PMID(sorted ascending)
in-vitro antibacterial activity of selected medicinal plants from longisa region of bomet district, kenya.current strategies to overcome the global problem of antimicrobial resistance include research in finding new and innovative antimicrobials from plants. this study was carried out to determine the antibacterial activity of plant extracts of olea africana stem-bark, psidium guajava leaves, vernonia amygdalina leaves, lantana camara leaves and mangifera indica leaves which are used in folklore medicine to treat infections of microbial origin in longisa region of bomet district, kenya.200920589160
differential expression of the mango alcohol dehydrogenase gene family during ripening.alcohol dehydrogenases play an important role during fruit ripening and aroma production. three full-length cdnas (miadh1, 2 and 3) encoding alcohol dehydrogenases were obtained from mango fruit pulp using rt-pcr approaches. all three members displayed strong homology in the coding region when compared at the protein and nucleotide levels, however showed variations in untranslated regions. expression patterns of these adhs were different during fruit development and ripening. miadh1 and miadh2 t ...201020598721
myanmar mango landraces reveal genetic uniqueness over common cultivars from florida, india, and southeast (mangifera indica) is believed to have evolved in a large area spanning northeastern india, bangladesh, and northwestern myanmar. we compared the genetic structure of mango accessions from myanmar with that of mango accessions from florida, india, and southeast asia with 11 ssr markers. the myanmar accessions exhibited considerable genetic diversity (unbiased heterozygosity, uhe = 0.698) and a high number of private alleles. despite the low degree of genetic differentiation among accession ...201020616863
mangiferin, a dietary xanthone protects against mercury-induced toxicity in hepg2 cells.mercury is one of the noxious heavy metal environmental toxicants and is a cause of concern for human exposure. mangiferin (mgn), a glucosylxanthone found in mangifera indica, reported to have a wide range of pharmacological properties. the objective of this study was to evaluate the cytoprotective potential of mgn, against mercury chloride (hgcl(2)) induced toxicity in hepg2 cell line. the cytoprotective effect of mgn on hgcl(2) induced toxicity was assessed by colony formation assay, while ant ...201020629087
a bioactive prodelphinidin from mangifera indica leaf extract.a new trimeric proanthocyanidin, epigallocatechin-3-o-gallat-(4beta-->8)-epigallocatechin-(4beta-->8)-catechin (1), was isolated together with three known flavan-3-ols, catechin (2), epicatechin (3), and epigallocatechin (4), and three dimeric proanthocyanidins, 5-7, from the air-dried leaves of mangifera indica. their chemical structures were determined on the basis of 1d- and 2d-nmr spectra (hsqc, hmbc) of their peracetylated derivatives, maldi-tof-mass spectra, and by acid-catalyzed degradati ...201620653233
[impact of atmospheric total suspended particulate pollution on photosynthetic parameters of street mango trees in xiamen city].with the development of urbanization, total suspended particulate (tsp) pollution is getting serious, and the normal physiological processes of urban vegetation are profoundly affected while adsorbing and purifying the particulates. in this study, four areas were selected, i.e., tingxi reservoir (clean control area), xiamen university (cultural and educational area), xianyue (business area), and haicang (industrial area), with their atmospheric tsp concentrations and the photosynthetic parameter ...201020707106
biochemical changes in plant leaves as a biomarker of pollution due to anthropogenic activity.the air pollution due to anthropogenic activities seriously affected human life, vegetation, and heritage as well. the vegetation cover in and around the city mitigates the air pollution by acting as a sink for pollution. an attempt was made to evaluate biochemical changes occurred in four selected plant species, namely azadirachta indica, mangifera indica, delonix regia, and cassia fistula of residential, commercial, and industrial areas of nagpur city in india. it was observed that the correla ...201120721619
rapid green synthesis of spherical gold nanoparticles using mangifera indica leaf.this paper reports the rapid biological synthesis of spherical gold nanoparticles at room temperature using fresh/dry leaf extract of mangifera indica. this is a simple, cost-effective, stable for long time and reproducible aqueous synthesis method to obtain a self-assembly of nearly monodispersed au nanoparticles of size ∼20 nm and 17 nm. the nanoparticles were obtained within 2 min of addition of the extract to the solution of haucl ₄·3h₂o and the colloid is found to be stable for more than 5 ...201020800536
characterization of bioactive compounds from raw and ripe mangifera indica l. peel is one of the important tropical fruits in the world. as it is a seasonal fruit, it is processed for various products. during its processing, peel is one of the major byproducts, which is being wasted. bioactive conserves were extracted using 80% acetone from peels of raw and ripe mango fruits and subjected to acid hydrolysis. the prominent phenolic compounds identified by hplc were protocatechuic acid, gentisic acid and gallic acid. the phenolic acid derivatives present in acetone extract ...201020851730
an improved pollen collection and cryopreservation method for highly recalcitrant tropical fruit species of mango (mangifera indica l.) and litchi (litchi chinensis sonn.).an improved method for pollen collection from freshly dehiscing anthers of mango (mangifera indica l.) and litchi (litchi chinensis sonn.) using the organic solvent cyclohexane has been devised. using this method pollen quantity sufficient for large scale pollinations could be collected and stored for future use. transport of pollen in viable conditions over long distances, from site of collection (field genebank) to cryolab was successfully devised for both these fruit species. cryopreservation ...201020919456
molecular characterization and evaluation of virulence factors of cryptococcus laurentii and cryptococcus neoformans strains isolated from external hospital areas.cryptococcosis is a common opportunistic fungal infection that is mainly caused by the species cryptococcus neoformans and cryptococcus gattii, but there have recently been several reports of infection by non-neoformans cryptococcus species. the aims of this study were to genetically characterize cryptococcus spp. isolated from external hospital areas in minas gerais state, brazil, and to evaluate their pathogenic potential, analyzing their phospholipase and melanin production and the capacity f ...201020943154
anti-inflammatory effects of mangifera indica l. extract in a model of investigate the effect of aqueous extract from mangifera indica l. (mie) on dextran sulfate sodium (dss)-induced colitis in rats.201020954278
observations on the carotenoid pigments of the mango fruit. 194620999654
