chicks (cobb strain) of a day-old age. the chicks were randomly divided into six groups consisting of 15 in each group. group 1 was maintained as basal diet control and group 2 was kept on lead at 300 ppm in feed throughout 5 wk as toxic control without any treatment. groups 3 and 4 were maintained on herbal methionine at 1.4 g/kg feed + mangifera indica at 0.1% in feed, respectively. groups 5 and 6 were treated with lead + herbal methionine and lead + m ...201121430924
molecular identification of mango, mangifera indica l.var. totupura.mango (>mangifera indica) belonging to anacardiaceae family is a fruit that grows in tropical regions. it is considered as the king of fruits. the present work was taken up to identify a tool in identifying the mango species at the molecular level. the chloroplast trnl-f region was amplified from extracted total genomic dna using the polymerase chain reaction (pcr) and sequenced. sequence of the dominant dgge band revealed that mangifera indica in tested leaves was mangifera indica (100% similar ...201121423885
preharvest bagging with wavelength-selective materials enhances development and quality of mango (mangifera indica l.) cv. nam dok mai #4.preharvest bagging has been shown to improve development and quality of fruits. different light transmittance bags showed different effects on fruit quality. this study presents the benefits of using newly developed plastic bagging materials with different wavelength-selective characteristics for mangoes (cv. nam dok mai #4). mangoes were bagged at 45 days after full bloom (dafb) and randomly harvested at 65, 75, 85, 95, and 105 dafb. the bags were removed on the harvest days. the wavelength-sel ...201121302320
extensive screening for herbal extracts with potent antioxidant properties.this paper summarizes our research for herbal extracts with potent antioxidant activity obtained from a large scale screening based on superoxide radical (o(2) (•-)) scavenging activity followed by characterization of antioxidant properties. firstly, scavenging activity against o(2) (•-) was extensively screened from ethanol extracts of approximately 1000 kinds of herbs by applying an electron spin resonance (esr)-spin trapping method, and we chose four edible herbal extracts with prominently po ...201121297917
chemical characterization of a commercial commiphora wightii resin sample and chemical profiling to assess for authenticity.the gum resin of commiphora wightii [(hook. ex stocks) engl.] is an ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of arthritis, inflammation, obesity, lipid disorders, and cardiovascular diseases and is known as guggul. morphologically, it is not easy to distinguish guggul from closely related gum resins of other plants. reliability of the commercially available guggul is critical due to the high risk of adulteration. to check authenticity, a commercial guggul sample was investigated for its chemical mar ...201121240842
deposition of stearate-oleate rich seed fat in mangifera indica is mediated by a fata type acyl-acp thioesterase.although the mechanism of accumulation of c8-c16 saturated fatty acids in seed oils has been well-studied, the control of stearic (c18:0) acid deposition in high stearate seed fat is still unclear. we investigated the mechanism that regulates high level of stearate and oleate (c18:1) accumulation in mango (mangifera indica) seeds during its development, and examined the seed plastid extracts for induction of any specialized fatty acyl-acp thioesterase (fat) that may control this high level of de ...201121130480
residues of acephate and its metabolite methamidophos in/on mango fruit (mangifera indica l.).mango, the major fruit crop of india is affected by stone weevil, which can cause serious damage to the fruits. acephate gives good control of mango stone weevil. residues of acephate and its major metabolite, methamidophos were evaluated on mango fruits following repeated spray applications at the recommended dose (0.75 kg a.i. ha⁻¹) and double the recommended dose (1.5 kg a.i. ha⁻¹). acephate residues mostly remained on the fruit peel which persisted up to 30 days. movement of residues to the ...201121107525
mangifera indica leaf-assisted biosynthesis of well-dispersed silver nanoparticles.the use of various parts of plants for the synthesis of nanoparticles is considered as a green technology as it does not involve any harmful chemicals. the present study reports a facile and rapid biosynthesis of well-dispersed silver nanoparticles. the method developed is environmentally friendly and allows the reduction to be accelerated by changing the temperature and ph of the reaction mixture consisting of aqueous agno3 and mangifera indica leaf extract. at a ph of 8, the colloid consists o ...201121030295
over-expression of mango (mangifera indica l.) miarf2 inhibits root and hypocotyl growth of arabidopsis.an auxin response factor 2 gene, miarf2, was cloned in our previous study [1] from the cotyledon section of mango (mangifera indica l. cv. zihua) during adventitious root formation, which shares an 84% amino acid sequence similarity to arabidopsis arf2. this study was to examine the effects of over-expression of the full-length miarf2 open reading frame on the root and hypocotyl growth in arabidopsis. phenotype analysis showed that the t(3) transgenic lines had about 20-30% reduction in the leng ...201120182802
synthesis and evaluation of novel analogues of mangiferin as potent antipyretic.to screen different analogues of mangiferin pharmacologically for antipyretic activity.201122078948
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