mangifera indica leaf-assisted biosynthesis of well-dispersed silver nanoparticles.the use of various parts of plants for the synthesis of nanoparticles is considered as a green technology as it does not involve any harmful chemicals. the present study reports a facile and rapid biosynthesis of well-dispersed silver nanoparticles. the method developed is environmentally friendly and allows the reduction to be accelerated by changing the temperature and ph of the reaction mixture consisting of aqueous agno3 and mangifera indica leaf extract. at a ph of 8, the colloid consists o ...201121030295
comparison of microwave-assisted and conventional hydrodistillation in the extraction of essential oils from mango (mangifera indica l.) flowers.microwave-assisted hydrodistillation (mahd) is an advanced hydrodistillation (hd) technique, in which a microwave oven is used in the extraction process. mahd and hd methods have been compared and evaluated for their effectiveness in the isolation of essential oils from fresh mango (mangifera indica l.) flowers. mahd offers important advantages over hd in terms of energy savings and extraction time (75 min against 4 h). the composition of the extracted essential oils was investigated by gc-fid a ...201021042260
evaluation of air pollution tolerance index of selected plant species along roadsides in thiruvananthapuram, develop the usefulness of plants as bioindicators requires an appropriate selection of plant species which entail an utmost importance for a particular situation. in the present study a periodic evaluation of air pollution tolerance index [apti] of selected tree species such as polyalthia longifolia, (sonner) thw., alstonia scholaris, r. br., mangifera indica, l., and shrubs clerodendron infortunatum, l., eupatorium odoratum, l., and hyptis suaveolens, (l.) poit., growing adjacent to the nati ...201021047015
developing a systems approach for sternochetus mangiferae (coleoptera: curculionidae) in south africa.sternochetus mangiferae (f.) (coleoptera: curculionidae) is a quarantine pest of mango, mangifera indica l., in south africa. the aim of the study was to test cultural and chemical control measures in a systems approach for risk mitigation of s. mangiferae in south africa. a large-scale experiment, using a randomized block design with three replicates, was undertaken on 'tommy atkins' mangoes in south africa. five treatment combinations were applied over two seasons: (1) untreated control; (2) s ...201021061956
effective sampling range of a synthetic protein-based attractant for ceratitis capitata (diptera: tephritidae).studies were conducted in honduras to determine effective sampling range of a female-targeted protein-based synthetic attractant for the mediterranean fruit fly, ceratitis capitata (wiedemann) (diptera: tephritidae). multilure traps were baited with ammonium acetate, putrescine, and trimethylamine lures (three-component attractant) and sampled over eight consecutive weeks. field design consisted of 38 traps (over 0.5 ha) placed in a combination of standard and high-density grids to facilitate ge ...201021061993
herbicidal activity of flavonoids of mango leaves against parthenium hysterophorus l.this study was undertaken to investigate the herbicidal activity of mango (mangifera indica l.) leaves against parthenium weed (parthenium hysterophorus l.). the aqueous leaf extract at 15% concentration (on fresh weight basis) significantly reduced germination, shoot length and the shoot and root biomasses of parthenium seedlings. in a leaf residue incorporation pot trial, 2% residue incorporation treatment significantly suppressed the root and shoot biomasses of parthenium, while a 5% residue ...201021104534
residues of acephate and its metabolite methamidophos in/on mango fruit (mangifera indica l.).mango, the major fruit crop of india is affected by stone weevil, which can cause serious damage to the fruits. acephate gives good control of mango stone weevil. residues of acephate and its major metabolite, methamidophos were evaluated on mango fruits following repeated spray applications at the recommended dose (0.75 kg a.i. ha⁻¹) and double the recommended dose (1.5 kg a.i. ha⁻¹). acephate residues mostly remained on the fruit peel which persisted up to 30 days. movement of residues to the ...201121107525
antifungal activity of flavonoids isolated from mango (mangifera indica l.) leaves.five flavonoids, namely (-)-epicatechin-3-o-β-glucopyranoside (1), 5-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxylphenyl)pyrano[3,2-g]chromene-4(8h)-one (2), 6-(p-hydroxybenzyl)taxifolin-7-o-β-d-glucoside (tricuspid) (3), quercetin-3-o-α-glucopyranosyl-(1 → 2)-β-d-glucopyranoside (4) and (-)-epicatechin(2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-2h-chromene-3,5,7-triol (5), were isolated from the leaves of mango (mangifera indica l.). antifungal activity of these compounds was evaluated against five fungal species, namely alt ...201021108117
deposition of stearate-oleate rich seed fat in mangifera indica is mediated by a fata type acyl-acp thioesterase.although the mechanism of accumulation of c8-c16 saturated fatty acids in seed oils has been well-studied, the control of stearic (c18:0) acid deposition in high stearate seed fat is still unclear. we investigated the mechanism that regulates high level of stearate and oleate (c18:1) accumulation in mango (mangifera indica) seeds during its development, and examined the seed plastid extracts for induction of any specialized fatty acyl-acp thioesterase (fat) that may control this high level of de ...201121130480
evaluation of lactoperoxidase system treatment to reduce anthracnose, stem-end rot, and bacterial black spot development during storage of mangoes.the lactoperoxidase system (lps) was evaluated for the prevention of postharvest diseases caused by xanthomonas campestris, botryodiplodia theobromae, and colletotrichum gloeosporioides in 'keitt' and 'kent' mangoes. the lps treatment significantly reduced the disease development on both cultivars after storage at 12 degrees c for 2 weeks, which was followed by a ripening at 25 degrees c. the lps treatment did not alter the sensory quality of mango fruits (color, firmness, titrable acidity, and ...200521132977
a mangifera indica l. extract could be used to treat neuropathic pain and implication of has been accepted that neuroinflammation, oxidative stress and glial activation are involved in the central sensitization underlying neuropathic pain. vimang is an aqueous extract of mangifera indica l. traditionally used in cuba for its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and immunomodulatory properties. several formulations are available, and also for mangiferin, its major component. preclinical studies demonstrated that these products prevented tumor necrosis factor α -induced iκb de ...201021150823
two new species of fusarium section liseola associated with mango malformation is an economically important disease of mangifera indica globally. a recent dna-based study indicated that two distinct, phylogenetic lineages previously identified as fusarium subglutinans are associated with this disease in south africa. the objective of this study was to characterize fusarium isolates associated with mango malformation, including the two different f. subglutinans groups, based on morphological characteristics. for this purpose we examined fusarium strains i ...200221156544
patterns of sugar feeding and host plant preferences in adult males of an. gambiae (diptera: culicidae).sugar feeding by male mosquitoes is critical for their success in mating competition. however, the facets of sugar source finding under natural conditions remain unknown. here, evidence obtained in western burkina faso indicated that the distribution of an. gambiae s.s. (m and s molecular forms) males across different peri-domestic habitats is dependent on the availability of potential sugar sources from which they obtain more favorable sites for feeding or resting. among field-collected anophel ...201021175931
genetic variation and variation in aggressiveness to native and exotic hosts among brazilian populations of ceratocystis fimbriata.ceratocystis fimbriata is a complex of many species that cause wilt and cankers on woody plants and rot of storage roots or corms of many economically important crops worldwide. in brazil, c. fimbriata infects different cultivated crop plants that are not native to brazil, including gmelina arborea, eucalyptus spp., mangifera indica (mango), ficus carica (fig), and colocasia esculenta (inhame). phylogenetic analyses and inoculation studies were performed to test the hypothesis that there are hos ...201121190423
chemical characterization of a commercial commiphora wightii resin sample and chemical profiling to assess for authenticity.the gum resin of commiphora wightii [(hook. ex stocks) engl.] is an ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of arthritis, inflammation, obesity, lipid disorders, and cardiovascular diseases and is known as guggul. morphologically, it is not easy to distinguish guggul from closely related gum resins of other plants. reliability of the commercially available guggul is critical due to the high risk of adulteration. to check authenticity, a commercial guggul sample was investigated for its chemical mar ...201121240842
screening of certain medicinal plants from india for their anti-quorum sensing activity.discovery of quorum sensing (qs) system to coordinate virulence and biofilm formation in bacterial pathogens has triggered search for safe, stable and non-toxic anti-qs compounds from natural products. ethanolic extracts of 24 indian medicinal plants were tested by agar well and disc diffusion assay for anti-qs activity using chromobacterium violaceum (cv12472 and cvo26) reporter strains. ahl from c. violaceum cv31532 was isolated and partially purified for its use in cvo26 based bioassay. effec ...201021250604
potent α-amylase inhibitory activity of indian ayurvedic medicinal plants.indian medicinal plants used in the ayurvedic traditional system to treat diabetes are a valuable source of novel anti-diabetic agents. pancreatic α-amylase inhibitors offer an effective strategy to lower the levels of post-prandial hyperglycemia via control of starch breakdown. in this study, seventeen indian medicinal plants with known hypoglycemic properties were subjected to sequential solvent extraction and tested for α-amylase inhibition, in order to assess and evaluate their inhibitory po ...201121251279
extensive screening for herbal extracts with potent antioxidant properties.this paper summarizes our research for herbal extracts with potent antioxidant activity obtained from a large scale screening based on superoxide radical (o(2) (•-)) scavenging activity followed by characterization of antioxidant properties. firstly, scavenging activity against o(2) (•-) was extensively screened from ethanol extracts of approximately 1000 kinds of herbs by applying an electron spin resonance (esr)-spin trapping method, and we chose four edible herbal extracts with prominently po ...201121297917
preharvest bagging with wavelength-selective materials enhances development and quality of mango (mangifera indica l.) cv. nam dok mai #4.preharvest bagging has been shown to improve development and quality of fruits. different light transmittance bags showed different effects on fruit quality. this study presents the benefits of using newly developed plastic bagging materials with different wavelength-selective characteristics for mangoes (cv. nam dok mai #4). mangoes were bagged at 45 days after full bloom (dafb) and randomly harvested at 65, 75, 85, 95, and 105 dafb. the bags were removed on the harvest days. the wavelength-sel ...201121302320
mangiferin: a xanthone attenuates mercury chloride induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in hepg2 cells.mangiferin (mgn), a dietary c-glucosylxanthone present in mangifera indica, is known to possess a spectrum of beneficial pharmacological properties. this study demonstrates antigenotoxic potential of mgn against mercuric chloride (hgcl2)-induced genotoxicity in hepg2 cell line. treatment of hepg2 cells with various concentrations of hgcl2 for 3 h caused a dose-dependent increase in micronuclei frequency and elevation in dna strand breaks (olive tail moment and tail dna). pretreatment with mgn si ...201321308892
inhibitory spectra and modes of antimicrobial action of gallotannins from mango kernels (mangifera indica l.).this study investigated the antimicrobial activities and modes of action of penta-, hexa-, hepta-, octa-, nona-, and deca-o-galloylglucose (gallotannins) isolated from mango kernels. the mics and minimum bactericidal concentrations (mbcs) against food-borne bacteria and fungi were determined using a critical dilution assay. gram-positive bacteria were generally more susceptible to gallotannins than were gram-negative bacteria. the mics of gallotannins against bacillus subtilis, bacillus cereus, ...201121317249
antimycobacterial activities of selected medicinal plants from zimbabwe against mycobacterium aurum and corynebacterium glutamicum.the spread of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis necessitates the discovery of new classes of antibacterials and compounds that inhibit macromolecules involved in these resistant mechanisms. thirty ethanol extracts from nineteen selected plants from zimbabwe were screened against mycobacterium aurum and corynebacterium glutamicum using the agar disk diffusion method. these two organisms were used as models for mycobacterium tuberculosis. the amount of ciprofloxacin accumulated and effluxed by the ...201021399602
indonesian propolis: chemical composition, biological activity and botanical origin.from a biologically active extract of indonesian propolis from east java, 11 compounds were isolated and identified: four alk(en)ylresorcinols (obtained as an inseparable mixture) (1-4) were isolated for the first time from propolis, along with four prenylflavanones (6-9) and three cycloartane-type triterpenes (5, 10 and 11). the structures of the components were elucidated based on their spectral properties. all prenylflavanones demonstrated significant radical scavenging activity against diphe ...201121409722
gallic acid indanone and mangiferin xanthone are strong determinants of immunosuppressive anti-tumour effects of mangifera indica l. bark in mda-mb231 breast cancer cells.vimang is a standardized extract derived from mango bark (mangifera indica l.), commonly used as anti-inflammatory phytomedicine, which has recently been used to complement cancer therapies in cancer patients. we have further investigated potential anti-tumour effects of glucosylxanthone mangiferin and indanone gallic acid, which are both present in vimang extract. we observed significant anti-tumour effects of both vimang constituents in the highly aggressive and metastatic breast cancer cell t ...201121420233
molecular identification of mango, mangifera indica l.var. (>mangifera indica) belonging to anacardiaceae family is a fruit that grows in tropical regions. it is considered as the king of fruits. the present work was taken up to identify a tool in identifying the mango species at the molecular level. the chloroplast trnl-f region was amplified from extracted total genomic dna using the polymerase chain reaction (pcr) and sequenced. sequence of the dominant dgge band revealed that mangifera indica in tested leaves was mangifera indica (100% similar ...201121423885
evaluation of herbal methionine and mangifera indica against lead-induced organ toxicity in broilers.lead toxicity was studied in male broiler chicks (cobb strain) of a day-old age. the chicks were randomly divided into six groups consisting of 15 in each group. group 1 was maintained as basal diet control and group 2 was kept on lead at 300 ppm in feed throughout 5 wk as toxic control without any treatment. groups 3 and 4 were maintained on herbal methionine at 1.4 g/kg feed + mangifera indica at 0.1% in feed, respectively. groups 5 and 6 were treated with lead + herbal methionine and lead + m ...201121430924
lipid peroxidation inhibition and antiradical activities of some leaf fractions of mangifera indica.this study was undertaken to assess in vitro lipid peroxidation inhibitions and anti-radical activities of methanolic, chloroform, ethyl acetate and water fractions of mangifera indica leaf. inhibition of fe(2+)-induced lipid peroxidation (lpo) in egg, brain, and liver homogenates, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (dpph) and hydroxyl (oh-) radical scavenging activities were evaluated. total phenol was assessed in all fractions, and the reducing power of methanolic fraction was compared to gallic ac ...201121485698
nutritional and sensory quality evaluation of sponge cake prepared by incorporation of high dietary fiber containing mango (mangifera indica var. chokanan) pulp and peel flours.sponge cake prepared by partial substitution of wheat flour with mango pulp and mango peel flours (mpuf and mpef, respectively) at different concentrations (control, 5%, 10%, 20% or 30%) were investigated for the physico-chemical, nutritional and organoleptic characteristics. results showed sponge cake incorporated with mpuf and mpef to have high dietary fiber with low fat, calorie, hydrolysis and predicted glycemic index compared with the control. increasing the levels of mpuf and mpef in spong ...201121534889
bioactivity of mango flesh and peel extracts on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ[pparγ] activation and mcf-7 cell proliferation: fraction and fruit variability.mangos are a source of bioactive compounds with potential health promoting activity. biological activities associated with mango fractions were assessed in cell-based assays to develop effective extraction and fractionation methodologies and to define sources of variability. two techniques were developed for extraction and fractionation of mango fruit peel and flesh. liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (lc-ms) was used to assess compositional differences between mango fractions in flesh extr ...201121535682
ameliorating effects of mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit on plasma ethanol level in a mouse model assessed with h-nmr based metabolic profiling.the ameliorating effects of mango (mangifera indica l.) flesh and peel samples on plasma ethanol level were investigated using a mouse model. mango fruit samples remarkably decreased mouse plasma ethanol levels and increased the activities of alcohol dehydrogenase and acetaldehyde dehydrogenase. the (1)h-nmr-based metabolomic technique was employed to investigate the differences in metabolic profiles of mango fruits, and mouse plasma samples fed with mango fruit samples. the partial least square ...201121562641
permanent genetic resources added to molecular ecology resources database 1 april 2010 - 31 may 2010.this article documents the addition of 396 microsatellite marker loci to the molecular ecology resources database. loci were developed for the following species: anthocidaris crassispina, aphis glycines, argyrosomus regius, astrocaryum sciophilum, dasypus novemcinctus, delomys sublineatus, dermatemys mawii, fundulus heteroclitus, homalaspis plana, jumellea rossii, khaya senegalensis, mugil cephalus, neoceratitis cyanescens, phalacrocorax aristotelis, phytophthora infestans, piper cordulatum, pte ...201021565124
development of new microsatellite markers from mango (mangifera indica) and cross-species amplification.microsatellite markers were developed and characterized to assess the genetic diversity among mango (mangifera indica) cultivars and to test their amplification in closely related species.201121613158
behavior of beta cyfluthrin and imidacloprid in/on mango (mangifera indica l.).residue persistence of beta cyfluthrin and imidacloprid on mango was carried out after giving spray application of the combination formulation, beta cyfluthrin 9% + imidacloprid 21% (solomon 300 od) 3 times at the fruit formation stage. the treatments were, untreated control, standard dose of 75 g a.i. ha(-1) and double dose of 150 g a.i. ha(-1). initial residues of beta cyfluthrin on mango fruits were 0.04 and 0.12 mg kg(-1) from treatments at the standard and double doses, respectively. the re ...201121617939
cloning and molecular characterization of an ethylene receptor gene, miers1, expressed during mango fruitlet abscission and fruit ripening.we isolated and characterized a mango (mangifera indica l.) cdna homolog of the ethylene receptor gene ers1, designated miers1. genomic southern blot analysis suggested the existence of a second gene with homology to miers1. spatial and temporal expression patterns of miers1 were first studied during fruitlet drop and compared with those of a previously identified mietr1 gene that encodes an etr1-type ethylene receptor. experiments were conducted on developing fruitlet explants in which fruitlet ...201121676621
antioxidant activity of phenolic and flavonoid compounds in some medicinal plants of this study, total phenolics, flavonoids and vitamin c content vis-a-vis antioxidant activities were assayed in leaves and stem bark of azadirachta indica, butea monosperma, cassia fistula, mangifera indica, syzygium cumini and tamarindus indica using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (dpph) and superoxide radical scavenging method. the dpph radical scavenging activity positively correlated with the total phenolic content in both stem bark and leaf. superoxide radical scavenging activity incre ...201121726132
anti-enteric bacterial activity and phytochemical analysis of the seed kernel extract of mangifera indica linnaeus against shigella dysenteriae (shiga, corrig.) castellani and evaluate the phytochemical and anti-bacterial efficacy of the seed kernel extract of mangifera indica (m. indica) against the enteropathogen, shigella dysenteriae (s. dysenteriae), isolated from the diarrhoeal stool specimens.201121771473
the inhibitory potential of thai mango seed kernel extract against methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus.plant extracts are a valuable source of novel antibacterial compounds to combat pathogenic isolates of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (mrsa), a global nosocomial infection. in this study, the alcoholic extract from thai mango (mangifera indica l. cv. 'fahlun') seed kernel extract (mske) and its phenolic principles (gallic acid, methyl gallate and pentagalloylglucopyranose) demonstrated potent in vitro antibacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus and 19 clinical mrsa isolates ...201121788933
anti-venom potential of aqueous extract of stem bark of mangifera indica l. against daboia russellii (russell's viper) venom.several plant extracts rich in pharmacologically active compounds have shown to antagonize venom of several species. mangifera indica has been used against snakebite by the traditional healers. however, there is paucity of scientific data in support. in this study, we evaluated the antivenom potential of aqueous extract of stem bark of m. indica against d. russellii venom-induced pharmacological effects such as life myotoxicity, edema, ld50 etc. the extract inhibited the phospholipase, protease, ...201121793309
antimicrobial screening of ethnobotanically important stem bark of medicinal plants.the stem barks are the rich sources of tannins and other phenolic compounds. tannins inhibited the growth of various fungi, yeast, bacteria and virus. hence, ten stem barks of ethnomedicinally important plants were screened for antibacterial and antifungal activities against human pathogenic strains.201021808577
bioconversion of agricultural waste to ethanol by ssf using recombinant cellulase from clostridium thermocellum.the effect of different pretreatment methods, temperature, and enzyme concentration on ethanol production from 8 lignocellulosic agrowaste by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (ssf) using recombinant cellulase and saccharomyces cerevisiae were studied. recombinant cellulase was isolated from e. coli bl21 cells transformed with ctlic26a-cel5-cbm11 full-length gene from clostridium thermocellum and produced in both batch and fed-batch processes. the maximum cell od and specific activi ...201121811671
effect of freeze-drying on the antioxidant compounds and antioxidant activity of selected tropical fruits.the effects of freeze-drying on antioxidant compounds and antioxidant activity of five tropical fruits, namely starfruit (averrhoa carambola l.), mango (mangifera indica l.), papaya (carica papaya l.), muskmelon (cucumis melo l.), and watermelon citruluss lanatus (thunb.) were investigated. significant (p < 0.05) differences, for the amounts of total phenolic compounds (tpc), were found between the fresh and freeze-dried fruit samples, except muskmelon. there was no significant (p > 0.05) change ...201121845104
Anastrepha ludens and Anastrepha serpentina (Diptera: Tephritidae) do not infest Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae), but Anastrepha obliqua occasionally shares this resource with Anastrepha striata in nature.This study examined whether economically important fruit fly species Anastrepha ludens (Loew), Anastrepha serpentina (Wiedemann), and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) may opportunistically exploit guavas, Psidium guajava L. (Myrtaceae), growing near preferred natural hosts. We collected 3,459 kg of guavas and 895 kg of other known host species [sour orange, Citrus aurantium L.; grapefruit, Citrus paradisi Macfadyen; mango, Mangifera indica L.; white sapote, Casimiroa edulis L ...201121882684
potential contribution of mangoes to reduction of vitamin a deficiency in kenya.the β-carotene content of fresh and dried mangoes commonly consumed in kenya was evaluated and converted to retinol equivalent (re). mango fruits of varieties ngowe, apple, and tommy atkins were harvested at mature green, partially ripe, and ripe stages and their β-carotene content analyzed. the stability of β-carotene in sun dried mangoes was also studied over 6 months under usual marketing conditions used in kenya. the effect of using simple pretreatment methods prior to drying of mango slices ...201321883054
an ethnobotanical survey of mosquito repellent plants in umkhanyakude district, kwazulu-natal province, south africa.the aim of the study was to document plants traditionally used to repel mosquitoes in the umkhanyakude district, kwazulu-natal, south africa. the specific objectives of the study were to: (1) identify plant species and their parts being used; (2) determine the condition of plant material used and the method of application.201121893183
mangifera indica l. extract (vimang) and mangiferin reduce the airway inflammation and th2 cytokines in murine model of allergic asthma.the aim was to study the effects of mangifera indica extract and its major component mangiferin on lung inflammation response and th2 cytokine production using a murine experimental model of allergic asthma.201121899550
multi-residue analysis of pesticide residues in mangoes using solid-phase microextraction coupled to liquid chromatography and uv-vis detection.a sensitive and efficient solid-phase microextraction method, based on liquid chromatography and uv-vis detection, was developed and validated as an alternative method for sample screening prior to lc-ms analysis. it enables the simultaneous determination of ten pesticides in mango fruits. the fiber used was polydimethylsiloxane while optimum spme conditions employed have been developed and optimized in a previous work. the desorption process was performed in static mode, using acetonitrile as a ...201121919197
identification of benzophenone c-glucosides from mango tree leaves and their inhibitory effect on triglyceride accumulation in 3t3-l1 adipocytes.a 70% ethanol-water extract from the leaves of mangifera indica l. (anacardiaceae) inhibited triglyceride (tg) accumulation in 3t3-l1 cells. from the active fraction, seven new benzophenone c-glycosides, foliamangiferosides a (1), a(1) (2), a(2) (3), b (4), c(1) (5), c(2) (6), and c(3) (7), together with five known compounds were isolated and the structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. the effects of these compounds on tg and the free fatty acid level in ...201121923172
glycaemic response to some commonly eaten fruits in type 2 diabetes is not known which of the commonly consumed fruits in nigeria are suitable for persons with diabetes mellitus especially with regards to the attendant plasma glucose response (pgr) to consumption of such fruits.201121984455
direct purification of pectinase from mango (mangifera indica cv. chokanan) peel using a peg/salt-based aqueous two phase aqueous two-phase system (atps) was employed for the first time for the separation and purification of pectinase from mango (mangifera indica cv. chokanan) peel. the effects of different parameters such as molecular weight of the polymer (polyethylene glycol, 2,000-10,000), potassium phosphate composition (12-20%, w/w), system ph (6-9), and addition of different concentrations of neutral salts (0-8%, w/w) on partition behavior of pectinase were investigated. the partition coefficient of the e ...201121986520
mangiferin decreases inflammation and oxidative damage in rat brain after stress.purpose: stress exposure elicits neuroinflammation and oxidative damage in brain, and stress-related neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases have been associated with cell damage and death. mangiferin (mag) is a polyphenolic compound abundant in the stem bark of mangifera indica l. with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties in different experimental settings. in this study, the capacity of mag to prevent neuroinflammation and brain oxidative damage induced by stre ...201121986672
Endophytic and pathogenic Phyllosticta species, with reference to those associated with Citrus Black Spot.We investigated the identity and genetic diversity of more than 100 isolates belonging to Phyllosticta (teleomorph Guignardia), with particular emphasis on Phyllosticta citricarpa and Guignardia mangiferae s.l. occurring on Citrus. Phyllosticta citricarpa is the causal agent of Citrus Black Spot and is subject to phytosanitary legislation in the EU. This species is frequently confused with a taxon generally referred to as G. mangiferae, the presumed teleomorph of P. capitalensis, which is a non- ...201122025803
[query: distinguish between dicot and monocot according to whether free vein termination exist or not].to observe and study the correctness of the proposition dicot have free vein termination but monocot have not. to evaluate the reliability of the identification principle that is based on above proposition.201122032128
synthesis and evaluation of novel analogues of mangiferin as potent screen different analogues of mangiferin pharmacologically for antipyretic activity.201122078948
ethnopharmacological survey of annonaceae medicinal plants used to treat malaria in four areas of cameroon.malaria endemic countries have vital resources that are medicinal plants on which their traditional medicines depend. in some cameroonian settings, in addition to the commonly used potions from plants like alstonia boonei, zanthoxylum macrophylla and mangifera indica, other herbal species are being increasingly used to treat malaria. so, specialized traditional healers have developed alternative reasonably priced therapies, relying on the signs and/or symptoms of malaria. within this framework, ...201222079831
physiological age at harvest regulates the variability in postharvest ripening, sensory and nutritional characteristics of mango (mangifera indica l.) cv. coghshall due to growing conditions.climacteric fruits are harvested at the green-mature stage and ripen during their marketing cycle. however, growing conditions induce variability into the maturity stage of mangoes at harvest, with an impact on their final quality. assuming that the physiological age can be correctly evaluated by a criterion based on the variable chlorophyll fluorescence of the skin (f(v)) and that differences in physiological age depend on growing conditions, controlled stress experiments were carried out on ma ...201222102013
case series in patients with zoster-associated pain using mangifera indica l. extract.neuroimmune activation has been proposed as a source of new targets for therapeutic intervention in neuropathic pain. vimang® is an aqueous extract from mangifera indica l. (common mango) that is traditionally used in cuba for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and immunomodulatory properties. in the present case report, we determine its potential effects in patients with zoster-associated pain.201122189366
rapd analysis of the genetic diversity of mango (mangifera indica) germplasm in brazil.we evaluated genetic variability of mango (mangifera indica) accessions maintained in the active germplasm bank of embrapa meio-norte in teresina, piauí, brazil, using rapds. among these accessions, 35 originated from plantings in brazil, six from the usa and one from india. genomic dna, extracted from leaf material using a commercial purification kit, was subjected to pcr with the primers a01, a09, g03, g10, n05, and m16. fifty-five polymorphic loci were identified, with mean of 9.16 ± 3.31 ban ...201122194163
mangifera indica (mango).mangifera indica, commonly used herb in ayurvedic medicine. although review articles on this plant are already published, but this review article is presented to compile all the updated information on its phytochemical and pharmacological activities, which were performed widely by different methods. studies indicate mango possesses antidiabetic, anti-oxidant, anti-viral, cardiotonic, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory properties. various effects like antibacterial, anti fungal, anthelmintic, anti pa ...201022228940
evaluation of yellow sticky traps for monitoring the population of thrips (thysanoptera) in a mango orchard.populations of several thrips species were estimated using yellow sticky traps in an orchard planted with mango, mangifera indica l. during the dry and wet seasons beginning in late 2008-2009 on penang island, malaysia. to determine the efficacy of using sticky traps to monitor thrips populations, we compared weekly population estimates on yellow sticky traps with thrips population sizes that were determined (using a co(2) method) directly from mango panicles. dispersal distance and direction of ...201122251688
(1) h and (13) c nmr characterization of new cycloartane triterpenes from mangifera indica.from the stem bark of mangifera indica, seven cycloartane-type secondary metabolites were isolated. compound 1 has been isolated for the first time from m. indica, whereas compounds 2 (2a and 2b, as an epimeric mixture), 3, and 4 are new triterpenoid-type cycloartanes. unambiguous (13) c and (1) h nmr assignments for these compounds and the known compounds mangiferonic acid (compound 5), isomangiferolic acid (compound 6), ambolic acid (compound 7), and friedelin (compound 8) are reported; the la ...201222271257
effect of rootstock on mango fruit susceptibility to infestation by anastrepha obliqua.the effect of the use of rootstock criollo on the susceptibility of manila mango fruit to infestation by anastrepha obliqua (macquart) was determined in the present investigation. growth, quality parameters (soluble solids content (%), citric acid content (%), firmness, monoterpene volatiles (3-carene, limonene, alpha-pinene, and beta-myrcene), main flavonoids content (milligrams/100 g fresh pulp), and larvicidal activity of methanolic extracts, as well as the degree of infestation during prehar ...201122299362
perspectives on medicinal properties of tree, mangifera indica, has been cultivated in india and several other tropical countries for centuries, and it is a good source of compound 'mangiferin'. mangiferin's xanthonoid structure with c-glucosyl linkage and polyhydroxy component is believed to be crucial for its free radical-scavenging ability leading to a potent antioxidant effect. a number of biological activities of mangiferin have been suggested, including antidiabetic and antiinflammatory abilities. these might be explained ...201222303941
mangiferin exerts hepatoprotective activity against d-galactosamine induced acute toxicity and oxidative/nitrosative stress via nrf2-nfκb pathways.mangiferin, a xanthone glucoside, is well known to exhibit antioxidant, antiviral, antitumor, anti-inflammatory and gene-regulatory effects. in the present study, we isolated mangiferin from the bark of mangifera indica and assessed its beneficial role in galactosamine (gal) induced hepatic pathophysiology. gal (400 mg/kg body weight) exposed hepatotoxic rats showed elevation in the activities of serum alp, alt, levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol, lipid-peroxidation and reduction in the ...201222310181
assessing allometric models to predict vegetative growth of mango (mangifera indica; anacardiaceae) at the current-year branch scale.accurate and reliable predictive models are necessary to estimate nondestructively key variables for plant growth studies such as leaf area and leaf, stem, and total biomass. predictive models are lacking at the current-year branch scale despite the importance of this scale in plant science.201222362545
development and characterization of 20 new polymorphic microsatellite markers from mangifera indica (anacardiaceae).twenty microsatellite loci for mango (mangifera indica), an important commercial fruit tree in east asia, were developed to evaluate the genetic diversity and identification of cultivars.201222371856
development and application of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for specific detection of mangiferin content in various cultivars of mangifera indica leaves using anti-mangiferin polyclonal enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) was developed for determining mangiferin content in plant samples using a polyclonal antibody (pab) against mangiferin. the developed elisa showed a full measurement range from 0.12 to 31.25 μg/ml mangiferin with a relative standard deviation (rsd) less than 6% for both intra- and interassay precision levels. the accuracy was determined by a percent recovery experiment at three concentration levels and it showed 97.8%-103.7% recovery in mangifera indi ...201222394207
evaluation of aluminum phosphide against wood-destroying insects.aluminum phosphide, a well-known stored grain fumigant, available in solid formulation, has shown promise as wood fumigant. this chemical decomposes to phosphine when exposed to moisture. the feasibility of fumigant treatment to extend the service life of wood was evaluated in a small block test of two wood species. hard wood (mangifera indica l.) and conifer blocks (pinus roxburghii sargent) were fumigated with different concentrations (0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.6%) of aluminum phosphide. ...201222420265
isolation and identification of host cues from mango, mangifera indica, that attract gravid female oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis.the oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis, is an economically damaging, polyphagous pest of fruit crops in south-east asia and hawaii, and a quarantine pest in other parts of the world. the objective of our study was to identify new attractants for b. dorsalis from overripe mango fruits. headspace samples of volatiles were collected from two cultivars of mango, 'alphonso' and 'chausa', and a strong positive behavioral response was observed when female b. dorsalis were exposed to these volatile ...201222438014
extraction of dna suitable for pcr applications from mature leaves of mangifera indica l.good quality deoxyribonucleic acid (dna) is the pre-requisite for its downstream applications. the presence of high concentrations of polysaccharides, polyphenols, proteins, and other secondary metabolites in mango leaves poses problem in getting good quality dna fit for polymerase chain reaction (pcr) applications. the problem is exacerbated when dna is extracted from mature mango leaves. a reliable and modified protocol based on the cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (ctab) method for dna extracti ...201222467363
[investigation on emission properties of biogenic vocs of landscape plants in shenzhen].isoprene and monoterpene emissions were characterized using flow and enclosure sampling method and gc-ms in usa for 158 species of plants growing in shenzhen, china. this survey was designed to include all of the dominant plants within the shenzhen region as well as unique plants such as cycads. these are the first measurements in a subtropical asian metropolis. substantial isoprene emissions were observed from thirty-one species, including caryota mitis, adenanthera pavonina var. microsperma, m ...201122468517
optimization of freeze drying conditions for purified pectinase from mango (mangifera indica cv. chokanan) peel.response surface methodology (rsm) along with central composite design (ccd) was applied to optimize the freeze drying conditions for purified pectinase from mango (mangifera indica cv. chokanan) peel. the effect of pectinase content (-2.66, 62.66 mg/ml), arabic gum (-1.21, 10.21%, w/v), and maltodextrin (0.73, 7.26%, w/v) as independent variables on activity, yield, and storage stability of freeze-dried enzyme was evaluated. storage stability of pectinase was investigated after one week at 4 °c ...201222489134
optimization of serine protease purification from mango (mangifera indica cv. chokanan) peel in polyethylene glycol/dextran aqueous two phase peel is a good source of protease but remains an industrial waste. this study focuses on the optimization of polyethylene glycol (peg)/dextran-based aqueous two-phase system (atps) to purify serine protease from mango peel. the activity of serine protease in different phase systems was studied and then the possible relationship between the purification variables, namely polyethylene glycol molecular weight (peg, 4000-12,000 g·mol(-1)), tie line length (-3.42-35.27%), nacl (-2.5-11.5%) and ...201222489172
2d-dige analysis of mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit reveals major proteomic changes associated with ripening.a comparative proteomic investigation between the pre-climacteric and climacteric mango fruits (cv. keitt) was performed to identify protein species with variable abundance during ripening. proteins were phenol-extracted from fruits, cyanine-dye-labeled, and separated on 2d gels at ph 4-7. total spot count of about 373 proteins spots was detected in each gel and forty-seven were consistently different between pre-climacteric and climacteric fruits and were subjected to lc-ms/ms analysis. functio ...201222504795
molecular cloning and characterization of the genes encoding an auxin efflux carrier and the auxin influx carriers associated with the adventitious root formation in mango (mangifera indica l.) cotyledon segments.polar auxin transport (pat) plays an important role in the adventitious root formation of mango cotyledon segments, but the molecular mechanism remains unclear. in this study, we cloned a gene encoding an auxin efflux carrier (designated as mipin1), and we cloned four genes encoding auxin influx carriers (designated as miaux1, miaux2, miaux3 and miaux4). the results of a phylogenetic tree analysis indicated that mipin1 and the miauxs belong to plant pin and auxs/laxs groups. quantitative real-ti ...201222522578
comparison of efficiency of distance measurement methodologies in mango (mangifera indica) progenies based on physicochemical descriptors.we investigated seven distance measures in a set of observations of physicochemical variables of mango (mangifera indica) submitted to multivariate analyses (distance, projection and grouping). to estimate the distance measurements, five mango progeny (total of 25 genotypes) were analyzed, using six fruit physicochemical descriptors (fruit weight, equatorial diameter, longitudinal diameter, total soluble solids in °brix, total titratable acidity, and ph). the distance measurements were compared ...201222535394
species composition and population dynamics of thrips (thysanoptera) in mango orchards of northern peninsular malaysia.thrips are key pests of mango, mangifera indica (l.), in malaysia, including the northern peninsular. as penang has year-round equatorial climate and high of rainfall, the populations of thrips may be subject to variations in composition and size. with a goal of developing an appropriate control strategy, a survey was conducted in penang to determine species composition and abundance in relation to some environmental factors. sprayed and unsprayed orchards were sampled on weekly basis through tw ...201022546435
trace element analysis of some copper containing herbs.siddha system specifies medicinal plants containing various metal constituents for curing ailments. the plants reported as copper containing were subjected to atomic absorption spectrophotometic analysis. among these mangifera indica and coccinia indica were found to contain comparatively higher content of copper while manganese was move in coccinia indica aloe perfoliata, cassia auriculata and nelumbium nicifera.199722556811
physico-chemical and pharmacognostic investigation of fruit pulp of mangifera indica linn.fruit pulp of mangifera indica linn. is an important ayurvedic medicine which is useful in gastric disorders, dyspepsia, loss of appetite, urine incontinence, uterine diseases, heat apoplexy, pharyngitis, ulcer, dysentery, sun stroke etc. the present study for the first time attempts to investigate physico-chemical and pharmacognostic properties as per who guidelines of this drug. detailed account of physico-chemical and microscopic analysis have been given in the paper.200522557178
a comparative study on the effect of plant extracts with the antibiotics on organisms of hospital origin.thirty five plants belonging to twenty families were studied for their antimicrobial activity. among the plants tested, 43 % showed antimicrobial activity. fifteen plants belonging to 10 families exhibited activity against gram positive bacteria and gram negative bacteria. four plants namely azadirachta indica, garadenia jasminoides, magnifera indica, and wrightia tinctora showed an appreciable activity against the gram positive bacteria and seven plants against gram negative organisms. leaf ext ...200622557227
analgesic and cytotoxic activity of acorus calamus l., kigelia pinnata l., mangifera indica l. and tabernaemontana divaricata l.the aim of the study was to evaluate analgesic and cytotoxic activity of acorus calamus l., kigelia pinnata l., mangifera indica l., tabernaemontana divaricata l. extracts by using acetic acid-induced writhing method in mice and brine shrimp lethality assay.201222557926
the morphological structure of leaves and the dust-retaining capability of afforested plants in urban guangzhou, south china.air pollution is a serious health problem throughout the world, exacerbating a wide range of respiratory and vascular illnesses in urban areas. the mass artificial plantation is very helpful to absorb dust and reduce pollution for conservation of the urban environment. the foliar surface of plants is an important receptor of atmospheric pollutants. therefore, selection of suitable plant species for urban environment is very important.201222614051
brassinolide enhances cold stress tolerance of fruit by regulating plasma membrane proteins and to enhance fruit tolerance to cold stress is an important biological interest. in this paper, we found that mango (mangifera indica l.) fruit treated with 10 μm brassinolide (bl) showed a higher tolerance to cold temperature of 5 °c. further, we compared the changes in expression profiles of plasma membrane (pm) proteins and the corresponding gene expressions between bl-treated and control fruit. fourteen differential proteins were positively identified by mass spectrometry, and were categor ...201222660900
inactivation of the catalytic subunit of camp-dependent protein kinase a causes delayed appressorium formation and reduced pathogenicity of colletotrichum gloeosporioides.the cyclic amp- (camp-) dependent protein kinase a signaling pathway is one of the major signaling pathways responsible for regulation of the morphogenesis and pathogenesis of several pathogenic fungi. to evaluate the role of this pathway in the plant pathogenic fungus, colletotrichum gloeosporioides, the gene encoding the catalytic subunit of camp-dependent protein kinase a, cgpkac, was cloned, inactivated, and the mutant was analyzed. analysis of the cgpkac mutant generated via gene replacemen ...201222666136
antioxidant levels and activities of selected seeds of malaysian tropical fruits.the aims of this study are to determine and compare the antioxidant levels and activities (i.e. primary and secondary) between selected seeds of malaysian tropical fruits - guava (psidium guajava), mango (mangifera indica l.) and papaya (carica papaya l.). seeds are among byproducts from the processing of fruitsbased products. instead of discarding seeds as waste, seeds with high potential as antioxidants could be utilised for commercial purposes. accordingly, the selected seeds of malaysian tro ...201022691862
quality assessment of industrially processed fruit juices available in dhaka city, bangladesh.this study was performed to evaluate the nutritional and microbiological quality of industrially processed packed fruit juices of mango (mangifera indica) and orange (citrus sinensis) from nine different manufacturing companies in dhaka city. the highest quantity of total sugar (17.62%) and reducing sugar (9.99%) was recorded in mango juices while the lowest in orange juices (10.41% and 2.24% respectively) of different companies. in this study, protein contents were comparatively higher in mango ...201022691996
mango fruit peel and flesh extracts affect adipogenesis in 3t3-l1 cells.obesity is associated with many chronic disease states, such as diabetes mellitus, coronary disease and certain cancers, including those of the breast and colon. there is a growing body of evidence that links phytochemicals with the inhibition of adipogenesis and protection against obesity. mangoes (mangifera indica l.) are tropical fruits that are rich in a diverse array of bioactive phytochemicals. in this study, methanol extracts of peel and flesh from three archetypal mango cultivars; irwin, ...201222699857
hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of standardized herbal extracts.phyllanthus emblica, camellia sinensis, mangifera indica, punica granatum, and acacia catechu have been shown to possess widespread pharmacological application against multitude of diseases namely cancer, diabetes, liver disorders, and oxidative stress.201222701284
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